Module 1 APA Style

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An overview of APA style

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<ul><li> 1. Prepared by Dr. Andree Swanson, EdD, MHR, MAOM Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. </li></ul> <p> 2. 1. APA Style Where do I turn for information? 2. In-text citations 3. Paraphrasing 4. Peer-reviewed articles 5. Academic writing Any questions? Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 3. 3 Module One APA StyleModule One APA Style Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 4. APA Style Where do I turn for information? Basic Formatting for an APA Essay 4Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 5. Question: Where do you turn if you need assistance creating APA references? Answer: This PowerPoint, books, and websites are available. 5Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 6. Recommend this book for graduate-level students For ALL students, recommend bookmarking this site www.apastyle.org 6Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 7. On this website, you will find links to: Facebook Twitter APA Style Blog 7 Connect with APA and learn more about the APA style through social media. Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 8. Recommend this book for students at: Community colleges Technical and Business schools Undergraduate distance learners Also recommend this for graduate students, but cross-reference this with APA Publication Manual 8Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 9. Question: What format should I use? Answer: See the next few slides for your answer. 9Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 10. Spacing Double-spaced throughout the paper No additional blank lines between paragraphs Font 12 point Courier Times New Roman Margins 1 all around 10Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 11. Creating the running head and page number in Microsoft Word 2007 Click on the Insert tab. Click on Header in the Header &amp; Footer bar. Choose the Blank (Three Columns) header. Right click on the middle header "Type Text" and click Delete. In the left-hand column of the header, type in the words Running head and then a colon (:), then type in your running read in all caps. In the right-hand column, insert the page number with no other information (page, p., etc.) by click on the page number button (upper-left on the screen) and choosing Current Position and then Plain Number. 11 See sample on next page Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 12. 12Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 13. Question: How do you handle quotations? Answer: Heres some guidance. 13Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 14. Quote less than 40 words? Use quotation marks Note the placement of the period at the end of the sentenceafter the parentheses The citation is part of the sentence. Example Three Irish Setters roam the neighborhood at night (Swanson, 2013, p. 134). 14Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 15. Have a quote in the middle of your sentence? Use quotation marks. Cite the source within the sentence immediately after the quote. Example Before the rain begins, Kingston, the dog, can tell when there is a storm around (Swanson, 2013, p. 22) further substantiating that dogs are affected by weather. 15Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 16. Placement of the period seems to always be a point of confusion. In APA style, the period goes to the right of the parentheses. The page number is NOT part of the quote, but is part of the sentence. Example Swanson (2004) stated, Three Irish Setters roam the neighborhood at night (p. 134). 16Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 17. Indent to .5 on the left margin. Continue to double space the quote. Do not place the citation within the sentence(s). Cite the source after the sentence immediately after the quote. Example Nitko (2011) stated: A teacher must make many decisions. Making good decisions in the classroom, however, requires more than good judgment or years of experience. Successful teachers obtain information about their students from high-quality assessments. (p. 3) 17 See sample on next pageCopyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 18. 18Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 19. APAs in-text citations provide at least the authors last name and the year of publication. For direct quotations and some paraphrases, a page number is given as well. The guidelines presented here are consistent with advice given in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010). 19(APA in-text citations, 2011)Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 20. APA style requires the use of the past tense or the present perfect tense in signal phrases introducing cited material Swanson (2011) reported Swanson (2011) has argued 20(APA in-text citations, 2011) Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 21. HACKER &amp; FISTER HANDBOOK http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5 e/RES5e_ch06_o.html PURDUE ONLINE WRITING LAB 21 http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resou rce/560/02/ If URLs do not work, copy and paste into a new browser. Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 22. Notify reader of two items: Authors last name (or title of article if no author), Year of publication. Example The large dogs are out at night (Swanson, 2011). 22Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 23. After the essay is doneat the end of the text Select a Page Break Center the word Reference (if only one listing) References (if more than one) Insert a manual page break Click where you want to start a new page. On the Insert tab, in the Pages group, click Page Break. 23Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 24. 24Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 25. Use a hanging indent to format each reference Position the insertion point in the paragraph in which you want the hanging indent. Display the Paragraph dialog box. Select Hanging. Click on OK. 25Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 26. 26Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 27. 27Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 28. Question: How do you know when to cite or if it is considered common knowledge? Answer: Heres some guidance. 28Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 29. if you find the same information undocumented in at least five credible sources. When in doubt, cite. Better to cite than to not cite. When presenting a summary of course material, ensure to cite the author of the textbook for the course. 29(The OWL at Purdue, 2011)Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 30. Question: How do we present Appendices,Tables and Figures? Answer: Heres some guidance. 30Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 31. Type the word, Appendix, in upper and lower case with the identifying capital letters (A, B,) at the top of the page. Appendix contains detailed info that would be distracting to read in the text Content must be discussed in text. Example: Survey questions 31Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 32. Table usually presents quantitative data Must be discussed in text Appears on the same page as discussed for reader ease Everything is double spaced Number all tables with Arabic numbers (1,2,3), double space and then clear title. Clarify where the copied table originated. Example that goes above your table: Table 1 Analysis of Variance 32Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 33. Each figure is numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Figures are photographs, drawings or non- quantitative data. Each figure must have a caption and is located at the top left. Example: Figure 1. Gender Differences 33Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 34. 34 Module One APA StyleModule One APA Style Copyright 2009 - 2012 Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 35. Title page with running head, title, your name, and school name Abstract if required by instructor Text pages Reference page(s) Appendices Tables Figures 35Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 36. Not double-spaced Justified text References flush left for first line and never use authors first name, only initials Reference page not alphabetized An anonymous author is listed Incorrect APA citations 36Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. 37. Remember the purpose of citations and references is to point out to your reader the source of this information. Doing this adds credibility and strength to your writing. 37Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 38. Please contact your Instructor 38Copyright AC Swanson Group 2009-2013 Image(s) from Microsoft Clip Art. </p>