Morality‐ and identity‐related antecedents of children's guilt and shame attributions in events involving physical illness

Download Morality‐ and identity‐related antecedents of children's guilt and shame attributions in events involving physical illness

Post on 11-Mar-2017

213 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>This article was downloaded by: [Case Western Reserve University]On: 06 November 2014, At: 08:45Publisher: RoutledgeInforma Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registeredoffice: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK</p><p>Cognition and EmotionPublication details, including instructions for authors andsubscription information:http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/pcem20</p><p>Morality and identityrelatedantecedents of children's guilt andshame attributions in events involvingphysical illnessTjeert Olthof a , Tamara Ferguson b , Eva Bloemers c &amp; Marinda Deijc</p><p>a Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Universiteit Utrecht, theNetherlandsb Utah State University, Logan, USAc Universiteit Utrecht, the NetherlandsPublished online: 24 Jun 2010.</p><p>To cite this article: Tjeert Olthof , Tamara Ferguson , Eva Bloemers &amp; Marinda Deij (2004) Moralityand identityrelated antecedents of children's guilt and shame attributions in events involvingphysical illness, Cognition and Emotion, 18:3, 383-404, DOI: 10.1080/02699930341000077</p><p>To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699930341000077</p><p>PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE</p><p>Taylor &amp; Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (theContent) contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor &amp; Francis,our agents, and our licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as tothe accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinionsand views expressed in this publication are the opinions and views of the authors,and are not the views of or endorsed by Taylor &amp; Francis. The accuracy of the Contentshould not be relied upon and should be independently verified with primary sourcesof information. Taylor and Francis shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims,proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever orhowsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to or arisingout of the use of the Content.</p><p>This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Anysubstantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing,systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. Terms &amp;</p><p>http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/pcem20http://www.tandfonline.com/action/showCitFormats?doi=10.1080/02699930341000077http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699930341000077</p></li><li><p>Conditions of access and use can be found at http://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms-and-conditions</p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p><p>http://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms-and-conditionshttp://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms-and-conditions</p></li><li><p> ! " ! ! # $ ! !! $ !% &amp;'( ) *(! ! ! % % " *&amp; !$ ! + !$ </p><p>! " ! " </p><p> " ! " " </p><p> ! ! </p><p> " </p><p> ! ! ! #!!% </p><p> " </p><p>! ! ! </p><p>, -- .- -% &amp;''/% 012% 1314/'/</p><p>,! " </p><p> % 5!%</p><p>6 7 .% 6 ! *% *'3* % .% -8</p><p>9 :</p><p>; !% % ! ! % # </p><p> ! !</p><p> &amp;''/ 5! 5 </p></li><li><p>! % " ! !</p><p> " % </p><p> # % !% </p><p>! ! ! ! $</p><p> ! !</p><p> !! </p><p>! " </p><p> " AA$$ !</p><p> ! 9 02 </p><p> % % !</p><p> ! $ ! ! $</p><p> 0% *@@(28 0"2 </p><p>!8 0!2 ! %</p><p> $ % ! </p><p> !! ! ! $ % % </p><p>! " ! " ! =</p><p> ! " ! </p><p> % " &gt;% "! </p><p>! </p><p>!% ! ! " !! " </p><p> !! 0% % B ."=% &amp;'''8</p><p>% #% B % *@@'% *@@*8 % #!% C% #% B</p><p>=#!=% &amp;'''8 #% ;"% 5% B % &amp;''&amp;2 </p><p> " =% </p><p> " !% D</p><p> ! " </p><p> ! !</p><p> !! </p><p> " &gt; </p></li><li><p> D! " AA" "$$ </p><p>%</p><p> ! D!% ! " </p><p>% </p><p> ! % </p><p> ! ! </p><p>!$ D! ! </p><p> ! !% !$ $ </p><p> ! F ! ! !% </p><p> % % ! % ! !</p><p> $ ! !! " ! " 0%</p><p> % *@@'% *@@*8 % *@@*% *@@&amp;8 % % !=% B</p><p>% *@@(2</p><p> ! </p><p> $ !! " !! $ </p><p> ! % </p><p>! </p><p>D ! " #! !</p><p>! "!%</p><p> " ! " </p><p> ! ! !% </p><p> ! ! " !</p><p>% " " ! % </p><p>! = = </p><p> ! % </p><p>% 9 02 ! ! " % </p><p> 8 0"2</p><p> " " D% </p><p>0*@@&amp;2 = !" ! </p><p> G ! ! % !% %</p><p>% "= % = ! % </p><p>" ! #% </p><p> ! % " " ! &gt;%</p><p> % ! % ! " % </p><p>D " ! % " </p><p>%</p><p>% " % ! !! $</p><p> % !% ! </p><p>!! $ </p><p>! </p><p> ! ! </p><p>0*@@*2% ! 0D ** </p><p> 2 " ! ! % " </p><p> " , ! ! "</p><p> ! "! !! !</p><p> ! </p><p> % 0&amp;'''2 ! @ </p><p>! ! " </p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p> !! D </p><p>!</p><p>! $ " ! % % %</p><p> % # </p><p> 0&amp;''&amp;2 ! " </p><p> % D! !! </p><p>! </p><p>% 0&amp;'''2 " ! $</p><p> % " D% </p><p> D ! 0" !2 </p><p> " ! % "% </p><p>" " ! </p><p> ! % % 0*2 ! </p><p>! "! 0&amp;2 </p><p>! $ % !% %</p><p> ! ! </p><p> ! . !% ! ! ."$ 0*@EE2</p><p>! " H% </p><p>G% !$ 0*@@E2 </p><p> "% % </p><p>0% *@@(2 " % </p><p>! D! 0 % *@@(2%</p><p> ! !! </p><p> % </p><p> % !% $ !! </p><p> " % % ! </p><p> ! ! ! " </p><p> " 0! ,H% *@@38 "% *@@32</p><p> ! ! ! " </p><p> % ! !! % " </p><p>!! !% D </p><p>" % ! </p><p>! ! D% </p><p> $ 0&amp;'''2 $ 0*@@&amp;2 ! </p><p> !! " ! ! </p><p> % ! ! ! !" I 6</p><p> !! " !!</p><p> ! ! !! " ! " % </p><p>D % % " 0%</p><p>#% B &gt;% *@@/8 &gt;</p><p>% *@3&amp;8 C" % *@@(8 H % *@@E8 $,% % B ;% *@@@2</p><p> % ! ! $ !! " </p><p> ! </p><p>! ! </p><p>!! G% ! </p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p>" ! ! #! !</p><p>!J" ! J! !</p><p>! % !</p><p>! ! "</p><p>"% " ! ! ! </p><p>! % ! 0 "= </p><p>2% " ! " </p><p>" 0 " ! % </p><p>" 2 D! </p><p> !! "% " % % $</p><p>0&amp;'''"2 E *&amp; ! </p><p> !</p><p> "% ! ! !</p><p> % ! " ! </p><p>" = " </p><p> 0&gt;% *@@E8 # % &amp;''&amp;8 ;% &amp;''*8 ;% *@3E8</p><p>;% % #% B </p></li><li><p> ! " ? #! </p><p> ! ! </p><p>D ? ! </p><p> ! ! </p><p>% " " ! ! </p><p>$ " ! = </p><p> " F ! ! </p><p>% % ! 0! B</p><p>GH% *@@)8 ;% *@@18 ;% 5% B % *@332 !</p><p>0 ? !2% $ " </p><p> % ! </p><p> . % </p><p> " % % </p><p>! $ " ! </p><p>J !% ! </p><p>D! ! ! D! " !</p><p> 0 ? 2% </p><p> ! % " ! " </p><p>= ! ! % </p><p>!% ! " </p><p>! % ? % $ </p><p> " " !" </p><p> !% ! ! " ! "</p><p> % </p><p> " ! 5 !</p><p> ! ! !"</p><p>= ! % !</p><p>= ! E ** 0 B #% *@@E8 </p><p> % *@@*8 &gt;% % % B &gt;% *@3)8 %</p><p>&amp;'''2 ! ! </p><p>!% ! D @ " </p><p> !! </p><p>; ! &gt;$ 0*@3@2 F ! </p><p>!$ !! </p><p>! 0 !2 != % " </p><p> ! ! ! " F </p><p>!D " ! </p><p>! &gt;% " @ % F ! </p><p>" !" " ?</p><p> " !D </p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p> ! " " D !</p><p> !! # "%</p><p> ! ! ! ! </p><p>$ " " % " </p><p>"% % ! </p><p>$ % "! ! ! " D! " </p><p>" $ ! !D </p><p> F " ? % ! "</p><p>D! ! </p><p>! " </p><p> ! D! ! !$ </p><p> ! ! " </p><p> " ! # </p><p>! D ! !$ !</p><p> ! " !% </p><p>! " </p><p>% F </p><p>! </p><p> ! ! ! .</p><p> ! ? </p><p> ! 0! "% *@@38 % *@@/2% ! </p><p>! D </p><p> ! ! 0! B % &amp;'''8</p><p> % &amp;'''2 -% ! = </p><p>D ! </p><p>! !$ </p><p> !"</p><p>5! &amp;'( ! ! !</p><p> - , !</p><p> D !!! "!= </p><p> 9 ) 0*/ " *( % K ) 1 % K /</p><p>28 @ 0&amp;&amp; " 3 % K @ 1 % K E</p><p>28 *&amp; 0*) " *3 % K *&amp; &amp; % K E</p><p>28 */ 0&amp;@ " &amp;) % K */ * % K /</p><p>2% *( 0&amp;3 " &amp;) % K *( @ % K 3</p><p>2</p><p>#$%&amp;$ !% %$ $!%$! '$"&amp;$"</p><p> ! )% @% *&amp; </p><p> " D F </p><p>! ) ! " E</p><p> ! " ! ! !</p><p> (</p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p> H ! ! ! </p><p> D ! ! "H </p><p> " 0 % "% "% % 2 # </p><p>D ! ! " % D ! </p><p> !!= ! !% ! = </p><p> , </p><p>! ! @</p><p> *&amp; ! ! ! </p><p> D !" </p><p> ? % ? </p><p>% ? ! !% " *</p><p> ! D ! </p><p>? ! " *% </p><p> ! H "F</p><p> ! $ "</p><p> )*' +$" #, $-$!" $ $"$!!. /$ /$$ #!%#!"</p><p>"# $% </p><p> " $ " "" "</p><p># ""8 = $ </p><p>"" % "! ""% = ! </p><p> . = </p><p> ! </p><p>"" ! $ " % " "" </p><p> $ " = </p><p> %#% </p><p>5!= " . ! ! 5!= ! != !</p><p>! 5!= = = ! H</p><p> $ . ! 5!= H% !$ "</p><p> #% 5!= !$ " % = 5!=$</p><p>! . 5!= </p><p>% !" ! % H &gt;</p><p> " = = . H </p><p> 5!= = "! </p><p>"#% </p><p> " ! % ! = </p><p> $ = % "= ! % </p><p> % ! ! = $ </p></li><li><p> " ! </p><p> ? ! " *% </p><p> ! ! !! " </p><p>" %</p><p>"% ! ! </p><p> % ? ! " *%</p><p> $ !! </p><p>"! % "! ? $ ! " </p><p> ! ! </p><p> $ % </p><p>D = " ! </p><p> #! </p><p>% $ " </p><p> . *&amp; D ! </p><p> D ! . </p><p> " &amp;' </p><p> % ! </p><p>! " ! % % ! </p><p> " ! " 08</p><p>2 7 "% ! D !</p><p> ! 0%</p><p>#% % B % *@@@8 % ;% B H% *@3@2% </p><p> "</p><p>" 0&amp;'''2% ! </p><p>! !$</p><p> ! "</p><p> D ! .!!% !</p><p> F 9 AA = L$ M </p><p>I 02 % 02 </p><p> "% "% % I$$ ; = F% D</p><p> ! ! D </p><p>= F F 9 AA</p><p> = 02I$$ , </p><p> % ! </p><p> D F ! ; ! % </p><p> F ! F</p><p> ' ( ! ! </p><p>! " </p><p> D ! </p><p> ! ! ! ! D </p><p> ! ! " D $ </p><p> ! !! </p><p> ()</p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p>! " "</p><p>$+'!1 !+1"$"</p><p>; D </p><p> ?</p><p> % ? % ? </p><p>! </p><p>! !</p><p>$ ! ! " ! </p><p> !! ! 0;$ 2 ! </p><p> ! % ! "</p><p>! ! ! !</p><p> " ! !</p><p>! ! ! !</p><p> D! ? % ?</p><p>% ? ! </p><p>! ! !</p><p>; "F D " </p><p> ! " ! ! </p><p> $ ! ! </p><p> "! E 0.2 &amp; 0 2 1 0 9 ? % ? % ? 2</p><p> &amp; 0 9 2 D .-6. </p><p>! " ! ! </p><p>! </p><p>! 5 ! !</p><p> ! " ! 0 2</p><p> ! ! ! ! </p><p>! 0) N ''*2% () )) % </p><p> !$ ! 0</p><p>2 . "F " </p><p>!</p><p>! !+1"$"</p><p>*+ ,, , $ </p><p> ! "! E 0.2 &amp; 0 2 1 0 9? % ? % ?</p><p>2 &amp; 0 9 2 D .-6. ! </p><p>! " "</p><p>" !$ ! ! </p><p>" ! ! #!!% ! 9 0*2</p><p> D! ? </p><p>(2 </p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p>!8 0&amp;2 " </p><p>? !8 012 ?</p><p> ! " ?</p><p> !8 0/2 ? </p><p>! " ? !</p><p> ! !" !</p><p>! !% ! </p><p> ! </p><p>! </p><p> 0 " &amp;% 2</p><p> ! !! !$ </p><p> "! ! ! ! *</p><p> &amp; " &amp; </p><p>! ! #! </p><p> ? !% </p><p>! </p><p> ?</p><p> ! </p><p> .-6. !! </p><p>D ! % !! </p><p>.-6.% 0? ?</p><p> 2% !$ . ! " " &amp;</p><p>0 2% !$ ? </p><p> ! ?</p><p> ! .-6. !$ </p><p>% 0 ? ?</p><p> 2% !$ ?</p><p> ! ! </p><p> ? </p><p> ,, "D! </p><p>! ! !% </p><p> ! ! " " F " !</p><p> ! . .!% </p><p>! ! !% ! . % -03% 1332 K 1)/% ) N ''*8 . % -0/% *@(2K (('% ) N ''*8 ! . !% -03% 1332 K *')E% ) N ''* </p><p>! " &amp; </p><p>! !% &amp; 0 2 &amp; 0 </p><p>2 "! .-6. !! </p><p> ! % " &amp; " &amp; </p><p>! ! !</p><p> )$ 0 ! ) K '32% "</p><p> ! !! $ </p><p>; D ! ! "</p><p> (</p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p> 2$!" 3" ! $!/$"$"4 !% 5 $"&amp;+" $ $"$!!. /$ !$#!" #, 1 $#, -$! 34 1 $ #, 6&amp;%.$'$! 364 3&amp; $ !$+47 !% #, .$ 1 $ #, -$! </p><p>1 $ #, 6&amp;%.$'$! 3+#8$ !$+"4 ! /+%$!" !." #, $+$% $'##!"</p><p>) , , </p><p>.$ %#$ %#$ %#$ /,, , -</p><p>. # &amp;*&amp;</p><p>*</p><p>0'3(211*0'@12</p><p>1'E&amp;</p><p>0'@&amp;2 0&amp;% *@E2 3@'@OOO</p><p> 0*% *@(2 )()3OOO &amp;E*"</p><p>0'@'2&amp;'1!</p><p>1</p><p>0'3@21*@/</p><p>0'@@2 0&amp;% *@E2 *)*31OOO</p><p>. )# &amp;1)</p><p>*</p><p>0*&amp;121')0*&amp;'2</p><p>&amp;33&amp;</p><p>0*&amp;32 0&amp;% &amp;32 )1*OO</p><p> 0*% &amp;@2 1'' &amp;E1</p><p>0**&amp;2&amp;(3!</p><p>1</p><p>0*'@2&amp;)11</p><p>0**)2 0&amp;% &amp;32 &amp;)'</p><p>. @# &amp;1/</p><p>*</p><p>0'(@21*@0'3/2</p><p>11@&amp;</p><p>0')32 0&amp;% &amp;32 &amp;&amp;)&amp;OOO</p><p> 0*% &amp;@2 &amp;)E/OOO &amp;&amp;1</p><p>0')&amp;2&amp;&amp;'!</p><p>1</p><p>0')32&amp;3'/</p><p>0'@32 0&amp;% &amp;32 &amp;*11OOO</p><p>. * &amp;**</p><p>*</p><p>0')(21*)0'@*2</p><p>1'E&amp;</p><p>0'3&amp;2 0&amp;% 112 &amp;1&amp;/OO</p><p> 0*% 1/2 )'(O &amp;('"</p><p>0'3@2*))!</p><p>1</p><p>0')&amp;21/'/</p><p>0'@/2 0&amp;% 112 (@&amp;/OOO</p><p>. */# &amp;'(</p><p>*</p><p>0'3/21/(0'@*2</p><p>1'E&amp;</p><p>0'@/2 0&amp;% E/2 /*11OOO</p><p> 0*% EE2 *3&amp;'OOO &amp;E)"</p><p>0'3@2*)3!</p><p>1</p><p>0'3*21///</p><p>0'@*2 0&amp;% E/2 *'3@3OOO</p><p>. *(# *@1</p><p>*</p><p>0')121/(0'3'2</p><p>&amp;@)&amp;</p><p>0'))2 0&amp;% E12 /'&amp;(OOO</p><p> 0*% E/2 *)EEOOO &amp;E/"</p><p>0'3)2&amp;'*!</p><p>1</p><p>0'3121&amp;E/</p><p>0'312 0&amp;% E12 )3)@OOO</p><p>? K ? 8 ? K ? 8 ? K ? </p><p>#"! ! ! .-6. !! ! .! "! ! ! ! ! ? ? ! ! ! ! "! </p><p> ! -! ! ! ? ? ? ? ! % ! ! ! ! </p><p> ! O ) N 'E8 OO ) N '*8 OOO ) N ''*</p><p>(</p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p>! ! .-6. !" " . </p><p> " &amp;% *&amp;% */% *( </p><p> ! ! % = !% @ </p><p>! ! ? </p><p> ! G ) ! </p><p>! !! ! #!!% </p><p> ? </p><p> ? </p><p> ! ? </p><p>0 ,, </p><p> ! ! </p><p>!</p><p> " E 0.2 &amp; 0 2 1 0 2 &amp; 0 </p><p>2 D .-6.% ! </p><p>! % -0*% *@(2 K /&amp;&amp;% ) N 'E% F " !</p><p> ! -0&amp;% *@E2 K 13@% ) N'E ! " 1 </p><p> ! " !! D .-6.%</p><p>! ! ""! !% ! </p><p> !" " 1 ! ! " !</p><p> $!" 3" ! $!/$"$"4 $ $"$!!. /$ $!%$ 1 $ #, -$! 1 $ #, 6&amp;%.$'$! !$#!</p><p>) , /</p><p>%#$ %#$ %#$</p><p>#</p><p> &amp;*1</p><p>0'332</p><p>1&amp;1</p><p>0'@&amp;2</p><p>&amp;@/</p><p>0'@*2</p><p> &amp;**</p><p>0'3/2</p><p>1/*</p><p>0'@12</p><p>1*)</p><p>0'@&amp;2</p><p> &amp;13</p><p>0'3E2</p><p>&amp;'3</p><p>0'@*2</p><p>1'3</p><p>0*'E2</p><p> &amp;((</p><p>0'@12</p><p>*@3</p><p>0'3)2</p><p>11*</p><p>0'3@2</p><p>? K ? 8 ? K ?</p><p> 8 ? K ? </p><p> (</p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p> ! </p><p> ! ! ! ! </p><p> &gt;% </p><p>! ! ! </p><p>$ "$ ? </p><p>!</p><p> &amp; )$ 1 ,! </p><p> " !! "</p><p> !!= ! *&amp;</p><p> ! ! D! !% </p><p>!! *&amp; ! </p><p> .!!% </p><p> !!= </p><p> !! / " ( *&amp;4*( / </p><p> &amp;/ &amp;14(E # ! </p><p>7 # 072 ! G </p><p>E ! ! !" " </p><p>! ! ! </p><p>! ! </p><p> % </p><p> F = ! F</p><p>9 0*2 AA LM ? ! </p><p> " I$$8 0&amp;2 AA</p><p>LM ? ! "I$$8 </p><p>012 AA LM ! </p><p> I$$ F 9 0*2 AA</p><p>LM L!M =02 ?$ = </p><p>I$$8 0&amp;2 AA LM L!M =02</p><p>?$ " !H I$$8 012 AA LM </p><p>L!M =02 ? I$$</p><p> ? </p><p>!" ! ! </p><p>! ! </p><p> ? ? </p><p> !</p><p>" ! "F </p><p> &amp; 0 2 1 0 9 ? % ? % ? 2 &amp; 0 9 2 D .-6. ! </p><p> !$ $ !</p><p>% </p><p> ! ! -0&amp;% 1E2 K @1'3% ) N ''* ! </p><p>!</p><p>! #"F 9 0*2 </p><p>( </p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p> ? 0 K 11&amp;2 </p><p> 0 K *(/2 -0*% 1(2 K **)/E% ) N ''*8 0&amp;2 </p><p> ? 0 K 1/(2 </p><p> 0 K *)'2 -0*% 1(2 K *(31*% ) N</p><p>''*8 012 ? 0 K</p><p>*(/2 ? 0 K 1*'2</p><p>-0*% 1(2 K @1EE% ) N ''*8 0/2 ?</p><p> 0 K *)'2 ?</p><p> 0 K 11(2 -0*% 1(2 K *&amp;//@% ) N ''* ,% </p><p> !! </p><p> D </p><p> " ! </p><p> $ ! ! </p><p> ! </p><p> !$</p><p> ! ! ! </p><p> ! " $ "</p><p>!! !$ ?</p><p> " %</p><p> " ! ! </p><p>! ! " F </p><p>AA"$$ ; % % !</p><p>! $ ! %</p><p> " !! %</p><p> ! % !% </p><p>! ! ! ! </p><p>! !! " !</p><p> ! " " "</p><p>! !! #!!% </p><p> AA $$ !! !! !</p><p>0% *@@32 ! " = ! $</p><p>"% " ! AA $$% !% !% "</p><p> " ! ! </p><p>! !! AA "$$ </p><p> ! " " ! +% ! </p><p>! !! ! #!!% </p><p> D ! </p><p> $ ?</p><p> ; ! ! </p><p> (</p><p>Dow</p><p>nloa</p><p>ded </p><p>by [</p><p>Cas</p><p>e W</p><p>este</p><p>rn R</p><p>eser</p><p>ve U</p><p>nive</p><p>rsity</p><p>] at</p><p> 08:</p><p>45 0</p><p>6 N</p><p>ovem</p><p>ber </p><p>2014</p></li><li><p>!! " % D% !! $ ! % !!</p><p>! "% !F!I % </p><p> " ! </p><p>% ! ? ! D</p><