Nazis, Jews and the Holocaust

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Nazis,
Jews and the
Holocaust

By: Oona B.P, Federico Franco, Jonathan Rossi

1933: 522,000 Jews in Germany

After 6 years: 304,000

Drastic changesLegislative

Economic

Social

Why Hitler was strongly anti-Semitic

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_6T83Tzh9U9c/SxJnZSxq8rI/AAAAAAAAABM/gQQM9jnS938/s1600/Holocaust-NaziParade.gif

First thoughts in 1919

Already present in many parts of Europe

Jews had caused Germany's defeat in World War I

Rich bankers >> unemployment of aryan Germans

Nazi Ideologies

A. Commonly associated with FascismB. Social Dawarnism i) Anti-Semitism ii) Superiority of AryansC. Anti-Communism; Rejection of Democracy

http://smkhize.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/swastika.jpg

...

D. FuhrerE. LebensraumF. Strong Germany i. Revenge Treaty of VersaillesG. Autarky

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/images/hist_nazi_ideology.gif

Kristallnacht

From November 9th >> Morning of November 10th

October 28, 1938: 17,000 Polish Jews expelled from Germany

Synagogues, Schools, Homes, Businesses, Shops, Cemeteries, Hospitals

A dozen killed; 30,000 arrested and sent to concentration camps >> guilty of being Jew

$400,000,000 fine & forced to clean and repair the SA damages

Not allowed to enter:museums, public places (playgrounds, swimming pools, schools etc...)

Many attempted to flee

1935; The Nuremberg Laws

Law 1: The Law for Protection of German Blood and German HonorJews were forbidden to marry with Aryans

Law 2: The Reich Citizenship LawJews were immediately deprived of the German citizenship; strangers

Jewish3 Jewish grandparents

Mischlinge1: 2 Jewish grandparents

2: 1 Jewish grandparent

AryanBlonde hair, blue eyes; Germanic heritage

No human rights left to the Jews

Nazi Chart

The
Holocaust

Shoah in Hebrew

January 30, 1933 (Hitler became Chancellor) >> May 8, 1945 (end of World War Two)

6,000,000 murdered - 1,5 million children

5,000 communities destroyed

1/3 of worldwide Jewish population murdered

SA: undermined the German Democracy

Gestapo: professional police officers

SS: personal bodyguards; control over Concentration Camps

SD: find the states' enemies and keep them under surveillance

Concentration Camps

SS > Death Head-Unit

Camps in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy

Political opponents

Forced laborers

The Final Solution

Aim: conenctrate and then annihilate all European Jews-Ghettos

Einsatzgruppen (SS + Police)- shooting- gas vans- starvation- disease

January 1942: Wannsee Conference- discuss and coordinate the implementation of Final Solution- Jews from: Ireland, Sweden, Turkey, Great Britain

Bibliography

http://www.aish.com/ho/o/48957491.html

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005469

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/holocaust.htm

http://www.nazism.net

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/germany/

http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/menus/GCSE/Nazi_Germany.htm

http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007697

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/history.html

http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/nurem-laws.htm

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