Name: Sociology Guided Notes - Mrs. Savino 1 Guided Notes.pdfName: _____ Sociology Guided Notes CHAPTER…

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Name: _____________________________________ Sociology Guided Notes CHAPTER 1 : AN INVITATION TO SOCIOLOGY THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE What is Sociology? Sociology studies ___________________________________________. It assumes a _____________, rather than an _____________________, perspective. Sociologists look for the ____________________ in _________________________________. Individuals can benefit by using their sociological imaginations to look at events in their personal lives. THE NATURE OF SOCIOLOGY ______________________ is a particular point of view. We all see what is happening around us through our own perspectivesour own point of view. WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT SOCIOLOGY? Sociology has its own perspective the _________________________________. THE IMPORTANCE OF PATTERNS In society you will inevitably find _________________________________. How do group behavior and individual behavior differ? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ WHY DO PEOPLE CONFORM? 1. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ACQUIRING THE SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION The _______________________________ enables us to develop a _____________________________________ C. Wright Mills sociological imagination _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Name: _____________________________________ Sociology Guided Notes What is gained by using our sociological imagination? 1. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ THE ORIGINS OF SOCIOLOGY EUROPEAN ORIGINS French Revolution ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Industrial Revolution ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ WHAT WERE AUGUSTE COMTES MAJOR IDEAS? Sociology ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Positivism ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Social statistics ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Social dynamics ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Positive Philosophy ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ WHAT WERE HARRIET MARTINEAUS CONTRIBUTIONS? Poor health Economic failure Translation of Comtes work Name: _____________________________________ Sociology Guided Notes Society in America ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ WHY DID HERBERT SPENCER OPPOSE SOCIAL REFORM? Self taught Jack of trades Society Human body Social Darwinism ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES The Role of Theoretical Perspectives Perception is the way the _____________________________________ an image or event. What is a theoretical perspective? Definition ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ THREE OVERARCHING PERSPECTIVES Functionalism ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Conflict theory ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Symbolic interactionalism ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Functionalism ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ FUNCTIONALISM AND CONFLICT Revolution or absorption? Do all functions have a positive effect? Latent functions ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Name: _____________________________________ Sociology Guided Notes Manifest functions ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dysfunctions ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ How does functionalism view values? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE What is the role of conflict and constraint? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Power ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM Charles Horton Cooley George Herbert Mead What is the significance of symbolic interactionism? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Symbol ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ What are the basic assumptions of symbolic interactionism? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Herbert Blumer _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Name: _____________________________________ Sociology Guided Notes Erving Goffman ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dramaturgy __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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