myths, folk tales, fables, and fairy tales

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Myths, Folk Tales, Fables, and Fairy Tales. How are they similar and different? Adapted from: Kim Denney by Stephanie Helton. Learning Targets. I can identify major characters in mythology, folk tales, fairy tales, and fables. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Myths,Folk Tales,Fables, andFairy Tales

    How are they similar and different?

    Adapted from: Kim Denney by Stephanie Helton

  • Learning Targets I can identify major characters in mythology, folk tales, fairy tales, and fables.

    I can determine the meanings of words and phrases as they are used in a myth.

    I can explain major difference between poems, drama, and myths.

    I can compare and contrast similar theme and topics in myths.

  • What is a myth?

    A myth is a story that usually explains something about the world and involves gods and other superhuman beings. Many times myths explain how something in the world was created.

  • Mythological Greek Godshttp://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/greekgods/

    Zeus HadesAphrodite'

    PoseidonDemeter

  • Mythological Roman Gods

    Jupiter PlutoVenus'

    NeptuneCeresHercules

  • Mythological Creatures

    SpinxCyclopsCerberus'

    MinotaurHecatoncheires

  • Examples of MythsBaucis and Philemon (An ancient love story)

    Medusas Head

    Theseus and the Minotaur

    Daedalus and Icarus

    Pandoras Box

  • What is a Folk Tale?A folk tale is a story with no known author. Folk tales are passed down from one generation to another by word of mouth.

  • Examples of Folk TalesThe NightingaleThe Seventh SisterHow the Snake Got PoisonAli Baba and the Forty ThievesHe Lion, Bruh Bear, and Bruh Rabbit

  • What is a fable?A fable is a very brief story in prose or in verse that teaches a moral or a practical lesson about how to succeed in life.

  • Examples of FablesThe Crow and the JarThe Wolf and the House DogThe Fox and the CrowThe Country Mouse and the City MouseThe Maid and the Milk pail

  • What is a fairy tale?A fairy tale is a type of imaginative writing that carries the reader into an invented world where the laws of nature, as we know them, do not operate.

  • Examples of Fairy TalesCinderellaSnow White and the Seven DwarvesElla EnchantedCinder EdnaPhoto from:http://www.jlmatrix.co.uk/joanna/images/enchanted1.jpg

    Have students create a flipbook as you teach the differences in these fictional genres. *Note*: While fables and folk tales are not a part of 4th grade content, it is a part of 3rd; therefore, students may be assessed in these areas too. **Click on the link to go to a Brainpop on Greek Gods. This gives a brief overview and explains how the Gods came to be.Hades- God of Underworld, Zeus- Most powerful god of gods and men, Poseidon-God of the Sea, Demeter-Goddess of the Harvest, Aphrodite-Goddess of Love *Click on the link to go to a Brainpop on Greek Gods. This gives a brief overview and explains how the Gods came to be.*Click on the pictures to hear the pronunciation cerberus and hecatoncheires . Cyclops- One-eyed monster, Spinx- Face of a woman and body of a cat, Cerberus- 3-headed dog, Minotaur- Head of a bull, body of man, Medusa- Not a goddess, but a major character in Greek mythology. Was a guardian and protector *Click on Theseus and the Minotaur to watch a video with text (It lasts about 10 minutes). Have students analyze the theme of this myth and then compare this theme to other pieces of fiction that theyve read this year. Then, click on the Pandoras Box link. Have students analyze the theme of this myth, and then compare and contrast the themes of both myths. You may also choose to listen to/read Daedalus and Icarus, or substitute this for another myth. *Click on He Lion, Bruh Bear, and Bruh Rabbit for the story to be read by James Earl Jones. This takes about 10 minutes to listen to. You can print off copies of this Folk Tale if you wish. After listening to this folk tale, have students complete the 4-Square. This task has students analyze the lesson taught and use of repetition. *Click on The Wold and the House Dog to watch a 2 minute student-made video of this fable. Then click on The Fox and the Crow to listen to and read this fable. Finally, have students compare and contrast the two. How were the characters similar? Who were the tricksters? And what were the moral lessons? *Read two versions of a classic fairy tale, such as Cinderella. Have students compare and contrast the tellings of the two stories. How were the characters similar or different? How was the perspective and theme similar and different? *