module a - 5 conversion and cancel objectives at the end of this module, the student will be able to...

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • MODULE A - 5 Conversion and Cancel
  • Slide 3
  • OBJECTIVES At the end of this module, the student will be able to Given a mathematical problem requiring conversion between measurements systems and the appropriate conversion factors, derive the correct answer. Given a mathematical problem requiring conversion within the metric system, derive the correct answer.
  • Slide 4
  • Setting up a conversion problem What is a unit of measure? Attached to a number Indicates how something is being measured EXAMPLES: Pounds or Grams Inches or Meters Gallons or Liters
  • Slide 5
  • Setting up a conversion problem Convert: 100 lbs to ___ kgs Units of measure
  • Slide 6
  • Setting up a conversion problem What is a Given and an Unknown? Given is the starting value or quantity. Unknown is answer. EXAMPLES: Convert: 100 pounds to ___ kilograms Convert: 100 milliliters to ___ Liters
  • Slide 7
  • Setting up a conversion problem Convert: 100 lbs to ____ kgs GIVEN VALUE UNKNOWN VALUE
  • Slide 8
  • Setting up a conversion problem (Given) (Conversion factor) (Answer) Problems requiring conversions will be solved easier when a standardized procedure of set-up and solution is used.
  • Slide 9
  • Setting up a conversion problem Set the problem up like you are multiplying two fractions. The unit of measure in the given value must cancel out. The remaining unit of measure will be in the answer.
  • Slide 10
  • The Conversion Problem Given (given) x Unknown (unit) = Unknown (looking for) 1 Given (unit) * Convert: 100 lbs to kgs * Set up the problem: 1. lbs is the Given value or starting value 2. kg is the Unknown or what you are looking for (end) (Given) (Answer) (Conversion factor)
  • Slide 11
  • Conversion Factor Convert: 100 lbs to kgs: GIVEN: 100 pounds UNKNOWN: ? Kg CONVERSION FACTOR:2.2 lbs = 1 kg * Place the conversion factor into the formula so the Given units will cancel out.
  • Slide 12
  • Conversion from one system to another Conversion Factor Samples: 2.2 lbs per kg 0.45 kg per lb.0.62 miles per kilometer 454 gm per lb.1.0567 qts. per liter 28.3 gm per ounce 3.785 liters per gallon 473 ml per pint 39.37 inches per meter 2.54 cm per inch 0.3937 inches per cm * Conversion factors also provided in Lesson #4 handout
  • Slide 13
  • Conversion Practice Convert: 500 kgs into lbs Conversion factor: 2.2 lbs = 1 kg
  • Slide 14
  • Conversion Practice Given x Unknown = Unknown 1 Given Convert : 50 cm to inches Conversion factor: 2.54 cm per inch 50 cm x ____ in = ______ in = __________ in 1 cm (Given) (Conversion factor) (Answer)
  • Slide 15
  • Conversion Practice Given x Unknown = Unknown 1 Given Convert : 12 inches to centimeters Conversion factor: 2.54 cm = inch _____ in x ____ cm = ______ cm = _________cm 1 in
  • Slide 16
  • Conversion Practice Given x Unknown = Unknown 1 Given Convert: 20 liters to gallons Conversion factor: 3.785 liters per gallon 20 L x ______ gallon = ______ gallon = _____ gallon 1 L
  • Slide 17
  • Conversion Practice Convert: 26 gallons to L Conversion factor: 3.785 liters per gallon
  • Slide 18
  • Conversion within the metric system. You will need a copy of the metric table to perform these calculations
  • Slide 19
  • Conversion within the metric system. Use the same formula: Given x Unknown = Unknown 1 Given (Given) (Conversion factor) (Answer)
  • Slide 20
  • Metric Conversion Count the number of places you are moving on the metric table to determine the conversion factor. Each is a multiple of 10. One place = 10 Two places = 100 Three places = 1000
  • Slide 21
  • Metric Conversion Determine where that conversion factor should be placed in the formula. Ask yourself Which is larger, the Given unit of measure or the Unknown unit of measure? The larger number gets 1 and the smaller gets the conversion factor.
  • Slide 22
  • Metric Conversion Set up Given x Unknown = Unknown 1 Given Convert: 50 mL to Liters 50 mL x ____ L = ______ L = _____ 1 ____ mL (Given) (Conversion factor) (Answer)
  • Slide 23
  • Metric Conversion Determine the Factor Convert: 50 mL to Liters Determine conversion factor by counting places: LmL L dL cL mL = 3 places 1000 10010 * mL is 1000 times smaller than a Liter because it is to the right of the Liter 3 places
  • Slide 24
  • Metric Conversion Insert the Factor Convert: 50 mL to Liters 50 mL x __1__ L = _______ L = ______ 1 1000 mL Place conversion factor into formula with larger unit receiving the 1 mL is 1000 times smaller than a 1 Liter
  • Slide 25
  • Metric Conversion - Solve Given x Unknown = Unknown 1 Given Convert: 30 L to mL ____ L x _____mL = ______ mL = ____ 1 ____ L Liter is larger so it gets the ___ and mL is ___ times smaller.
  • Slide 26
  • Practice - Metric Conversion Convert from or to the basic unit: 25 Liters to mL = ______________ 50 mL to Liters = _______________ 45 Liters to mL = _______________ 6 ML to Liters = ________________ (remember M = Mega)
  • Slide 27
  • Practice - Metric Conversion Convert across or to sides of basic unit: 25 L to mL = ______________ 45 kg to Mg = _______________
  • Slide 28
  • ASSIGNMENTS Sibberson Math Book: Chapter 1 Read Page 1 3 Do First & Second Sample Set - pgs 2 & 3 Practice problems page 7, #1 15 Continue work on objectives.

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