Nelson, Michael: Summarizing Archival Collections Using Storytelling Techniques

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Using Web Archives to Enrich the Live Web Experience Through Storytelling

Summarizing archival collections using storytelling techniquesYasmin AlNoamanyMichele C. WeigleMichael L. Nelson

Old Dominion UniversityWeb Science & Digital Libraries Research Groupwww.cs.odu.edu/~mln/@phonedude_mlnResearch Funded by IMLS LG-71-15-0077-15 Dodging the Memory Hole Los Angeles, CA, 2016-10-14

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Archive-It, a subscription-based service, allows creation of collections

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> 3,000 collections

~340 institutions

> 10B archived pages

First deployed in 2006, Archive-It is a subscription web archiving service from the Internet Archive that helps organizations to harvest, build, and preserve collections of digital content.2

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Collection titleCollection categorization based on the curatorSeed URIMetadata about the collectionText search boxThe group that the resource belongs toList of the seed URIsTimespan of the resourceand the number of times it has been captured

Lori created the collections and entered metadata about them,description, title, etcCollection level metadata but it doesnt help a lotArchive-It provides faceted browsing and search services on the resulting collection3

Collection understanding and collection summarization are not supported currently

Not easy to answer whats in that collection? or how is this collection different from others?4

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There is more than one collection about Egyptian Revolution5

2010-2011 Arab Spring https://archive-it.org/collections/3101North Africa & the Middle East 2011-2013 https://archive-it.org/collections/2349Egypt Revolution and Politics https://archive-it.org/collections/2358

, there are about 3 or 4 collections about egyptian revolution in Archive-it,

If I want to know about the egy rev, which collection should I browse??

Collection is two dimensions

Historian with more than one collection will not know where to start5

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Our early attempts at collection understanding tried to include everything

9Visualizing digital collections at Archive-It, JCDL 2012.http://ws-dl.blogspot.com/2012/08/2012-08-10-ms-thesis-visualizing.html

Even we have these vis, we still do not have what is the content of these collections. Users have to go manually through the mementos to understand the collection, so the user has to inspect manually a lot things

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1000s of Seeds X 1000s of archived pages == Conventional Vis Methods Not Applicable10

We concluded that the conventional viz methods, which we try to visualize everything in the collection are not applicable.The conventional methods are not applicable for

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Idea: Storytelling11

So how about using storytelling ??11

Stories in literatureStory elements: setting, characters, sequence, exposition, conflict, climax, resolution

Once upon a timehttp://www.learner.org/interactives/story/12

Every story is made up of a set of events. Stories in literature has elemnts, such as setting, characters, sequence, etc.

We use ``story'' in its current, loose context of social media, which is sometimes missing elements from the more formal literary tradition of dramatic structure, morality, humor, improvisation, etcWhat we mean here by Storytelling here is using visualizations to put a set of web pages from web archives in a narrative structure, ordered by time

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Stories in social media

It's hard to define a story, but I know it when I see it (Alexander, 2008)

basically, just arranging web pages in time13

Story def. in social media much looser and more relaxed. in social media, it is more arranging resources through time

Storytelling may be seen as the set of cultural practices for representing eventschronologically. 13

Storytelling is becoming a popular technique in social media

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Because of the sheer volume of information on the web,storytelling is becoming a popular technique in social media for selectingrepresentative tweets, videos, web pages, etc. and arranging them in chronological order to supporta particular narrative or story4.

We use story in its current, loose context of social media, which is sometimes missing elements from the moreformal literary tradition of dramatic structure, morality, humor, improvisation, etc14

What are the limitations of storytelling services?15

Storytelling looks promising but what are the problems of storytelling15

The Egyptian Revolution on Storify

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This is an example story for the egyptian revolution on storify, Storify

Storifyis astorytelling servicethat lets the user create stories or narratives usingsocial mediaand web pages. Storify was launched in September 2010, and has been open to the public since April 2011.

storytelling is best typified by the company Storify

http://storify.com/nzherald/muhttp://storify.com/nzherald/muhttp://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=1070554616

Bookmarking, not preserving! 17

The problem is that storify operate as bookmarking, it doesnt preserve the links

You have no clue of what the person is saying about the link http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=10705523http://storify.com/nzherald/mu17

Despite these limitations, how do we combine storytelling & archives?18

Use interface people already know how to use to summarize collections

Archived collectionsStorytelling services

Archived enriched stories

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So what we want to do is to create persistent stories then visualize them using storytelling tool that users already know about, such as storify. So we will integrate the story telling servises and the archived collections to generate archived enriched stories.19

We sample k mementos from N (k Random

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Automatic versus Human

91Sliding Page, Sliding TimeSliding Page, Fixed TimeFixed Page, Sliding Time

Human versus Random

Sliding Page, Sliding TimeSliding Page, Fixed TimeFixed Page, Sliding Time92

Automatic versus Random

93Sliding Page, Sliding TimeSliding Page, Fixed TimeFixed Page, Sliding Time

Success!DSA-generated stories are just as good as stories generated by human experts94

Use interface people already know how to use to summarize collections

Archived collectionsStorytelling services

Archived enriched stories

95All the code, datasets, papers, slides, etc.:http://bit.ly/YasminPhD

So what we want to do is to create persistent stories then visualize them using storytelling tool that users already know about, such as storify. So we will integrate the story telling servises and the archived collections to generate archived enriched stories.95

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