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Music Theory. Cadences - Chapter 5. Definitions. Phrase A substantial musical thought, which ends with a punctuation called a cadence Cadence A harmonic cadence is a musical punctuation that closes a phrase or section of music. Cadence Types. PAC - Perfect authentic cadence - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Music TheoryCadences - Chapter 5

  • DefinitionsPhraseA substantial musical thought, which ends with a punctuation called a cadenceCadence A harmonic cadence is a musical punctuation that closes a phrase or section of music

  • Cadence Types PAC - Perfect authentic cadenceStrongest CadenceV-I, or V-iBoth chords are in root positionTonic is the highest sounding pitch on the last chord

  • Cadence Types IAC - Imperfect authentic cadenceStrong CadenceV-I/i, vii-I/iBoth chords are NOT in root positionTonic is NOT the highest sounding pitch on the last chord

  • Cadence Types Half - Half cadenceLike a comma,The final chord is VPhrygian Half Cadence iv to V in minor

  • Cadence Types DEC - DeceptiveObvsiously - it doesnt go where you expectV to anything other than I

  • Cadence TypesPlagal - Plagal CadenceAmen CadenceIV to I, iv to iInfrequently ii6 to I

  • Cadence Types

    Rhythmic CadenceCreating a punctuation with only rhythmPhrases often incorporate them, and they tend to fit with the harmonic cadence type

  • Non Harmonic Tones (NHTs) -

    Tones that sound along with a chord but are not chord tones

    NHTs create dissonance - usually 2nds, 4ths and 7ths

    The dissonance is calculated against the lowest sounding tone of the chord, regardless of the other pitches present (exception if NHT occurs in the lowest sounding voice)

  • Non Harmonic Tones (NHTs) -

    Most NHTs involve 3 pitches:1. Preceding Chord Tone2. NHT3. Following Chord ToneThis relationship is often defined as (1)preparation, (2)dissonance, (3)resolution

  • Non Harmonic Tones (NHTs) -

    NHTs are distinguished by determining where the dissonance occursUnaccented NHTs - dissonance occurs off the beat (weaker)

    Accented NHTs - dissonance occurs on the beat (stronger)

    To indentify NHTs we will place parenthesis around the NHT and write the abreviation for the NHT above or below the chord where it occurs

  • Unaccented NHTsPassing Tone - ptMoving from one chord tone in stepwise motion, either ascending or descending to a NHT follwed by stepwise motion in the same direction to a different chord tone

    Unaccented pt:Occurs in any voiceStepwise motionAscending or descending

  • Unaccented NHTsNeighbor tone - ntMoving from one chord tone in stepwise motion either ascending or descending to a NHT and then back to the same chord toneUnaccented nt:Occurs in any voiceStepwise motionAscending or descending

  • Unaccented NHTsEscape Tone - etMoving from one chord tone in stepwise motion ascending to a NHT followed by a descending 3rd to a chord toneUnaccented et:Occurs in Soprano voiceStepwise motion followed by skip down (3rd)ALWAYS Unaccented

  • Unaccented NHTsAnticipation - antMoving from one chord tone in stepwise motion, either ascending or descending to a NHT follwed by the same tone (NHT) which occurs as part of the next chordUnaccented ant:Occurs in any voice, usually SopranoStepwise motionAscending or descendingMust be included in the next chordALWAYS Unaccented

  • Accented NHTsPassing Tone - ptMoving from one chord tone in stepwise motion, either ascending or descending to a NHT follwed by stepwise motion in the same direction to a different chord tone

    accented pt:Occurs in any voiceStepwise motionAscending or descendingOccurs on the beat

  • Accented NHTsNeighbor tone - ntMoving from one chord tone in stepwise motion either ascending or descending to a NHT and then back to the same chord toneAccented nt:Occurs in any voiceStepwise motionAscending or descendingOccurs on the beat

  • Accented NHTsSuspension - susMoving from a chord tone to the same tone as a NHT and then resolving by descending in stepwise motion to a chord toneAccented sus:Occurs in any voice3 parts-preparation, suspension, resolutionALWAYS Accented

  • Accented NHTsRetardation - retMoving from a chord tone to the same tone as a NHT and then resolving by ascending in stepwise motion to a chord toneAccented ret:Usually occurs in Soprano3 parts-preparation, retardation, resolutionALWAYS Accented

  • Accented NHTsAppoggiaturaMoving from a chord tone by a skip to a NHT and then resolving in stepwise motion in the opposite direction to a chord toneAccented app:Usually occurs in SopranoUsually Accented

  • Other NHTsSuccessive Passing Tones Two passing tones filling in the space of a fourthmay be accented or unaccentedChanging Tones - ctTwo successive NHTs - the first leads by step from a chord tone, skips to a second NHT and then leads back by stepwise motion to a chord tone Usually unaccented

  • Other NHTsPedal Tone - pedA held or repeated note that alternates between dissonance (NHT) and consonance Usually in the bass Most often the chords above change to create the dissonanceIf it occurs above the other voices it is called an inverted pedal toneMay be either accented or unaccented

  • Summary

  • Homework!!!Textbook - pg. 103-107, 5.2-5.4 5.4 only nos.1 and 2

    DUE WED!!!