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  • National Biosecurity Standard for Livestock, Poultry and Deadstock Transportation

    Transporters have a crucial role in preventing or reducing the spread of diseases during transportation

    For more information, visit the biosecurity standard for livestock, poultry and deadstock transportation on the Canadian Food Inspection Agency’s (CFIA) website at inspection.gc.ca, and Canadian Animal Health Coalition website at animalhealth.ca.

  • NATIONAL BIOSECURITY STANDARD FOR LIVESTOCK, POULTRY AND DEADSTOCK TRANSPORTATION PAGE | 2

    Acknowledgement

    The national livestock, poultry and deadstock biosecurity guidance document is primarily founded on existing sources of biosecurity guidance, manuals and scientific articles. Only direct quotes or data are specifically referenced throughout the document. It is recognized that many sources that have contributed to the general content and biosecurity best practices have not been acknowledged. The committee would like to recognize all contributions from academia, industry, provincial and federal sources.

    © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada (Canadian Food Inspection Agency), 2018. CFIA P0968E-18 A104-146/2018E-PDF 978-0-660-27215-3

  • NATIONAL BIOSECURITY STANDARD FOR LIVESTOCK, POULTRY AND DEADSTOCK TRANSPORTATION PAGE | 3

    Contents 1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 6

    1.1 What is biosecurity? ....................................................................................................................... 6 1.2 Why is biosecurity important to your customer and the agricultural community? ........................... 7

    1.2.1 Examples of economic impact of commodity specific disease ............................................... 7 1.3 Significance of transport ................................................................................................................ 9 1.4 How are livestock and poultry diseases introduced and spread during transportation? ............... 12

    2 Transportation of livestock and poultry ............................................................................................... 14 2.1 Routine biosecurity measures ..................................................................................................... 14 2.2 Enhanced biosecurity measures .................................................................................................. 14 2.3 Cycle of transportation phases and related activities ................................................................... 15 2.4 Between loads phase .................................................................................................................. 16

    2.4.1 Customer’s biosecurity requirements ................................................................................... 17 2.4.2 Cleaning and disinfection ..................................................................................................... 17 2.4.3 Planning and preparing for the transportation event ............................................................ 21

    2.5 Loading phase ............................................................................................................................. 26 2.5.1 Accessing the site ................................................................................................................ 26 2.5.2 Entering and exiting the power unit ...................................................................................... 27 2.5.3 Preparing the trailer for loading ............................................................................................ 27 2.5.4 Entering the trailer ............................................................................................................... 27 2.5.5 Applying the bedding and loading animals........................................................................... 28 2.5.6 Exiting the trailer and re-entering the power unit after handling animals.............................. 28

    2.6 On the road phase ....................................................................................................................... 28 2.6.1 Selecting a route .................................................................................................................. 29 2.6.2 Stops ................................................................................................................................... 29 2.6.3 Rest stations ........................................................................................................................ 29

    2.7 Unloading phase .......................................................................................................................... 30 2.7.1 Scraping out at destination .................................................................................................. 31

    3 Transport of deadstock and rendered material ................................................................................... 32 3.1 Risks associated with deadstock transportation .......................................................................... 32 3.2 Transport unit design ................................................................................................................... 33

  • NATIONAL BIOSECURITY STANDARD FOR LIVESTOCK, POULTRY AND DEADSTOCK TRANSPORTATION PAGE | 4

    3.3 Between Loads Phase ................................................................................................................. 33 3.3.1 Cleaning and disinfecting the transport unit following the previous transportation event ..... 34 3.3.2 Planning for the next transportation event ........................................................................... 34

    3.4 Loading Phase ............................................................................................................................. 35 3.4.1 Accessing the deadstock collection site ............................................................................... 36 3.4.2 Entering and exiting the power unit ...................................................................................... 36 3.4.3 Loading deadstock into the transport unit ............................................................................ 36

    3.5 On the Road Phase ..................................................................................................................... 37 3.5.1 Stops ................................................................................................................................... 37

    3.6 Unloading Phase ......................................................................................................................... 37 4 Glossary .............................................................................................................................................. 39 Annex 1: Transport unit wash report ............................................................................................................... i Annex 2a: Trip information sheet ................................................................................................................... ii Annex 2b: Trip information sheet example .................................................................................................... iii Annex 3: Biosecurity best practices for cleaning and disinfection ................................................................. iv

    3.1 Scrape-out .................................................................................................................................... iv 3.2 Prepare the transport unit for washing ........................................................................................... v 3.3 Pre-wash rinse ............................................................................................................................... v 3.4 Washing ........................................................................................................................................ vi 3.5 Post-wash rinse ........................................................................................................................... viii 3.6 Inspect ......................................................................................................................................... viii 3.7 Disinfection ................................................................................................................................... ix 3.8 Reassembly .................................................................................................................................. xi 3.9 Undercarriage, wheels and wheel well cleaning and disinfection ................................................. xi 3.10 Dry phase ..................................................................................................................................... xii 3.11 Heat treatment ............................................................................................................................. xiii 3.12 Cleaning the interior of the power unit ......................................................................................... xiii

    Annex 4a: Example of a cleaning and disinfection protocol for livestock transport units at a wash station ................................................................................................................................. xv Annex 4b: Example of a truck and crate cleaning and disinfection standard operati

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