module 5 great people and great inventions of ancient china

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Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China. Reading and Vocabulary. Wuzhong Senior High School Huang Zhen. Revision: Read these statements and judge whose idea they are. Man is born good. ------ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China Reading and Vocabulary

    Wuzhong Senior High School

    Huang Zhen

  • Revision: Read these statements and judge whose idea they are.Man is born good. ------ 2. Treat others in the way you want to be treated. ------3. We should love all human beings. ------Mencius

    Confucius

    Mozi

  • Philosophers of Ancient Chinasomeone who thinks deeply about the world ,life etcConfucius

    Mencius

    Mozi

  • Confucius Collect some information about these philosophers of ancient China.Confucius (551-479B.C.) , was the founder of the Confucian School. His thoughts have influenced almost everyone in the east.He stressed the importance of kindness,duty and order in society.

  • Mencius (372BC-289BC), a student of Confuciusideas, further developed the principles of Confucianism. He believed that man is good and that people are more important than rulers. Book of Mencius is one of his famous worksMencius

  • Mozi468BC376BC,another influential thinker,founded the philosophy called Mohism. He believed that all men are equal. He taught that we should love all human beings and hated the idea of war.Mozi

  • Read the passage quickly and answer the following questions.

    1) Which ancient philosophers are mentioned in the passage?

    3) In what way were Confuciuss ideas different from Mozis idea? 2) Why did Mencius resign after he was given an important position in the government of a state? Confucius, Mencius and Mozi.

    Mozis idea of love was different from the Confucian idea of kindness.

    Because he found the ruler was not following his advice.

  • Follow the tape and choose the correct answers.1. The Chinese people _________ for over 2,000 years. A. followed Confuciuss teachings B. influenced Confucius2. Mencius believed that people are _______ important than rulers. A. less B. more3. Mohism began ____. A. in 476 BC B. by Mozi4. Mozi did not agree with ____. A. kindness B. war5. Mencius had important government positions, ______. A. but Mozi did not B. and so did Mozi ABBBA

  • Read again and complete the table below551BC-479BC372BC- 289BC476BC-390BCHis father died;was brought up by his motherCame from a poor family.His ideas have influenced China for more than 2,000 years.

    The man is born good; People were more important than rulers.

    We should love all human beings; all men were equal;government was the most important; hated the idea of war.Founded the philosophy called Mohism.

    NameBirthThe familyTeachingsAchievements

    Confucius----------Stressed the importance of kindness ,duty and order in society

    MenciusWrote the famous works,The Book of Mencius.

    Mozi

  • Read the passage again and match the words with the definitions.order (n) bring up found (v) principle belief1. an idea that influences the way you behave _____________2. to start an organization or philosophy _____________3. the feeling that something is true and exists _____________4. when people obey laws and rules and do not cause trouble _____________5. To look after children until they are adults _____________principlefoundbelief

    order bring up

  • Read the passage again and find the words and phrases in the passage that match these definitions1. gave a lot of importance to _____________2. job _____________3. doing what he suggested _____________4. tell your employer that you are going to leave your job _____________5. someone who gives advice _____________6. having a lot of influence ______________stressed position following someones adviceresign adviser influential

  • Complete the following sentences with the words above.Every businessman should follow the __________ of honesty and fair trade. 2) Our government has been _________ the importance of the control of bird flu. 3) Although Ella was born in a rich family, she ______________ to be kind to others.

    principlesstressingwas brought up

  • Welcome to China Task: Introduce one of the philosophers

  • Read again and complete the table below551BC-479BC372BC- 289BC476BC-390BCHis father died;was brought up by his motherCame from a poor familyHis ideas have influenced China for more than 2,000 years

    The man is born good; People were more important than rulers

    We should love all human beings; all men were equal;government was the most important; hated the idea of warFounded the philosophy called Mohism

    NameBirthThe familyTeachingsAchievements

    Confucius----------Stressed the importance of kindness ,duty and order in society

    MenciusWrote the famous works,The Book of Mencius

    Mozi

  • Discussion duty honesty respect kindness love justice

    Which idea do you think is the most important? Why?

    Please discuss with your partner and find out the ideas which are still practical in modern society.

  • Assignment:Interview one of your teachers, learn something about his family, his beliefs of life and society ,then write a short passage about him. Preview Early Western Philosophers on Page 93, comparing the philosophers of ancient China with them.