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  • NEW MINER & ANNUAL

    REFRESHER TRAINING

    FACILITATOR GUIDE

    VERSION I

    Author: Lowell Institute for Mineral Resources University of Arizona

    March 2016

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  • Acknowledgements

    ALPHA Foundation for the Improvement of Mine Safety and Health Grant AFC113-6 Parts of this study were sponsored by the ALPHA Foundation for the Improvement of Mine Safety and Health, Inc. (ALPHA FOUNDATION). The views, opinions and recommendations expressed herein are solely those of the authors and do not imply any endorsement by the ALPHA FOUNDATION, its Directors and Staff.

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  • contents

    Acknowledgements ....................................................................................................................... 2 New Miner Course Preparation Sheet ...................................................................................... 11

    Trainer Introduction .................................................................................................................. 11 Annual Refresher Course Preparation Sheet ........................................................................... 12 Pre & Post Test............................................................................................................................ 13 Introduction to Miners’ Rights .................................................................................................. 22

    Your Rights under the Act ........................................................................................................ 22 Every Miner’s Responsibilities under the Act .......................................................................... 22 Discrimination........................................................................................................................... 23 Inspections ................................................................................................................................ 23

    Right to Pay........................................................................................................................... 23 Contesting Enforcement Actions .......................................................................................... 23

    Training ..................................................................................................................................... 24 Health ........................................................................................................................................ 24 Information ............................................................................................................................... 24 Legal Responsibilities ............................................................................................................... 24 Supervisor Responsibilities ....................................................................................................... 25 Rules to Live By ....................................................................................................................... 25

    Miners’ Rights Quiz .................................................................................................................... 26 Introduction to Communication ................................................................................................ 27

    Handheld Communication Devices .......................................................................................... 27 Signage ...................................................................................................................................... 28 Non-verbal communication ...................................................................................................... 28

    Flagging and Tagging ........................................................................................................... 29 Removing Flagging and Tagging.......................................................................................... 29

    Incident Management................................................................................................................ 30 Emergency alarms ..................................................................................................................... 30 Communicating Emergencies ................................................................................................... 30 Determining Emergency Response ........................................................................................... 31

    Other Non-Emergency Procedures ....................................................................................... 31 Coal Mine maps ........................................................................................................................ 31

    Communication Quiz .................................................................................................................. 33

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  • Introduction to Transportation ................................................................................................. 34 Light Vehicle Inspections ......................................................................................................... 34

    Exterior Conditions ............................................................................................................... 34 Safe Operating Speeds and Control of Equipment ................................................................... 36 Parking Procedures and Brake Performance............................................................................. 37

    Parking Brake........................................................................................................................ 37 Transportation Quiz ................................................................................................................... 39 Introduction to Health and Hazard Communication .............................................................. 40

    Hearing Protection .................................................................................................................... 40 Health Effects........................................................................................................................ 41 Monitoring Noise Exposure .................................................................................................. 42 Audiometric Testing ............................................................................................................. 43 Hearing Conservation Program ............................................................................................. 44

    Silicosis ..................................................................................................................................... 44 Chemical Hazards ..................................................................................................................... 45

    Forms of Chemicals .............................................................................................................. 46 Routes of Exposure ............................................................................................................... 46 Toxic Effects of Chemicals ................................................................................................... 48 Types of Health Effects from Exposures to Toxic Chemicals .............................................. 48 Chronic Exposure.................................................................................................................. 49 Chemical Labels.................................................................................................................... 49 Material Safety Data Sheet or Safety Data Sheets ................................................................ 49 NFPA 704 Health Diamond .................................................................................................. 52 HMIS and HMIS III .............................................................................................................. 53 Personal Hygiene .................................................................................................................. 60

    Health & Hazard Communication Quiz ................................................................................... 61 Introduction to Hazard Recognition ......................................................................................... 62

    Consequence Thinking.............................................................................................................. 62 Identifying and Evaluating Hazards and Risks ......................................................................... 62

    Broad Categories of Hazards ................................................................................................ 62 Identifying Hazards ................................................................................................................... 63

    Area Inspections.................................................................................................................... 63 Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) ................................................................................ 63 Job Safety Analysis ............................................................................................................... 64

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  • Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Determination of Controls (HIRADC) .......... 64 Reducing Risk – Hierarchy of Controls ..............................................