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     a     d        A     d       e    G  l      r   y     f  t   h    e      o   r   d      a     d        A     d       e    G       r   y     f  t   h    e      o   r   d    H   a     d     l    A   n    t   h    e          r   y     f  t             r   d      a            A     d       e    G  l      r   y     f  t   h    e   L    o   r   d      a            A     d       e    G       r   y     f  t   h    e   L    o   r   d    H   a     d        A   n   d  t   h    e          r   y     f  t   h           r   d Me l o y : F ur m l o ic id e a s Repetitive Use of sequences Moves between parts (voice parts, instruments) Tonali: Major keys throughout A maj or- at start and at end Dominant (E) Dominant of dominant (B) Harmony: Diatonic Root and 1 st inversions Fast rate of change Perfect, imperfect and plagal cadences Rhythm, metre & tempo: 3/4 Hemiola Longer notes in idea 4 Dynamics: Sparse dynamics (P and F) No graduations (e.g. No crescendo) Instruments & Voices: Most instruments play the same a s voices Strings double voices Instruments in octaves

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  • 8/6/2019 Music Flash Cards

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    H a n d e l A n d t h e G l o r y o f t h e L o r d

    H a n d e l A n d t h e G l o r y o f t h e L o r d

    H a n d e l A n d t h e G l o r y o f t h e L o r d

    H a n d e l A n d t h e G l o r y o f t h e L o r d

    H a n d e l A n d t h e G l o r y o f t h e L o r d

    H a n d e l A n d t h e G l o r y o f t h e L o r d

    Me l o d y :Fo ur me l o d ic id e a s

    RepetitiveUse of sequences

    Moves between parts (voice parts,instruments)

    Tonali :Major keys throughout

    Amajor- atstart and at endD ominant (E)

    D ominant of dominant (B)

    Harmony:Diatonic

    Root and 1 st inversionsFast rate of change

    Perfect, imperfect and plagalcadences

    Rhythm, metre & tempo:3/4

    HemiolaLonger notes in idea 4

    Dynamics:Sparse dynamics (P and F)

    No graduations (e.g. No crescendo)

    Instruments& Voices:Most instruments play thesame as

    voicesStrings double voices

    Instruments in octaves

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    H a n d e l A n d t h e G l o r y o f t h e L o r d

    T e xt ur e : H o mo ph o n ic a n d po l y ph o n ic

    ImitationLots of ideas combine

    D oubling of voices

    H a n d e l A n d t h e G l o r y o f t h e L o r d

    St r uct ur e :Ch o r us

    Ideas overlap3 beat rest, IV- I cadence (plagal)

    M o z a r t y h o n y N o . 0 n G

    M i n o r

    M o z a r t y h o n y N o . 0 i n G

    M i n o r

    M o z a r t y h o n y N o . 0 i n G

    M i n o r

    M o z a r t y h o n y N o . 0 i n G

    M i n o r

    Mel od y :o r 8 ba r h r a ses

    Mostly in stringsUse of Sequence

    Tonality: minor

    Relative major (Bb)Some chromaticism

    Circle of fifths

    Harmony:O ften quavers

    Use of pedal notes

    Diatonic

    Rhythm, metre & tempo:Molto allegro

    Crochets and quaversSteady Tempo

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    M o z a r t y h o n y N o . 0 i n G

    M i n o r

    M o z a r t y h o n y N o . 0 i n G

    M i n o r

    M o z a r t y h o n y N o . 0 i n G

    M i n o r

    M o z a r t y h o n y N o . 0 i n G

    M i n o r

    Dy n aics:1st subject quiet

    2nd subject crescendos

    Mostly loud ofsoftNo diminuendos

    Instruments& Voices:No trumpets or timpani

    Horns- pedals, harmoniesWind play link phrases

    Bassoons often double basses

    Texture:Mostly homophonic

    Imitation in developmentO ctave doubling of parts

    D ialogue, strings- wind

    Structure:Sonata form

    No introduction

    C h o i n R a i n d r o P r e l d e

    C h o i n R a i n d r o P r e l d e

    Me l o dy:Right hand=cantabile melody

    O rnamentsRepetition

    Melodymoves right hand left hand

    Tonality:Db major/ C#

    D ominant pedalModulates to dominant and relative

    minor

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    C h o i n R a i n d r o P r e l d e

    C h o i n R a i n d r o P r e l d e

    C h o i n R a i n d r o P r e l d e

    C h o i n R a i n d r o P r e l d e

    C h o i n R a i n d r o P r e l d e

    C h o i n R a i n d r o P r e l d e

    H a r mo ny:D ominant pedal

    Some extended chords

    Diaton

    ic

    Rhythm, metre & tempo:Syncopated / dotted notes

    RubatoSimple note values in the left hand

    Dynamics:G raduations of dynamics

    Careful and precise

    Instruments& Voices:Middle range of piano (A)

    Bass register (B)Not virtuosic

    Use of pedals on piano

    Texture:Homophonic

    2 monophonic bars at codaMiddle section thicker Up to 6 notes together

    Structure:Ternary form

    CodaB moves to tonic minor

    A & B have section note

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    S c h o e n e r P e r i p e t i e

    S c h o e n e r P e r i p e t i e

    S c h o e n e r P e r i p e t i e

    S c h o e n e r P e r i p e t i e

    S c h o e n e r P e r i p e t i e

    S c h o e n e r P e r i p e t i e

    Mel ody:A n ula r /d isso na n tl ea ps

    G entle, lyrical linesFragmented

    Principle voice

    Tonality:Atonal

    Built on hexachords

    Harmony:Dissonant/ chromatic

    Uses hexachords

    Rhythm, metre & tempo:A starts sehr rasch

    Sextuplet / triplet rhythmsFast to calm ideas

    Rubato- slowing down

    Dynamics:Loud to very loud (fff)

    Changes quickly/ oftenCreates stark contrasts

    Instruments& Voices:Klangfarbenmelodie

    Large orchestraConstant shifting of instruments

    Use of mutes

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    S c h o e n e r P e r i p e t i e

    S c h o e n e r P e r i p e t i e

    T e xt ur e :Starts with ful l orchestra

    ConstantlychangingComplex

    Full and extreme ranges

    Structure:Free rondo5 sections

    Stee Reic h E lectric Co unter point

    Stee Reic h E lectric Co unter point

    Stee Reic h E lectric Co unter point

    Stee Reic h E lectric Co unter point

    Me lody: Res u ltant melodies

    Additive melody

    Tonality: minor

    AmbiguousChanges to C minor

    Modal (Aeolian)

    Harmony:Based on ostinati / loops

    DiatonicComplex chords

    Rhythm, metre & tempo:3/2 clear triple metreRhythmic counterpoint

    12/8in some of section BQuavers

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    S t e v e R e i c h E l e c t r i c C o u n t e r p o i n t

    S t e v e R e i c h E l e c t r i c C o u n t e r p o i n t

    S t e v e R e i c h E l e c t r i c C o u n t e r p o i n t

    S t e v e R e i c h E l e c t r i c C o u n t e r p o i n t B e r n t e i n

    S o e t h i n C o i n

    Dy namic s:D etailed

    G raduations

    Instruments& Voices:Live guitar

    7 recorded guitars2 basses

    Chords and melody

    Texture:Built gradually

    P olyphonic, complex4 part canon at end

    Rhythmic counterpoint

    Structure:A 1,2,3,4B 1,2,3,4

    Coda

    Tonality:D major

    2 sections in C major Right hand and left hand different

    keys

    S t e v e R e i c h E l e c t r i c C o u n t e r p o i n t

    Use ofT ec h n o l o gy: R ec o rd ed guitar partsP anned left and right

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    B e r n s t e i n S o m e t h i n s C o m i n B e r n s t e i n

    S o m e t h i n s C o m i n B e r n s t e i n S o m e t h i n s C o m i n

    B e r n s t e i n S o m e t h i n s C o m i n B e r n s t e i n

    S o m e t h i n s C o m i n

    Ha r m o ny:Use of blue notesExtended chords

    Bass riffs

    Jazz-inspired

    Rhythm, metre & tempo:Fast 2/4and 3/4

    SyncopationP

    ush rhythms

    Dynamics:D ynamics formood

    G raduationsSudden changes

    Instruments& Voices:Tenorvoice and band

    Pizz strings, muted brass

    Texture:Melody and accompaniment

    Riffs in left hand throughout

    B e r n s t e i n S o m e t h i n s C o m i n

    Mel ody:Vocal

    Use of tri-tonesMostly syllabic

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    B e r n s t e i n S o m e t h i n s C o m i n

    S t r uct ur e :Intro, A, B, B1, A1, outro

    M i l e s a v i s A l l B l u e s

    M i l e s a v i s A l l B l u e s

    M i l e s a v i s A l l B l u e s

    M i l e s a v i s A l l B l u e s

    M i l e s a v i s A l l B l u e s

    M e lody:Played by frontline

    Improvised solosUse of riffs

    Harmony:Based on 12 bar form

    Altered chordsUse of blue notes

    Texture:Changes with solosRhythm section starts

    Saxes then trumpet enters

    Tonality:G modal

    Dynamics:Lots of < and >

    Lots of F and some P

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    M i l e s a v i s A l l B l u e s

    M i l e s a v i s A l l B l u e s

    M i l e s a v i s A l l B l u e s

    In strument s &Vo ices :Trumpet, Alto sax, Tenor sax, drum,Improvisation / solosFrontline melody

    Muted trumpet, drum brushes

    Structu r e :Head arrangement

    Variations on the 12 bar Intro and codaFour bar riffs

    Rhythm,M etr e andT e mpo:

    6 / 4Swung

    Jazz Waltz

    J e f f B uc k l ey Gr ac e

    J e f f B uc k l ey Gr ac e

    J e f f B uc k l ey Gr ac e

    M e lody:O ccasional grace notes

    Most phrases fall in pitchO ften melodic slides

    Ton a lity:E minor

    Intro F minor then D major AmbiguousD rop D tuning

    H armony:Some root position triads

    Chromatic progressionsExtended chords

    Chords and arpeggios

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    J e f f B u c k l e y G r a c e J e f f B u c k l e y

    G r a c e J e f f B u c k l e y G r a c e

    J e f f B u c k l e y G r a c e J e f f B u c k l e y

    G r a c e J e f f B u c k l e y G r a c e

    T e xtu r e :Changes

    Becomes very full at endSt r uc tu r e :Intro, verse, chorus, verse

    Useo ft ec hno logy :Synthesiser

    O ver-dubbed

    D elay and EQ

    Dyn a mic s:None givenChanges with texture

    Inst r uments&Voic e s:Voice, mainly syllabicG uitars, bass, drums, strings

    Rh ythm, Met r e andT e mpo:

    Compound quadrupleSemiquavers in guitar pace

    Syncopation

    Steady tempo

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    M o y

    W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l s o B a d ?

    M o y

    W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l s o B a d ?

    M o y

    W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l s o B a d ?

    M o y W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l

    s o B a d ?

    M o y W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l

    s o B a d ?

    M o y W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l

    s o B a d ?

    M e l o d y :Sampled vocals

    2 main melodies

    T on a l it y :D iatonic

    A minor ( D orian mode)No clear modulation

    H a r m on y :Root position triadsLimited chords used

    Chord progression: 8 bar Some sustained chords

    Dyn a mics :No dynamics indicatedChanges with texture

    In s t r u m en ts &V o ices :All synthesised / sampleD rum machine

    Vocal sample messy

    R h y t h m,M e t r e an dT e mpo :

    Quadruple 4 / 4Not clear at the start

    Syncopated melody

    98 bpm

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    M o y W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l

    s o B a d ?

    M o y W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l

    s o B a d ?

    M o y W h y d o e s m y H e a r t e e l

    s o B a d ?

    T e xt ur e :Builds gradually intro- vI

    Thins for 2 nd chorusFinal verse very thin

    St r uct ur e :Intro, verse, chorus, verse, chorus,

    verse

    Us e of t e chn o l o gy :Synthesiser

    Samples / uses sampler

    D elay, EQ and delay

    C a p e rc a i l l i eS k y e W au l k ingS ong

    C a p e rc a i l l i eS k y e W au l k ingS ong

    C a p e rc a i l l i eS k y e W au l k ingS ong

    M e l o d y :O ftenimprovised

    VocalInstruments play countermelody

    Tonality:E minorpentatonic

    major pentatonic

    Harmony:Strummed chords

    4 ChordsInfrequent changes

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    C a p e r c a i l l i e S k y e W a u l k i n S o n

    C a p e r c a i l l i e S k y e W a u l k i n S o n

    C a p e r c a i l l i e S k y e W a u l k i n S o n

    C a p e r c a i l l i e S k y e W a u l k i n S o n

    C a p e r c a i l l i e S k y e W a u l k i n S o n

    C a p e r c a i l l i e S k y e W a u l k i n S o n

    Rh ythm, met r e&t e m p o :Ambiguous 6 / 8 or 12 / 8Becomes clearly 12 / 8

    Dynamics:Changes with textureLong fade out at end

    Instruments& Voices:Modern and folk

    Accordion, piano, synthFlute, whistle, pipes

    G uitar, fiddle, bouzouki, drum

    Texture:Heterophonic

    Complex counterpoint

    Structure:8verses

    Intro, outro andbreak s

    Use of Technology:Use of synthesisers

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    K o k o Y i r i

    K o k o Y i r i

    K o k o Y i r i

    K o k o Y i r i

    K o k o Y i r i

    K o k o Y i r i

    Mel ody:O ften impr ov ised

    Vocals and balafonsRepetition / ostinati

    Tonality: b major

    Harmony:O ctavesand fifths

    O ften unison

    Rhythm, metre & tempo:Syncopation

    Cross and polyrhythmsConstant tempo

    Dynamics:Largely unvaried

    Instruments& Voices:Voices

    BalafonsD onno, dundun, djembe

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    K o k o Y i r i

    K o k o Y i r i

    R a e s h 1 . A n o u

    s h k a S h a n k a r

    . C h i r a n j i L a l T a n w a r . B e n j y W e r t m e i n e r

    S t e v e G o r n

    R a e s h 1 . A n o u s h k a S h a n k a r . C h i r a n j i L a l T a n w a r . B e n j y W e r t m e i n e r

    S t e v e G o r n

    R a e s h 1 . A n o u s h k a S h a n k a r . C h i r a n j i L a l T a n w a r . B e n j y W e r t m e i n e r

    S t e v e G o r n

    R a e s h 1 . A n o u s h k a S h a n k a r . C h i r a n j i L a l T a n w a r . B e n j y W e r t m e i n e r

    S t e v e G o r n

    T e xt u r e :MonophonicPolyphonic

    Heterophonic

    Structure:Call and response

    Melody:Mostly improvised

    1-sitar2-voice

    3-bansuri

    Tonality:Based on notes of rag

    Not major / minor

    Harmony:Use of drone notes

    No harmony or chords

    Rhythm, metre & tempo:1- Jhaptal (10beats)2- Keherwa (8beats)3- Rupak Tal (7beats)

    Tempo changes- structure

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    R a e s h 1 . A n o u

    s h k a S h a n k a r

    . C h i r a n j i L a l T a n w a r . B e n j y W e r t m e i n e r

    S t e v e G o r n

    R a e s h 1 . A n o u

    s h k a S h a n k a r

    . C h i r a n j i L a l T a n w a r . B e n j y W e r t m e i n e r

    S t e v e G o r n

    R a e s h 1 . A n o u

    s h k a S h a n k a r

    . C h i r a n j i L a l T a n w a r . B e n j y W e r t m e i n e r

    S t e v e G o r n

    R a e s h 1 . A n o u s h k a S h a n k a r . C h i r a n j i L a l T a n w a r . B e n j y W e r t m e i n e r

    S t e v e G o r n

    y n a mics :Changes with texture

    Instruments& Voices:O ften 2 instruments

    Solos / improvisations

    Texture:Monophonic

    Then melody with drone

    Structure:Alap,jhor, jhalla, gat

    Uses pre-composed ideas