napco advanced adaptive tm pia/microwave ?· a napco" advanced adaptive tm pia/microwave...
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ADVANCED ADAPTIVE TM PIA/MICROWAVE
!INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS I
U.S PATENT NO. 5 . 33~.308
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GENERAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 INSTALLATION ........................ . . .. 7 SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 ORDERING INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . 4 BASIC OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 PIA ZONE DIMENSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 DETECTION PATTERNS . . . ........ .. .. . . .. . . 5 STANDARD LENS . . ...... . . . . . ... ... .. . .... 6
CHOOSING A SUITABLE LOCATION . . ... . . . . .. ... .. 7 MOUNTING THE SENSOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 WIRING . . .. ... . ............. . . ..... . . . 8 ADJUSTING THE COVERAGE AREA . . ...... .. ... ... 9 TESTING THE COVERAGE AREA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION . . . .... . .... . . .. . 13 ADVANCED FEATURES .... . . . . . ... . .. .... ... 14 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE ..... .. .. .. . . .... . . . 16
NAPCO 1996. All Right..c; Reserved
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GENERAL DESCRIPTION SPECIFICATIONS General Coverage (with standard wide-angle lens): M7100STE, 40'x40'; M7300STE, 70'x60 '. Measured indoors at 20 C (58" F) , typical Operating Temperature: -10" to +50" C (14" to 122 F) Mounting: Wall or corner, 6' to 12' max. Output Relay: Normally Closed
Relay Time: Approximately 4 seconds Contact Ratings: lOOmA, 24Vdcwith internai10Q current-limiting resistor
Trouble: Open collector current sinking with 39Q current-limiting resistor, 20mAmax. Status Input*: System armed, 5V (internal pullup) . Self-Test Interval: 11- 16 hours. Power-Supply Requirements
Note: This unit is intended tor operation from a power source that provides battery backup in the event of a power failure. For UL installations, the backup battery must be fully recharged within 24 hours and provide 4 hours of standby operation .
Filtered De: 12Vdc Current Drain at 12Vdc: Idle, 37mA; Alarm, 40mA Microwave Frequency: X Band Physical Dimensions: 5.5"x3.25"x2.4" (HxWxD) (1 4x8.3x6.1cm) Shipping Weight: 1.01b (454gm) FEATURES Microprocessor signal processing. Power-up system diagnostic tests virtually all electronics. Microwave and PIR self test. Watchdog microprocessor supervision. e Microwave circuit supervision. Dome of Protection for anti masking and anti blocking (selectable option)
with Range Control. Alarm Memory (with exit/en1ry delay tor use on exit/entry zones) . Trouble Output Automatic PIR operation on microwave failure .
*For UL installations, Status Input is to be connected only to a UL-Iisted control panel with a UL-tested Status line. 3
Dual-element PIA sensor. High-efficiency. d irt-resistant grooves-in lens with "lcoi(-dcwn' beams. Extensive RFI and EMI filtering ensure optimum immunity to false alarms. Large lens area assures high PIR sensi1ivity. Horizontal as well as vertical aiming cacabilities. Selectable Microwave/PIA LED indication visible !rom virtually any angle,
extinguishable after testing . Smali size: modern. unobtrusive design . Silent operation . Bracket-free corner or wall mountable . Universal Swive t Bracket Kit available. ORDERING INFORMATION
SVLBKT Swive! Blacke! Kit
BASIC OPERATION This unit is a combination passive-inirared sensor and microwave sensor ,
both contained in a single package. The unl! wili go into alarm when both sensors detect intrusion at the same time.
The PIA section operates by detecting a rapid change in hnnperature when an intruder crosses a protected area When a boam experiences a change in heat (projected back through the lens). a pul~e is generated by the sensor element. The microwave transmitter sends out short burs:s of rf energy, and the receiver aete~s changes in the re:umed s:gnal caused by motion within Its coverage area.
The microwave section is unaffected by visible light, a!r drafts, or tempera-ture changes (as from soace heaters or air condit ioners, for elCamcHe), but is sensitive to motion . Stronc vibrations can be :roublesomc. Microwave signals may pass through non-metall ic walls and windows. Infrared is virtual ly unaffected by vibration , and will net penetrate walls or windows.
Thus the two technologies complement each other, and ft is the combina-tton ol '\he two that provides an inherent immunity to faise alarms. Dual technology is ideal for usa in i10stila environments. Since beth must trip to caLJSe an alarm, instaha!ion is easier and requires less discipl ine.
PIR ZONE DIMENSIONS Regardless of the lens patlern selected , or the number ot PIR beams
produced by the lens, the relative proportions of beam width , beam height, beam separation, and zone width always remain the same and are illustrated in Fig . 1. Note that beam and zone dimensions at any distance may be calculated by the following formulas. Beam Width "w" (in.) = Distance "d" (ft.) x 0.4 Beam Separation "s" (in.) = Distance "d" (ft.) x 0.4 Beam Height "h" = 2 x Beam Width "w" Zone Width "z" "' 3 x Beam Width ''w" Examples:
At 10', a zone is 8" high x 12" wide. At 30', a zone is 2' high x 3' wide.
Fig. 1. Relative Zone Proportions.
DETECTION PA !TERNS Figure 2illustrates maximum PIR and microwave detection patterns super-
imposed on each other. PIA detection patterns are adjustable, within limits, both vertically and horizontally (see ADJUSTING THE COVERAGE AREA for detailed adjustment procedures).
The microwave detection patterns shown are for tree space. In practice , when confined by walls and ceil ings, reflected waves tend to flood the area, providing voiumetric coverage . Furthermore, when used In long, narrow corridors, the effective range may be extended by as much as a factor of 2 due to the guiding effect that the corridor has on microwave energy. Microwave detection range is adjustable. Reducing range , however , will reduce all other dimensions proportionately. Insensitive Areas
The insensitive area is that area directly beneath the unit within which an intruder is undetectable. It is shown as a shaded area in the side-view detection pattern that follows, and assumes that an intruder will be at least 5' tall and that the protected area is not accessible by crawling or crouching . The srze of the insensitive area will increase as the mounting height in-creases (see Fig . 2b) . Nevertheless, it may be necessary to increase the mounting height in order to avoid an object that could obstruct the coverage pattern . See INSTALlATION: Reducing Insensitive Areas.
STANDARD LENS The lens patterns illustrated are adjustable, within limits, both vertically and
horizontally (see ADJUSTMENTS: Aiming the Beams for detailed adjust-ment procedures). Settings can be quite critical. Examples shown herein are typical and will not apply to all cases. I>Jways test the coverage pattern after the unit is installed (see TESTING THE COVERAGE AREA).
The supplied lens will perform best in typical applications, thus it is factory installed. Following are its specifications. Zones: M7100STE. 15 (31ayers: 7!7/1 zones); M73DDSTE, 14 (3 layers: 7/6/1 ) Ma.ximum Coverage: M7100STE, 40'L x 40'W; M7300STE, 70'L x 60'W Field of View: 80" Recommended Mounting Height: 6 to 8' Minimum Mounting Height: 6' Maximum Mounting Height: 12'
Note: (1) Should the lens become heavily soiled , it may be cleaned using lukewarm water and a mild detergent. To dry, use a soft lint-free cloth or allow to air dry. (2) If the standard lens does not suit the application , select another available lens. Slightly loosen the lens clamping screws inside the trent cover and slide out the lens. Then slide in the replacement lens with grooved side facing inward, make the required adjustments and tighten the clamping screws just enough to secure the lens. Do not overtighten! 6
Fig . . 2a. M7100STE patterns (side views at 8 ' and 6' mounting heights).
SIDE PIR VIEWS .. ~
Fig. 2b. M7300STE patterns (side views at 8 ' and 6' mounting heights) .
INSTALLATION CHOOSING A SUITABLE LOCATION
The unit may be either wall mounted or comer mounted. Corner mounting is generally recommended as greater coverage may be obtained. Select a rigid surtace that is relatively free of vibration.
Positioned the sensor with respect to access doors or windows so that an intruder will pass across its field of view, not directly toward or away from it. Avoid areas containing devices that may pose a chronic problem to either sensor. For the dual-technology feature to be truly effective in rendering the unit free from false alarms, neither sensor should detect intrusion under normal conditions. Note: The unit is shipped from the factory with Jumper J1 in the Alarm position.
In selecting mounting height, aiming, and range, also consider the follow-ing:
1. the size and shape of the area to be protected. In a large or irregularly-shaped area, the use of two or more units may be advisable tor volumetric coverage;
2.. tho PIR lens installed; 3. objects that may b lock detection ; 4. animals in the protected area; and
5. an intruder's likely path , usually determined by the location of a door or window. MOUNTING THE SENSOR
To remove the trent cover, Insert the blade of a screwdriver into the s