moreta, mònica evidence 1

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  • 1. Universidad Tcnica de AmbatoFacultad de Ciencias Humanas y de LaEducacinCarrea de IdiomasTKT GlossaryMnica Moreta9th BElement 1

2. WORD:ACCURACYDEFINITION: The use of correct forms ofgrammar, vocabulary, spelling andpronunciation.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kjurt/EXAMPLE: Teachers and learners focus on using and producinglanguage correctlyHOW TO TEACH: I will provide students a short paragraph inorder to identify accuracy. It means the correct use of grammar,vocabulary and spelling. 3. WORD:AFFIXDEFINITION: A meaningful group of lettersadded to the beginning or end of a word tomake a new word, which can be a differentpart of speech from the original word.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /fks/EXAMPLE: Affixation is a grammatical partHOW TO TEACH: I will write on the board a list of adjectives andstudents have to write affixes in the adjectives. In this way they canidentify how to add letters to make affixes 4. WORD:APPROPIACYDEFINITION: Language which is suitable ina particular situationPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /proprisi/EXAMPLE: Teacher uses an appropiacy language in the classroomHOW TO TEACH: I will use a short conversation about dailyroutines. After, I will teach them transition words. Then, I will askthem to talk about their daily routines. Students have to useappropiacy vocabulary and transition words 5. WORD:CHUNKDEFINITION: Any pair or group of wordscommonly found together or near one anotheras phrasal verbs, idioms, collocations, andfixed expressionsPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /tk/EXAMPLE: Have a good trip, Id like to , how about are examplesof chunkHOW TO TEACH: I will provide students some examples aboutchunks and after I will provide them a short reading in where theycan underline chunks. 6. WORD:COHERENCEDEFINITION: When ideas in a spoken orwritten text fit together clearly and smoothly,and so are logical and make sense to thelistener or readerPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kohrns/EXAMPLE: You have to be carefully to use coherence in youressaysHOW TO TEACH: I will make a brainstorming in which studentscan write their ideas about family. Then, students can writesentences using the words that they wrote before. 7. WORD:COHESIONDEFINITION: The way spoken or writtentexts are joined together with logical grammaror lexis, e.g. conjunctions (Firstly, secondly),lexical sets, referring words (it, them, this)PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kohin/EXAMPLE: You need to improve cohesion in your writingsHOW TO TEACH: I will give students an oral presentation inwhich they can analyze the use transition words and the connectionsof ideas 8. WORD:COLLOCATIONDEFINITION: Words which are regularlyused together. The relation between the wordsmay be grammatical, for example whencertain verbs/adjectives collocate withparticular prepositionsPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kl.ke.n/EXAMPLE: Depend on, make photocophies, take a holiday, areexamples of collocationsHOW TO TEACH: I will use some sheet of paper in whichstudents can find examples of collocation. Then, I will writesentences using collocation. 9. WORD:COMPLEXDEFINITION: Complicated, not simplePHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kmpleks/EXAMPLE: Reading is one complex skill for meHOW TO TEACH: I will work on websites in order to practiceand improve complex vocabulary 10. WORD:COMPOUNDDEFINITION: Nouns, verbs, adjectives orprepositions that are made up of two or morewords and have one unit of meaning.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kmpnd/EXAMPLE: I have some problems with compoundsHOW TO TEACH: I will use hot chair in where students can talkabout compound 11. WORD:COMPOUNDNOUNSDEFINITION: Compound noun is acombination of two or more words, which areused as a single word, e.g. a flower shop, aheadachePHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kmpnd//nn/EXAMPLE: Compund nouns can be really necessary and importantto use in the classroomHOW TO TEACH: I will write on the board different compoundnouns and explain how to make and use in complete sentences 12. WORD:CONFIDENCEDEFINITION: The feeling someone haswhen they are sure of their ability to dosomething well.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kmpnd/EXAMPLE: Teachers must find activities in order to haveconfidence in students because they are so shyHOW TO TEACH: I will teach students the most important valuesas responsibility, respect, and confidence in themselves. 13. WORD:CONSOLIDATEDEFINITION: To return to something inorder to allow learners to understand andremember it more completely.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /knsldet/EXAMPLE: Students can consolidate grammar part practicingextra exercisesHOW TO TEACH: I will provide exercises about simple present inorder to help students to consolidate their knowledge about it 14. WORD:CONJUNCTIONDEFINITION: A conjunction (or connector)is used to connect words, phrases, clauses orsentencesPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kndkn/EXAMPLE: My mother and my father are very happyHOW TO TEACH: I will provide students a power pointpresentation in which they can learn conjunction and how to use it inparagraphs or essays 15. WORD:CONSTRACTIVESTRESSDEFINITION: Is used to express an unusualor emphatic meaning in a sentence. It involvesstressing the important word according to thedifferent meaningsPHONEMIC SCRIPT:/kntr.stv/ /stres/EXAMPLE: Constractive stress is a fundamental part to studyphonlogyHOW TO TEACH: I will develop listening skill in where I canprovide a short script to analyze constractive stress of some wordsand at the same time practice pronunciation 16. WORD:CONTEXTDEFINITION: The situation in whichlanguage is used or presented.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /kntekst/EXAMPLE: We have to write sentences using a vocabularyaccording to the contextHOW TO TEACH: I can use a reading comprehension in which Iwill teach vocabulary according to the context of the reading 17. WORD:DETERMINERDEFINITION: Determiner is used to makeclear which noun is referred to, or to giveinformation about quantity, and includeswords such as the, a, this, that, my, somePHONEMIC SCRIPT: /dtrmnr/EXAMPLE: The computer is mine is an example of how to usedeterminerHOW TO TEACH: I will use extra examples about how to usedeterminers and ask students to write sentences with determiners 18. WORD:DIPHTHONGDEFINITION: A vowel combination whichis pronounced by moving from one vowel toanotherPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /df./EXAMPLE: Diphthong is a combination of vowelsHOW TO TEACH: I will give students a list of diphthongs on theboard and ask students to come to the front and write sentencesusing the list of diphthongs 19. WORD:DISCOURSEDEFINITION: Spoken or written languagein texts or groups of sentences.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /dskr/EXAMPLE: Discourse can be used in written and oral languageHOW TO TEACH: I will teach how to make sentences and I willask students to write a paragraph in which they can analyzediscourse in their paragraph 20. WORD:DRAFTDEFINITION: A draft is a piece of writingthat is not yet finished, and may be changed.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /drft/EXAMPLE: Draft is when students write for the first time and itcould be edited and changedHOW TO TEACH: I will provide some models of draft usingrecycled paper. 21. WORD:DRILLDEFINITION: A technique teachers use forencouraging learners to practice language. Itinvolves guided repetition or practice.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /drl/EXAMPLE: Drill is a technique which helps to improve ourpronunciation, especially when we have problems with some wordsHOW TO TEACH: I will use a radio program that students have tolisten and take important verbs. After, I will use drills to improvetheir pronunciation. 22. WORD:ENCOURAGEDEFINITION: When a teacher helpslearners to succeed by giving them confidencePHONEMIC SCRIPT: /nkrd/EXAMPLE: Teacher can have find some activities to encouragestudentsHOW TO TEACH: I will do ABC activity to encouragestudents. 23. WORD:ERRORDEFINITION: A mistake that a learnermakes when trying to say something abovetheir level of language or language processingPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /err/EXAMPLE: Students have some errors in their compositions.HOW TO TEACH: : I will ask students to talk about their family infront of the class. Students have to pay attention to the errors after Iwill give them feedback 24. WORD:EXPONENTDEFINITION: An example of a grammarpoint, function or lexical setPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /ksponnt/EXAMPLE: Exponent can express different functions at the sametime.HOW TO TEACH: I will ask students personal information abouttheir lives and then, we will analyze how to use exponent in real life 25. WORD:FALSE FRIENDSDEFINITION: Word in the target languagewhich looks or sounds as if it has the samemeaning as a similar word in the learners firstlanguage but does notPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /fls/ /frend/EXAMPLE: False friends are very useful and important inlanguage teaching and learningHOW TO TEACH: I will use a web page in where students findexamples of false friends. I will give a short explanation about howto use it 26. WORD:FEATUREDEFINITION: A feature of something is aninteresting or important part or characteristicof itPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /fitr/EXAMPLE: English has different features that can be veryinterestingHOW TO TEACH: Students can have the opportunity to learnsome functions about English language through role plays 27. WORD:FORMALLANGUAGEDEFINITION: Language used in formalconversations or writingPHONEMIC SCRIPT:/frml//lwd/EXAMPLE: When we have to talk with important authorities wemust use formal languageHOW TO TEACH: I will use flashcards to use some expressionsabout formal language 28. WORD:FUNCTIONDEFINITION: The reason or purpose forcommunicationPHONEMIC SCRIPT: /fkn/EXAMPLE: Asking for clarification and making suggestion areexamples of fucntionHOW TO TEACH: I will use commands in the classroom and askstudents some functions and importance to use commands in theclassroom 29. WORD:HESITATEDEFINITION: A pause before or whiledoing or saying something.PHONEMIC SCRIPT: /heztet/EXAMPLE: Students always hesitate because they do not have theideas or they need more time to think before to answer a questionHOW TO TEACH: To teach the word hesitate I will give studentsa conversation and ask some questions about it. Also, studentsanalyze how he