MHB- indoor sports

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<p>18 Indoor sports facilitiesPeter Ackroyd and Gerald PerrinCI/SfB: 541, 562 UDC: 725.74, 725.85 Uniclass: F541, F562</p> <p>KEY POINTS: Because of the British climate, more and more indoor facilities for sport are needed Encouraging everyone to learn and enjoy swimming is a priority Provision divides into leisure and competitive facilities</p> <p>activities in sections 35 and even some of those in section 6 can take place in a suitable sports hall. However, the demand for time in sports halls is so great that those activities that can be carried on in less expensive accommodation tend to be confined to projectile halls and ancillary halls. In this section, information about the activities will be found under the most appropriate space.</p> <p>Contents 1 Introduction 2 Sports centres 3 Sports halls 4 Ancillary halls 5 Projectile halls 6 Special spaces 7 Types of swimming pool: competition, learner, training and diving pools 8 Water activities 9 Leisure pools and water features 10 Movable floor pools 11 Pool details and lane markings 12 Changing provision 13 Provision for disabled people 14 Pool capacity analysis 15 Bibliography</p> <p>1 INTRODUCTION Indoor sporting activity can be competitive, recreational or for training purposes. Most facilities are designed to cater for all three, and are either general-purpose spaces such as sports halls or special to one activity or range of activities, such as a swimming pool, squash court or ice rink. The different sports and activities will be found in alphabetical order in sections 36: whichever is appropriate. Swimming is covered in sections 714. Outdoor activities are covered in Chapter 20 of this Handbook. In this chapter, the information given about each activity will generally be confined to the required overall sizes at the various recognised levels: N international and national competition C county and club competition and R recreational. For further information, such as detailed dimensions, equipment, environmental installations, etc. refer to the Handbook of Sports and Recreational Building Design.</p> <p>18.1 Space and circulation diagram of a large wet and dry sports centre</p> <p>2 SPORTS CENTRES Some sports centres are large complexes encompassing wet and dry sports. 18.1 shows the possible elements of such a complex, some of which are omitted in smaller centres. 18.2 is a plan of a large centre. The essential elements of a small dry sports centre are shown in 18.3, and a plan of a centre in 18.4.</p> <p>3 SPORTS HALLS 3.01 Use of facilities Sports halls are general-purpose spaces intended to cater for a great variety of activities. Some of these can take place simultaneously, but others need exclusive use for a time. In general, all the</p> <p>18.2 Dunstable leisure centre: a leisure pool and dry facilities on a school site18-1</p> <p>18-2</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities</p> <p>3.02 Sizes Only the largest of halls will satisfy all required standards of play for all indoor sports, and therefore it will be necessary to decide on upon the range of sports and levels before determining the floor area. Table I shows what can be accommodated in the various standard sizes of hall. The same floor area may provide for international standard in one or two sports and at the same time offer a wide variety of other activities at a lower standard. Typical arrangements are shown in 18.518.18.</p> <p>3.03 Height The height of the underside of the roof structure, or the ceiling if there is one, above the floor is specified by each sports governing body, and this is a critical design factor. Badminton, tennis and trampolining require an unrestricted height of 9.1 m for international competition, while 7.6 m is necessary at C level in all sports except those for which height is not critical. However, a height greater than justified by the intended use will increase running costs in heating, lighting and maintenance.</p> <p>18.3 Main elements of a dry sports centre</p> <p>3.04 Construction The construction and fabric of the hall should be such as to minimise damage, both accidental and from vandalism. Sports halls should only be naturally lit from above; any form of vertical glazing will produce some glare.</p> <p>3.05 Activities The sizes required for various activities in the sports hall are shown in 18.1918.32 (scale 1:500).</p> <p>4 ANCILLARY HALLS To economise in the use of the large sports halls, larger centres have practice halls suitable for some smaller-scale activities. The two suggested sizes are: m 15 12 3.54.5m with a divider. 2124 12 4.5 Sizes for various activities in this type of hall are given in 18.33 18.40 (scale 1:500). For yoga, each person will lie on the floor on a mat or blanket and will ideally need a clear area of 2.5 m diameter.</p> <p>5 PROJECTILE HALLS 18.4118.43 show plans and sections of a range of projectile rooms, and Table II shows which sports can be covered by them. The spaces required are given in 18.4418.48 (scale 1:500). Where the projectile room is to be used for firearms shooting, the construction must be to safety standards and robust enough to withstand the use. It may be found that this use will severely restrict the projectile halls use for other activities.</p> <p>18.4 Harpenden, a small compactly designed centre. The social areas have been positioned to take advantage of the parkland site. a First floor. b Ground floor</p> <p>6 SPECIAL SPACES There are a number of activities that need spaces permanently and exclusively reserved for them. This may be due to the weight or size of the equipment, such as billiards/snooker, or because the playing area is closely defined, such as squash or real tennis. For some of these, semi-portable equipment is now being produced, but these are generally designed for special occasions such as national championships. The critical sizes for these special spaces are given in 18.4918.59 (scale 1:500 except where shown otherwise).</p> <p>Table I Definition of sizes: maximum number of courts related to standards of play Large hallfr 36.5 32 9.1 m 1168 m2 No. Aikido Archery (length of shoot) 4 6 Standard N C 30 m 25 m 18 m 20 yd</p> <p>Medium hallsfr 32 26 7.69.1 m 832 m2 No. 4 Standard N No. 4 29 26 7.69.1 m 754 m2 Standard N No. 2 3()s</p> <p>Small halls 32 23 7.69.1 m 736 m2 Standard C R No. 2 3(1) 32 17 6.77.6 m 544 m2 Standard N Rs 25m 18 m 20 yd</p> <p>Community halls 26 16.5 6.77.6 m 429 m2 22.5 16.5 6.77.6 m 371.25 m2 No. 1 2 Standard N R 17.020.0 15.6 6.7 m 265.2321 m2 No. 1 Standard N No. 17.08.5 6.7 m 144.5 m2 Standard </p> <p>29.5 16.5 6.77.6 m 486.75 m2 No. 2 Standard N No. 2</p> <p>Standard N</p> <p> 25 m 18 m 20 yd</p> <p>25m 18 m 20 yd</p> <p>18 m 20 yd 3/4 4 1 2 5 NC R N R R 4 6 1 4</p> <p>18 m 20 yd 3 4 1 3 C R C R 3 1 </p> <p>18 m 15 yd C C 3 1 1 </p> <p>18 m 15 yd R R Mini BB </p> <p>Badminton Basketball Bowls (portable noncompetitive rinks) Boxing (training rings) Cricket sixa-side pitches ns Cricket nets Fencing (pistes) Five-a-side football Gymnastics (Olympic) Handball Mini handball Hockey Judo Karate Keep fit; Movement and dance; Yoga, ns Kendo</p> <p>8 2 7</p> <p>N N R</p> <p>5 6(2) 1 2 5</p> <p>N R N C/R R</p> <p>N1 R N R</p> <p>4 1 3</p> <p>C C R</p> <p> 2 1 </p> <p> R1 Mini BB </p> <p> 1 </p> <p> R1 </p> <p>9 12 1 2 8 12 14 1 2 1</p> <p>N R N C N N C N R N N</p> <p>6 12 1 6 8(3) 9 1 2 1</p> <p>N R C N N C C R C C</p> <p>4 9 6 7 8 1 1</p> <p>N R C N C R P R</p> <p>6 8 1 5 6 8 1 1</p> <p>N R C N N C C C C</p> <p>3 6 1 4 3/4 2/3 1 1</p> <p>C R R C N/C R R P R</p> <p>3 5 4 3/4 2 1 1 1</p> <p>C R C N/C R R P R C R N C N/C R </p> <p>2 5 4 3/4 1 1 1 1 1 2 1/2 3</p> <p>C R R N/C R R P C R N R N/C R </p> <p>2 4 3 4 1 1 1 1 2 1 2</p> <p>C R N C R P C R N R N R </p> <p>2 4 3 1 1 1/2 1 2</p> <p>C R C R P R R N R </p> <p>2 2 1 2 </p> <p>R R R R </p> <p>1 4 6 4 12</p> <p>C</p> <p>1 2 4 2/4 6</p> <p>R N C N/C R </p> <p>1 1 4 2 4/6</p> <p>R N C N C/R </p> <p>1 2 4 2 6</p> <p>R N R N R </p> <p>1 2 3 2 6</p> <p>R N R N R </p> <p>1 1 2 2 3</p> <p>N R N R </p> <p>4 6</p> <p>N R</p> <p>2 4</p> <p>N C</p> <p>2 4</p> <p>N C</p> <p>2 4</p> <p>N R</p> <p>2</p> <p>N</p> <p>2 2</p> <p>N C</p> <p>1 2</p> <p>N C</p> <p>1 2</p> <p>N R</p> <p>1 </p> <p>R </p> <p>(Continued)</p> <p>Table I (Continued) Large hallfr 36.5 32 9.1 m 1168 m2 No. Lacrosse F Lawn tennis Micro korfball Netball Table tennisc/c Trampolining Tug of war Volleyball 1 1 2 1 1 2 10 15/21 12 2 3 Weight lifting contests Wrestling 4 12 Standard N N R C N C/R N C/C N N N R N N C No. 1 1 1 1 6 10/15 8 12 1 2 3 2 6 32 26 7.69.1 m 832 m2 Standard C</p> <p>Medium hallsfr 29 26 7.69.1 m 754 m2 No. 1 1 6 10/12 8 1 2 6 Standard R C N C/C N R N R N C No. 1 1 1 1 6 10/12 4 8 2 2 2 6 32 23 7.69.1 m 736 m2 Standard C</p> <p>Small halls 32 17 6.77.6 m 544 m2 No. 1 1 1 1 7/9 14 4 6 1 Standard C</p> <p>Community halls 26 16.5 6.77.6 m 429 m2 22.5 16.5 6.77.6 m 371.25 m2 No. 4 8 4 1 Standard P C/C R R C 17.020.0 15.6 6.7 m 265.2321 m2 No. 36 6-8 2 1 Standard C/C R R R No. 4 1 17.08.5 6.7 m 144.5 m2 Standard R R </p> <p>29.5 16.5 6.77.6 m 486.75 m2 No. 1 7 12 4 1 Standard R C/C R C R C No. 6/7 10 4 1</p> <p>Standard P C/C R C C</p> <p>R C R N C/C N R C N C R N N C</p> <p>R C R N C/C N C/R C N /C R N N C</p> <p>R R R C/C R C R C C</p> <p>C 2 3</p> <p> N C</p> <p>C 3 8</p> <p> C R</p> <p>C 2 6</p> <p> C R</p> <p>C 2 6</p> <p> C R</p> <p>C 2 4</p> <p> C R</p> <p> 2 </p> <p> R </p> <p>Key N National/international standard C County/club standard R Recreational standard P Practice area only c/c For table tennis there are two grades of minimum space allowances for inter-county/inter-club standards of play fr Fire regulations and maximum compartment volumes should be checked. Halls of 7000 m3 or over need a DOE waiver, Volume can include an unenclosed structural roof spaces ns No standards have yet been laid down S Area behind shooting line is below safety standard recommended. Acceptable space can be provided with a slight lengthening of the hall; or existing spaces may be used for practice purposes Below minimum space standard recommended by the governing body concerned, but capable of providing purposeful and enjoyable activity Recreational standard where the hall is less than 7.6 m clear height for badminton and trampolining, or less than 7.0 m for basketball and volleyball 6.7 m height is suitable for mini basketball and mini volleyball County/club standard where the hall is less than 9.0 m clear height</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities</p> <p>18-5</p> <p>18.7 Alternative arrangements for large sports halls</p> <p>18.5 Alternative arrangements for large sports halls</p> <p>18.8 Alternative arrangements for medium-size halls</p> <p>18.6 Alternative arrangements for large sports halls</p> <p>18.9 Alternative arrangements for medium-size halls</p> <p>18-6</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities</p> <p>18.13 Alternative arrangements for medium-size halls 18.10 Alternative arrangements for medium-size halls</p> <p>18.11 Alternative arrangements for medium-size halls</p> <p>18.14 For small halls</p> <p>18.12 Alternative arrangements for medium-size halls</p> <p>18.15 For small halls</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities</p> <p>18-7</p> <p>18.16 For small halls</p> <p>18.17 Wycombe sports centre: plan of court markings and equipment fixings in sports hall</p> <p>18-8</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities</p> <p>18.18 Tamworth sports centre: plan of court markings and equipment fixings</p> <p>18.19 Badminton, a doubles court for all standards of play. Where courts are placed side by side, tournaments are held with seating and play on alternate courts. Heights lower than 7.6 m are discouraged by the Badminton Association of England</p> <p>18.20 Basketball. At a recreational level, this game can be played in a school gymnasium 21.3 12.2 m</p> <p>18.21 Five-a-side football. This needs rebound walls all round to about a height of 2 m, but can be adapted to the available space. In a medium-size sports hall 18.10, the playing area is the size of the hall. At a recreational level the game may be played in a small size hall, about 30 15 m being regarded as a reasonable minimum. Depending on age and sizes of players, their numbers on the pitch could be reduced as necessary for satisfaction. This game can also be played out of doors, but difficulties may be experienced in installing suitably robust rebound walls</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities</p> <p>18-9</p> <p>18.25 Hockey. Team sizes are adjusted according to the size of the available pitch. Side boards should be provided 100 100 mm with a 20 mm inward tilt</p> <p>18.22 Mens gymnastics. See 18.54 for special practice spaces</p> <p>18.26 Korfball. In halls of smaller dimensions, allow for full safety margins, keep pitch width about 1820 m, and maximum possible length up to 40 m</p> <p>18.23 Womens gymnastics. See 18.54</p> <p>18.24 Handball, seven-a-side</p> <p>18.27 Netball</p> <p>18-10</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities</p> <p>18.28 Pop Lacrosse. This has superseded indoor womens lacrosse. It can also be played out of doors, when there is no boundary. The size approximates to four badminton courts, and could be played on a five-a-side football pitch. For further details, refer to the English Lacrosse Union, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancs, or the All England Womens Lacrosse Association, Birmingham</p> <p>18.30 Trampoline. The bed is 0.951.05 m above the ground. Synchronised competitions must be parallel to each other and 2 m apart. Note etxended length of end frame units from that previously published</p> <p>18.31 Tug-of-war</p> <p>18.32 Volleyball</p> <p>18.29 Tennis</p> <p>18.33 Aikido</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities 18-11</p> <p>18.34 Boxing. A ring for recreational purposes may be only 3.6 m square. For competitions, in addition to the ring and spectator accommodation the following are needed:</p> <p> Medical examination room Weighing room Gloving-up room Administrative facilities Lighting above the ring Water supply to each corner</p> <p>18.39 Table tennis. See Table III for overall dimensions. The table is 0.76 m high, and normally requires a space 1.4 1.6 0.5 m for storage. When in use, each table requires individual lighting</p> <p>18.35 Fencing pistes</p> <p>18.40 Wrestling</p> <p>18.36 Judo</p> <p>18.41 Small projectile hall: a. Section. b. Plan</p> <p>18.37 Karate. Regional competitions require three international size combat areas</p> <p>18.38 Kendo</p> <p>18.42 Medium-Projectile hall: a. Section. b. Plan</p> <p>18-12</p> <p>Indoor sports facilities</p> <p>7 TYPES OF SWIMMING POOL: COMPETITION, LEARNER, TRAINING AND DIVING POOLS 7.01 There has been a general trend away from pools designed specifically for competition and diving towards shallow water, free-form fun pools with many features including water rides. The introduction of compulsory competitive tendering (CCT) has further increased the emphasis on income-producing dryside provision, in the form of fitness rooms, health and beauty suites, sunbeds, saunas and steam rooms. This dryside space around the fun pool is often themed to represent tropical paradises where dense planting provides the backcloth for steel bands, travel agencies, and poolside refreshments. Indoor/outdoor pools often seen in European countries are becoming popular. Demand for serious swimming facilities in the meantime has reappeared in the form of 25 m pools with six or eight lanes, 18.60. Many older 33.33 m pools have been converted into combined</p> <p>18.43 Large projectile hall: a. Section. b. Plan</p> <p>Table II Projec...</p>