Monsters: A Biblical Bestiary

Download Monsters: A Biblical Bestiary

Post on 10-Jan-2016

33 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Textual Monsters: Opponents of Unusual Size First Baptist Church of Christ November 13, 2013. Monsters: A Biblical Bestiary. 1 Samuel 17:1-7. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>Monsters:A Biblical BestiaryTextual Monsters: Opponents of Unusual Size</p><p>First Baptist Church of ChristNovember 13, 2013</p></li><li><p>1 Samuel 17:1-7The Philistines assembled their troops for war at Socoh of Judah. They camped between Socoh and Azekah at Ephes-dammim. Saul and the Israelite army assembled and camped in the Elah Valley, where they got organized to fight the Philistines. The Philistines took positions on one hill while Israel took positions on the opposite hill. There was a valley between them.</p></li><li><p>1 Samuel 17:1-7A champion named Goliath from Gath came out from the Philistine camp. He was more than nine feet tall. He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore bronze scale-armor weighing one hundred twenty-five pounds. He had bronze plates on his shins, and a bronze scimitar hung on his back. His spear shaft was as strong as the bar on a weavers loom, and its iron head weighed fifteen pounds. His shield-bearer walked in front of him. </p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?over nine feet tall (CEB) = six cubits and a span</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?over nine feet tall (CEB) = six cubits and a span</p><p> A cubit in ancient Israel was roughly 17.5 inches A span was half a cubit</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?over nine feet tall (CEB) = six cubits and a span</p><p> 6.5 cubits = about 9 6</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath? The average height of an ancient Israelite (based on archeological remains) was about 5 3.</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath? The average height of an ancient Israelite (based on archeological remains) was about 5 3. According to military historian Richard Gabriel, warriors might have been a bit taller: say 5 55 8</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?Nine and a half feet tall seems impossible!</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?Robert Wadlow (19191940) was the tallest human in history for which there is irrefutable evidence. He stood 8 11.</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?Robert Wadlow (19191940) was the tallest human in history for which there is irrefutable evidence. He stood 8 11.</p><p>His great size was due to an abnormality of the pituitary gland. </p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?Robert Wadlow (19191940) was the tallest human in history for which there is irrefutable evidence. He stood 8 11.</p><p>His great size was due to an abnormality of the pituitary gland.</p><p>He suffered his entire life with various physical ailments caused by his condition. </p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?Some have proposed that Goliaths height was also due to some sort of glandular condition.</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?Some have proposed that Goliaths height was also due to some sort of glandular condition.</p><p>But remember that Goliath was a strong, formidable warrior.</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?Some have proposed that Goliaths height was also due to some sort of glandular condition.</p><p>But remember that Goliath was a strong, formidable warrior.</p><p>It seems highly unlikely that he would have been a threat on the battlefield if his height were the result of a glandular abnormality.</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?The tallest person ever to play basketball in the NBA was Gheorghe Murean (7 7), one-quarter of an inch taller than Manute Bol.</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?The tallest person ever to play basketball in the NBA was Gheorghe Murean (7 7), one-quarter of an inch taller than Manute Bol.</p><p>Someone of that size could definitely have the strength and athleticism necessary to be a Philistine warrior.</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?The tallest person ever to play basketball in the NBA was Gheorghe Murean (7 7), one-quarter of an inch taller than Manute Bol.</p><p>Someone of that size could definitely have the strength and athleticism necessary to be a Philistine warrior.</p><p>He would be about two feet shorter than Goliath, however!</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?BUT</p><p>Other ancient manuscripts give Goliaths height as only four cubits and a span.</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?BUT</p><p>Other ancient manuscripts give Goliaths height as only four cubits and a span.</p><p> 4.5 cubits = about 6 7</p></li><li><p>How Big Was Goliath?BUT</p><p>Other ancient manuscripts give Goliaths height as only four cubits and a span.</p><p>These texts are just as oldand even olderthan those that say six cubits.</p></li><li><p>Textual MonstersThings like this happen all the time in the Bible.</p></li><li><p>Textual MonstersThings like this happen all the time in the Bible.</p><p>Most variants are so trivial they are not even footnoted.</p></li><li><p>Textual MonstersThings like this happen all the time in the Bible.</p><p>Most variants are so trivial they are not even footnoted.</p><p>But what happens when our biblical manuscripts dont agree with each other and it isnt trivial?</p></li><li><p>Textual MonstersThings like this happen all the time in the Bible.</p><p>Most variants are so trivial they are not even footnoted.</p><p>But what happens when our biblical manuscripts dont agree with each other and it isnt trivial?</p><p>We have to apply the principles of textual criticism.</p></li><li><p>Scribes Are Only HumanBefore the printing press, biblical manuscripts were copied by hand.</p></li><li><p>Scribes Are Only HumanBefore the printing press, biblical manuscripts were copied by hand.If the eye slips, you can end up losing words, repeating them, or getting them in the wrong place.</p></li><li><p>Scribes Are Only HumanBefore the printing press, biblical manuscripts were copied by hand.If the eye slips, you can end up losing words, repeating them, or getting them in the wrong place.If youre taking dictation, you can mishear a word (especially common with homophones)</p></li><li><p>Scribes Are Only HumanInaccurate copyingsometimes intentional, sometimes unintentionalwas a recognized problem in the Middle Ages.</p></li><li><p>Scribes Are Only HumanFool and knave, leave the old reading and do not change it! (Codex Vaticanus at Heb 1:3)Inaccurate copyingsometimes intentional, sometimes unintentionalwas a recognized problem in the Middle Ages.</p></li><li><p>Scribes Are Only HumanFool and knave, leave the old reading and do not change it! (Codex Vaticanus at Heb 1:3)Jewish scribes worked out a unique system of preserving the reading that was found even when they knew it was a mistake!Inaccurate copyingsometimes intentional, sometimes unintentionalwas a recognized problem in the Middle Ages.</p></li><li><p>???Are we sometimes struggling to make sense of the WRONG TEXT?</p></li><li><p>???They will pick up snakes with their hands. If they drink anything poisonous, it will not hurt them. (Mark 16:18)</p></li><li><p>???They will pick up snakes with their hands. If they drink anything poisonous, it will not hurt them. (Mark 16:18)</p><p>As in all the churches of the saints, the women should be quiet during the meeting. They are not allowed to talk. Instead, they need to get under control, just as the Law says. If they want to learn something, they should ask their husbands at home. It is disgraceful for a woman to talk during the meeting. (1 Cor 14:33b-35)</p></li><li><p>???The wolf shall live with the lamb, the leopard shall lie down with the kid, the calf and the lion and the fatling together, and a little child shall lead them. (Isa 11:6, NRSV)</p></li><li><p>???The wolf shall live with the lamb, the leopard shall lie down with the kid, the calf and the lion and the fatling together, and a little child shall lead them. (Isa 11:6, NRSV)OR</p><p>The wolf will live with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the young goat; the calf and the young lion will feed together, and a little child will lead them. (Isa 11:6, CEB)</p></li><li><p>???Moved with pity, Jesus stretched out his hand and touched him, and said to him, I do choose. Be made clean! (Mark 1:41, NRSV)</p></li><li><p>???Moved with pity, Jesus stretched out his hand and touched him, and said to him, I do choose. Be made clean! (Mark 1:41, NRSV)</p><p>OR</p><p>Incensed, Jesus reached out his hand, touched him, and said I do want to. Be clean. (Mark 1:41, CEB)</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathWhich reading makes the most sense: six cubits or four cubits?</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathWhich reading makes the most sense: six cubits or four cubits?</p><p>An argument could be made for either option.</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathWhich reading makes the most sense: six cubits or four cubits?</p><p>An argument could be made for either option.</p><p>Im personally more comfortable with the four cubits reading</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathThe four cubits reading is attested in a number of ancient manuscripts, including the Greek Septuagint and the Dead Sea Scrolls. </p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathThe four cubits reading is attested in a number of ancient manuscripts, including the Greek Septuagint and the Dead Sea Scrolls. </p><p>There are a number of other sixes in 1 Samuel 17. If a scribes eye slipped, he would be more likely to find a six than a four.</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathThe four cubits reading is attested in a number of ancient manuscripts, including the Greek Septuagint and the Dead Sea Scrolls. </p><p>There are a number of other sixes in 1 Samuel 17. If a scribes eye slipped, he would be more likely to find a six than a four.</p><p>The four cubits reading makes better literary sense.</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath wasnt the only unusually tall man in the valley of Elah. </p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath wasnt the only unusually tall man in the valley of Elah. </p><p>King Saul stood head and shoulders above everyone else (1 Sam 9:2)</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath wasnt the only unusually tall man in the valley of Elah. </p><p>King Saul stood head and shoulders above everyone else (1 Sam 9:2)</p><p>Saul may not have been 6 7, but he might have been close!</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath wasnt the only person with impressive armor, either.</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath wasnt the only person with impressive armor, either.</p><p>King Saul had a helmet, a mail coat, and a sword (1 Sam 17:38-39).</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath wasnt the only person with impressive armor, either.</p><p>King Saul had a helmet, a mail coat, and a sword (1 Sam 17:38-39).</p><p>These were so cumbersome, David couldnt wear them.</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath was precisely the kind of threat God had anointed Saul to face.</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath was precisely the kind of threat God had anointed Saul to face.</p><p>Our king will judge us and lead us and fight our battles (1 Sam 8:20).</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathGoliath was precisely the kind of threat God had anointed Saul to face.</p><p>Our king will judge us and lead us and fight our battles (1 Sam 8:20).</p><p>You will rule the LORDs people and save them from the power of the enemies who surround them (1 Sam 10:1)</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathThe biblical writer wanted us not only to contrast Goliath with David</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathThe biblical writer wanted us not only to contrast Goliath with David, he wanted us to compare Goliath with Saul.</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathThe biblical writer wanted us not only to contrast Goliath with David, he wanted us to compare Goliath with Saul.</p><p>This should have been the story of Saul and Goliath!</p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathThe biblical writer wanted us not only to contrast Goliath with David, he wanted us to compare Goliath with Saul.</p><p>This should have been the story of Saul and Goliath!</p><p>The fact that it wasnt tells us a lot about both David and Saul. </p></li><li><p>A Leaner, Meaner GoliathThe biblical writer wanted us not only to contrast Goliath with David, he wanted us to compare Goliath with Saul.</p><p>This should have been the story of Saul and Goliath!</p><p>The fact that it wasnt tells us a lot about both David and Saul. </p><p>I think that was the biblical writers goal.</p></li><li><p>Next WeekHere Be Dragons!</p><p>***********************************************************</p></li></ul>