Monsters: A Biblical Bestiary

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Monsters: A Biblical Bestiary. Translational Monsters: Fantastic Biblical Beasts and Where to Find Them First Baptist Church of Christ November 6, 2013. This is a Bible study about. Unicorns?. This is a Bible study about. Dragons?. This is a Bible study about. Satyrs?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Monsters: A Biblical BestiaryTranslational Monsters: Fantastic Biblical Beasts and Where to Find ThemFirst Baptist Church of ChristNovember 6, 2013This is a Bible study about...This is a Bible study about...Unicorns?This is a Bible study about...Dragons?This is a Bible study about...Satyrs?This is a Bible study about...Giants?This is a Bible study about...BIBLE STUDY!Some Interesting TextsSome Interesting TextsWill the unicorn be willing to serve thee, or abide by thy crib? Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? or will he harrow the valleys after thee? (Job 39:9-10)Some Interesting TextsWill the unicorn be willing to serve thee, or abide by thy crib? Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? or will he harrow the valleys after thee? (Job 39:9-10)And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness. (Isa 34:7)Some Interesting TextsWill the unicorn be willing to serve thee, or abide by thy crib? Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? or will he harrow the valleys after thee? (Job 39:9-10)And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness. (Isa 34:7)All told, unicorns are mentioned nine times in the KJV.What are UNICORNSdoing in my Bible?!?Translational MonstersThe Bible was not written in English.Translational MonstersThe Bible was not written in English. (Hebrew, c. 450 BC)Translational MonstersThe Old Testament was first translated into Greek . , , . Translational MonstersThe Old Testament was first translated into Greek . , , . and then Latin. In principio creavit Deus caelum et terram. Terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas.Translational MonstersThe Old Testament was finally translated into English around AD 1000.Translational MonstersThe Old Testament was finally translated into English around AD 1000. On angynne gesceop God heofenan and eoran. Seo eore solice ws idel ond mti, ond eostra wron ofer re nywelnysse bradnysse; ond Godes gast ws geferod ofer wteru.Translational MonstersThe Old Testament was finally translated into English around AD 1000. On angynne gesceop God heofenan and eoran. Seo eore solice ws idel ond mti, ond eostra wron ofer re nywelnysse bradnysse; ond Godes gast ws geferod ofer wteru.Unfortunately (for us), this was OLD English!Here is how that passage looked in Wycliffes translation (1395): In the bigynnyng God made of nouyt heuene and erthe. Forsothe the erthe was idel and voide, and derknessis weren on the face of depthe; and the Spiryt of the Lord was borun on the watris.Here is how that passage looked in Wycliffes translation (1395): In the bigynnyng God made of nouyt heuene and erthe. Forsothe the erthe was idel and voide, and derknessis weren on the face of depthe; and the Spiryt of the Lord was borun on the watris.And here it is, at last, in the King James Version (1611): In the beginning God created the Heauen, and the Earth. And the earth was without forme, and voyd, and darkenesse was vpon the face of the deepe; and the Spirit of God mooued vpon the face of the waters.One of the first things we have to do when attempting to study the Bible is to make sure weve got a good translation.What did unicorn mean in 1611?One of the earliest descriptions of a unicorn comes from Pliny the Elder in the first century.What did unicorn mean in 1611?One of the earliest descriptions of a unicorn comes from Pliny the Elder in the first century. An exceedingly wild beast called the monokeros (=unicorn), which has a stag's head, elephant's feet, and a boar's tail, the rest of its body being like that of a horse. It makes a deep lowing noise, and one black horn two cubits long projects from the middle of its forehead. This animal, they say, cannot be taken alive. (Natural History, Book 8, 31)What did unicorn mean in 1611?One of the earliest descriptions of a unicorn comes from Pliny the Elder in the first century. Stag's head Elephant's feet Boar's tail Horses body Deep lowing noise Single black hornWhat did unicorn mean in 1611?One of the earliest descriptions of a unicorn comes from Pliny the Elder in the first century. Stag's head Elephant's feet Boar's tail Horses body Deep lowing noise Single black hornWhat did unicorn mean in 1611?By the early Middle Ages, Isidore of Seville described the unicorn in his Etymologies. The Greek word rhinoceros, meaning with horn in nose, refers to the same beast as the names monoceros or unicorn. This is a four-footed beast that has a single horn on its forehead; it is very strong and pierces anything it attacks. It fights with elephants and kills them by wounding them in the belly. The unicorn is too strong to be caught by hunters, except by a trick: if a virgin girl is placed in front of a unicorn and she bares her breast to it, all of its fierceness will cease and it will lay its head on her bosom, and thus quieted is easily caught. (Etymologies, Book 12, 2:12-13)What did unicorn mean in 1611?By the early Middle Ages, Isidore of Seville described the unicorn in his Etymologies. Synonymous with rhinocerosWhat did unicorn mean in 1611?By the early Middle Ages, Isidore of Seville described the unicorn in his Etymologies. Synonymous with rhinoceros An urban legend associated the creature with purity/virginityWhat did unicorn mean in 1611?By the early Middle Ages, Isidore of Seville described the unicorn in his Etymologies. Synonymous with rhinoceros An urban legend associated the creature with purity/virginity A creature from natural history, but about which there are some growing misconceptions.What did unicorn mean in 1611?Noah Webster, American Dictionary of the English Language (1828): UNICORN, n. [L. unicornis; unus, one, and cornu, horn.] 1. an animal with one horn; the monoceros. this name is often applied to the rhinoceros. What did unicorn mean in 1611?Noah Webster, American Dictionary of the English Language (1828): UNICORN, n. [L. unicornis; unus, one, and cornu, horn.] 1. an animal with one horn; the monoceros. this name is often applied to the rhinoceros. RHINOCEROS, n. [L. rhinoceros; Gr. nose-horn.] A genus of quadrupeds of two species, one of which, the unicorn, has a single horn growing almost erect.So What might the KJV translators have imagined when they thought of the word unicorn?So What might the KJV translators have imagined when they thought of the word unicorn? How is this likeor unlikethe way we hear that word?What the Bible SaysWhat the Bible says can be more complicated than merely what words we find in our English translations. What the Bible Says Does the Bible say that unicorns are real?What the Bible Says Does the Bible say that unicorns are real? What does Paul mean when he speaks of baptism for the dead (1 Cor 15:29)?What the Bible Says Does the Bible say that unicorns are real? What does Paul mean when he speaks of baptism for the dead (1 Cor 15:29)? What does it mean when he says, I permit no woman to teach or to have authority over a man (1 Tim 2:12)?Okay, so what is a unicorn?The Hebrew word is reemOkay, so what is a unicorn?The Hebrew word is reemand nobody is quite sure what it means!Okay, so what is a unicorn?The Hebrew word is reemand nobody is quite sure what it means! Most likely, it refers to the auroch or wild ox.Okay, so what is a unicorn?The Hebrew word is reemand nobody is quite sure what it means! Most likely, it refers to the auroch or wild ox. Modern translations of reem are unanimous in saying, wild ox (NASB, NRSV, CEB, etc.)Okay, so what is a unicorn?The Hebrew word is reemand nobody is quite sure what it means! Another option, less likely, is that the reem is the Arabian oryx.Okay, so what is a unicorn?The Hebrew word is reemand nobody is quite sure what it means! Advocates of Young Earth Creationism sometimes claim it was a triceratops.Some other interesting biblical beastsThe dragon (Hebrew, tannin) And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant. (Jer 51:37)Some other interesting biblical beastsThe dragon (Hebrew, tannin) And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant. (Jer 51:37)The satyr (Hebrew, seir) But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there. (Isa 13:21)Some other interesting biblical beastsThe dragon (Hebrew, tannin) Modern translations say jackal or, in one place, serpentThe satyr (Hebrew, seir)Some other interesting biblical beastsThe dragon (Hebrew, tannin) Modern translations say jackal or, in one place, serpentThe satyr (Hebrew, seir) NIV, NKJV, NLT all say wild goatSome other interesting biblical beastsThe dragon (Hebrew, tannin) Modern translations say jackal or, in one place, serpentThe satyr (Hebrew, seir) NIV, NKJV, NLT all say wild goat NRSV, CEB, JPS all say goat demonNext WeekOpponents of Unusual Size!***************************************