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Naya Raipur Development Plan Naya Raipur Development Plan 2031203120312031

Naya Raipur Development Authority

Development Plan of Naya Raipur City 20312031

AnnexAnnex

Naya Raipur Development Authority

NAYA RAIPUR DEVELOPMENT PLAN-2031

PLANNING TEAM

NAYA RAIPUR DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

Shri P. Joy Oommen (I.A.S.) Chairman

Shri S.S. Bajaj (I.F.S.)

Chief Executive Officer & Director T & CP

Shri A.K. Dubey , General Manager (Finance) Shri P.C. Jain, Manager (Finance) Shri S.K. Shrivastava , General Manager (PWD) Shri. S.K.Nag, Manager (PWD) Shri K.P. Bajpai , Building Officer & Town Planner Shri. G.C.Nath, Deputy Manager ( Land)Shri J.C. Singhal , Dy. G.M. (Public Relation) Shri.V.R. Meshram, Asst. Manager (Land) Shri J.P. Sharma ,Manager (Env) & Dy.M.(R)

OFFICERS ASSOCIATED WITH NRDA (EARLIER CADA) AND DIRECTORATE TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ,RAIPUR, IN EARLY STAGES OF PLAN

Shri.Vivek Dhand, I.A.S, Chairman Shri.M.K.Gupta, Dy.G.M.(Planning)Shri. Sanjay Shukla, I.F.S, Chief Executive Officer Shri.P.Nihalani, Nazul Officer & D.M (Land)Shri. B.K.Sinha, I.F.S. Chief Executive Officer & Director T & CP Shri. Alok Tiwari, Manager (Environnent)Shri. K.C.Yadav, I.F.S. Chief Executive Officer Shri. Akhilesh Shukla, Data Entry DirectorShri. Anil Tuteja, Chief Executive Officer Shri. Rajkumar Mudliyar, T & CP Shri. Vineet Nair, T & CP

OTHER OFFICIAL ASSOCIATED WITH NRDA Shri.G.P.Sharma Shri.N.L.Sahu Shri.K.K.Singaur Shri.Manoj Joshi Shri.Pradeep Thambi Shri.P.D.Yoshen Shri.S.L. Dhruwanshi Shri.B.L.Nishad Shri.Mani Ram Dhruv Shri.Navneet Kotwaliwale

CITY AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (CIDCO), NAVI MUMBAI

Shri N. Ramarao, Vice Chairman & Managing Director Shri S. Sinha , Addl. Chief Transport Engineer Shri Deepak Kapur, Joint Managing Director Shri D.V. Shekdar, Addl. Chief Planner Shri D.P. Samant ,Chief Architect and Planner Smt. Aparna Vedula, Senior Planner Shri C.S. Sanghavi, Chief Engineer & G.M. ( Technical) Shri R.N. Dengle , Senior Planner

CONSULTING ENGINEERING SERVICES (I) PVT LTD, NEW DELHI

Shri S.S. Chakarborty Project Coordinator and Managing Director

Urban Planning Team Mrs Alpana Bose Power and Telecommunication Shri J.C. Gambhir, Team Leader Shri Anoop Singh Shri S.K. Chakarborty Shri Virendra Kumar , Deputy Team Leader Traffic and Transport Experts Shri Suryakant Kejariwal Miss Swati Khanna Shri N. Ranganathan Environment and Ecology Expert Shri Neeraj Kumar Singh Shri Jayashankar Thota Shri Subhajit Maitra Shri Harbhajan Singh Environment & Infrastructure Expert Site Representative Miss Anwesha Chakarborty Shri R.D. Panandhikar Shri Haseen Zaidi

Naya Raipur Development Plan – 2031

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The Planner's Dilemma - A Foreword to the Development Plan of Naya Raipur

"What human beings need is not utopia ('no place') but entopia ('in place') a real city which they can build, a place which satisfies the dreamer and is acceptable to the scientist, a place where the artist and the builder merge"

Constantinos A. Doxiadis

Most cities and towns of today are the products of an evolutionary process in

which some of the larger villages or a cluster of villages have grown and diversified at

a faster pace than others. While census definitions of urban areas have usually

emphasized the size and diversified occupational structure of the population,

settlements too have grown in geographical size and often diversified in terms of their

functions as market places, administrative capitals, industrial centres or tourist towns.

No doubt, the growth and diversification of human settlements into towns and

cities have been aided by human interventions of many kinds of which the efforts to

plan their physical features or lend them a distinctive architectural character have been

of special interest to town planners, architects and historians. India takes pride in the

archeological evidence of planned cities as early as in 3000 B.C., though none of the

cities of Indus Valley Civilization period appear to have survived long enough to

influence the building of similar planned settlements, in later times. We also know of

Indraprastha and Pataliputra as planned cities of olden times but with no surviving

architectural features, they are remembered as little more than old names of today’s

Delhi and Patna. Kurukshetra has become more of a metaphor for a battleground for

just causes than the name of a planned ancient city. A long history of invasions and

internecine wars among kings, regional chieftains and other war lords have left us

with only a few forts, temples and palaces of ancient or medieval India. There are not

many cities of even 17th or 18th centuries except perhaps Jaipur, Udaipur and few

others that have been able to preserve their special architectural or planning features

up to the present day. Elsewhere, especially in Europe, some of the ancient as well as

medieval cities have survived the onslaught of time or marauders and retained much

Naya Raipur Development Plan – 2031

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of their charm and physical features. The Roman towns in many parts of Europe are

living examples of the efforts of human beings to shape their habitations scientifically

and aesthetically.

In modern times, the end of the colonial era led to the emergence of new

nations as also the redrawing of national boundaries and of provinces within those

nations. This in turn necessitated creation of new cities or towns to serve as

administrative capitals of new nation states or their provinces. There are no doubt

some examples of new towns and cities developed by colonial governments too

essentially for administrative reasons – like the creation of summer capitals in hill

stations or cantonment towns. There have also been more seriously planned cities of

colonial times like New Delhi and Canberra. Brasilia, Islamabad, Abuja and Putrajaya

are some of the new administrative capitals planned and developed in the post-

colonial era. Another set of planned townships that have come up in many parts of the

modern world are those developed by large industrial corporations especially the steel

and automobile makers. In India, Tata Iron and Steel Company developed the

planned township of Jamshedpur which later inspired building of similar large

integrated townships especially by public sector undertakings. Bhilai, Rourkela and

Bokaro are large greenfield townships which have grown and spilled over to their

neighbourhoods to become some of the most cosmopolitan cities of India. The first

major effort after independence to develop a wholesome planned city in the country

culminated in the building of Chandigarh. Planned with painstaking details by a team

of architects and planners led by the redoubtable French architect Corbusier,

Chandigarh inspired the building of two more planned capital cities – Bhubaneshwar

and Gandhinagar. Perhaps, the success of Chandigarh should have inspired the

building of many more planned green field towns and cities all across the country.

Though, this did not happen, preparation of master plans for existing cities and towns

and planned development of new city centres or satellite townships have indeed

become a serious preoccupation of many State Governments in the country.

Planning or building new cities have perhaps not been easy decisions for

governments or city authorities. More than the problems of mobilising the required

Naya Raipur Development Plan – 2031

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financial or skilled human resources, perhaps, what has truly deterred them is the fear

of criticism – of the location of the new cities, scope of the plans, the consultative

process involved and the administrative arrangements for management of the cities

once they are built. Planners and developers of new cities have to face many

dilemmas and deal with many imponderables. These include issues like how much of

history, heritage and culture of the region should or can be captured in the design of a

new city which is being built for future generations or may be how to balance

aesthetics and functionality. How much of the land could be set apart as open spaces

or for recreation without compromising the financial viability of the plans? How to

ensure that the plans promote social cohesion and also prevent the formation of illegal

or squatter settlements? Or say, how to devise a safe, reliable and energy efficient

transportation system for the city? Planning a robust management structure for the

planned city after it is built is another area of challenge. How does one build in

provisions against willful violations of planning norms by builders or the arbitrariness

of the city authorities themselves?

When the new state of Chhattisgarh was born on 1st of November 2000,

Raipur, the largest city of the state was named its capital. Raipur has for many

decades been a vibrant market place in central India. Yet, with an already burdened

civic infrastructure, it was ill-equipped to take on its newfound role as the

administrative capital of a rapidly growing state. There was a prolonged debate on the

need for a new city, its location and the mode of financing its development. It is

indeed a remarkable achievement that the people of Chhattisgarh and its political

leaders could arrive at a consensus on the building of a large green field city close to

Raipur. The new city which has been named ‘Naya Raipur’ would at once serve as

the administrative capital of the State and also cater to the infrastructural needs of

industry and trade in the region. Many surveys and studies were undertaken before

deciding on the precise location of the city. Planners have taken into account the

existence of a number of human habitations, water bodies and wooded areas in the

proposed location and woven those features in to the physical plan of the city. The

development plan covers a total area of 237.42 sq.kms, out of which the core area

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alone would be spread over 95.22 sq.kms. Development would be undertaken in

phases and the target population for the city in 2031 is 5.6 lacs.

The Urban Design of Naya Raipur is a blend of the traditional with the

futuristic, lending elegance to its major physical features and providing a soothing

ambience to its inhabitants. Fast and convenient connectivity to Raipur and other

large cities of Chhattisgarh would receive utmost attention while finalizing the

transportation plan of the new city. Building an access controlled expressway from

National Highway No. 6 and a short railway line to the new city from the Raipur –

Titlagarh – Vizagapatnam railway line and integrating the two with an intra-city Bus

Rapid Transport System (BRT) would form the core of a mass transportation plan for

Naya Raipur. Dedicated bus lanes, cycling tracks and safe pedestrian walkways

would complement the BRT and help the development of an energy efficient and

environmentally sustainable city. The road sections and junctions would be designed

to be friendly for children and persons with physical disabilities.

Planning for housing of the citizens would be another major challenge. Here,

the emphasis would be on appropriate land allocation policies to ensure affordable

housing with acceptable quality levels for all sections of the population. The existing

villages in the planning area would be upgraded with modern civic amenities to

integrate them with the rest of the city. The Development Plan has set apart large

open spaces as well as areas for sports, recreation and entertainment. It would help

people of all walks of life to come together – may be to watch a game of cricket at a

stadium, a boat ride with the children in a lake or may be just for a brisk walk in one

of the many parks.

The city is also expected to generate new employment opportunities for the

citizens. Government offices, the proposed business district, educational institutions

and entertainment complexes would generate most of the fresh employment. The plan

also provides for Industrial Parks for Information Technology, Gems and Jewellery,

Apparels, Handicrafts and other light non-polluting industries. Naya Raipur with

its high quality infrastructure should emerge as a major educational and cultural hub

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for the entire state and all efforts would have to be made to achieve this potential. The

Institutional Area should be able to accommodate many national as well as state level

educational and training institutions, laboratories and research centers. Museums,

libraries, exhibition halls and theatres for live performances will also have to come up,

to enliven and enrich the city's cultural life.

Naya Raipur Development Authority which has prepared this development

plan with the help of a number of competent city planners and after a series of

consultations with professional organizations and special interest groups as well as

elected representatives of people realizes that it will have to live with another dilemma

for some more time. Being a green field city, Naya Raipur of today does not have a

body populace or a constituency of citizens of its own, who would dream about its

future, continuously, provide ideas and suggestions for its development, keep watch

over implementation schedules and jealously guard against unsavory interferences

with its plans. The city will fill up only slowly and it would be some more years

before it acquires a critical mass of vigilant citizens with a sense of belonging to a

planned, modern and eco-friendly city. We surely are not without friends till then and

are conscious that a large number of well wishers within and outside Chhattisgarh

would lend all support and encouragement to make Naya Raipur a model and a source

of inspiration for city planners, architects, builders and policy makers anywhere in the

world.

Raipur,

Dated : 17th June, 2008

(P.Joy Oommen) Chairman

Naya Raipur Development Authority

Naya Raipur Development Plan – 2031

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Forward Naya Raipur Development Plan – Planning Team Table of Contents List of Tables List of Maps List of Abbreviations Executive Summary 1 NAYA RAIPUR - OBJECTIVES & APPROACH ................................................................... 1 1.1 THE OBJECTIVES OF NAYA RAIPUR ..................................................................................... 1 1.2 THE METHODOLOGY ADOPTED IN PLAN-MAKING .......................................................... 1 1.3 PHYSICAL PLAN, FEASIBILITY & IMPLEMENTATION ...................................................... 2 1.4 PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF THE CITY ................................................................... 2 2 SITE SELECTION ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................... 4 2.2 METHODOLOGY FOR SITE SELECTION ................................................................................ 4 2.2.1 Transport and Infrastructure ................................................................................................ 6 2.2.2 Availability of Water Resources ......................................................................................... 7 2.2.3 Land Availability & Suitability ........................................................................................... 8 2.2.4 Environmental Considerations .......................................................................................... 10 2.2.5 Presence of Airport ............................................................................................................ 11 2.2.6 Quadrant Analysis ............................................................................................................. 11 2.2.7 Proposed Site ..................................................................................................................... 12 3 SITE PROFILE .......................................................................................................................... 13 3.1 DEFINING THE AREAS ............................................................................................................ 13 3.2 SPATIAL EXTENT OF THE PROPOSED NAYA RAIPUR INCLUDING 500 METER WIDE GREEN BELT (LAYER I) ................................................................................................................... 13 3.2.1 Linkages and Surroundings ............................................................................................... 13 3.3 SPATIAL EXTENT OF THE NAYA RAIPUR PERIPHERAL REGION (LAYER II) ............ 14 3.4 AIRPORT ZONE (LAYER III) ................................................................................................... 14 3.5 NRDA PLANNING AREA ......................................................................................................... 14 3.5.1 Physiography of the NRDA area ....................................................................................... 14 4 EXISTING LAND USE – NRDA PLANNING AREA ........................................................... 17 5 THE VISION AND CONCEPT ................................................................................................ 18 5.1 VISION AND CONCEPT FOR NAYA RAIPUR ....................................................................... 18 5.1.1 The Vision ......................................................................................................................... 18 5.1.2 Precincts ............................................................................................................................ 18 5.1.3 The Form ........................................................................................................................... 19 5.1.4 The Peripheral Region ....................................................................................................... 20 6 DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE .................................................................................................... 21 6.1 POPULATION ............................................................................................................................. 21 6.1.1 Chhattisgarh: Population Growth Trends .......................................................................... 21 6.1.2 Population of Naya Raipur ................................................................................................ 21 6.1.3 Rural – Urban Composition of the Projected Population of the Region ........................... 22 6.1.4 Population Projection of Urban Areas in the Region ........................................................ 22 6.1.5 Population Component of Naya Raipur ............................................................................ 23

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6.1.6 Age-Sex Composition ....................................................................................................... 23 6.1.7 Sex Ratio ........................................................................................................................... 24 6.2 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION IN NAYA RAIPUR............................................................... 24 7 ECONOMIC BASE, EMPLOYMENT AND WORK AREAS .............................................. 26 7.1 ECONOMIC BASE ..................................................................................................................... 26 7.1.1 Workforce Participation Rate ............................................................................................ 26 7.2 OCCUPATIONAL PATTERN .................................................................................................... 26 7.3 EMPLOYMENT GENERATION ............................................................................................... 28 7.4 WORK AREAS ........................................................................................................................... 29 7.4.1 Government Functions ...................................................................................................... 29 7.4.2 Wholesale Trade ................................................................................................................ 29 7.4.3 Retail Trade ....................................................................................................................... 30 7.4.4 Proposed Hierarchy of trade and commerce areas ............................................................ 30 7.4.5 Provision of Housing Area Centres/ Neighbourhood Shopping Centres and Community

Centres ............................................................................................................................... 30 7.4.6 City Centre / Central Business District ............................................................................. 30 7.4.7 Light & Service Industries ................................................................................................ 31 7.4.8 Composite Use Zone ......................................................................................................... 31 7.4.9 Special Industry Zone (Software Technology Park) ......................................................... 31 7.4.10 Informal Sector .................................................................................................................. 32 7.4.11 Weekly markets and Haats ................................................................................................ 32 8 HOUSING ................................................................................................................................... 33 8.1 HOUSING FOR NAYA RAIPUR ............................................................................................... 33 8.2 HOUSING REQUIREMENT ...................................................................................................... 33 8.2.1 Changing Socio-economic Profile and Housing – the Indian context ............................... 33 8.2.2 Household size .................................................................................................................. 34 8.2.3 Distribution of Households based on number of dwelling rooms ..................................... 35 8.2.4 Housing Density ................................................................................................................ 36 8.3 PLANNING APPROACH ........................................................................................................... 36 8.4 HOUSING IN RESIDENTIAL SECTORS (RESIDENTIAL USE) ........................................... 36 8.4.1 Typical Sector.................................................................................................................... 36 8.4.2 Land utilization pattern within each neighbourhood / sector ............................................ 37 8.4.3 Pedestrian friendly neighbourhoods .................................................................................. 38 8.4.4 Design Brief for Sector Development ............................................................................... 39 8.4.5 Urban Poor ........................................................................................................................ 40 8.4.6 Informal sector .................................................................................................................. 40 8.4.7 Housing typologies ............................................................................................................ 40 8.5 HOUSING IN OTHER AREAS .................................................................................................. 41 8.5.1 Housing for Private Employees ......................................................................................... 41 8.5.2 Housing in Commercial Areas .......................................................................................... 42 8.5.3 VIP Housing ...................................................................................................................... 42 8.5.4 Institutional Housing ......................................................................................................... 42 8.5.5 Existing Abadi Areas / Urban Villages ............................................................................. 42 8.6 DEVELOPMENT MODELS ....................................................................................................... 43 8.6.1 Housing by Co-operative Group Housing Societies ......................................................... 43 8.6.2 Public Private Partnership in housing ................................................................................ 43 9 TRANSPORT ............................................................................................................................. 46 9.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 46 9.2 TRAVEL DEMAND ASSESSMENT ......................................................................................... 46 9.3 TRANSPORT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT POLICY FOR NAYA RAIPUR ........................... 47 9.3.1 Regional Transport System ............................................................................................... 47 9.3.2 Sub-Regional (NRDA area) Transport System ................................................................. 49

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9.3.3 Naya Raipur City Transport System .................................................................................. 49 9.4 PUBLIC MASS TRANSPORT SYSTEM ................................................................................... 52 9.5 PHASING AND COST ESTIMATION ...................................................................................... 56 9.5.1 Phasing of Transport System Development ...................................................................... 56 10 PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE ........................................................................................... 58 10.1 WATER SUPPLY ........................................................................................................................ 58 10.1.1 Water Supply Norms Prescribed By CPHEEO ................................................................. 58 10.1.2 Population Forecast ........................................................................................................... 59 10.1.3 Water Demand ................................................................................................................... 59 10.1.4 Water resources and availability ....................................................................................... 59 10.1.5 Water Treatment Plant ....................................................................................................... 59 10.1.6 Water transmission, Storage Reservoirs, and Distribution ................................................ 60 10.2 SEWERAGE SYSTEM ............................................................................................................... 61 10.2.1 Sewage Generation ............................................................................................................ 61 10.2.2 Sewage Pumping Stations ................................................................................................. 62 10.2.3 Sewage Treatment ............................................................................................................. 62 10.2.4 Disposal Options ............................................................................................................... 62 10.3 STORM WATER DRAINAGE ................................................................................................... 63 10.3.1 Storm Water Drainage For New Capital City ................................................................... 64 10.3.2 Rain-Water Harvesting ...................................................................................................... 65 10.4 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT.............................................................................................. 65 10.4.1 Estimated Solid Waste Generation in Naya Raipur........................................................... 65 10.4.2 Methods of Disposal .......................................................................................................... 66 10.4.3 Solid Waste Mamagement System For Naya Raipur City ................................................ 66 10.4.4 Solid Waste Collection System ......................................................................................... 66 10.4.5 Other Management Measures ............................................................................................ 67 10.5 POWER .................................................................................................................................... 68 10.5.1 Development of Power Supply in Phase-I ......................................................................... 68 10.5.2 Development of Power Supply in Phase-II ....................................................................... 68 10.5.3 Development of Power Supply in Phase-III ...................................................................... 68 10.5.4 Proposed Power Requirement and Estimated Number of Grid/Substations for New

Capital City .................................................................................................................................. 69 10.5.5 General Recommendations for setting up modern Electrical Power Transmission and

Distribution system ...................................................................................................................... 69 10.6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ....................................................................................................... 70 11 SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE ................................................................................................ 71 11.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 71 11.2 CITY STRUCTURE FOR THE PROVISION OF SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE ................... 71 11.3 HEALTH .................................................................................................................................... 71 11.4 EDUCATION .............................................................................................................................. 72 11.4.1 Primary Education ............................................................................................................. 72 11.4.2 Higher Education ............................................................................................................... 73 11.4.3 Vocational Education ........................................................................................................ 73 11.5 POLICE .................................................................................................................................... 73 11.6 FIRE .................................................................................................................................... 74 11.7 DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE .................................................................................... 74 11.8 COMMUNICATION ................................................................................................................... 75 11.8.1 Postal Facility .................................................................................................................... 75 11.8.2 Telephones ........................................................................................................................ 75 11.9 SOCIO – CULTURAL FACILITIES .......................................................................................... 75 11.10 DISTRIBUTIVE SERVICES ..................................................................................................... 76 11.10.1 Provision of Distributive Facilities for the City .......................................................... 76 11.11 OTHER FACILITIES ................................................................................................................. 76

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11.11.1 Cremation / Burial Ground .............................................................................................. 77 11.11.2 Grouping of Social Infrastructure at the Community Level ............................................ 77 12 RECREATION ........................................................................................................................... 79 12.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 79 12.2 PARKS AND PLAY AREAS (AS PART OF RESIDENTIAL USE ZONE) ............................. 79 12.3 PARKS AND PLAY AREAS (AT COMMUNITY LEVEL AND ABOVE) ............................. 79 12.4 PROVISION OF RECREATIONAL SPACES AT THE CITY-LEVEL .................................... 80 12.5 SPORTS FACILITIES ................................................................................................................. 80 12.6 GREEN BELT ............................................................................................................................. 80 13 ENVIRONMENT ....................................................................................................................... 81 13.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 81 13.2 WATER .................................................................................................................................... 81 13.2.1 Surface water ..................................................................................................................... 81 13.2.2 Ground water ..................................................................................................................... 81 13.3 SEWERAGE ................................................................................................................................ 81 13.4 DRAINAGE ................................................................................................................................. 82 13.5 SOLID WASTE ........................................................................................................................... 82 13.6 AIR POLLUTION........................................................................................................................ 82 13.7 NOISE .................................................................................................................................... 83 13.8 ENERGY CONSERVATION ...................................................................................................... 83 13.9 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND LEGAL ISSUES .............................................................. 83 14 PERIPHERAL AREA ............................................................................................................... 84 14.1 GENERAL INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 84 14.2 POPULATION ............................................................................................................................. 84 14.3 PLANNING APPROACH ........................................................................................................... 84 14.4 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION ................................................................................................ 86 14.5 HOUSING .................................................................................................................................... 86 14.6 CONNECTIVITY ........................................................................................................................ 87 14.7 PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE .............................................................................................. 87 14.7.1 Water Supply ..................................................................................................................... 87 14.7.2 Rural Sanitation ................................................................................................................. 87 14.7.3 Solid Waste Management .................................................................................................. 87 14.8 SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE ................................................................................................... 88 14.8.1 Health Facilities ................................................................................................................. 89 14.8.2 Educational Facilities ........................................................................................................ 89 14.9 OTHER FACILITIES .................................................................................................................. 90 15 AIRPORT ZONE ....................................................................................................................... 92 16 LAND USE ZONING PLAN - 2031 ......................................................................................... 93 16.1 LANDUSE 2031- NRDA PLANNING AREA ........................................................................... 93 16.1.1 Planning Layer I – Naya Raipur City including green belt area ....................................... 93 16.1.2 Planning Layer II – Peripheral Rural Zone ....................................................................... 95 16.1.3 Planning Layer III – Airport Zone ..................................................................................... 95 17 DEVELOPMENT PHASING AND INVESTMENT COST ESTIMATES .......................... 96 17.1 PLANNING HORIZON .............................................................................................................. 96 17.2 LAND DEVELOPMENT PHASING .......................................................................................... 96 17.3 POPULATION PHASING .......................................................................................................... 97 17.4 INVESTMENT COST ESTIMATES .......................................................................................... 97 17.5 INVESTMENT FOR TRANSPORT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT ............................................ 97 17.5.1 Unit Costs .......................................................................................................................... 98

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17.6 PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION ...................................................................................... 98 18 DEVELOPMENT CODE .......................................................................................................... 99 18.1 SCOPE .................................................................................................................................... 99 18.2 DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................................. 99 18.3 PLANNING LAYERS IN NRDA AREA .................................................................................... 99 18.4 CLASSIFICATION OF LAND USE ZONES ............................................................................. 99 18.5 LAND USE PERMISSIBILITY ................................................................................................ 100 18.6 DEVELOPMENT CONTROL REGULATIONS ...................................................................... 104 18.6.1 Sub-division Regulations ................................................................................................ 104 18.6.2 Development Controls for integrated developments and individual buildings ............... 107 18.7 BASIC DEVELOPMENT REGULATIONS FOR PLANNING LAYERS II & III ................. 110 18.7.1 Regulations for Layer II .................................................................................................. 110 18.7.2 Layer III: Airport area including its expansion area ....................................................... 111 18.8 OTHER REGULATIONS .......................................................................................................... 111 18.9 URBAN DESIGN CONTROL .................................................................................................. 112 19. SPECIAL REHABILITATION SCHEME FOR "NAYA RAIPUR'' PROJECT ............. 113 19.1. INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 113 19.2. PLANNING AREA VILLAGES ............................................................................................... 113 19.3. SPECIAL REHABILITATION SCHEME OF NAYA RAIPUR DEVELOPMENT

AUTHORITY ............................................................................................................................ 113 19.3.1 Project Affected Person ................................................................................................... 113 19.3.2 Compensation for house and land related constructions ................................................. 114 19.3.3 State committee for deciding rates in the Project Affected Area. ................................... 114 19.3.4 Compensation to Project Affected Persons ..................................................................... 114 19.4 ELIGIBILITY FOR ALLOTMENT OF PLOTS/KIOSKS/SHOPS. ......................................... 115 19.5 VILLAGE REHABILITATION SCHEME ............................................................................... 117 19.6 SPECIAL BENEFITS TO PROJECT AFFECTED LANDLESS LABOURERS ..................... 117 19.7 GRIEVANCE REDRESSAL MECHANISM ............................................................................ 117 20. INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM ......................................................................................... 118 20.1 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 118 20.2 LOOKING BACK...................................................................................................................... 118 20.3 NAYA RAIPUR ......................................................................................................................... 119 20.4 PROBABLE SET UP ................................................................................................................. 119 20.5 COORDINATION ..................................................................................................................... 119 20.6 PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP ........................................................................................ 120 20.7 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT ...................................................................................................... 120 Annex

Annexe I Cumulative Facility Index (CFI) For Peripheral Region Annexe II Classification of Industries Annexe III Fire Protection and Fire Safety Requirements Annexe IV Norms to provide facilitates in the Public Buildings excluding Domestic Buildings for

Disabled Persons Annexe V Formation of Naya Raipur Development Authority Annexe VI Notice for the publication of draft development plan of Naya Raipur

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LIST OF TABLES

Table 2.1 Wind Data for site selection region in Chhattisgarh Table 3.1 Delineation of Planning Layers of the Naya Raipur & its Peripheral Region Table 3.2 Villages fully incorporated within Naya Raipur Table 3.3 Villages partly and marginally incorporated within the Naya Raipur Table 3.4 Villages fully included within the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region Table 3.5 Villages partly included within the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region Table 3. 6 Hydro-geological information of the NRDA Area Table 3.7 Mean monthly maximum and minimum Temperature in the area Table 6.1 Population growth in India and Chhattisgarh Table 6.2 Future Population of the Region Table 6.3 Rural Urban Population Composition of the Region Table 6.4 Urban Population Composition of the Region Table 6.5 The Population Projection of Urban Areas Table 6.6 Population Projection of Naya Raipur Table 6.7 Age Structure of Chandigarh and Raipur, 1991 Table 6.8 Sex ratio in Chandigarh Table 6.9 Sex ratio for Chhattisgarh and Raipur Table 6.10 Population distribution in Residential Sectors Table 6.11 Population distribution in Abadi Areas Table 6.12 Total Population in Naya Raipur Table 7.1 Work Participation Ratio of Chandigarh and Raipur Table 7.2 Comparative Analysis of Occupational Pattern: Chandigarh and Raipur, 1991 Table 7.3 Occupational Classification of Raipur as per census 2001. Table 7.4 Proposed Occupational Structure for Naya Raipur Table 7.5 Employment generated by various activities Table 7.6 Suggested Broad Land-Use Break-up for an Integrated Freight Complex Table 7.7 Four-tier System adopted for Trade and Commercial Areas Table 7.8 Area break-up for the City Centre/CBD Table 7.9 Land utilization pattern for the Mixed-use zone Table 7.10 Broad Land use Distribution Table 7.11 Area reserved for informal sector Table 8.1 Average Household size of Raipur city Table 8.2 Average Household size of Chandigarh Table 8.3 Distribution of Households by Size and Number of Dwelling Rooms for

Raipur City, 1981 and 2001 Table 8.4 Emerging trend showing number of rooms occupied in Chandigarh, 1981-

2001 Table 8.5 Emerging trend showing number of rooms occupied in Raipur, 1981-2031 by

CAGR method Table 8.6 Suggested (indicative) percentage of dwelling unit size based on number of

rooms Table 8.7 Suggested land utilization pattern at sector level Table 8.9 Hierarchy of Facilities at Neighbourhood level

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Table 8.10 Standards for travelling distance to social facilities Table 8.11 Distribution of Plotted and Apartment Housing Table 8.12 Suggested plot sizes and development control guidelines Table 8.13 Indicative dwelling unit sizes Table 8.14 Development Guidelines for Group Housing Table 8.15 Composition of Employees based on skill and annual income Table 8.16 Contribution by various housing sub-systems to the total housing stock of

Naya Raipur in comparison with Chandigarh Table 9.1 Travel Demand in Naya Raipur Table 9.2 Parking Standards Table 9.3 Phasing of Development of Transport System Table 10.1 Norms for Water Supply by CHPEEO Table 10.2 Population Projection Table 10.3 Phase wise demand of water supply Table 10.4 Phase Wise Additional Modules Of WTP Table 10.5 Capacities of Under Ground Reservoirs and Booster Pumping Stations Table 10. 6 Sewage Generation in Naya Raipur Table 10.7 Capacities of Sewage Pumping Station required for Sewerage system Table 10.8 Capacity of STP at different phases of development Table 10.9 Length of storm water roadside drains for New Capital City, Chhattisgarh Table 10.10 Projected Phase-wise Solid Waste Generation in Naya Raipur Table 11.1 Proposed City structure Table 11.2 Provision For health facility Table 11.3 Norms for provision of Educational facility Table 11.4 Norms for provision of Higher education facilities Table 11.5 Provision of Higher and Vocational/Training Education Table 11.6 Prescribed norms for police service Table 11.7 Norms for Fire Station Table 11.8 Planning Norms for provision of Postal Facilities Table 11.9 Prescribed norms for Telecommunication Infrastructure Table 11.10 Norms for Socio-Cultural Facilities in Naya Raipur Table 11.11 Norms for Public Distribution System Table 11.12 Provision for Distributive Infrastructure in the New Capital City Table 11.13 Norms for the Petrol pumps Table 11.14 Norms for provision of other community facilities Table 11.15 Community level grouping of Social Infrastructure Table 12.1 Hierarchy of Open Spaces as part of residential use zone Table 12.2 Areas for Recreational Areas at city level Table 12.3 Adopted norms for the provision of Sports Facilities Table 14.1 Overall Population of Naya Raipur Peripheral Area Table 14.2 Hierarchy of Villages based on CFI Table 14.3 Proposed clustering & zoning of the villages Table 14.4 Cluster-wise projected population for Peripheral region. Table 14.5 Housing requirement for Peripheral Area Table 14.6 Zone wise Solid waste generation

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Table 14.7 Landfill area requirement for Peripheral area Table 14.8 Norms adopted for Health Infrastructure Table 14.9 Proposed Health Infrastructure in peripheral area Table 14.10 Norms adopted for provision of Educational facilities Table 14.11 Proposed Educational facilities in Peripheral area Table 15.1 Height Restrictions with respect to Funnel. Table 15.2 Height Restrictions with respect to Transitional area. Table 16.1 Land Use Distribution in Naya Raipur City Table 16.2. Broad Land Use Distribution in Naya Raipur City Table 17.1 Suggested Land development phasing, Naya Raipur Table 17.2 Investment Cost Estimates for Plan Implementation Table 17.3 Phase wise Investment for Transport System Development (in Crores) Table 17.4 Unit Costs for Transport System Table 18.1 Land Use Permissibility in different Use Zones Table 18.2 Standards for facilities in a residential sub-division Table 18.3 List of facilities to be essentially provided in Industrial Areas Table 18.4 Setback Regulations for different plot sizes Table 18.5 Parking Standards for different uses

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LIST OF FIGURES

Fig 2.1 Methodology for Site Selection Fig 2.2 Delineation of the Site Selection Region and the Quadrants Fig 2.3 NH – 6 Connecting Mumbai via Nagpur, Durg, Bhilai and Raipur Fig 2.4 NH – 200 Connecting Raipur and Bilaspur Fig 2.5 NH – 43 Connecting Raipur and Visakhapatnam Fig 2.6 Mahanadi River - Perennial Source Of Water Fig 2.7 Kharun River At NH-6 Crossing (Seasonal) Fig 2.8 Sheonath River At NH-6 Crossing (Seasonal) Fig 2.9 The Rivers within the Site Selection Region Fig 2.10 Availability of Government Land within the Site Selection Region Fig 2.11 Average monthly rainfall for Raipur District Fig. 5.1 Conceptual location of the Precincts Fig 6.1 Composition of Population in the Region w.r.t. Chhattisgarh Fig 6.2 Age Sex Pyramid of Raipur City, 1991 Fig 7.1 Comparative Analysis of Occupational Pattern: Raipur and Chandigarh Fig 8.1 Distribution of Households by Household income 1989-90 to 2009-10 (2001-

02 prices) for Urban population of India Fig 8.2 Conceptual plan of a typical sector Fig 8.3 Incremental Housing Fig 8.4 Development by Government as against Private sector/Co-operatives Fig 9.1 Expressway Cross Section Details Fig 9.2 Road Cross Section Details ( Phase I) Fig 9.3 Schematic Location of Intra-city bus terminals Fig 9.4 Typical Conceptual Plan For Bus Bay/Recess Fig 10.1 Rainfall intensity Vs Time of Concentration Curve for the New Capital City

of Chhattisgarh (Based on IMD Data) Fig 10.2 Methods of Rain Water Harvesting Fig 10.3 Flow diagram for solid waste management system for Naya Raipur Fig 14.1 Conceptual Hierarchy of Settlements Fig 14.2 Proposed Facilities for Peripheral Region

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LIST OF MAPS

Map No. Title 2.1 Regional Connectivity 2.2 Existing Settlements in the Region 2.3 Drainage Pattern of the Region 3.1 Proposed Planning Layers – NRDA Planning Area 3.2 Distribution of Government Land, Naya Raipur 4.1 Existing Land Use – NRDA Planning Area 7.1 Major Work Areas - Naya Raipur 9.1 Proposed Expressway 9.2 Proposed Road Hierarchy for Naya Raipur 9.3 Road link Identification, Naya Raipur 9.4 Pedestrian Corridor 9.5 Proposed Light Rail Transit System 10.1 Water Supply System –Naya Raipur 10.2 Sewerage System –Naya Raipur

10.3 Drainage System –Naya Raipur 10.4 Solid Waste Management Sites 11.1 Major City level facilities – Naya Raipur 11.2 Identification of Planning Units 11.3 Master Plan – Fire Stations 11.4 Master Plan – Petrol Pumps 11.5 Central Facility Corridor, Naya Raipur 12.1 Distribution of Recreational Areas 13.2 Existing water bodies and plantations 14.1 Zoning and Clustering of settlements, Peripheral Area 14.2 Existing Health and Educational facilities, Peripheral Area 14.3 Proposed Health and Educational facilities, Peripheral Area 15.1 Airport Zone-Air Funnel and Height Restrictions 16.1 Land Use Zoning Plan for Naya Raipur 16.2 Proposed Land Use Zones– NRDA Planning Area 16.3 Planning Zones - Naya Raipur City 17.1 Land Development Phasing 17.2 Road Network Development Phasing

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LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS C.A.G.R. : Compounded Annual Growth Rate C.B.D. : Central Business District E.C.S. : Equivalent Car Space F.A.R. : Floor Area Ratio Ha : Hectare H.C.V. : Heavy Commercial Vehicle I.F.C. : Integrated Freight Complex I.P.T. : Intermediate Public Transport L.C.V. : Light Commercial Vehicle L.P.C.D. : Litres Per Capita per Day L.R.T.S. : Light Rail Transit System M.A.V. : Multi Axle Vehicle M.L.D. : Million Litres per Day M.S.L. : Mean Sea Level N.R.D.A. : Naya Raipur Development Authority N.U.T.P : National Urban Transport Policy P.C.U : Passenger Car Unit P.M.T.S. : Public Mass Transport System P.U. : Planning Unit R.O.W : Right of Way R.S.U. : Remote Subscriber Unit S.E.Z. : Special Economic Zone S.T.P. : Sewage Treatment Plant T.S.M. : Traffic Systems Management W.F.P.R : Work Force Participation Rate W.T.P. : Water Treatment Plant

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1 The Government of Chhattisgarh has envisaged the creation of a new city by the name of Naya Raipur with state level administration functions. After various considerations a site in the south east of Raipur, dotted with natural water bodies has been selected. The site is in the west of River Mahanadi, a perennial source of water, in the middle of Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) Planning area.

2 The NRDA area is divided into 3 layers delineating the Naya Raipur, the peripheral and the

airport zone, as following:

Delineation of Planning Layers of the Naya Raipur & its Peripheral Region

SL. No. Layer Area Included 1 Layer-I The Proposed Naya Raipur (Area-80.13 sq.km.)

Including 500 – meter wide green belt (Area-95.22 sq. km.)

2 Layer-II Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (NRPR) (Area-130.28 sq.km.)

3 Layer-III Airport Zone (Area-11.92 sq.km.)

3 Within the Naya Raipur Planning Area, 130.28 sq. km is identified as peripheral area to act as

buffer zone between the proposed Naya Raipur City and the existing Raipur. This will continue to be agricultural / rural area but to be provided with adequate social facilities for the existing population.

4 The airport zone is defined in the 11.92 sq. km area. Within the zone the airport could be extended

ultimately from present 1950 m to 3810 m runway. 5 Naya Raipur would be a planned and designed city of the 21st century to focus on socio-economic

and cultural life of Chhattisgarh having its role and recognition at national and international levels. The New city is set in salubrious natural surroundings accessed by an express way. It is envisaged as lively and vibrant city equipped with state of art physical, social and economic infrastructure.

6 The new city is envisaged to be developed in phases for an estimated population of 5.6 lakh by the

year 2031. The first phase population by 2011 is estimated as 1.5 lakh. 7 The main economic base of Naya Raipur would be Government / State Capital functions.

However diversification of economic activities would be attained by providing (a) software technology park (b) gems & jewellery and other similar industries (c) business offices (d) health education and research services and (e) regional recreational activities like Golf Course, Safari Park, and Botanical Garden. The capital complex and the business complex i.e. the CBD would be the two busiest areas in the city.

8 The new city would be provided with housing for quality living with comfortable well designed

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houses with required essential facilities for education, health, recreational, day-to-day shopping. All section of the society to avail these essential community facilities. The new city would have above one lakh twenty thousand dwelling units to be provided in partly plotted and partly flatted developments divided within subsystem as following:

Contribution by various housing sub-systems to the proposed total housing stock of Naya Raipur in comparison with Chandigarh

S. No. Housing Sub-system Number of Dwelling Units

Percentage of Housing stock (Naya Raipur)

Percentage of Housing stock (Chandigarh)

1 Private Housing 74,602 60.23 33 2 Co-operative group housing societies 14,430 11.65 5 3 Housing for Government Employees 6,315 5.1 11 4 VIP Housing 2,666 2.15 5 Private Employee Housing 2,220 1.79 6 Institutional Housing 7,780 6.28 15

7 Others (CBD, Composite use, Facilitycorridor)

9,287 7.5 28 (CHB)

8 Urban Villages 6,560 5.3 8 Total 123,860 100 100

9 The Transport plan is proposed with the objective of high mobility for all and providing mass

transport system which is equitable and safe. The regional and city level transport is integrated linking the city with regional rail, highway and airport. The envisaged hierarchy of roads by right of way is:

• City Arterial Road (100 m) • Sector peripheral (60 m) • Intra Sector Roads (24 m / 18m / 12m)

Parking standards for various activities area given to provide sufficient parking both in public and private parking areas.

10 The city would be provided with high quality physical infrastructure. Mahanadi River has

perennial flow and is a dependable source of water. Based on norms to provide high quality infrastructure, total water demand of 221 mld shall be supplied through this source. Water would also be conserved through rainwater harvesting. Sewerage treatment plant with a total capacity of 150 mld, one for north and one for south is provided. The city would have two sanitary landfill sites. It would be provided with 565 MVA power supply to nearly reach the standards of a developed country and with high quality communication system.

11 Social infrastructure i.e. infrastructure for health, education, security, communication, socio-

cultural facilities has been proposed according to norms which are arguably the highest in the country. Adequate provision of land has been made in the plan to provide an elaborate system of social facilities at three levels of urban life, i.e. city level (for 5-6 lakh population), community level (level 1-1.5 lakh population), and neighbourhood level (15-20,000 population).

12 The new city is developed in an area with a number of water bodies and plantations. The attempt

in the plan is to conserve all the existing water bodies and plantations. Energy conservation shall

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be encouraged through community and site planning, designing and use of energy efficient materials and through landscaping.

13 The image of Naya Raipur will be a wide band of green running through the city interlaced with

lakes, intertwined in a central spine carrying the social facilities and utilities for each level of urban community life. Apart from an intricate system of intra-city green spaces, Naya Raipur proposes major open spaces at the city level and regional level larger than the greens in the major world cities. The green band is reflected through sizeable area allocated for open spaces.

Areas for Recreational Areas at city level

Open Spaces Area (Ha) Film city 46.49 Parks and Play Areas 366.07 Stadium & Sports Complex 45.16 Nature Resort/Theme Park 258.48 City Park 467.55 Reserved Forest 216.01 Botanical Park, Jungle Safari & Golf Course 389.95 Water body 233.71 Plantation (located within uses other than recreational) 113.93 Total Area 2137.36

Besides the above parks, playground areas are provided at neighbourhood level within the residential sector. 14 Land Use Distribution in Naya Raipur City

S.No. Land Use Area (ha) Percentage 1 Residential 2113.39 26.37 2 Commercial - Retail 146.67 1.81 3 Commercial - Wholesale 130.67 1.63 4 Industrial 196.13 2.42 5 Special Industry 263.05 3.28 6 Public & Semi Public 1846.38 23.04 7 Recreational 2137.44 26.67 8 Transport 1005.77 12.55 9 Composite Use 177.6 2.22 Total 8013.1 100

15 The new city would be developed in 3 phases:

Suggested Land development phasing, Naya Raipur Phase Horizon Year Cumulative Population Area (Ha)

Phase I 2011 150,000 3057.46 Phase 11 2021 365,000 3733.56 Phase III 2031 560,000 1222.16 Total developed Area at the end of phase III 8013.1

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16 The development code has been prepared for permitting land development and building activity in Naya Raipur providing: • Landuse classification • Landuse permissibility • Development control regulations • Subdivision regulations • Set backs • Parking standard • Ground Coverage, FAR, Height and other controls. The objective of the Development Control Regulations is to provide for high quality physical and social environment.

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1 1 Naya Raipur - Objectives and Approach

1.1 Objectives of Naya Raipur

A satellite city to Raipur holding Capital function is the primary identity of Naya Raipur. It will be modern in the use of technology, uphold worthy traditions and core values, and conserve the prevailing man- nature symbiotic culture as well as abundant natural & cultural assets in the region. The citizens will be offered a wide range of living options with equity and dignity. The city will strive to make an impact in the following role:

• An agent of economic change and social transformation in the state. • An efficient engine of growth and prosperity. • A servicing hub not only in manufacturing of goods but also in Information Technology and Bio-

Technology sectors. • A financial centre of the region. • Hub of trade and hospitality sectors in Naya Raipur • Hub of cultural services which would supplement local economy. • Hub of affordable and high quality medical services. • Hub of quality educational facilities and strive to develop as a knowledge base.

However, the vision of the city in physical terms, i.e. its form and function in two as well as three dimensional terms is delineated in a subsequent section.

For all the lofty or mundane purposes bestowed on this city, a comprehensive exercise was undertaken to find a perfect location for it. An imaginary circle of 50 km radius was drawn around Raipur and this massive area was divided into four quadrants. Each quadrant was analyzed in context of regional development, existing development, climatic factors, flora and fauna, water resources, transport network etc and the efforts yielded the present site southeast of Raipur at about 15 km distance, close to Mana Airport. The site selection methodology and site profile are detailed out in following chapters.

1.2 Methodology Adopted in Plan-Making

While venturing to prepare the Development Plan for Naya Raipur, basic studies were made in the form of a secondary survey of data on Chandigarh (the first state capital of independent India) and Raipur, the elder sister and the most important "organic" metropolis in the region.

Primary studies related to existing village population, site conditions, those related to water source/ water table etc were also carried out.

On the selected site, a thorough analysis was made of the given assets and constraints. From this emerged a four-focus city structure, cruciform in shape. The foci are major work-centres, namely the capital complex in the east, the freight complex/light industries in the north, the software hub in the west and the institutional/tourist hub in the south. The activity corridors emerging from the four foci

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intersect at the CBD/cultural complex/city park at the geographical centre of the city.

The space quantum against each activity/work-centre was then ascertained going by accepted thumb-rule of the concerned industry/trade/activity, to case of capital complex, and government jobs exact figures were taken into consideration. The resultant space quantum was then allocated on two-dimension on the structure plan and final quantum, shape, location, was defined by exact boundaries/roads on the plan. With iterations, the allocated spaces were again translated in terms of number of jobs and the total number of jobs in the city arrived at. With a population of 5.6 lakhs, the Naya Raipur City is expected to generate approximately 2.2 lakh jobs, with an assumed workforce participation rate of 40%. The high standards of physical and social infrastructure adopted for the city will be able to cope with the maximum capacity of the city.

1.3 Physical Plan, Feasibility and Implementation

The present Development Plan, published hereby, is essentially a physical plan, depicting policy choices in all physical aspects of city, i.e uses of land, housing, work activities, leisure, transportation and communication, physical and social infrastructure etc. A rudimentary feasibility check has been done to understand the necessary fund sources and flow, how and from where the city will start and grow therefrom, the sources of revenue etc. This is a supporting exercise to assure that the policy choices and the basic land use allocation is feasible and over time and in the planned manner the city will be able to reach its goals.

It is envisaged that the NRDA will prepare detail plans within the prescribed zones of Development Plan. Various sizes of plots shall be carved out and allotted after assigning plot level land use as permissible within the given zone.

For certain areas, the NRDA may dispose land in bulk, e.g. one whole residential sector of 64 ha, for which design brief shall be a pre-condition for allotment. Similar design brief may be prepared for projects like IT Park, Golf Course etc.

A detailed feasibility study has been separately carried out, which charts out definite path for funds, phasing, revenues, and city management. This study corroborates the same basic assurance offered by the rudimentary study. However, only the rudimentary feasibility study and not the details have been made part of the Development Plan.

1.4 Planning and Management of the City

Under the Chhattisgarh Nagar Tatha Gram Vikas Adhiniyam land development rules 1973, the Naya Raipur Development Authority has been formed as a Special Area Development Authority to plan, implement and administer Naya Raipur. The NRDA is already working out the future tasks, which will be added on to its kitty especially in light of the 74th Constitutional Amendment.

At present an area of 237.42 sq. km is delineated fully under the control of NRDA, detailed as under:

• Naya Raipur City with green belt (Planning Layer I) – 95.22 sq km- (Proposed as City Proper to be acquired in bulk with a 500 m green belt around)

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Tasks-Complete control in plan making, implementation and administration

• Peripheral Zone (Layer II ) – 130.10 sq.km. - (Proposed as predominantly rural area with ancillary facilities and suitable uses, not to be acquired in bulk)

Tasks- Plan making, basic infrastructure provision, development permission, administration

• Airport Zone (Layer III) – 11.92 sq km- ( land to be acquired in bulk and handed over to Airport Authority of India for implementation according to their plan after concurrence by NRDA)

The NRDA is expected to be corroborated by the following agencies among others, in executing its mammoth responsibilities.

• Chhattisgarh State Housing and Environment Department

• Chhattisgarh Housing Board - Building model housing colony for a cross section of government employees and officers in the state.

• Chhattisgarh State Electricity Board

• Chhattisgarh State Water Supply and Irrigation department - Water supply and lake linking project for the city.

• Chhattisgarh State Rural Development Department - Rehabilitation and funds for rural development

• Chhattisgarh State Public Works Department

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2 2 Site Selection

2.1 Introduction

The state of Chhattisgarh was constituted on 1st November 2000, thereby opening up new opportunities for development in the region. The state of Chhattisgarh envisions itself as a modern state to provide its people with improved quality of life. It was in conformity with this broad vision that the Government of Chhattisgarh envisaged the creation of a new Capital City by the name of Naya Raipur for the State that would not only establish the State’s identity, but also depict the hopes and aspirations of the people of Chhattisgarh.

2.2 Methodology for Site Selection

Raipur, the present day State capital has an immense potential to develop into a metropolis on account of its location and its growing importance as a major node in the trade network of Central India. Considering this latent value of the present day capital Raipur, it was decided to locate Naya Raipur – the proposed new city in close proximity to Raipur. Accordingly, a region of 50 km radius around Raipur was demarcated for selecting a site for the Naya Raipur city. The final site was selected after a detailed analysis based on the site suitability criteria with respect to several parameters (Refer fig. 2.1).

DISTANCE CRITERIA 1. Raipur City 2. Airport

COLLECTION SECONDARY DATA RELATED TO INFLUENCING FACTORS

STUDY & ANALYSIS OF SECONDARY DATA RELATED TO INFLUENCING FACTORS – 1. Transport & Infrastructure 2. Land Availability & suitability 3. Environmental Considerations 4. Economic catalysts & Relation

to Raipur 5. Other Parameters

RECONNAISSANCE SURVEY FOR SITE

SELECTION

SURVEY OF PROBABLE SITE

SITE SELECTION FOR NAYA RAIPUR

QUADRANT ANALYSIS

Figure 2.1: Methodology for Site Selection

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The entire region for site selection was divided into three main zones based on the relative distance from the present day State Capital as also into four different quadrants for location analysis. (Refer fig. 2.2) The analysis of the different quadrants has been carried out on the basis of certain select parameters as discussed below:

i. Transport and Infrastructure Related Criteria

− Linkage to existing transport network and easy future connectivity

− Linkage to existing infrastructure network including water, power and telecommunications

− Availability of water sources

ii. Land Availability & Suitabilty

− Availability of Government land − Land otherwise unsuitable for

agriculture, mining and quarrying − Land with development friendly

contours and other physical features

− Land with less number of existing human settlements − Land with minimum forest cover and wildlife − Land with a gentle slope to facilitate easy drainage and discharge of effluents − Soil conditions with good bearing capacity for structural stability.

iii. Environmental considerations

− Environment friendly location − Favourable climatic conditions

iv. Economic Catalysts

− Existing industries, mining resources, reserve forests, wildlife sanctuaries and other tourist attractions act as economic catalysts

− Airport, Software Technology Park to act as anticipated economic catalysts − Proximity to the Raipur City

v. Other Parameters

− Land Value in the region − Existing Airport Implications − Local Landscape Features

1

2

3

N-W Quadrant

S-W Quadrant

S-E Quadrant

N-E Quadrant

50

Figure 2.2: Delineation of the Site Selection Region and the Quadrants

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2.2.1 Transport and Infrastructure

The existing transport and other physical infrastructure with potential for augmentation to fulfil the new city’s demand is an important determinant for deciding the location of the proposed city. Good connectivity by road and rail is an important decisive factor to decide the success of the project. (Refer map 2.1)

2.2.1.1 Roadways

There are four major roads within the site selection region viz., three National Highways, namely; NH-6, NH-200 and NH-43 and one State Highway i.e. SH-5.

NH-6: On the west it connects the region with Nagpur as also Nasik and Mumbai through NH-2 after Dhule. On the east it connects Sambalpur and leads to Kolkata. While the stretch of NH-6 between the city of Raipur and Durg handles major volume of traffic because of the tremendous interdependence and interaction of the industrial towns of Bhilai, Durg, Borai industrial growth centre and the capital city of Raipur, the stretch beyond Raipur towards Sambalpur handles relatively less volume of traffic and thus has the potential of handling higher volume of traffic in future.

NH 200: It connects Raipur with Bilaspur. The stretch of NH-200 lying within the concerned region has potential mining belts on both the sides, cement plants and two industrial growth centers of Orla and Siltara in its vicinity thus making it highly prone to present and future heavy traffic volume.

NH-43: This road connects Raipur with Koraput and Bheemunipatnam on the south-east and further to Vishakhapatnam through NH-5. This road links the concerned region with the port city of Vishakhapatnam. Thus this is a major road handling goods traffic to and from Bhilai and Raipur to Vishakhapatnam.

SH-5 links Raipur with Dhamtari where it connects with NH-43 and has the potential to act as a major reliever to NH-43 in handling goods and passenger traffic, within the concerned region.

The other important road is the one connecting Raipur to Baloda Bazar passing through the prospective mining area and with the potential of handling high traffic volume while putting this area under intensive economic use.

Thus the potential roads for future linkages to the capital city are the stretches of NH-6 from Raipur towards Sambalpur and the NH-43 stretch from Raipur to Abhanpur.

Fig 2.3: NH – 6 Connecting Mumbai via Nagpur, Durg, Bhilai and Raipur

Fig 2.4: NH – 200 Connecting Raipur and Bilaspur

Fig 2.5: NH – 43 Connecting Raipur and Visakhapatnam

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2.2.1.2 Railways

The region enjoys very good railway connectivity. The railway lines run almost parallel to the National and State Highways. The main Mumbai – Howrah railway line passes through Raipur dividing the region into two halves, namely the Northern and the Southern halves. The other railway lines are from Raipur to Bilaspur and Raipur to Visakhapatnam. The existing railway stations within the delineated region are as listed below:

2.2.1.3 Airways

There are three airports in the sub-region. Two of the three existing airports – near Tilda and Jamul are private while the one at Mana is public. The Mana airport is about 13 km away from the city of Raipur towards the South East. This airport presently has limited facilities.

2.2.2 Availability of Water Resources

The region delineated for location of the proposed new city is dotted with water bodies in the form of lakes, ponds, rivers and irrigation canals. Water from the three lakes - Kumhari, Pirdaon and Kurud can be tapped for supplying water to the Naya Raipur. The ground water is available at a depth of around 250 ft. to 400 ft. Three rivers cross the delineated region – River Mahanandi is a perennial river while the other two viz., Seonath and Kharun are seasonal rivers (Refer fig. 2.9).

River Mahanandi being perennial in nature is also reinforced with water from Pairi and Sukha and has the capacity to discharge the requisite amount of water for the proposed Naya Raipur.

1. Towards Mumbai/Nagpur

Raipur, Sarona, Kumhari, Bhilai, Durg and Rasmaidan

2. Towards Dhamtari Raipur City, Mana, Bhatgaon, Kendri, Abhanpur, Karvel The line to Rajim has two Railway Station, Manikchaari and Nawapara

3. Towards Vishakhapatnam

Mandir Hasuad, Lakholi, Arang, Belonda

4. Towards Bilaspur Urkura, Mandhar, Siliari, Baiknath, Tilda, Hatbandh

Fig 2.8: Sheonath River at NH-6 Crossing (Seasonal)

Fig 2.7: Kharun River at NH-6 Crossing (Seasonal)

Fig 2.6: Mahanadi River - Perennial Source Of Water

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2.2.3 Land Availability & Suitability

2.2.3.1 Availability of Government Land

The availability of Government land has an important bearing on the site selection process as cost and time spent for land acquisition can be reduced substantially with the utilization of Government land. Refer figure 2.10 for the availability of government land in the different Tehsils of Durg, Dhamda, Patan, Abhanpur, Tilda and Raipur. High concentration of huge chunks of Government owned land is present along the river Mahanadi near Arang & Abhanpur and between the Baloda Bazar Road and Kharun River.

Fig 2.9: The Rivers within the Site Selection Region

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2.2.3.2 Land otherwise unsuitable for Agriculture, Mining and Quarrying

The region is well irrigated with a double cropping pattern being practised in the Raipur district. Therefore it would be prudent to locate the site for the capital city so that it has least effect on agricultural land. Abhanpur Tehsil on the south-eastern quadrant has some upland / marginal land, which is unsuitable for agriculture. Moreover, this land does not contain the mining areas.

2.2.3.3 Land with development-friendly Contours and other physical features

In general, the land in the site selection region gently slopes towards the west. The highest contour level as indicated on the topo-sheet is 320 m above the sea level. The region has various physical features in the form of lakes – the largest being located near Bhilai, uplands, dispersed forest covers, etc. The region surrounding Mandir Hasaud also has a number of big water bodies.

2.2.3.4 Land with few existing Human Settlements

The abadi areas are uniformly distributed over the fertile rice cultivated plain of the Mahanadi. Thus, the uplands/marginal lands will be favourable for the location of Naya Raipur (Refer map 2.2).

Figure 2.10 : Availability of Government Land within the site selection region

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2.2.3.5 Land with minimum Forest Cover and Wildlife

The site selection region does not have a widespread forest cover except for some protected forests near Tilda, Mohrenga, Kendri and around the confluence of Mahanadi and Sukha river.

2.2.4 Environmental Considerations

The mining areas are mostly located to the north of the region stretching from northwest to northeast. The cement plant at Siltara is in the northern part of the region and the Bhilai Steel Plant, Borai Industrial growth centre and ACC cement plant are located on the western side of the region along the NH-6. These are the air polluting zones as huge quantities of dust and smoke emanate from the various industrial and mining activities in the region.

The predominant wind flow is from the southwest direction. However, in the post-monsoon and winter months the predominant wind direction is from the northeast. The trend starts varying from the month of March and by April the wind direction is from west and southwest. The wind speed in general ranges between 2.9 km. per hr. to 8.69 km. per hr.

Table 2.1: Wind Data for site selection region in Chhattisgarh

MONTH WIND DIRECTION

Mean monthly wind speed Morning Evening

JAN C/NE C/NE 2.9 MAY SW/W C/W 8.21 AUG SW/W W/SW 8.69 NOV C/NE C/NE 3.22

It is quite evident that the dust and pollution laden air zone stretches from south-west to north-east as these zones contain the mining and the industrial belt. Thus, environmentally the southeastern part of the site selection region is the non-polluting zone and is suitable for the location of the Naya Raipur.

2.2.4.1 Land conducive to Drainage and Effluent Discharge

In general, the region delineated for site selection has good drainage and irrigation network (Refer map 2.3). However, the effluent will need to be treated before disposal and this must happen in the downstream area, i.e. towards the northern side. It appears that the S-E Quadrant has the potential for a well-planned drainage and effluent discharge system and is, therefore, suitable for locating the city .

2.2.4.2 Economic Catalysts

The presence of industrial growth centers (industrial, economic activity centre) on the northern and the western side of the delineated region would acts as an economic catalyst for the overall development of the new Capital City Region (Refer fig 4.11). The following industries in the vicinity are bound to play a role in the progress of the Region and the State as a whole.

• Cement plants (such as ACC and Century) on the northern and western side of Raipur city. • The Bhilai steel plant on the western side. • The mining site on the northern side of NH-6

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2.2.5 Presence of Airport

An airport acts as an engine of economic growth. The setting of the Naya Raipur with respect to the location of the airport is thus an important factor where the proximity to the airport gives the added benefit of improved connectivity.

2.2.6 Quadrant Analysis

After an analysis of the different quadrants based on the various parameters discussed in the foregoing sections, the southeast quadrant was found to be most suitable for the locating the proposed new Capital City (Refer fig 2.12).

Fig 2.12: South-Eastern Quadrant – Suitable Site for Naya Raipur

L&T HIRMI

River Mahanadi

MATRA SEMARIA

CCI MANDHAR

ACC JAMUL

TILDA

River SheonathMOHRENG

PAUNI

CENTURY CEMENT BAIKUNTH

New Capital

City

BORAI

URLA

Raipur

Bhilai

River Kharaun

Existing Cement Plants

Industrial Growth Centres

Important Urban Centres

Proposed Cement Plants Fig 2.11: Proposed Location of Naya Raipur City in the Region

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Fig 2.13: Location of Naya Raipur, Chhattisgarh

Strengths of the southeast quadrant:

Availability of water due to proximity to Mahanadi River and Mahanadi Canal. Absence of mining area Availability of barren/non-agricultural land Abundant availability of government owned land Proximity to Raipur City Proximity to NH-6 and NH-43 Conducive traffic condition on NH-43 and NH-6 for providing accessibility to the new City Proximity to the Raipur-Vizainagaram and Mumbai-Kolkata Railway Line Presence of natural features like water bodies for creation of recreational spots in the city Proximity to the Airport, but availability of land outside the restricted Air Funnel zone. Zone free from pollution due to industrial centres.

The other important factors that have been taken into consideration for deciding the spatial location of the Naya Raipur is –

i. The New Capital City should not be so close to the present day capital city of Raipur that both the old and the new cities merge together due to agglomerating effect and the befitting image of the New Capital City is put to jeopardy.

ii. The site should not be so distant that Naya Raipur has a completely independent existence and the existing Raipur City becomes irrelevant.

2.2.7 Proposed Site

Based on a detailed analysis of the region delineated for the location of Naya Raipur, a site has been selected about 15 km away to the southeast of the existing Raipur. The site enjoys the advantage of the presence of the Mahanadi Canal on the southeastern side and the NH-43 on the southwestern side. The existing airport is situated between Raipur city and Naya Raipur.

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3 3 Site Profile

3.1 Defining the Areas The NRDA Planning area has been divided into three Planning layers namely Layer-I, Layer-II and Layer-III (Refer map 3.1) Table 3.1: Delineation of Planning Layers of the Naya Raipur & its Peripheral Region

Sl. No. Layer Area Included

1 Layer-I The Proposed Naya Raipur (Area – 80.13 sq.km.) Including 500-meter wide green belt (Area – 95.22 sq.km.)

2 Layer-II Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (NRPR) Area – 130.28 sq.km.

3 Layer – III Airport Zone Area – 11.92 sq.km.

3.2 Spatial extent of the proposed Naya Raipur including 500 meter wide green belt (Layer I)

Naya Raipur along with the green belt is spread over a total area of 95.22 sq. Km. It covers ten villages fully and twenty three villages partly (Refer table 3.2 and 3.3).

Table 3.2: Villages fully incorporated within proposed Naya Raipur City S. No. Villages S.No. Villages

1 Kayabandha 6 Uparwara 2 Chicha 7 Khapri-2 (Khapri) 3 Rakhi-1 (Rakhi) 8 Kotrabhata 4 Jhanj 9 Sendh 5 Tuta 10 Nawagaon south

Table 3.3: Villages partly and marginally incorporated within the proposed Naya Raipur City

Sr. No. Villages Sr. No. Villages 1 Chhatouna (Chhatouna) 12 Nawagaon north 2 Parsada 13 Khandwa 3 Paloud 14 Kendri 4 Kotni 15 Bendri 5 Kuhera 16 Parasatti 6 Tenduwa 17 Barauda 7 Riko 18 Mudpar 8 Mandir Hasaud 19 Nimora 9 Pacheda 20 Kurru 10 Jhanki 21 Mana 11 Khuteri

However, of all the above-mentioned villages only the following 13 abadis viz. Chhatauna, Nawagaon (north), Sendh, Reiko, Chicha, Kotrabhata, Rakhi, Kayabandha, Jhang, Tuta, Uparwara, Khapri and Nawagaon (south) are actually included within the Naya Raipur boundary.

3.2.1 Linkages and Surroundings

The site selected for Naya Raipur is bound by NH-6 connecting Mumbai-Kolkata on the north and

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NH 43 connecting the city to Visakhapatnam on the west. The site also has good railway connectivity on account of the Mumbai-Howrah line in close proximity.

3.3 Spatial Extent of the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (Layer II)

The Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (referred as NRP hereafter) covers a total area of 130.28 sq. Km. Villages, which are fully included in the NRP Region are as stated in table 3.4.

Table 3.4: Villages fully included within the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region Sl. No. Village Name

1 Cheriya

2 Banjari

3 Temri

4 Banarsi-2 (Banarsi)

5 Dharampura

6 Nakati

7 Tandul

8 Pauta

9 Serikhedi

Apart from the nine villages mentioned above there are 19 villages, which are partly included within Naya Raipur peripheral region (refer table 3.5).

Table 3.5: Villages partly included within the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region Sl. No. Villages Sl. No. Villages

1 Parsada 11 Bendri 2 Paloud 12 Parasatti 3 Kotni 13 Nimora 4 Kuhera 14 Mana 5 Tenduwa 15 Baroda 6 Khandwa 16 Mandir Hasaud 7 Pacheda 17 Kurru 8 Mudpar 18 Ramchandi 9 Jhanki 19 Umariya 10 Kendri

3.4 Airport Zone (Layer III) Layer III fully includes two villages – Ramchandi & Baroda and partially includes Mana extending over an area of 11.92 sq.km.

3.5 NRDA Planning Area The layers I, II and III together constitute the NRDA Planning area (23742.63 Ha or 237.42 sq.km.).

3.5.1 Physiography of the NRDA area

3.5.1.1 Topography

The site has a gentle topography with its slope ranging from 0% to 5%. The flat terrain with natural

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drains flowing towards Northeast direction allows unhindered flexibility for an efficient transportation system.

3.5.1.2 Drainage Pattern

The NRDA area is dotted with water bodies in the form of lakes, ponds, nallas and irrigation canals. The area falls in the irrigation command of Left Main Canal System, on the eastern side.

3.5.1.3 Geology

The Naya Raipur and its Peripheral Region fall under three stages of geological formation viz., Raipur Stage (Chandi Formation), Charmuria Stage and Gundardehi. As per IS:1984, “Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures”, the Naya Raipur Site including the Raipur city falls under Seismic Zone I which is considered fairly stable against seismic forces.

3.5.1.4 Hydrogeology / Ground Water Availability

The study carried out in the Project report by Watson Solutions for Government of Chhattisgarh found that a thick band offers conditions favourable for the occurrence of ground water. The average depth of water level in open wells ranges from 6 to 10m below ground level.

Table 3.6: Hydro-geological information of the NRDA Area

Tehsil

Annual Repressible

Ground Water

(MCM)

Annual Utilisable Ground Water

Resource (MCM)

Net Annual Ground Water

(MCM)

Ground Water

Balance (MCM)

Irrigation Potential

from Ground Water

Resource (Ha)

Remarks

Raipur/ Dharsiwa 111.39 94.68 18.88 15.82 236.70 ha Area suitable for

Dug well

Arang 138.25 117.51 12.24 105.32 29.78 Area suitable for Dug well

Abhanpur 111.82 95.05 10.18 84.87 237.63

Most of the area of the tehsil is suitable for dug well and partly along Mahanadi River is suitable for tube well.

Source: Project Report on Geology &Hydrogeology of Raipur District by Watson Solution to Govt. of Chhattisgarh

3.5.1.5 Soil

The main soil types found on the site are Yellow soil, Red soil and Alluvial and Sandy loamy soil, which are suitable for construction.

3.5.1.6 Climate

In general the region is characterised by dry and warm climate. Summers are very hot, and last from March to middle of June. Winter is between October and February. Monsoon commences in the 2nd week of June and lasts till end of September.

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A. Temperature Table 3.7: Mean monthly maximum and minimum Temperature in the area

Period Mean monthly max. Temp (°C)

Mean monthly min. temp. (°C)

Mean highest of the month (°C)

Mean lowest of the month (°C)

JAN 27.5 13.2 30.9 9.2 MAY 41.8 27.8 44.8 22.8 AUG 29.9 23.8 33.8 21.9 NOV 28.7 15.9 31.5 11.2 Source: Planning Brief for Stage-II Competition, Capital Project Administration, Govt. of Chhattisgarh B. Relative Humidity Table 3.8: Relative Humidity in the area

Months Morning Evening JAN 65 37 MAY 36 21 AUG 89 82 NOV 68 49 Source: Planning Brief for Stage-II Competition, Capital Project Administration, Govt. of Chhattisgarh

C. Rainfall

The average annual rainfall in the area is generally around 1400 mm. Rains are predominant during July & August. On an average there are 61 rainy days in a year. The Raipur District receives 87.1% of the total rainfall from the southwest monsoon during June to September. The winter – rainfall accounts for 9% of the total rainfall. During the Monsoon the maximum rainfall occurs during the month of August where mean monthly rainfall was recorded at 363.7 mm. In monsoon season, the mean annual rainfall is 1332 mm.

D. Wind Direction

The predominant wind direction is south-western. In the post monsoon and winter months (December to March) the wind direction is from the northeast.

Fig 3.1Average Monthly Rainfall for Raipur District

12.7

21.3

10.9

15 19.6

242.

6

393.

5

389.

6

227.

6

51.6

17.1

2.8

0

100

200

300

400

500

Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Months

Rai

nfal

l in

mm

Source: CPA, Govt. of Chhattisgarh

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4 4 Existing Land Use – NRDA Planning Area

The NRDA planning area consists of 41 villages covering a total of 23742.63 Ha. The Existing Land Use Plan of these 41 villages was adopted under the provisions of section 69(B) read with section 15 (3) of the Chhattisgarh Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Adhiniyam 1973 (no. 23 of 1973) by the Housing and Environment Department, Government of Chhattisgarh vide notification ref. no. 37, dated 20.06.2002.

The following table shows the existing land use distribution in the NRDA Planning Area (Refer Map 4.1).

Table 4.1: Land Use Distribution in the NRDA Planning Area S.No. Land Use Area ( in Ha) Percentage

1 Residential 257.48 1.08 2 Commercial 26.61 0.11 3 Industrial 65.34 0.28 4 Public & Semi Public (Public amenities and facilities) 302.65 1.27 5 Transportation - Roads and Streets 1131.44 4.77 6 Recreational 107.73 0.45 7 Water Body 1846.70 7.78 8 Agriculture 20004.68 84.26

Total 23742.63 100

Post- publication period of the existing land use plan for NRDA Planning Area has seen many new developments coming up like the Muktanagana Open Air Museum, FCI Godowns, Shradhani Durbar, and a number of facilities and utilities like schools, petrol pumps etc.

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5 5 The Vision and Concept

5.1 Vision and Concept for Naya Raipur

5.1.1 The Vision

Naya Raipur would be a planned and designed new city of the 21st century to be a focus of socio-economic and cultural life of the state of Chhattisgarh having its role and recognition at national and international levels. The new city would be eco-friendly integrated in its inspiring existing landscape; efficient, healthy; modern, but caring for its traditional values.

The new city of Naya Raipur would be:

Set in its natural surroundings thus conserving its existing landscape to include major city park, botanical park, jungle safari, theme parks, integrated sports complex and a golf course.

Accessed by an eight-lane expressway, shall be equipped with modern mass transit system coupled with a city wide pedestrian corridor linking all major urban activities.

Lively and vibrant in character with shopping malls, multiplexes, food courts, restaurants and other intensive urban activities and recreational areas.

An intelligent city with full use of information and communication technology. A visually pleasing cityscape in tune with the aesthetic principles of urban design and

landscaping Equipped with state of the art physical, social and economic infrastructure – providing the

city with high degree of urban convenience & cleanliness and thus with investor friendly environment.

5.1.2 Precincts

The city is designed for a population of 5.6 lakh. The city has two prominent gateways that mark entry to the Naya Raipur City – one to the north and the other to the west. Naya Raipur has the following precincts:

i. Government Complex to include Secretariat, Assembly, Government offices, and Police Head-quarters area.

ii. Cultural Heart to include Museum, Art Gallery, Library, Theatres, Convention centre and International Centre.

iii. City Centre to include city level shopping malls, commercial offices, restaurants, multiplexes and other areas of recreation.

iv. University including research and institutional complexes. v. Software Technology, Exhibition and Business centers

vi. Central City Park around an existing vast water body as one of the biggest city parks in the country. Park and Sports Centre in the North end to include urban forest, theme park and sports complex. City Park South to include Theme Park, Jungle Safari, Golf Course and Film City.

vii. Transport and integrated freight complex to service the city and its industrial area. viii. Living areas with medium density development for the creation of a peaceful environment

envisaged for the city.

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Fig. 5.1: Conceptual location of the Precincts

These precincts will be interlinked by:

i. An efficient and smooth Mass Rapid Transit System running linearly along the North-South axis of the city.

ii. City level pedestrian corridor, and iii. A continuous green and open-space spine running centrally along the city spine and containing

sub-city level facilities.

5.1.3 The Form

The physical form of the Naya Raipur has been developed in conformity with the overall vision of a Smart and eco-friendly city.

The physical form of the transport network system is a blend of three forms: • Linear • Cruciform and • Grid

Software Technology Park

2. Cruciform

Transport Hub

Capital Complex

Recreational Green

CBD cum Central Park

1. Linear 3. Grid

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The linear form is enabled by the proposed rail based, medium capacity system supported by the main north-south activity green corridor. The two axial road corridors provide the cruciform. The longer axial corridor runs along the activity green corridor. The minor axial corridor runs orthogonal to the longer axial at about its mid length.

At the termini of the above corridors are located the major activities like the Capitol Complex, the Software Technology Park, the University and Education & Research Complex, the Transport and Logistics Hub and the Integrated Freight Complex.

Along the two axial corridors, at their mid sectors are the Central Business District, the government offices, the City Centre Park and other Social & Cultural Institutions.

A grid of residential sectors is superimposed on these two forms, providing the necessary flexibility and integrating people with activities. The minor axial corridor provides the grand vista.

A grid of 800 m x 800 m forms the typical minor residential sector housing a population of 16,000. Four such grids together form the major grid.

The concept establishes a hierarchical system of urban development in terms of physical and social infrastructure, transportation network, institutional, commercial, and recreational and other activities. The central zone of proposed development becomes the heart of the city and is framed by green belts that serve as an interface between the city centre and the planning units and neighbourhoods

5.1.4 The Peripheral Region

A peripheral region includes 28 surrounding villages referred to as the Naya Raipur Peripheral Region (NRPR) to act as a buffer between the proposed Naya Raipur City and Raipur with an idea to control and regulate development in the region. A balanced Settlement Development Strategy for this area is evolved by providing access to infrastructure through a well-defined Settlement Pattern.

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6 6 Demographic Profile

6.1 Population

6.1.1 Chhattisgarh: Population Growth Trends

As per 2001 Census, the total population of Chhattisgarh is 20.83 million. The state of Chhattisgarh has registered a population growth rate of 15.5% during 1991-2001, as compared to the average all India growth rate of 21.54 % during the same period (Refer table 6.1).

Table 6.1: Population growth in India and Chhattisgarh

Year India (in Million)

Growth Rate (%) Chhattisgarh (in Million)

Growth Rate (%)

1901 238.3 - 4.18 -

1911 252.09 5.80 5.19 24.2

1921 251.32 -0.30 5.26 1.3

1931 278.97 11.00 6.02 14.4

1941 318.66 14.20 6.81 13.1

1951 361.08 13.30 7.45 9.4

1961 439.23 21.60 9.15 22.8 1971 548.15 24.80 11.63 27.1

1981 683.32 24.70 14.01 20.5 1991 846.30 23.90 17.61 25.7

2001 1028.61 21.54 20.83 15.5

Source: Census of India, 2001- Chhattisgarh; Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2001

6.1.2 Population of Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur city is planned for a population of about 5.6 lakh in 2031. This new city would attract population from Raipur, the adjoining region and to some extent other parts of India. An exercise in this respect has been conducted with respect to the broad region, which is 50 km radius around Raipur.

Table 6.2 Future Population of the Region

Year Population of the Region Percentage of Region’s Population to Total Population of the State

1991 2,285,044 12.97 2001 3,060,485 14.69 2011 4,099,076 16.90 2021 5,490,117 20.08 2031 7,353,216 23.75

Source: Census of India and Consultant’s Projection

The percentage share of the region’s population to the total population of the state is likely to increase from 12.97 % in 1991 to 23.75 % in 2031.

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COMPOSITION OF POPULATION IN THE REGION WRT CHHATTISGARH

176.15

208.34

242.58

273.37

309.62

22.85 30.6940.99

54.9073.53

-

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

250.00

300.00

350.00

1991 2001 2011 2021 2031

Years

Popu

latio

n in

Lak

hs

Chattisgarh Region Population

Fig 6.1: Composition of Population in the Region w.r.t. Chhattisgarh

6.1.3 Rural – Urban Composition of the Projected Population of the Region

The rural – urban population for the region has been given in Table 6.3. This has been worked out considering the rural population increasing at the present growth rate up to the year 2031.

Table 6.3 Rural Urban Population Composition of the Region Year Rural Urban Urban Percentage 1991 1,137,007 1,148,037 50.24 2001 1,281,814 1,778,671 58.12 2011 1,445,063 2,654,013 64.75 2021 1,629,104 3,861,013 70.33 2031 1,836,583 5,516,633 75.02

Source: Census of India and Consultant’s Projection

6.1.4 Population Projection of Urban Areas in the Region

The urban population has been divided into three sections: Raipur Urban Agglomeration, Durg – Bhilai Urban Agglomeration and other urban areas in region. As per 2001 census the population in these categories are as follows: Table 6.4 Urban Population Composition of the Region

Urban Areas 2001 Percentage to the Total Population Raipur UA 699,264 22.85 Durg – Bhilai UA 923,559 30.18 Other Urban Areas 164,425 5.09 TOTAL 1,787,248 58.12

Source: Census of India, 2001

It is proposed to maintain the present balance in the urban components of the region through keeping the same proportion by a balanced regional development. Thus, the projected population of the three components is worked out as follows. Total urban population of region in 2031 will be 55.16 lakhs.

Table 6.5 Population Projection of Urban Areas

Source: Census of India and Consultant’s Projection

Urban Areas 2001 2011 2021 2031 Raipur UA 699,264 1,043,395 1,517,913 2,168,801 Durg – Bhilai UA 923,559 1,378,073 2,004,796 2,864,462 Other Urban Areas 164,425 232,546 338,304 483,370 TOTAL 1,787,248 2,654,013 3,861,013 5,516,633

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6.1.5 Population Component of Naya Raipur

Naya Raipur would be taking functions from the Raipur city and also would have impact in the region. Being a special intensive activity in the new town it may also attract population from other parts of Chhattisgarh and also from other states of India. The population of Naya Raipur would affect the population projection in Raipur and Durg – Bhilai Urban Agglomeration. The population of Naya Raipur is planned as 150,000 in 2011 to 560,000 in 2031 (Refer Table 6.6).

Table 6.6 Population Projection of Naya Raipur Sr. No. Total Population

2011 2021 2031 150,000 365,000 560,000

Additional Population 215,000 195,000

1 Natural Growth of the Existing Population 22,400 40,800 Additional Population deducting Natural Growth 192,600 154,200

2 Population from Raipur UA (40%) 60,000 77,040 61,680 3 Population from Durg- Bhilai UA (30%) 45,000 57,780 46,260 4 Population from Other Areas of State (20 %) 30,000 38,520 30,840 5 Other Parts of India (10 %) 15,000 19,260 15,420

Source: Census of India and Consultant’s Projection

The population estimates for Naya Raipur are related to and dependent on the development of various economic activities and other socio-economic and physical conditions. These may be reviewed after the decadal census.

6.1.6 Age-Sex Composition

A study of the Age Sex Structure of new city of Chandigarh and the present day State capital of Raipur reveals that the age category 15-59 i.e., the working age group is higher as mostly the population is attracted for jobs to the new city. The age-sex pyramid of Raipur gives an idea of the age-sex structure of Raipur in 1991.

Table 6.7 Age Structure of Chandigarh and Raipur, 1991 Age Chandigarh Raipur

0 ~ 14 31.87 35.54% 15 ~ 59 63.79 58.86%

60+ 4.34 5.60%

.

1 5 .0 0 1 0 .0 0 5 .0 0 0 .0 0 5 .0 0 1 0 .0 0 1 5 .0 0

0 - 4

10 - 14

2 0 - 2 4

3 0 - 3 4

4 0 - 4 4

5 0 - 5 4

6 0 - 6 4

7 0 - 7 4

8 0 - 8 4

9 0 - 9 4

10 0 +

% a g e o f P o pu l a ti o n

Fem ale (%age)

M ale (%age)

Fig 4.1: Age Sex Pyramid of Raipur City, 1991

Source – Census 1991

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6.1.7 Sex Ratio The migration to new cities is usually male biased as single men move in to take up jobs (refer table 6.8). Table 6.8: Sex ratio in Chandigarh

Year Chandigarh Punjab Haryana 1961 652 854 868 1971 749 865 867 1981 769 879 870 1991 790 882 865 2001 773 874 861

Source – Census of India Table 6.9: Sex ratio for Chhattisgarh and Raipur

Year Chhattisgarh Raipur 1971 998 - 1981 996 958 1991 985 - 2001 989 927

Since, Naya Raipur has a similar function as that of Chandigarh, Naya Raipur may have a low sex ratio as compared to that of Chhattisgarh or the present day State Capital of Raipur. To deal with such a situation and to work for better balance of sex ratio, it is important that housing and other social infrastructure such as schools and health facilities be provided ahead of or simultaneous with job creation.

6.2 Population Distribution in Naya Raipur The population distribution in Naya Raipur city in 2031 is as follows – Table 6.10: Population distribution in Residential Sectors

Sector Number Gross Sector Area (Ha)

Net Residential Area (Excl. of waterbody, plantation & abadi) (Ha)

Sector Population (Exclusive of abadi population)

1. 141 117.49 29,373 2. 114.63 109.71 27,428 3. 61.16 58.86 14,715 4. 63.55 63.15 15,788 5. 84.4 84.4 21,100 6. 94.08 94.08 23,520 7. 136.56 121.69 30,423 8. 64.5 64.5 16,125 9. 65.8 65.45 16,363 10. 97.75 84.03 21,008 11. 80.66 79.97 11,996 12. 97.17 96.11 24,028 13. 62.59 62.59 15,648 14. 58.82 58.82 14,705 15. 61.1 61.1 15,275 16. 60 52.56 13,140 17. 60.31 50.65 12,663 18. 60.29 56.92 14,230 19. 267.39 206.56 51,641 20. 88.35 88.35 22,088 21. 91.74 91.74 22,935

Total 1911.85 1768.73 434,192

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As regards village population, abadi area of village Rakhi shall be acquired and the population relocated to sector adjacent to the capitol complex. The population of Khandwa abadi falling under the golf course shall be relocated in the peripheral area only. Table 6.11: Population distribution in Abadi Areas

Sr.No. Abadi Area (Ha) Population* 1 Tuta 42.34 3455 2 Uparwara 53.13 4900 3 Nawagaon-1 (Nawagaon south) 18.88 1525 4 Chhatouna (Chhatouna) 8.65 2150 5 Riko 18.54 1950 6 Chicha 8.54 1650 7 Kayabandha 8.45 1160 8 Khapri-2 (Khapri) 6.34 274 9 Nawagaon (north) 7.2 1500

10 Kotrabhata 11.75 9060 11 Sendh 9.45 1300 12 Jhanj 3.54 600

Total Population in Abadi Areas 196.81 29,524 *57% growth rate has been adopted over the next 30 years

Table 6.12: Total Population in Naya Raipur

Sl. No. Use Zone Population 1 CBD 20,000 2 Composite Use Zone 2,250 3 Special Industry Area (Software Park, Gems and

Jewellary Park) 10,000

4 Facility Corridor 19,000 5 Institutional housing 35,000 6 Residential Sectors 434,192 7 Abadi Areas 29,524 8 Cantonment/Police Academy and NCC 7,406

Total Population 557,372