Post on 30-Nov-2014
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- 1. RUBY GRACE S. MESDE BSPHARMACY 3
2. Is an acute viral infection of salivary glands particularly the parotids. An acute contagious disease. The characteristics feature of which there is swelling of one or both of the parotid glands, usually occurring in epidemic form. 3. is a viral disease of the human species, caused by the mumps virus. Before the development of vaccination and the introduction of a vaccine, it was a common childhood disease worldwide. It is still a significant threat to health in the third world, and outbreaks still occur sporadically in developed countries. 4. Mode of entry: Direct by person-to-person contact or droplet or airborne infection with the oropharynx as the portal entry. 5. System affected: Lymphatic System Incubation period: 2-3 weeks; average 18 days Period of communicability: From 7 days before until 9 days after the period glands swell. MUMPS 6. Parotitis the parotid glands become visibly enlarged and tender, reaching a maximum size within 2- 3 days. 7. Mumps is a contagious disease that is spread from person to person through contact with respiratory secretions, such as saliva from an infected person. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, the droplets aerosolize and can enter the eyes, nose, or mouth of another person. Can also be spread by sharing food and drinks. The virus can also survive on surfaces and then be spread after contact in a similar manner. 8. Slight malaise/sickness Low-grade fever Headache Anorexia Pain below the ear, particularly on moving jaws. Parotid gland is swollen, painful enlarged and tender in varying degrees. 9. Orchitis or epididymitis (inflammation of testicles) Painful testicular swelling and rash may also occur. (The symptoms are generally not severe in children.) In teenage males and men, complications such as infertility. Oophoritis (inflammation of ovaries) Dysphagia Nausea and vomiting Other symptoms of mumps can include dry mouth, sore face/ears (occasionally in more serious cases, loss of voice.) 10. Males past puberty who develop mumps have a 30 % risk of orchitis. Up to 20% of person infected with the mumps virus do not show symptoms, so it is possible to be infected and spread the virus without knowing it. 11. The most common preventative measure against mumps is a vaccination with a mumps vaccine, (invented by American microbiologist Maurice Hilleman at Merck.) 12. There is no specific treatment for mumps. Symptoms may be relieved by the application of intermittent ice or heat to the affected neck/testicular area. acetaminophen/paracetamol (Tylenol) for pain relief. Aspirin is not used due to a hypothetical link with Reye's syndrome. 13. Warm salt water gargles, soft foods, and extra fluids may also help relieve symptoms. (According to the Department of Health there is no effective post-exposure recommendation to prevent secondary transmission, as well as the post-exposure use of vaccine or immunoglobulin is not effective.) Patients are advised to avoid acidic foods and beverages, since these stimulate the salivary glands, which can be painful. 14. The end!