music dances and literature
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HumanitiesMusic/Dances/LiteratureMusic - is an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner.
Elements:a. Rhythmb. Melodyc. Tempod. Dynamicse. Formf. TimbreRhythmis the movement or variation characterized by the regular recurrence of pulses that can be contrast of strong and weak pulses
Concepts:a. Beat is a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
B. Meter refers to the regular occurrence of accented and unaccented beats.Kinds of meterSimple Meter is a beat normally subdivided into two parts, and the note receiving the beat is always a standard single note value (i.e a quarter, half, eight. etc)Compound Meter is a beat normally subdivided into three parts, and the note receiving the beat is always a dotted note value ( i.e., a dotted quarter, a dotted half, a dotted eight)Time signature consist of numbers with the upper number indicating the number of beats for every measure and the lower number, the kind of note receiving one beat.MelodyIs that part of music that we can sing. It is a series of notes arranged in a particular rhythmic pattern and divided into smaller units called phrases.
Concepts:a. Pitch is the highness or lowness of a sound.b. Key signature consist of sharps and flats.c. Scale is a group of musical notes collected in ascending and descending order
tempothe rate of speed in music.
Kinds:adagio very slowandante- moderately slowallegro- fastmoderato- moderateaccelerando gradually becoming fastritardando- gradually become slowerpresto very fastvivace - livelyDynamicsThe volume or loudness of a tone
Kinds:Fortissimo (ff) very loudPianissimo (pp) very softMezzo piano (mp) half softMezzo forte (mf) half loudCrescendo gradually becoming louderDecrescendo gradually becoming softer FormThe over all plan or structure, big picture, of a piece of music that helps a musician put together a more credible performance or a listener enjoy the music even more.
Timbre- the musical color
Classifications of SongsArt song is one that meets the requirements of the musical and poetic arts.Folk song is a song of the people and has simple melodic, harmonic and metric fundamentals.National song is one that belongs to the nation.Popular song is a song of trivial musical and poetic value, usually written by laymen for popular mass appeal.Strophic song is a folk art song, consisting of two or more stanzas, each of them set to an identical tune.Non- strophic changes its melody according to the thought of each verse.Ballad is a song particularly common in England and is derived from ballata, a song with dance.Plain song is a piece of unisonous vocal music, popularly used in Christian church rituals. Elements of DancesTheme it conveys the dances message.Design refers to the plan or organization of movements in time and space.Movements is the action of dancers as they use their bodies to create or organize a pattern.Technique is a skill exerting movement.Music motivates the movements in dancing.Costume and props enhanced the effect of the dance.Choreography- the forms, arrangements, and organization of dance steps and movements.Scenery the setting or background, establishing the place of action of any dance important to make it more realistic and beautiful.
Movements of DanceSpace is the area where we have such movements that create patterns and designs.
Time- determines the rhythm, tempo, and duration of movements.
Duration refers to the length of time expended by a movement.
Force is an energy which is always present when motion occurs.
Four kinds of danceCommunal dance is a dance of the members of primitive tribal cultures who look at dance as magic, tragedy, or a method for survival.Ritual dance is a conscious dance, whose design, purpose and meaning, just like any other dance, is thought about carefully.Folk dance denotes any kind of dance developed within the traditional community.Social dance is a major category or classification of dance forms or dance types, whereby sociability and socializing are the primary focus of the dancing. The Cordillera DancesBanga ( Kalinga). Literally means pots. It illustrates the languorous grace of a tribe, otherwise known as fierce warriors.
Bendayan (Benguet). Popularly known as Bendian, yhe circle dance .
Manmanok(Bago). Three Bago tribe roosters compete against each other for the attention of Lady Lien.Ragragsakan (Kalinga). Portryas the walk of indudtrious Kalinga women, carrying water pots on their heads and wearing the colorful hand-woven Blankets of Life around their necks.
Salidsid (Kalinga) . Courtship dance performed by a male and a female.
Tarektek (Benguet). Two tarektek woodpeckers vie for the attention of three females.The Muslim DanceSingkil- this dance takes its name from the bells worn on the ankles of the Muslim princess.
Asik is a solo slave dance performed by an umbrella beating attendant to win the favor of her sultan master.
Kapamalong- malong is also called Sambi sa Malong. A dance which shows the ways of donning the malong.Pangalay- is a popular festival dance in Sulu performed in wedding celebrations.
Pangsak- is a dance involving complicated hand and foot movements.TheaterHouse is the place where the audience is seated.
Stage is the acting area
Backstage is the waiting area of the actors and the actresses prior the performance