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  • 1. AOS1 Western Classical Music (1600-1899)The Baroque Era

2. Dates: ? 1600 - 1750 Composers:Handel Bach ?PurcellVivaldi And the Glory of Set work: ? the Lord from Messiah - Handel 3. Concerto GrossoTrio sonatasSmall orchestrawith solo and tuttipartsOratorios Bible storiesOperaset to musicGround Bassand variations Keyboard pieces 4. Terraced dynamicsBasso continuoLoud and soft nocrescendo/diminuendo Same mood throughoutLong phrasesOrnaments Driving rhythm 5. StringsOboe/bassoon HarpsichordBaroque orchestraswere mostly strings Valveless trumpet Recorder/baroque flute Organ 6. Set work 1: And the Glory ofthe Lord from Messiah George Frideric Handel 7. An oratorio for solo voices, choir and orchestra4th movement of Messiah the first chorus in theworkTells the story of thebirth death andresurrection of Jesus First performed in Dublin in 1742 8. Structure: Based on 4 motifs 1. And the Glory of the Lord first three notesoutline A major triad. Syllabic word setting. 2. Shall be revealed Descending sequences.Melismatic word setting. 3. And all flesh shall see it together repetitive 4. For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it long notes. Solemn like chant. 9. A major 10. Modulations to thedominant, E major, andthe dominant of the dominant, B major 11. - triple time 12. Allegro 13. Textures in the piece: Homophonic: melody part + accompaniment, meaning bars 33 - 38 example parts moving at the same time two parts singing the same words, Doubling:meaning at different pitches or octaves bar 51 onwards example a single melodic line with no bars 11 - 13 Monophonic: meaning accompaniment example two or more parts Imitation: meaning copying/imitating each otherexample bar 17 onwards two of the 4 motifs being sung 2 ideas together: meaning at the same time example bars 110 - 113

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