Neurociencia Explicada Manuscript

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Bases de la neurociencia

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  • 201

    Appendix: Linear thinkers and Nonlinear thinkers

    Introduction

    Here are 2 papers on the neurological differences between linear

    thinking Syllogician Schizoids and non-linear thinking Aspergian

    Schizoids. Paper 1 introduces the theoretical background needed to

    appreciate paper 2, which deals with the topic of linear and nonlinear

    thinking.

    These papers, though scientific in the Lakatosian sense, have some

    rough parts, partly due to the difficult nature of the content being

    communicated. They need some concentration, and certainly more

    than one readings, and thinking between reading, to understand! The

    only comfort is that these are more interesting and more important

    than most technical presentations; those who read and understand it

    will gain a lot.

    New readers shouldnt hastily conclude that this is too complex, it

    is truly very simple! If unable to understand something, just move on

    and tackle it later.

    Neurons are the cells in brain etc. which are responsible for thought

    etc. Neurotransmitters e.g.: the 3 named in below picture, are

    chemicals which travel between neurons, for enabling thought or its

    subcomponents etc.

  • 202

    Paper 1: The task-cycles of Dopamine and Norepi

    The layouts and activities of Dopamine (D), Norepi (N), and

    Serotonin (S), the three Classical Monoamine neurotransmitters,

    are particularly important in the psychology of the Central Nervous

    System, because:

    1. Activities involving these neurotransmitters coincide

    with major mental events, e.g.: thought according to

    scientists

    2. These neurotransmitters occur in a super-system

    which we define as the dynamic front. This makes

    them important, as the dynamic front is important:

    The dynamic front is a set which includes 2 neuron sections, and the

    N or D molecule goes from one neuron's section to the other's. The D

    or N receptor and transmitter are attached in these 2 sections

    respectively; considering each neuron section a separate system unto

    itself taking as the analogue male and female systems as the

    example of movement of sperm i.e. impregnation resulting in major

    biological event (pregnancy) shows the movement of actors (D or

    N) across the dynamic front is generally important, in the context of

    biological systems.

  • 203

    Of particular importance are the largest neurotransmitters which

    operate in the dynamic front, which are the 3 monoamine

    neurotransmitters viz. D, S, and N. The presence of the amine makes

    them important as unleashers of energy (12), but we will not be

    focusing on S we shall focus on D and N, as they are psychological

    rivals. (S is beyond the scope of this thesis, which is justified as S has

    a logistical rather than psychological role, unlike D and N, as we shall

    now see).

    Studying the evolution of D and N which, like the sperm in case

    impregnation, are central is therefore sufficient to understand the

    evolution of the dynamic front super-system whose central

    components are D, N, and S; all other dynamic front chemicals and

    neuron sections involved (in thought, for example) are merely

    adjutant support systems which we can ignore, as support systems

    are logical dependents on the D/N task systems, whose evolutions are

    enough to study.

    Thus we start with the premise that the layouts and activities of

    Dopamine (D), Norepi (N), and Serotonin (S), are particularly

    important in the quantum psychology of the Central Nervous System.

    Quantum psychology has nothing to do with quantum physics, and it

    is not a difficult concept. It means the smallest characterizable

    behavior of the nervous system's smallest (central) differentiable

    components. In other words, there is a quantum neuropsychological

    function associated with D (or N), which is about how the system/

    apparatus associated with the D or N task-cycle, intercepts and

    modifies incoming signals as per certain simple, logical rules, as we'll

    see which makes these modifications the psychological events at

    the smallest scale, that is, quantum neuropsychological events that

    is the meaning if we say the "quantum neuropsychological function" of

    D or N.

    All other entities are support systems and the D/N task cycle's

    skeletal apparatus is central therefore, before proto-neurons

    which contained only what is central rather than all the secondary

    features became complex like modern neurons there were still D,

    N, and S task-cycles, which (psychologically) are the same as in

    modern neurons. Hence we can study the roles of task-cycles of D

    and N, across evolution of life-forms, and that will be the modern role

    of D and N.

    To summarize: the proto-dynamic front task-cycle had, for either D or

    N, a quantum neuropsychological function which is the same as the

  • 204

    quantum neuropsychological function in the modern neuron, whose

    other complexities we can ignore in our quest to find the eternal,

    significant quantum neuropsychological function of the D/N/S task-

    cycle.

    Support for drawing such conclusions is the ancient creature sponge,

    in which sperm cells exist and have the exact same role as what

    sperm cells have in higher creatures, showing thus the immutability

    of the central task-cycle of the dynamic front, which in our case are D

    and N task-cycles.

    As signals progress through the nervous system's signal cables (the

    slender parts of neurons i.e. axons and dendrites), they either die out

    due to transmission loss, or, if regarded as valid by some biological

    rules, they are boosted as per D or N's signal boosting characteristic,

    of which it is said:

    "Intracortical currents are triggered by the release of

    neurotransmitters, in particular, that neuromodulators like

    noradrenaline, dopamine or serotonin have indirect modulating

    effects" - Frodl-Bauch et al., 1999, as quoted in the Nieuwenhuis et al.

    paper (12).

    Enhance the synaptic responses of cortical neurons to their other

    inputs, in effect increasing the gain of cortical neuronal activity, thus

    N might serve to amplify signal conduction" (12). And similar is the

    role of D, since both D and N are chemically very similar. Thus, these

    neurotransmitters boost signals, if valid. D and N have different

    conditionality for determining which signals are valid/to be boosted,

    as we'll see.

    Now let us study the conditionality for boosting, which tells us the

    quantum neuropsychological role of Dopamine and Norepinephrine.

    Studying the evolution of D, N, and S to find the (eternal)

    quantum neuropsychological details of the Central Nervous

    System

    As Dobzhansky said: "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the

    light of evolution. Well now study the key stages in the evolution of

    the nervous system/life-form.

    Life forms are ultra-complex chemical reactions, and

    neurotransmitters are stable ranged chemicals defining their

    deepest aspects (reactions taking place across the longest range).

    Now S has a specific unique structure which puts it on a league of its

    own, but D (Dopamine), O (Octopamine), and N (Norepinephrine)

  • 205

    have similar structures, which means that all three can be clubbed as

    similar.

    S is found in plants as well where it guides major operations; S is

    thus one of the most ancient of the dynamic front molecules. D is also

    found in plants, and though both D and S may therefore be found in

    plants, they dont occur in the relevant D-S system type of nervous

    system (D-S interactions set), due to which we can define the plant as

    merely a simple S base of reactions, rather than D-S base of reactions.

    I.e. we define an aspect of the dynamic front of the CNS or proto-CNS

    as base of reactions let us say, base of reactions means the central

    class of chemical reactions in the multifaceted chemical reaction life-

    form.

    In the science of major aka disruptive evolutions, which must occur

    in the critical dynamic front theory is: to see disruptive evolutions

    as accidents!

    In one such accident, D and S entered into a highly specific set of

    reactions (D-S interactions), which was the birth of the D-S base of

    reactions.

    It is established that S plays a major role in modulating D systems;

    we call it D-S base of reactions; the rise of which, was the first

    complexity in life-form evolution, beyond the simple plant, in which

    the D pyramid of reactions and the S pyramid of reactions are not

    reacting in the specific style that defines the D-S base of reactions/D-S

    interactions set.

    We might choose to reserve the term animal for bilaterally

    symmetric animals, and call the D-S-base of reactions-based life-

    form, as "planimal".

    An example that can be cited is the sponge, in which have been found

    both Dopamine (2) and Serotonin (3) by scientists. That is worth

    analysis... The sponge has long been superficially recognized as the

    missing link between plant and animal, and where else but, of

    course, the dynamic front, could be the area where the difference

    arises! Soon we will further vindicate our view that the sp