MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide

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MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide. What is MLA?. MLA (Modern Language Association) style formatting is often used in various Humanities disciplines. What does MLA regulate?. MLA regulates: Document Format In-text citations Works Cited (a list of all sources used in the paper). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>MLA 2009Formatting and Style Guide</p></li><li><p>What is MLA?MLA (Modern Language Association) style formatting is often used in various Humanities disciplines</p></li><li><p>What does MLA regulate?MLA regulates:</p><p>Document FormatIn-text citationsWorks Cited (a list of all sources used in the paper)</p></li><li><p>MLA Update 20092009 changes in MLA:No more Underlining (only use italics)Publication Medium (e.g. Print, Web, etc.)New Abbreviations (e.g. N.p. for no publisher given)</p></li><li><p>Your Instructor Knows Best#1 Rule for any formatting style:AlwaysFollow your instructorsguidelines</p></li><li><p>Format: General Guidelines</p><p> Type on white 8.5 x 11 paper Double-space everything</p><p> Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font (or similar font)</p><p> Leave only one space after punctuation</p><p> Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides</p><p> Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inchHeader with page numbers in the upper right corner Use italics for titles</p></li><li><p>Formatting the 1st Page No title page Double space everythingIn the upper left corner of the 1st page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and dateCenter the paper title (use standard caps but no underlining, italics, quote, or bold)Create a header in the upper right corner at half inch from the top and one inch from the right of the page (include your last name and page number)</p></li><li><p>Sample 1st Page</p></li><li><p>In-Text Citations: the Basics MLA uses parenthetical citations</p><p> Parenthetical citations depend on the medium (e.g. Print, Web, DVD)</p><p> Parenthetical citations also depend on the sources entry on the Works Cited page</p><p> Signal word in the text is the first thing in the corresponding entry on the Works Cited page</p></li><li><p>Author-Page StyleIn-text Example:Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263). Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).Corresponding Works Cited Entry:Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford U.P., 1967. Print.</p></li><li><p>With Unknown AuthorIn-text Example:We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . . (Impact of Global Warming 6).Corresponding Works Cited Entry:The Impact of Global Warming in North America.Global Warming: Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23 Mar. 2009.</p></li><li><p>Works Cited Page: The BasicsSample Works Cited page:</p></li><li><p>Works Cited Page: BooksBasic Format:Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.</p><p>Examples:Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, 2000. Print.Palmer, William J. Dickens and New Historicism. New York: St. Martin's, 1997. Print.---. The Films of the Eighties: A Social History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1993. Print.</p></li><li><p>Works Cited Page: PeriodicalsArticle in a Magazine Format:Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.Example:Buchman, Dana. "A Special Education." Good Housekeeping Mar. 2006: 143-8. Print.</p><p>Article in Scholarly Journal Format:Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.Example:Duvall, John N. "The (Super)Marketplace of Images: Television as Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise." Arizona Quarterly 50.3 (1994): 127- 53. Print.</p></li><li><p>Works Cited Page: WebWeb Source Format:Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Article Name. Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher). Date of last update. Medium of publication. Date of access.</p></li><li><p>Works Cited Page: WebExamples:Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug. 2002. Web. 4 May 2009.Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003. Web. 10 May 2006."How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow.com. eHow, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.</p></li><li><p>Getting StartedPick your topic.Start your research and make notes. Where do you get sources?GHS Library (Use card catalog)GHS library website (databases- (Magnolia, JSTOR, Literature Resource Center) ebooks)Public libraryInternet- Make sure site is reliable!!3. Do an outline.4. Draft your paper and work cited page. See resources on library website (templates, Easy Bib, Citation Maker) for formatting help.</p></li><li><p>1. Click High School Students in red. 2. Click EbscoHost How do I use MAGNOLIA?</p></li><li><p>3. Choose databases!!!!4. Type in search box.</p></li><li><p>For HTML text, click Print and click on citation format MLA and it will print your citation at the top. </p></li><li><p> MLA citation Full text article</p></li><li><p>PDF Text is different. You must click on the Adobe icon on left side and get citation on right.2 steps</p></li><li><p>How about JSTOR?</p><p>*Welcome to MLA Formatting and Style Guide. This Power Point Presentation is designed to introduce your students to the basics of MLA Formatting and Style. You might want to supplement the presentation with more detailed information available on the OWLs MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/</p><p>Designer: Ethan SproatBased on slide designs from the OWL APA Formatting and Style Guide powerpoint by Jennifer Liethen Kunka and Elena Lawrick.Contributors: Tony Russell, Alllen Brizee, Jennifer Liethen Kunka, Joe Barbato, Dave Neyhart, Erin E. Karper, Karl Stolley, Kristen Seas, Tony Russell, and Elizabeth Angeli.There are two main manuals for MLA formatting. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed. and MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd ed. The Handbook is used mostly by undergraduate and graduate students when writing papers for class. The Style Manual is used by professionals who are formatting documents in preparation for publication (like journal articles, books, book chapters, etc.). Many formatting elements are the same between the two books. This presentation will mostly focus on MLA formatting and style concerns that affect writing research papers.</p><p>MLA style is often used in the following disciplines: Humanties, languages, Literature, Linguistics, Philosophy, Communication, Religion, and others.</p><p>MLA format provides writers with a uniform format for document layout and documenting sources. Proper MLA style shows that writers are conscientious of the standards of writing in their respective disciplines. Properly documenting sources also ensures that an author is not plagiarizing.*This slide presents three basic areas regulated by MLA students need to be aware ofdocument format, in-text citations, and Works Cited. The following slides provide detailed explanations regarding each area.*In Summer 2008, the Modern Language Association released its third edition of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, which publicly unveiled modifications to MLA Style for the upcoming year. These changes go into effect April 2009 with the release of MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition). General paper formatting (margins, headings, etc.) and in-text citations will remain the same, but all Works Cited style entries will be different from the 6th edition guidelines. The Purdue OWL will begin listing these changes in all our MLA resources in April 2009. Here are some of the more noteworthy changes:</p><p>No More Underlining! Underlining is no more. MLA now recommends italicizing titles of independently published works (books, periodicals, films, etc).</p><p>No More URLs! While website entries will still include authors, article names, and website names, when available, MLA no longer requires URLs. Writers are, however, encouraged to provide a URL if the citation information does not lead readers to easily find the source.</p><p>Publication Medium. Every entry receives a medium of publication marker. Most entries will be listed as Print or Web, but other possibilities include Performance, DVD, or TV. Most of these markers will appear at the end of entries; however, markers for Web sources are followed by the date of access. New Abbreviations. Many web source entries now require a publisher name, a date of publication, and/or page numbers. When no publisher name appears on the website, write N.p. for no publisher given. When sites omit a date of publication, write n.d. for no date. For online journals that appear only online (no print version) or on databases that do not provide pagination, write n. pag. for no pagination.*Many instructors who require their students to use MLA formatting and citation style have small exceptions to different MLA rules. Every bit of instruction and direction given in this presentation comes with this recommendation: ALWAYS follow the specific instructions given by your instructor.*Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paperDouble-space the text of your paper, and use a legible font (e.g. Times New Roman). Whatever font you choose, MLA recommends that the regular and italics type styles contrast enough that they are recognizable one from another. The font size should be 12 ptLeave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks (unless otherwise instructed by your instructor).Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sidesIndent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch from the left margin. MLA recommends that you use the Tab key as opposed to pushing the Space Bar five times.*Do not make a title page for your paper unless specifically requestedIn the upper left-hand corner of the first page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date. Again, be sure to use double-spaced text.Double space again and center the title.Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case (standard capitalization), not in all capital letters.Use quotation marks and/or italics when referring to other works in your title, just as you would in your text: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas as Morality Play; Human Weariness in "After Apple PickingDouble space between the title and the first line of the text.Create a header in the upper right-hand corner that includes your last name, followed by a space with a page number; number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.), one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor or other readers may ask that you omit last name/page number header on your first page. Always follow instructor guidelines.)*Do not make a title page for your paper unless specifically requestedIn the upper left-hand corner of the first page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date. Again, be sure to use double-spaced text.Double space again and center the title.Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case (standard capitalization), not in all capital letters.Use quotation marks and/or italics when referring to other works in your title, just as you would in your text: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas as Morality Play; Human Weariness in "After Apple PickingDouble space between the title and the first line of the text.Create a header in the upper right-hand corner that includes your last name, followed by a space with a page number; number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.), one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor or other readers may ask that you omit last name/page number header on your first page. Always follow instructor guidelines.)*Basic In-Text Citation Rules</p><p>In MLA style, referring to the works of others in your text is done by using what is known as parenthetical citation. This method involves placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase.</p><p>General Guidelines</p><p>The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends (1.) upon the source medium (e.g. Print, Web, DVD) and (2.) upon the sources entry on the Works Cited (bibliography) page.Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text, must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in the Works Cited list.*In-Text Citations: Author-Page Style</p><p>MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence.</p><p>The both citations in the in-text examples on this slide, (263) and (Wordsworth 263), tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page 263 of a work by an author named Wordsworth. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the information in the corresponding Works Cited entry also shown on this slide. Reduce font size on slide to allow breathing room and space. Also, use a different font for the sample text so instructions look different from the excerpt.*In-text Citations for Print Sources with No Known Author</p><p>When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work (e.g. articles) or italicize it if it's a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire websites) and provide a page number.</p><p>In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title of the article appears in the parenthetical citation which corresponds to the full name of the article which appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry in the Works Cited. Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page. See comments from previous slide.*Basic Rules</p><p>Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your research paper. It should have the same one-inch margins and last name, page number header as the rest of your paper.Label the page Works Cited (do not italicize the words Works Cited or put them in quotation marks) and center the words Works Cited at the top of the page.Double space all citations, but do not skip spaces between entries...</p></li></ul>

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