new brunswick drivers handbook

Download New Brunswick Drivers Handbook

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New Brunswick

Drivers HandbookBe safe and sound

DPSE

New Brunswick Drivers Handbook A Guide to Learning Safe Driving Skills Published under the authority of the Province of New Brunswick, Department of Public Safety P.O. Box 6000 Fredericton, NB E3B 5H1 ISBN 1-55396-605-8The Province of New Brunswick gratefully acknowledges the co-operation and assistance of Saskatchewan Government Insurance (SGI) in providing many of the illustrations and photos pictured in this manual. These graphics may not be reproduced without the permission of SGI. Graphics and illustrations: Ed Beaudry (SGI) Ed Werthmann (CNB) Photos: Josh Sawka (SGI) New Brunswick Images (CNB) This document is distributed by Service New Brunswick on behalf of the Department of Public Safety Additional copies of handbook are available at www.snb.ca June 2009 78-9552 CNB 6025

Message to the MotoristDriving is such an important part of our culture here in New Brunswick, enabling us daily to meet our family, work and personal obligations, that we sometimes take our responsibility to driver safety somewhat for granted. It is helpful to recall that operating a motor vehicle is indeed a privilege that we share with over 500,000 other New Brunswickers, along with countless visitors to our province. The rules of the road only work to protect us if everyone follows them. That is why it is so important for new drivers to receive a proper grounding in the basics of road safety and why even experienced drivers must constantly be observant and work to improve their skills. This handbook contains a solid overview of the laws you will be expected to follow, and the process for obtaining your license. It also includes a variety of helpful, safety-related motor vehicle and highway information. I would urge all drivers to follow the essential safety rules; never drink and drive, always wear your seatbelt, adjust your speed to the conditions, avoid distractions while at the wheel, don't drive if you're too tired and be very careful at intersections. If all drivers followed these simple rules it would dramatically reduce the number of collision-related deaths and injuries on our roadways. Drive safely and live. Charles A. O'Donnell Registrar of Motor Vehicles

The contents of this booklet explain the motor vehicle related laws in New Brunswick using basic language and terms. For an exact expression of the law refer to the Motor Vehicle Act and Regulations.

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1. LICENSING OF DRIVERSPossession of a drivers licence and the privilege of driving is a major responsibility. The Registrar of Motor Vehicles, under the authority of the Motor Vehicle Act issues, renews and suspends drivers licences. Every person who operates a motor vehicle in New Brunswick must demonstrate that he/ she has the qualifications necessary to safely operate a motor vehicle. A valid drivers licence for the class of vehicle being operated is a requirement of the law. You must always carry your drivers licence when operating a vehicle and must produce it for inspection on the request of any peace officer or display it on request to any other driver with whom you may be involved in a collision. Note: As of June 1, 2009 all motorists in New Brunswick under the age of 21 must maintain a 0% Blood Alcohol Level while driving.

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1.1 Types of Licences

Class 1 Applicantmustbeatleast18yearsofage. Applicantmustmeetmedicalstandardsbeforewrittentest. Mustpassvisionscreening(20/30besteye;20/50weakesteye). Mustpasswrittentests(basic-sign-supplementary). Mustpassroadtestinamechanicallyfitvehiclesuppliedby applicant that is included in the Class. Normally this will be a tractor-trailercombination.Therearelimitedexceptions:(1) straight truck with flatbed trailer over 4,500 kg. gross vehicle mass;(2)straighttruckwithpoletrailer;(3)truckusedfor towing mobile homes. These exceptions will be class 1 with Restriction10(notvalidfortractortrailer). Explanation The Class 1 licence permits the holder to operate: AnymotorvehiclewhichtheholderofaClass2,3,4or5licence may operate. Anytrucktractor. Anytrucktractortowingasemi-trailer. Anytrucktractortowingasemi-trailerandatrailer. Anytrucktractortowingatrailerequippedwithairbrakes. Anytrucktowingatrailerequippedwithairbrakes. Musthaveairbrakeendorsementwhendrivinganyvehiclewith air brakes and any vehicle towing a trailer with air brakes.

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Class 2 Applicantmustbeatleast18yearsofage. Applicantmustmeetmedicalstandardsbeforewrittentest. Mustpassvisionscreening(20/30besteye;20/50weakesteye). Mustpasswrittentests(basic-signs-supplementary). Mustpassroadtestinmechanicallyfitvehiclesuppliedby applicant that is included in this Class. MusthaveaBorCendorsementifdrivingaschoolbus. Mustbeatleast21yearsofageandretestedevery2yearsfora school bus. Applicantsbetweentheagesof60-65mustberetestedyearly for school bus. Explanation The Class 2 licence permits the holder to operate: AnymotorvehiclewhichtheholderofaClass3,4or5licence may operate. Anybuswithacapacityofmorethantwenty-four(24) passengers.

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Class 3 Applicantmustbeatleast18yearsofage. Applicantmustmeetmedicalstandardsbeforewrittentest. Mustpassvisionscreening(20/30besteye;20/50weakesteye). Mustpasswrittentests(basic-signs-supplementarytest). Mustpassroadtestinmechanicallyfitvehiclesuppliedby applicant that is included in this Class.

Class 3/4 Authorizes a person to drive any motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 3 or Class 4 licence may operate.

Explanation The Class 3 licence permits the holder to operate: AnymotorvehiclewhichtheholderofaClass5licencemay operate. Anytwo-axledmotorvehicletowingatowedvehicle,thetowed vehicle being registered for over 4,500 kg. gross vehicle mass but not equipped with air brakes. Anymotorvehiclewiththreeormoreaxles. Anymotorvehiclewiththreeormoreaxles,towingatowed vehicle not equipped with air brakes. Class 4 Applicantmustbeatleast18yearsofage. Applicantmustmeetmedicalstandards. Mustpassvisionscreening(20/30besteye;20/50weakesteye, beforewrittentest). Mustpasswrittentests(basic-signs). Mustpassroadtestinmechanicallyfitvehiclesuppliedby applicant that is included in this Class. Explanation The Class 4 licence permits the holder to operate: AnymotorvehiclewhichtheholderofaClass5licencemay operate. Anyambulance. Anytaxicab. Anybuswithacapacityoflessthantwenty-five(25) passengers.

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Class 5 Applicantmustbeatleast18yearsofage. Mustpassvisionscreening(20/40besteye). Mustpassroadtestinmechanicallyfitvehiclesuppliedbythe applicant that is included in this Class. Explanation Class 5 licence permits the holder to operate: Anytwo-axledmotorvehicle,excepttaxi,ambulance,orbus. Anythree-axledmotorhome. Anythreeaxledmotorvehicle,otherthanatruck,ofatype designed for use in the construction, maintenance and repair of highways, whether or not the vehicle is to be so used. Anytowedvehiclewhichisregistereduptoandincluding4,500 kg. gross vehicle mass behind a motor vehicle or motor home. Class 6 (All Motorcycles) Applicantmustbeatleast16yearsofage. Applicantsundertheageof18yearsmusthaveparental consent form. Mustpassvisionscreening(20/40besteye). Mustpasswrittentests(basic-signs-supplementary). Mustpassroadtestonmechanicallyfitmotorcycle. Mustwearadequateprotectiveheadgear. Explanation The Class 6 licence permits the holder to operate a motorcycle and all vehicles included in Classes 6D and 9 on a street or highway. Class 6D (Not to exceed 550 ccs) Applicantmustbeatleast16yearsofage. Applicantsundertheageof18yearsmusthaveparental consent form. Mustpassvisionscreening(20/40besteye). Mustpasswrittentests(basic-signs-supplementary). Mustpassroadtestonmechanicallyfitmotorcycle.

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Explanation Class 6D licence authorizes you to operate a motorcycle up to and including 550 ccs and a Class 9 vehicle. Anything over this size requires a Class 6 licence. Class 7 Graduated Licence (Level I and II) This is an instructional type of licence for the driver to acquire experience, over a minimum of 24 months, before becoming a fully licensed driver. While the holder of a graduated licence, the driver must maintain 0% blood alcohol content while driving and any breach of this condition will result in a one year suspension, followed by a return to the beginning of the graduated licence period with no credit given for a previously passed road test or driver training course. Suspension for loss of all points will result in at least a three month suspension followed by a return to the beginning of the graduated licence period with no credit given for a previously passed road test or driver training course. Applicantmustbeatleast16yearsofage. Applicantsunder18yearsofagemusthaveparentalconsent that must be witnessed by a non-relative. Mustpassvisionscreening(20/40besteye). Mustpasswritten,basicandsignstests. Explanation Level 1 MustbeaccompaniedbyonlyonepassengerwhohasaClass5 or better licence, at least three years of driving experience and who is seated in the front passenger seat. Cannotdrivebetweenmidnightand5:00a.m. CanbeeligibletotaketheroadtestforLevel2aftereight months if graduated from a licensed driver training school or after 12 months if they have not.

Class 7 licence is issued for four years. It is your responsibility to apply for a Class 5 Licence upon completion of a Class 7 Graduated Licence (Level II)

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Level 2 Cannotdrivebetweenmidnightand5:00a.m.exceptforeducationorwork purposes or if theyre accompanied by a driver who has a Class 5 or better licence