minamata convention on mercury ratification and implementation

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  • David LennettSenior Attorney, Natural Resources Defense Council

    and

    Richard Gutierrez, JD, LI.M. Founder and Executive Director, BAN Toxics!

    Minamata Convention On MercuryRatification and Implementation Manual

  • Minamata Convention On MercuryRatification and Implementation Manual

    By

    David LennettSenior Attorney, Natural Resources Defense Council

    and

    Richard Gutierrez, JD, LI.M. Founder and Executive Director, BAN Toxics!

    2014 (updated January 2015, June 2016, January 2018)

    Spanish and French translations: Ms. Leticia Baselga, mercurio@ecologistasenaccion.org

    Layout and design 2014: Rebecca Lagunsad, BAN Toxics!

    Layout and design 2018: suerossi.com

  • Foreword ........................................................................................................................................ 1About the Zero Mercury Working Group ...................................................................................... 2About the Manual .......................................................................................................................... 2Intended Users ............................................................................................................................... 2Reason for the Manual ................................................................................................................... 2How to use the Manual .................................................................................................................. 2Acknowledgments .......................................................................................................................... 3Disclaimer ...................................................................................................................................... 4List of Acronyms or Terms ............................................................................................................ 4

    CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE MINAMATA CONVENTION ON MERCURY ...... 5 The Road to the Convention ..................................................................................................... 5 Overview of the Minamata Convention .................................................................................... 6 When Convention Obligations become Binding ....................................................................... 7 The Process of Ratification .................................................................................................... 7

    CHAPTER 2: CONVENTION CONTROL MEASURES ........................................................... 9 Article 3: Mercury Supply Sources and Trade ......................................................................... 9 Mercury Supply Sources ...................................................................................................... 10 Trade of Mercury .................................................................................................................. 12

    Article 4: Mercury-Added Products (MAPs) ............................................................................. 15 MAPs Phased-out under the Convention .............................................................................. 15 Products Excluded from Phase-out Requirements .............................................................. 21 Alternative Method for Addressing Mercury in Products ................................................... 22 Measures to Phase Down the Use of Dental Amalgam ......................................................... 23 Requirements for New MAPs ............................................................................................... 24 Review Process for Annex A ................................................................................................ 24

    Article 5: Manufacturing Processes in which Mercury or Mercury Compounds are Used ...... 25 Manufacturing Processes Phased out under the Convention ............................................... 26 Manufacturing Processes Restricted under the Convention ............................................... 28 Requirements for Both Phased-out and Restricted Processes ............................................ 31 Requirements for New Manufacturing Processes ................................................................ 31 Review Process for Annex B ................................................................................................. 32

    Article 6: Exemptions Available to a Party upon Request ........................................................ 33 The Initial Exemption ........................................................................................................... 33 The Second and Final Exemption ......................................................................................... 34

    Contents

  • Article 7: Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) ....................................................... 35 Scope of Article 7 ................................................................................................................. 36 What is ASGM? .................................................................................................................... 36 Obligations on Mercury Use in ASGM .................................................................................. 36 Contents of the NAP ............................................................................................................. 38 Application of Annex C to Legal and Illegal ASGM .............................................................. 41

    Article 8: Emissions .................................................................................................................. 43 Air Emission Sources Covered by the Convention ............................................................... 43 Required Emission Control Measures .................................................................................. 44 Additional Measures for Both New and Existing Sources ................................................... 45

    Article 9: Releases .................................................................................................................... 47 Sources of Land and Water Releases Covered ..................................................................... 47 Required Control Measures for Releases of Regulated Sources ......................................... 47 Additional Measures to Control Releases ............................................................................ 48

    Article 10: Environmentally Sound Interim Storage of Mercury, other than Waste Mercury ................................................................................................... 49

    Article 11: Mercury Wastes ....................................................................................................... 51 Covered Mercury Wastes ..................................................................................................... 52 Excluded Mercury Wastes .................................................................................................... 52 Required Measures on Mercury Waste ................................................................................ 53

    Article 12: Contaminated Sites ................................................................................................. 55

    Article 16: Health Aspects ........................................................................................................ 56

    CHAPTER 3: CONVENTION SUPPORT MECHANISMS....................................................... 59 I. FINANCIAL SUPPORT Article 13: Financial Resources and Mechanism ...................................................................... 59 The Global Environment Facility Trust Fund ....................................................................... 60 The Specific International Programme ................................................................................ 61 Other Funding Considerations ............................................................................................. 61

    II. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE Article 14: Capacity-building, Technical Assistance and Technology Transfer ....................... 62 Promotion of Capacity-building ............................................................................................ 62 Development of Capacity-building and Technical Assistance to Developing Country Parties......................................................... 63

    III. INFORMATION SHARING Article 17: Information Exchange ............................................................................................. 64 Priority Information for Countries to Share ........................................................................ 64 Exchange of Information between Parties ........................................................................... 65

  • Article 18: Public Information, Awareness and Education ....................................................... 65 Priority Information and Approach for Dissemination ....................................................... 65 Collection and Dissemination of Information on Emissions and Releases .......................... 66

    Article 19: Research, Development and Monitoring ................................................................. 66

    IV. IMPLEMENTATION Article 20: Implementation Plans ............................................................................................. 68

    V. MONITORING AND EVALUATION MECHANISMS Article 15: Implementation and Compliance Committee (ICC) ................................................ 69 Objective and Mandate of the

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