NANDA LAL T S DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES AND FUTURE OF TRADITIONAL LIBRARIES

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DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES AND THE FUTURE OF TRADITIONAL LIBRARIES

NANDA LAL T.S.MLISc 4rd Semester StudentDEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCEUNIVERSITY OF KERALAEmail-tsnandalal@gmail.com

About the study.This study focuses upon the ability to discern the transformational changes to the traditional libraries to digital environment. It covers a comparative study of traditional and digital libraries. Analyze the challenges facing by the traditional libraries

Introduction to a libraryLIBRARY

Library is a building in which collections of books, CDs, newspapers, etc. are kept for people to read, study or borrow

OXFORD ADVANCED LEARNER'S DICTIONARY

Traditional Libraries Traditional Libraries are commonly referred as Public libraries which provide access to physical resource materials of general interest and are open to everyone

This libraries act as a centre of information and has a pivotal role to play in promoting sustainable development in the society.

Future of Traditional LibrariesRecent global developments in communications technology, digital media, network services, and electronic commerce present transformational innovative opportunities and fundamental challenges for traditional libraries.For the two decades Print medium is increasingly giving way to the electronic form of materials.

Factors affecting to the growth of traditional librariesThe way people access informationConvergence of computer technology and telecommunicationDevelopment of better information storage search and retrieval systemsFree and open access informationAny time anywhere accessAvailability in different formatsCost effectiveness

From Traditional Library to Digital Library

Traditional Library

Automated Library

Digital Library

Electronic Library

7

Digital Libraries

A digital library (also referred to as electronic library or virtual library) is a focused collection of digital objects that can include text, visual material, audio material, video material, stored as electronic media formats (as opposed to print, micro form, or other media), along with means for organizing, storing, and retrieving the files and media contained in the library collection.

History of DLDL projects started in the early 1990s.

E.g. Vatican Library Accessible Worldwide and Alexandria DL.

The term digital libraries were first popularized by the NSF/DARPA/NASA Digital Libraries Initiative in 1994

CharactersDigital libraries are the digital face of traditional librariesElectronic content management and disseminationprovides any form or format of knowledgeComputer Networked and Organised

Advantages of Digital Libraries over Traditional LibrariesNo physical boundary - In Any formatsElectronical Information retrievalAvailability and easy accessMultiple accessesPreservation and conservationEffective Storage and disseminationAnytime anywhere anyone access

Future of Digital Libraries

The entire world is going online.Large scale digitization projects are underway at Google, the Million Book Project, and Internet Archive. In future, libraries will reinvent themselves by perfecting the path that they have now begun. They will become more of a fusion of physical and virtual realms.

Comparative study of traditional and digital libraryCharacterTraditional LibrariesDigital Libraries1. CollectionPrint collectionAll resources in digital form2. StatusStable, with slow evolutionDynamic and ephemeral3. Object RelationsIndividual objects not directly linked with each otherMulti-media and fractal objects4. Metadata StructureFlat structure with minimal contextual metadataScaffolding of data structures and richer contextual metadata5. ContentsScholarly content with validation processMore than scholarly content with various validation processes

CharacterTraditional LibrariesDigital Libraries6. Access PointsLimited access points and centralized managementUnlimited access points, distributed collections and access control7. OrganizationThe physical and logical organization correlatedThe physical and logical organization may be virtually8. Access to documentFree and universal accessFree as well as fee based9. Size of library collectionsLimited by physical size of libraryUnlimited collection10. Interactionone-way, loosely coupled (slow) interactionTwo-way communication with tight, fast interaction

Comparative study of traditional and digital library

The summary.

ConclusionsDigital libraries are not fundamentally different from 'traditional' libraries; either in the purposes of existing, or in the services provided. The main differences come down to how the services are provided, and how collections are stored and managed. The emphasis in roles of knowledge professional will likely to change in accordance with needs of the user community and the level of technological sophistication.

References

Adams, W. J., Jansen, B. J., & Smith, T. (1999). Planning, Building, and Using a Distributed Digital Library. In CoLIS.Akst, D. (2003). The digital library: its future has arrived. Carnegie Reporter, 2(3), 4-8.Chisita, C. T. (2011, August). Role of libraries in promoting the dissemination and documentation of indigenous agricultural information: Case Study of Zimbabwe. In World Library and Information Congress: 77th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, available at: http://conference. ifla. org/past/ifla77/78-chisita-en. pdf (accessed 20 December 2011).

ReferencesChowdhury, G. G., & Chowdhury, S. (1999). Digital library research: major issues and trends. Journal of documentation, 55(4), 409-448.Cleveland, G. (1998). Digital libraries: definitions, issues and challenges. IFLA, Universal dataflow and telecommunications core programme.Ghosh, M. (2005). The public library system in India: challenges and opportunities. Library Review, 54(3), 180-191.Public library. (2015, February 21). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 6, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Public_library&oldidRubin, R. E. (1998). Foundations of Library and Information Science. Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc., 100 Varick St., New York, NY 10013.Varalakskhmi, R. S. R. (2009). Future of Library and Information Centres in Knowledge Socie. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 29(2), 75-81.