medieval lyrics and ballads – behind their apparent simplicity … “western wind” “sir...
Post on 13-Dec-2015
Embed Size (px)
- Slide 1
Medieval Lyrics and Ballads Behind their Apparent Simplicity Western Wind Sir Patrick Spence, & Barbara Allen in different versions Intensity and Blank Spaces for Imagination Slide 2 Group Assignments 11:00-11:10 Gaps & Pattern A 8 B 3 1. Sir Patrick Spence 11:10-11:20 Versions compared A 6 B 7 2. Barbara Allen 11:20-11:30Fight vs. Fiddle (as sequence or in a circle) A 10 B 5 3. First Fight, Then Fiddle 11:30-11:40 One or two speakers? Different views of love A 1 B 9 4. Sestina 11:40-11:50 Meanings and shape A 4 B 2 5. l(a Slide 3 Outline Medieval Lyrics: Western Wind Child Ballad: Introduction Ballad: Definition and Origin Its Characteristics and Form Its Kinds and Influences Sir Patrick Spens Barbara Allen Slide 4 Medieval Lyrics Brief and emotional Description of a moment, expressing a common state of mind, for religious or secular purposes (Ref.)Ref. Slide 5 Western Wind Western wind, when will thou blow The small rain down can rain? Christ, if my love were in my arms And I in my bed again! 1.Weather: Western wind brings spring rain. 2.Love and sex 1.Weather: Western wind brings spring rain. 2.Love and sex Ref. 1. Westron Wynde, AnonimoWestron Wynde 2. Camerata Delft - Westron Wynde (excerpt)Westron Wynde Slide 6 Ballads: Definition & Origin Definition: a narrative song. Origins: Usually in primitive societies such as that of American frontier in the 18th and 19th centuries and that of the English-Scottish border region in the later Middle Ages. Revised and passed down orally during the 500- year period from 1200 to 1700 One of the first recorded versions in 18th century: Thomas Percy Reliques of Ancient English Poetry Francis. J. Childs The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (1882) Slide 7 Ballads: Characteristics and Form Structural Characteristics as an oral form of art: Spareness of plot in media res (or even climaxes of the story), through monologue or dialogue, no narratorial comments ( how less suggests more) Use of repetition and refrain ( repetition with variation) Simplicity of tune and rhythm (four stresses in one line; rhymes ) One ballad stanza -- with four lines, alternating between tetrameter--four iambic beats (da-DUM, da- DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM), and trimeter--three beats (da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM) per line. (source) variationsource Archetypal symbols e.g. green/yellow leaves, sea, etc. Slide 8 Ballads: Characteristics and Form Characteristics as an oral form of art (2) B. singing style C. narrative 1) how the story is toldby a narrator or not; D. ballad/poetic elements: the plot, symbol, repetition, contrast, rhyme and rhythm Slide 9 Ballads: Kinds Historical Sir Patrick Spens Outlaw Robin Hood Romantic Barbara Allen Supernatural --? Ancient Mariner Tragic Edward Ref: http://www.skell.org/explore/balladsF.htm http://www.skell.org/explore/balladsF.htm Slide 10 Ballads: Influences on the 19th-century poetry Some 19 th -c poems in Ballad form: William Blake's "The Tyger (six quatrains in rhymed couplets. Trochee--hammering beat forging the tiger in the smithy. 7 or 8 syllables each line); Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "Rime of the Ancient Mariner (sometimes 6 lines, sometimes with internal rhymes ); John Keats's "La Belle Dame Sans Merci." Slide 11 Sir Patrick Spens Possible Historical Connections: 1. In 1281, Scottish King Alexander III's daughter Margaret was married to Norway's King Eric, but on her voyage home, the ship sank and all perished. 2. (another version) Eric and Margaret were survived by a daughter, also named Margaret. She was to be married to a son of England's King Edward I, but died while sailing from Norway. 3. a famous shipwreck off the coast of Aberdour near Papa Stronsay Island, which claims to be the burial place of Sir Patrick Spens. Dangerous journeys Song: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rT1r-smQkzQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BesLCJECi4ohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rT1r-smQkzQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BesLCJECi4o Reading: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qs7nWKYyUFUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qs7nWKYyUFU Slide 12