micro hydro by irrigation water

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The water is flowing regularly in the cannel starting from the main gate of the Dam. Along the cannel there are some places formed like a mini water fall making sound that can be hear from a distance. It is nothing strange to the villagers from the near by villages since the dam was constructed and operating everyday's in 24 hrs non stop. 1. Originality The Original Design The design of mini hydro power plant by using irrigation water was created to coincide with the constructed drop structures and the locally available materials. After studying the design of drops structure and site investigating the location for installation of hydro power plant is selected with the basic criteria such as working head (drop height) vicinities of villages, number of households and possibilities of power transmission line. The plant is installed at the drop structure which has enough water head and fl owing water rate to generate hy dro po wer. It is one of the sta te of the art to the envi ronmental en gineer to produce electricity utilizing irrigation water without losing the ma in objec tive of the irrigation system. In gen er al, Dams ar e constructed f or the main purpose of  Hydro Power Production and/or for water supplying to the agricul ture farm for multiple crop cultiv ation. Based on the water flow rate and the drop (water head different) along the cannel, in addition with the help of suitable generator avai lable in the ma rket or easy to do are the real origin of this project start ed to be implemented. A water control gate and channel or casing are to be constructed to each unit. The fl owing water from the cannel is the main source of energy to convert electricity with the help of hydro turbine whi ch is connected to the generator. The generated power could be cal culated as foll owing; QH P   P = Generated Power = Overall efficiency of the turbine = Specific weight of water (KN/m³) Q= Flow rate of water (m³/s) H=Head of water (m)    1.1 Design where The Origin of Project Design Page.1 Ma Mya Dam was constructed mainly to supply irrigation water for multiple crop cultivation. The drop structure along t he cannel o f Ma Mya Dam Ma Mya Dam

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    The water is flowing regularly in the cannel starting from the

    main gate of the Dam. Along the cannel there are some places

    formed like a mini water fall making sound that can be hear

    from a distance. It is nothing strange to the villagers from thenear by villages since the dam was constructed and operating

    everyday's in 24 hrs non stop.

    1. Originality

    The Original Design

    The design of mini hydro power plant by using irrigation water was

    created to coincide with the constructed drop structures and the locally

    available materials. After studying the design of drops structure and site

    investigating the location for installation of hydro power plant is selectedwith the basic criteria such as working head (drop height) vicinities of

    villages, number of households and possibilities of power transmission

    line. The plant is installed at the drop structure which has enough water

    head and flowing water rate to generate hydro power.

    It is one of the state of the art to the environmental engineer

    to produce electricity utilizing irrigation water without losing

    the main objective of the irrigation system.

    In general, Dams are constructed for the main purpose of

    Hydro Power Production and/or for water supplying to the

    agriculture farm for multiple crop cultivation.

    Based on the water flow rate and the drop (water head different) along the cannel, in additionwith the help of suitable generator available in the market or easy to do are the real origin of

    this project started to be implemented.

    A water control gate and channel or casing are to be constructed to each unit. The flowing water

    from the cannel is the main source of energy to convert electricity with the help of hydro turbine

    which is connected to the generator. The generated power could be calculated as following;

    QHP

    P = Generated Power

    = Overall efficiency of the turbine

    = Specific weight of water (KN/m)

    Q= Flow rate of water (m/s)

    H=Head of water (m)

    1.1 Design

    where

    The Origin of Project Design

    Page.1

    Ma Mya Dam was constructed mainly to supply irrigation water for multiple crop cultivation.

    The drop structure along the cannel of Ma Mya Dam

    Ma

    Mya

    Dam

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    1.2 Application.

    Once the mini hydro power plant is installed in the cannel the power generating is

    available as 24 hrs 365 days a year as irrigation water is flowing continuously. With this

    continuous output electricity, not only lighting and recreation in the night time but also

    many productivities such as bettery charging & other cottage industries can be done in the

    day time. Electricity is one of the most essential needs of the rural development. It could

    be installed and operate independently due to the demand of the user. Furthermore, with

    this power source available, the small factory could be relocated for their new place as

    lowest production cost.

    Mini hydro Power Plant

    Electrification

    Day time usage

    Night time usage

    24 hrs

    usage

    1.3 Approach.

    This project is approached and instructed by the state leaders and the minister of the ministry

    of agriculture and irrigation when they made a site visit to the Ma Mya Dam to find the mini

    hydro power production with the assistant of the local technology and material available in

    the market and to implement the project as quick as possible.

    The electrification with the mini hydro power plant in the cannel of Ma Mya Dam is the first

    of its kind producing electricity utilized the constructed irrigation facilities irrigation water

    in Myanmar. It is completely designed and fabricated by irrigation circle no.9 of IrrigationDepartment in Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation.

    By this successful implementing of mini hydropower plant at Mamya Dam Project, nearby

    villages also located near the cannel with efficient drops approached to the Irrigation

    Department and requesting to implement the same project for them. They all get the

    electricity at present and have chances of creating opportunities for cottage industry

    development.

    Two mini hydropower plant in nearby dams of Kantin Bilin Dam Project and one in Thonze

    Dam project were also implemented for the villages recently. (see table 1)There will be more mini hydropower plants planned to be installed in all irrigation projects

    in the whole country.

    By installing mini hydropower plant, the people who live in far from the grid will get the

    chance to improve higher living standard and can develop the healthy environment.

    The required flow rate to operate turbine is as small as 0.1~0.5 m3/sec only and propeller

    type turbine was selected for low head plant with the working head 1.0~2.0 meter. It is

    small, light weight and can be installed virtually any where and the main parts of turbine

    could be designed and easily fabricated in local workshop.

    Battery Charging

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    2.1Amount of Emissions Avoided(CO2, etc. in tons/yr)

    2.Environmental And Social Consideration

    2.2Community / People Participation.

    The people in this area has lived without electricity and has

    very little knowledge about electricity. Everyone had concerned

    about this project since it was laid down the decision of

    implementation of this project as they fully understood it could

    really benefit to the their daily life style and the way of living.

    As the first and pilot project for rural village electrification, the investment cost for major parts

    is borne by the Irrigation Department and the local community participated in connection of

    power line, volunteer the laboring for carpentry work and earth work excavation. The villagershave to take responsibility to run the plant by themselves after completion of start up and test

    running. Some villagers have been trained for operation and maintenance of the plant

    successfully. The local government authorities (Township, District and State level) also

    provided the necessary moral support and guidance as this project is useful for the community.

    2.3 Benefits

    2.3.1 Benefit to User.

    No expense is needed for any kinds of fuel to get the same amount of electricity. It is like a

    changing of stone age to the beginning of the present electricity world to this community. With

    its new utility access, it is also easy to expect the regular income by creating small business

    such as from battery charging and other cottage industry.

    This project was donated and handed over to Myinwartaung village. The benefit for the user is

    not only by the economic point of view but also for the social livelihood development.

    Project Investment Cost(see Chpt.3.4) = 2,450,000 ks

    Income from lighting and battery charging (see Chpt.3.5) = 228,000 ks/month

    Operation and maintenance cost = 125,000 ks/month

    Pay back value of the month = 103,000 ks/monthPay back value of the year = 1,236,000 ks

    If it is set up by economically, the project investment cost would be paid back within 2 years.

    From that point the villagers can get the electricity almost free of charge with small amount of

    operation and maintenance cost equivalent to as low as 35.9 Ks/KWh (US$ 0.03/KWh).

    Total installed capacity = 48 KW,

    The operating hours per day = 24 hr

    Total operating hour for year (24 hr x 353day) = 8,472 hr/yr

    (with 12days for maintenance)

    Total output = 48 KW x 8472 hr/yr/1000 = 406.656 MWhr/yr

    The Amount of Emission Avoided (CO2) = 406.656 MWhr/yr x 0.8tCO2/MWhr

    = 325.32 t CO2/yr

    Page.3

    The people lived in Myinwartaung and nearby villages used candles and diesel oil lamp for lighting

    before the hydropower plant was operated and distributed the electricity. Some people used battery

    lamps recharged by engine driven chargers. All these lighting systems are harmful for health and

    affected to environment impact because of heavy Carbon emission. By introducing the hydropower

    plant, it could reduce the CO2 emission and could be diverted to the healthy environment.

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    3.Technical, Economical And Market Consideration3.1 Installed Capacity.

    With the drop structure height different ( effective

    head ) the size of generator are selected as 2 kw, 3

    kw and 5 kw at the suitable location respectively.Two units of power plant are mostly installed

    at the drop structure. Water flow rate in irrigation

    cannel is 4.25 m3/s and quite sufficient for

    hydropower generating as the flow rate requirement

    for mini hydro powered generator is only 0.42 m3/s.

    3.2 Technical Design.

    In the irrigation system such as drop structure, flume, super passage, cross drainage culvert etc

    are usually constructed for the delivery of irrigation water effectively. Producing electricity by

    installing hydro turbine at the drop in the cannel without disturbing normal irrigation system is

    one of the smart idea and good innovation of renewable energy.

    The installed output per unit 2~5KW

    Total installed no. 16

    Total Installed capacity 48 KW (pls see detail in table 1)

    Table 1. The List of Implemented Mini Hydro Power Plant

    It is one of the most important design factor to

    be considered carefully for the capability of

    power production without effecting from the

    minimum to full water supply and water level in

    the irrigation cannel.

    Therefore the turbine generator units are

    designed to operate by controlling full supply

    water level in the irrigation canal as well.To be able to do so own water channel and

    control gate for the mini hydro turbine unit is

    necessary to be installed at the drop structure

    where the plant is designed to be located.

    Drop No(5) 5 KW-2nos.

    Regular Canal

    Page.5

    No LocationDrop Height

    (ft)Name of Village

    No. of

    Household

    Installed

    Capacity

    (KW)

    Remarks

    1 Drop (1) 4 Near Dam Site 50 5

    2 Drop (3) 5 Myinwartaung 4

    3 Drop (4) 4 Myinwartaung 5

    4 Drop (5) 6 Myinwartaung 10

    5 Drop (13) 3.5 Ngabatkya 100 6

    6 Check Gate 5 Bogyigone 100 6 Thoneze Dam

    7 Drop (7) 5 Magyikwin 120 6

    8 Check Gate 4 Gayansanpya 80 6

    Total 48

    From Ma Mya Dam

    Kantin Dam

    350

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    3.3 Technical Performance.

    The water level difference in height of drop structure

    results the difference in potential energy available. Power

    outlet of mini hydropower plant are design by measuring

    the height of drop structure which is 4 ft height for 3-KW

    and 6 ft height for 5-KW generator.

    The technology for design and construction of mini hydro power plant by using irrigationwater is similar to hydropower plant technology. Irrigation supplied water from canal is

    converted into mechanical energy by hydro turbine to drive rotor of the electrical generator.

    Main canal section between two drop structure is served as basin by closing the outlet of the

    drop structure with stop log during the irrigation period doesnt met the design discharge.

    Hydro turbine generator plant are installed at each side of the drop structure by creating the

    inlet water channel and control gate on both sides of the drop structure site.

    Item Description Cost (Ks) Cost US$

    1 Turbine Casing Assembly 450,000 375

    2 Turbine Generator Assembly (5KW) 600,000 500

    3 Electric ity main switch board and access; 100,000 83

    4 Water Control Gate Assembly 200,000 167

    5 Inlet Water Channel Structure 250,000 208

    6 Power Plant Building 400,000 333

    7 Power Transmission Line 250,000 208

    8 Labour Cost 200,000 167

    Total 2,450,000 2,042

    3.4 Investment Cost. (The Rate of Investment )

    To match with available water head, the generator of sizes 2 kw, 3kw or 5kw are chosen.

    The casing and draft tube is installed in the middle portion of drop structure. It is generating

    electricity by slowly releasing water from the gate till it reached the running RPM of the

    generator to produce the out put voltage at 220. After that, the hydropower plant was

    operated successfully and could be manage the output power according to the designated

    install capacity.

    Table 2 The project cost of mini hydropower plant

    The drop structure

    Unit in Action

    5 KW TURBINE GENERATOR DESIGNAdjusting Water Gate

    Page.7

    The Rate of Investment = US$ 408 / KW

    This project is being

    constructed based on the

    donation of construction circle

    (9) for the material and

    technical support. The local

    people voluntarily participated

    in all construction works.

    However total project cost is

    estimated as shown in table 2 if

    it is constructed economically

    without the benefit of the

    mentioned above.

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    3.5 Financial Scheme/Livelihood Projects. (The payback period)

    Even though the said mini hydropower project was mainly contributed by Irrigation

    Department, it should be maintained as a livelihood project by local people. In order to sustain

    this project, Village Electrification Committee was formed with 5 members and 3 staffs were

    appointed for operation and maintenance of the hydropower plant. By supplying the electricity

    to the community, the financial status of the committee will become as follows.

    3.6 Funder (Government and non-government)

    This project was totally contributed by donation of Irrigation Department ( Government

    Organization) for turbine, generator with main accessories and construction of civil works

    including design and supervision. The villagers voluntarily participated for earth work

    excavation and power line installation.

    Incomes (For Install Capacity = 5 KW)Batteries charging = 60 nos x 60 ks/day x 30 days= 108,000 ks/month

    Home Lighting = 100 nos x 40 ks/day x 30 days= 120,000 ks/month

    Expenditure

    Salary for 1Manager operator +2operator ( 3 nos x 30000 ks) = 90,000 ks/month

    For Maintenance & Repairing = 20,000 ks/month

    For Office Management Expense = 15,000 ks/month

    Saving for reinvestment will be 103,000 ks/month.

    Therefore pay back period would be within (2) years.

    3.7 Market Size (Potential within 5 years)

    Table 3 Mini hydropower plant in Ma Mya

    Dam (under construction)

    Ready To Go

    Page.8

    No Location

    Drop

    Height

    (ft)

    Name of villageNo. of

    Household

    Installed

    capacity

    (KW)

    Remarks

    1 Drop (8) 3 Wingaba 130 6 Ma Mya Dam

    2 Drop (10) 4.5 NyaungKhon 185 103 Drop (24) 4 Htoogyilay 40 5

    4 Drop (25) 4 Khinetawkwing 80 6

    5 Drop (26) 4 Alesu 50 6

    Total 33

    (B) According to the water requirement for the agriculture farm, it is releasing water from the

    dam all the year round and the minimum flow rate is 2.21m/s. For installed capacity 5 kw

    power plant, the required flow rate is only 0.42 m/s. Even though 2 hydropower plants were

    set up at a drop structure the necessary flow rate would only be 0.84 m/s and that is still lower

    than the minimum flow rate of irrigation water. With this calculation, more power plant (5

    units) could be installed at each drop. Therefore the available power out put would be 1.5 times

    more (25KW)for each drop. This power out put will be reached within years due to the powerdemand from the village for their new production or increasing electric appliances.

    Future Planning for mini hydro power project

    No. Project location Remarks

    3KW 5KW

    1 Chin State 1

    2 Magway Division 3

    3 Mandalay Division 4 17

    4 Construction Circle (1) 3

    5 Construction Circle (3) 2 6

    6 Construction Circle (5) 5

    7 Construction Circle (9) 8 2

    8 Kyunsu Township 10

    Total 20 41 265KW

    Installed Units

    Table 4 The Future Pan of mini hydropower plant

    (A)This technology of mini hydropower by using irrigation

    water is simple and easy to adept. It needs only one time

    investment and will revenue daily for years. Furthermore, thepay back period is very short as mentioned above. (see chpt.3.5)

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    3.8 Local Manufacturing/Content of System

    Turbine and generator are the key elements for hydropower plant. The main parts of

    turbine such as water way casing, runner blade, draft tube and guide vane are easily

    fabricated in local work shop.

    3.9 Amount of Energy Avoid

    By accomplishing of mini hydropower plant(Total48KW) at Mamya Dam

    project,756.864GJ/yr of energy is avoided and it could be saved 280,320 liters of diesel oil for

    every year if the same amount of electricity is to be produced with Diesel engine powered

    generator.

    Ready for mass production

    Local production

    Site Installation

    Page.9

    (C) At present, a large number of irrigation projects (217dams) have been completed and

    every dam has the potential for installation of mini hydropower and some of them are

    already planned to implement.(see table 4)

    Base on these points of ABC the potential and the market size could be estimated easily. The

    total output will be 5.2 MW if all dams (217) have installed this system as 11 dams could

    install 265 KW. This kind of power production will be booming to the whole country within

    5 year for sure with potential of more than 30 times from now. ((5.2MW/265KW) x1.5)

    Units KW Units KW Units KW Units KW

    16 48 10 33 61 265 87 346

    Installed(2008) Under construction Future Plan(2009~2010) TotalMarket

    Analysis

    All the parts in generator could be fabricated by the

    local manufacturers except the armature. The other

    necessary electrical appliances and lighting fixtures

    are also available in local market.

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    4. Operation And Maintenance Scheme4.1 Operation Hours (day/month/year)

    This mini hydropower plant can operate around the clock for the whole year except stop for

    maintenance service one day for a month. The operation hour of the hydropower plant

    could be obtained as following.

    4.2 Maintenance scheme (In house, contracted out service, Government, others)

    This type of this mini hydropower plant is almost maintenance free and the operator can

    easily do general services by themselves. The only important things to realized is that the

    operator has to pay attention on the sound of turbine and generator carefully always. The

    operator should follow the points as mentioned below

    1. Check the water level from supply canal.

    2. Check the function of gate operation.

    3. Remove the debris and bushes in front of trash rack of inlet gate.

    4. Check the cable line.

    5. Listen to the sound of turbine and generator.

    It is designated to do the maintenance service once a month. At that time, over haul

    repairing of turbine of generator (if necessary), checking gate assembly, turbine casing, drafttube, painting work, cable line strengthening and etc should all be conducted.

    Daily operation hours for battery charging (Day time) = 12 hours

    Daily operation hours for lighting (Night time) = 12 hours

    Monthly operation hours (Assume 1 day off for maintenance) = 696 hours

    Yearly operation hours (365-12=353days/year) = 8,352 hours

    The organized committee can manage the major maintenance services as described above by

    themselves and no contracted out-service is needed. However volunteer technical service is

    always provided by the request of villager management team from government or NGO.

    In house Management Team. 1 Manager Operator, 2 Operators-Technician

    Volunteered Out Service. One Engineer. (CC9-ID)One Technician. (CC9-ID)

    Government & NGO. One Area Engineer (District Engineer from ID)

    Page.10

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    Regular maintenance measures.

    As regular maintenance scheme, one day in a month

    the check list is provided as following.

    To check the bearing

    To check the turbine blade and assemblyTo check the generator

    To check the water inlet and guide channel

    To check all electric power switches and

    transmission line

    4.3 Other maintenance measures (Training, after sales service )

    The installation and operation of mini hydropower plant by using irrigation water is easilymanage by the local people after short training. On the other hand, the villagers participated

    together with the irrigation staff personnel from the beginning of project till to the completion.

    By doing so, they can grab some knowledge and experience on the plant and could be referred

    for the operation and maintenance of the scheme. According to these advantages, the villagers

    (Organized Committee) could operate and manage by themselves since the plant was handed

    over to them. More over, they can contact and ask for help from the staff personnel at any time

    they required.

    4.4Local Service Content

    According to the feature of mini hydropower plant, there is less maintenance and repair job.

    The operator has enough knowledge and intelligence to take care of the scheme except the

    major problems in turbine and generator. If they get any disturbances in turbine and

    generator, they can call for the service or workshop standing nearby them as a local service

    and could run the project continuously.

    Page.11

    The working function and the operation are easy to catch up by every villagers as it is so

    simple. It could be easily to be noticed by every one passing-by for malfunction of the

    system, so that they could inform to the most concerned personnel for maintenance and

    repair. In this way villagers can participate in the regular maintenance of the system.

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    5.1 Replicability of project (Relevance, Impact, Efficiency)

    This project can be easily replicated in any irrigation cannel for electrification to the nearby

    area where the communitys commitment to having electricity with self help initiatives.

    5. Replicability

    Among the type of renewable energy,

    hydropower energy is the most

    suitable and sustainable to develop

    electricity with less emission. The

    hydropower energy by using irrigation

    water is completely renewable energy

    resource and there is no impact to the

    environment. Further more, there is no

    ill effects on irrigation supply for cropcultivation as primary aim for

    sustainable development of agriculture

    sector.

    As the propeller turbine is small, light weight

    and can be easily installed, the said mini

    hydropower plant is the most suitable for local

    people who lived in off grid area and could be

    performed with the high effectiveness to

    generate electricity. The construction work of

    the mini hydropower plant is also simple and

    easy to adaptation by others.

    As Myanmar is agricultural based country, the agriculture sector plays vital role for economic

    development. In order to promote the agriculture sector development, Irrigation Department

    emphasized to perform the irrigation projects including dams, sluice gates, flood protection

    embankment and river water pumping etc. At present ( 217 ) irrigation projects have beingconstructed around the whole country and by using the irrigation facilities ( drop structure ),

    the mini hydropower plant can be installed. In fact, the irrigation water will supply all the

    season for crop cultivation and so that, this hydropower can generate around the clock for the

    whole season. By introducing hydropower generating at constructed irrigation projects, it

    would become as multifunctional purpose usage of irrigation water without disturbance in

    irrigation supply. As replication of this project more similar hydropower plants after

    introducing hydropower plant by using irrigation water in Ma Mya Dam are going to install in

    other dam projects wide spread throughout the country as mentioned. (See Table 4)

    3 KW2 nos (Power House in Night Scene )

    3 KW2nos(Power House in Day Time)

    Page.12

    It would be more attractive to the small

    industries as the electric power can get 24 hrs

    almost free of charge.

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    5.2 Cost Effectiveness (No, Low, High cost)

    The total project cost of setting up is very effort able range to the local people. The cost of

    raw material for the parts of the turbine is relatively low at present. The mini hydropower

    plant constructed in Ma Mya Dam Project consists two major parts as civil work and turbine

    generator installation. This two major work is involving for cost effectiveness. Concerning

    for the civil work, the main facility was already constructed and it needs to renovate a fewportion of structure such as setting up gate frame and providing of approach channel. The

    expenditure for those works are inexpensive (low cost).The design and construction technique of the mini

    hydropower plants is not complicated and so simple

    compare with other type of hydropower plant.

    Moreover, this type of hydropower plant is regarded

    almost maintenance free and less repair. It needs

    only one time investment and will resume revenue

    daily for years. Therefore it is very suitable to the

    busy villagers who can not pay much attention to thesystem.

    5.3 Sustainability of project.

    The mini hydro power plant designed and produced by construction circle (9) of Irrigation

    Department has the following characteristics. The following points are the reason for identifyingthese mini hydropower plants as a sustainable project for years.

    1. The Hydropower energy is free, clean and untapped sustainable renewable energy.

    2. The hydropower technology is simple, reliable and is easy to adaptation.

    3. The fabrication and installation is simple and locally manufactured.

    4. This plant is almost maintenance and repair free.

    5. The payback period is comparatively short as low investment and operation cost.

    6. It can compile of mini hydropower to mega hydropower.

    7. This mini hydropower plant is created the secondary benefit of irrigation project as

    multifunctional purpose of project.

    With these characteristics especially low investment and shorten payback period, it is the

    national interest to install the similar project throughout the country.

    This project would not only be benefitted for the local people but also for the government in

    order to promote the living standard of the people by providing of the required electricity which

    could increase the work force for the country.

    The mini hydropower plant started from Ma Mya Dam is reliable, replicable and

    sustainable for years.

    For my community

    Page.13

    This is very low cost project.

    US$408/KW (see chpt.3.4)

    5.4 Others (Life of project)

    Operation Starting Date. 7th June, 2007.

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    The renewable energy is the term which is very simple and most popular terms in this early

    21st century after the fossil fuel crisis, the treat of global warming and climate change by the

    effect of carbon emission. The hydro generated power is one of the best sources among the

    renewable energy and widely installed wherever possible in the world. Myanmar is doing its

    best to comply with ASEAN expectation to utilize 10% of its energy requirement from New

    and Renewable Energy sources by 2015.

    Even though the install capacity of mini hydropower plant is rather small (Max: 5 KW), its

    development plays a significant role in enhancing local prosperity, poverty alleviation and

    promoting the living standard of the people in rural area not covered by the national grid. It is

    also expected to boom the cottage industries along the cannel by increasing multi unit

    installation at each drops as the electricity can get almost free of charge or so cheap. With this

    easy to do technology, almost free operation & maintenance scheme and zero CO 2 emission

    with low investment, the high replicability of this project surely will be easily spread to all

    from the near by to the whole country elsewhere within a short period.

    This project is fulfillment of the main objective of Renewable Energy Competition organized

    by ACE to promote the creativity in Renewable Energy sector and to promote the CO2

    emission reduction and to develop better environment in this region.

    Hence, The Rural Electrification With Mini Hydro Power Project (Ma Mya Dam) is

    the best for 2009 and forever.

    Drop No - 1

    Drop No - 3

    Drop No - 4

    Drop No - 13Thoneze Dam Drop

    What a happy we are

    I love TV game so much

    We have 24 hr electricity you

    see!

    Page.14

    6. Figures, Tables, Photos

    CONCLUSION

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    Project Location

    Ma Mya Dam is located near a small village called

    Myinwartaung in Hinthada Township Ayeyarwaddy Division.

    The village is 120 miles North West of Yangon.

    Project Site

    Name of village Myinwartaung

    Project Name Ma Mya Dam ProjectTownship Myanaung

    District Hinthada

    Division Ayeyarwaddy

    Distance from National Grid 34 Kilometers

    Population List

    Name of Village Myinwartaung

    House Hold 350

    Family 370

    Population 1200

    Livelihood (1) Fishing.(2) Agriculture.

    No. of school. 1

    Page.15

    Some salient data for mini hydropower plant installed

    at drop structure No.5 is mentioned as below;

    Distance from national grid = 34 Kilometers

    Distance from Cannel =600 Meters

    Generator Power Output = 5 KW2 units

    Drop Height = 2.2 m

    Total Investment Cost = US$ 2,042In House Management Team = 3 people

    Daily Operation Hours = 24 Hr. continuously

    Pay back period = 2 years

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    APPLICATION FORMASEAN Renewable Energy Project Competition

    ASEAN Energy Awards 2009

    COVERING NOTE,CERTIFICATION, AND ENDORSEMENT

    The Consultant

    U Htun Naing Aung

    Consultant

    Kaung Kyaw Say Engg. Co.,Ltd

    No.31 Pinlone Yeikmon 5thStreet

    Pinlone Yeikmon,Thingungyun Tsp,

    Yangon MYANMAR

    Tel: 95-1-571284Fax: 95-1-667940e.Mail [email protected]

    The Applicant

    U Kyaw Myint Hlaing

    Director

    Construction Circle (9)

    Irrigation Department

    Yangon MYANMAR

    Tel: 95-1-662608,

    Fax; 95-1-664767e.Mail

    [email protected]

    The Owner

    U Khin Zaw

    Director General

    Irrigation Department

    Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation

    Office 15 Nay Pyi Daw, MYANMAR

    Tel: 95-67-410008 ,

    Fax. 95-67-410018e.Mail [email protected]

    The owner, the manufacturer and the consultant hereby happily agreed to welcome the

    ACEs Board of Judges and the experts to visit the site verification of the authenticity of

    the data presented.

    We also hereby agree that ACE can publish the whole submission in ACE publications

    and web site, without any prior consent of the owner of the RE project. If the submission

    will be published in the other publications, the consent of the concerned RE project

    owner would be required.

    We, the undersigned certified that all the information provided here in this paper are true,

    accurate and prepared by the consent of all parties concerned.

    This project of rural electrification with micro hydro power system installed in Ma MyaDam is sponsored by Irrigation Department of Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation,

    Myanmar. It is manufactured and installed by Construction Circle 9 of Irrigation

    Department operating and supplying the electricity to the nearby villages since 2008.

    Focal Point.

    U Soe Aung

    Director GeneralEnergy Planning Dept. Ministry of Energy

    Naypyidaw, MYANMAR

    Tel: 95-67-411057 , Fax: 95-67-411113e.mail. [email protected]

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    APPLICATION FORMASEAN Renewable Energy Project Competition

    ASEAN Energy Awards 2009

    Category : On-Grid

    Off-Grid

    Title of Activity / Project / Theme :

    RURAL ELECTRIFICATION WITH MINI HYDRO POWER (Ma Mya Dam)PROJECT

    Applicant General Information

    Name of Company Irrigation Department, Ministry of Agriculture & Irrigation

    Business Address Construction Circle (9) Irrigation Department

    Number of

    Employees200

    Age of Project 2 Years

    Nature of Business Dam & Irrigation System Construction

    Contact Person

    Name U Kyaw Myint Hlaing

    Position Director of construction circle (9)

    Telephone +95-1-662608

    Mobile phone 095006615

    Fax +95-1-664767

    E-mail [email protected]

    The construction of Dam is mainly purposed for either Hydro Power Plant and/or Irrigation

    system. But Irrigation system is mainly constructed for water supplying to the agriculture

    farms for multiple crop cultivation only.

    However, taking advantage of the drop (water head different) structure along the irrigation

    system to produce electricity is one of the state of the art to the environmental engineer who

    is always considering to protect further global warming and climate change by reducing CO 2

    emission.

    In this paper it will see how easy to install these power plant without any disturbing to the

    main objective of irrigation system of supplying water to the agriculture farms and how

    much carbon emission is omitted to produce the same electricity by using IC engine withfossil fuel.

    With this easy to do technology, almost free operation & maintenance scheme and zero CO 2

    emission with low investment, the replicability of this project surely will be spread to all

    from the near by to the whole country elsewhere.

    Project Abstract

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    APPLICATION FORMASEAN Renewable Energy Project Competition

    ASEAN Energy Awards 2009

    Category : On-Grid

    Off-Grid

    Title of Activity / Project / Theme :

    RURAL ELECTRIFICATION WITH MINI HYDRO POWER (Ma Mya Dam)PROJECT

    Content

    Chpt.

    No.Description Page No.

    1 Originality 1

    1.1 Design 1

    1.2 Application 2

    1.3 Approach 2

    2 Environmental And Social Consideration 3

    2.1 Amount of Emission Avoided (CO2,etc in tons/yr) 3

    2.2 Community / People Participation 3

    2.3 Benefits 3

    2.3.1 Benefit to User 3

    2.3.2 Benefit to Community 4

    2.3.3 Benefit to Country 4

    2.3.4 Other Features 4

    3 Technical, Economical And Market Consideration 5

    3.1 Installed Capacity 5

    3.2 Technical Design 5

    3.3 Technical Performance 7

    3.4 Investment Cost 7

    3.5 Financial Scheme / Livelihood Project 8

    3.6 Funder (Government and Non-Government) 8

    3.7 Market Size (Potential within 5 years) 8

    3.8 Local Manufacturing / Content of System 9

    3.9 Amount of Energy Avoid 9

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    APPLICATION FORMASEAN Renewable Energy Project Competition

    ASEAN Energy Awards 2009

    Category : On-Grid

    Off-Grid

    Title of Activity / Project / Theme :

    RURAL ELECTRIFICATION WITH MINI HYDRO POWER (Ma Mya Dam)PROJECT

    Content

    Chpt.

    No.Description Page No.

    4 Operation And Maintenance Scheme 10

    4.1 Operation Hours (day / month / year) 10

    4.2 Maintenance Scheme (In house, contracted out service,

    Government, Others10

    4.3 Other Maintenance Measures (Training, After Sale

    Service)11

    4.4 Local Service Content 11

    5 Replicability 12

    5.1 Replicability of project (Relevance, Impact, Efficiency) 12

    5.2 Cost Effectiveness (No, Low, High cost) 13

    5.3 Sustainability of Project 13

    5.4 Others (Life of Project) 13

    6 Figures, Tables, Photos 14

    Conclusion 14

    Project Location 15

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