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DESCRIPTIONMusic Theory. Amanda Dyah Pitaloka / 9.1. Musical Period. Medieval Period - from about 800 to 1400 AD Renaissance Period - from 1400 to 1600 AD Baroque Period - from 1600 to 1750 AD Classical Period - from 1750 to 1820 AD Romantic period - from 1820 to 1950 Twentieth Century. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Music TheoryAmanda Dyah Pitaloka / 9.1
Musical PeriodMedieval Period - from about 800 to 1400 ADRenaissance Period - from 1400 to 1600 ADBaroque Period - from 1600 to 1750 ADClassical Period - from 1750 to 1820 ADRomantic period - from 1820 to 1950Twentieth Century
Medieval Period 800 1400 AD
InformationThe Medieval Era is the longest and most remote period of musical historyIt is important to note that this musical era consists of almost a thousand years worth of musicFor most of the middle ages, the Church was the focal point of social life, learning, and the arts.Saint Gregory, who was pope from 590 - 640 C.E., is said to have organized a huge repetoire of chants that developed during the first centuries of the Christian church. Thus the term of "Gregorian Chant" came about.
Renaissance Period 1400 1600 AD
InformationThis period in time marked the rebirth of humanism, and the revival of cultural achievements for their own sake in all forms of art, including musicThe word "Renaissance" in itself is defined as a "rebirth or a "reconstruction".The distinctive musical sounds of the Renaissance era were comprised of a smooth, imitative, style, as seen in the music of Byrd, Palestrina, and LassusRenaissance polyphony was harmonious when compared with the Medieval style
Baroque Period 1600-1750 AD
InformationThe term Baroque was derived from a Portuguese word meaning "a pearl of irregular shape." The word Baroque was initially used to imply strangeness, abnormality and extravagance, applying more to art than music.The music of this time period was characterized by rich countepoint and a highly decorated melodic line.Baroque music broke away from the harshness of the Medieval and early Renaissance style with new emphasis on the use of vocal and instrumental color.It is also important to note that opera and the orchestra were both conceived during the Baroque era as well.during the Baroque period composers began exploring music's ability to express the human spirirt and to depict natural phenomena
Classical Period 1750-1830 AD
InformationClassical music placed a greater stress on clarity with regard to melodic expression and instrumental colorThe classical style was dominated by homophony which consisted of a single melodic line and an accompanimentThe most important of these forms was the sonata which was instrumental musicThe melodies of the Classical era were more compact and diatonic. Harmony was less structured. It used the tonic, dominant, and subdominant chords.In addition, during this period, diatonic harmony was more common then chromatic
Romantic Music Era 1850-1920
InformationThe Romantic era was a period of great change and emancipationWhile the Classical era had strict laws of balance and restraint, the Romantic era moved away from that by allowing artistic freedom, experimentation, and creativityThe music of this time period was very expressive, and melody became the dominant feature.Composers even used this expressive means to display nationalismThis became a driving force in the late Romantic period, as composers used elements of folk music to express their cultural identity.As in any time of change, new musical techniques came about to fit in with the current trends. Composers began to experiment with length of compositions, new harmonies, and tonal relationshipsAdditionally, there was the increased use of dissonance and extended use of chromaticism
Another important feature of Romantic music was the use of color. While new instruments were constantly being added to the orchestra, composers also tried to get new or different sounds out of the instruments already in use.During the Romantic period, the virtuoso began to be focusedExceptionally gifted performers - pianists, violinists, and singers became enormously popular
Composers on Romantic Music Era
Johannes Brahms (1833 1897)Frederic Chopin (1810-1901) Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847)Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)Franz Schubert (1797-1828)Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)Guiseppi Verdi (1813-1901)
Which composer that I will choose?
Romantic Era ComposerFrederic Chopin
He was born on March 1st, 1810 but in the birth certificate he was born at February 22nd, 1810He was born at Zelazowa Wola, Poland He was the second of 4 children His father name was Nicholas ChopinHis mother name was JustinaYoung Chopin had an artistic talents such as: He was an artistHe wrote poetryHe played piano without any formal instructions
He studied music from the age of 6By the time he-was seven, he had begun his career as a concert pianist and had his first piece publishedHis first trip abroad was to Vienna, where he gave two successful concertsAlthough only 20, he was already an accomplished pianist noted for his sensitive playing and imaginative improvisations. He had also composed two of his largest works, both piano concertos.Arriving in Paris in 1831 Chopin quickly made influential friends, but success was slower to come his way. Although a gifted musician, he was not a natural performer: his introverted nature did not appeal in the concert hall and his first appearance was coolly received.
On October 17, 1849, tuberculosis ended the life of a young genius. Chopin passed away at the age of 39Thousands joined together to attend his funeral and to pay him homage. His funeral was held at the Church of the Madeleine, and he was buried at the Pre Lachaise Cemetery in Paris
Here is the link for on of Chopins music: Nocturnehttp://www.noteflight.com/scores/view/55f25872fa5e0daa376dc447cf6ae92515611ee4