Meat Institute Foundation Dedicates New Laboratories
Post on 21-Feb-2017
THE CHEMICAL WORLD THIS WEEK
Meat Institute Foundation Dedicates N e w Laboratories
search in which optical properties of dyed fibers have been used to interpret the na-ture of the cellulose dye complex. He discussed variations in structure of viscose rayon which have marked effect on its dyeing characteristics- Development of high tenacity viscose rayons has presented some problems. They differ from regular viscose rayons in that they are more highly oriented. In laboratory studies of pack-age dyeing with vat colors, wherein cross sections of the packages were made, studies could be conducted of the effects of the winding of the package, the rate of flow, temperature, and of the addition of various dyeing -\sistants on the levelness through-out the package.
Union Dyeing The speaker described the use of micro-
scope and cross sectioning techniques in union dyeing in order to determine dis-tribution of the dye from fiber to finer. His paper took up textile printing through resin-bonded pigments, the application of vat dyes to cellulosic fibers, improved for-mulations of vat color pastes and their printing performance. Textile printing also had been studied from a quantitative point of view.
George W. Parks, Rhode Island State College, presided at a general technical meeting which earlier that day heard dis-cussions on water pollution problems, economics of the textile industry, and consumer standards. Meetings were staged later by the association's groups devoted to wool, cotton, synthetics, auxiliaries, and testing.
The Olney Medal was formally pre-sented to Dr. Rover by C. Morris Rabold, Erwin Cotton Mills, president of the AATCC. Kenneth H. Klipstein, American Cyanamid Co., spoke on "The Medalist the Vian," and Milton Harris, former Olney Medalist, told the meeting of Dr. Royer's scientific -work.
Resignation of Bonnar The national council of the association
announced that it had accepted the resig-nation of J. Robert Bonnar as research chief of the AATCC. Mr. Bonnar has been forced to relinquish this work by the press of other duties. He has directed the association's research for the past six years. A successor will be chosen by the council at its next meeting in New York on Nov. 17.
The Piedmont Section of the associa-tion won the intersectional prize paper contest with its contribution, "A Compari-son of the Dyeing Characteristics and Re-lated Properties of Rain-Grown and Irri-gated Cotton." Patrick J. Kennedy, Du Pont Co., was made national chairman of the student international contest which is to be held for the first time in 1951.
The Portsmouth meeting of the AATCC, sponsored by the Rhode Island section, also featured exhibits by dye and chemi-cal manufacturers; technological schools; and equipment makers.
J\s A direct result of research which has led to the profitable utilization of byproducts in the meat packing industry, meat packers have for several years been able to sell beef at wholesale for less than they paid for the steer on the hoof. The American Meat Institute Foundation in Chicago is now at work in its new labora-tories, expanding the industry's activity in this type of research, which has bene-fited growers, processors, and consumers of meat and meat products.
The foundation's new research and de-velopment laboratories, built and equipped on the campus of the University of Chi-cago at a cost of more than $750,000 were dedicated in a simple ceremony on Oct. 3. Speaking for the foundation as chairman of its board of directors, Thomas E. Wilson of Wilson & Co., Inc., hailed the establishment of the new facili-ties as "a milestone in the growth and de-velopment of the American meat indus-try."
The foundation, dedicated to research and education in the field of livestock and meat production and by-product utilization, will continue to function in close harmony with the University of Chicago. A joint advisory committee of the two institutions will coordinate programs for the maximum benefit of the cooperating institutions and the public at large.
Extensive Laboratory Facilities The new building of the foundation is
a three-story structure of reinforced con-crete and stone, styled to blend with other buildings on the university campus. Members of the foundation scientific staff have been at work in the new laboratories since July 1, 1949, setting up equipment and pushing research on approximately 20 important projects connected with the processing of meat and the utilization of packing house by-products.
The first floor of the building houses administrative offices and a large library-conference room, in addition to labora-tories for fundamental research in organic chemistry and applied research on fats and oils. On the second floor, the founda-tion's service laboratory provides facilities, at reasonable cost, for the analysis of in-dustry products and supplies. The his-tological laboratory, in which the physi-cal structure of meat is studied, also is located on the second floor, as is the analytical and physical chemistry facili-ties. Several smaller work-rooms on this floor provide space for special projects and allow room for future expansion.
On the third floor are laboratories de-voted to bacteriological, biochemical, and nutritional studies, and a home economics department for the culinary evaluation of meat products. A loft above the third floor contains air conditioning units, ex-
Thomas E. Wilson of Wilson & Co., Inc., speaking at the dedication of American Meat Institute's research laboratories at the University of Chicago
haust fans, water deionizing equipment, air compressors, and other heavy equip-ment. A full basement below the building contains seven refrigerated rooms and provides extensive pilot plant area.
Founded in 1924 The American Meat Institute Founda-
tion was organized in 1944 as the out-growth of an all-industry research program initiated nearly 30 years ago by the American Meat Institute. In 1924, the institute established laboratory facilities at the University of Chicago and under-took scientific research on a modest scale. The research program, maintained through contributions by member companies of the association, resulted in substantial con-tributions to scientific progress in the in-dustry, and demonstrated the desirability of a union of resources for scientific re-search. A survey of research needs re-vealed the necessity of providing funds and facilities far beyond the capacities of the research program as originally con-ceived. On the recommendation of the survey committee and the institute staff, the institute's board of directors voted in 1944 to sponsor the establishment of an independent nonprofit foundation, de-signed exclusively for research and educa-tion in fields related to the meat industry. The foundation now has a staff of more than 40 competent research scientists, with plans for continued expansion as funds and facilities become available.
Through its cooperation "with the Uni-versity of Chicago, the foundation aids in training technical personnel in the field
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Clyde M. Whittaker, presi-dent of Universal-Rundle Corp., delivers the princi-pal address at the dedica-tion of the firm's W. Keith McAfee Laboratory at New Castle. Pa. A portrait of W. Keith McAfee, late chairman on the board for whom the laboratory is named, appears on the wall inside the entrance. Seated is Stanley S. Backer, vice president in charge of sales. A brick and steel structure, two and a half stories high, the laboratory houses light research units and a pilot plant
of livestock processing. Several university graduate students in the biological and physical sciences are now engaged in thesis studies in the laboratories of the foundation, meeting all university require-ments, and working toward advance de-grees awarded by the university.
Laboratory Dedicated By Widow of Founder
Universal-Rundle's W. Keith McAfee-Laboratory at New Castle, Pa., was re-cently dedicated in a ceremony at which Clyde M. Whittaker, firm president, and Mrs. McAfee, widow of the late chair-man of the board, spoke.
The new laboratory is a brick and steel structure two and one-half stories high, housing eight research units, a darkroom, library, offices, and pilot plant area. Di-rector of research is A. L. Johnson, former MIT professor. He heads a staff doing research in ceramics, metallurgy, chemistry, and hydraulics.
The pilot plant equipment is capable of duplicating any manufacturing process in Universal-Rundle's three vitreous china and two enameled cast iron plants. Re-search findings can be tried here on a small scale without interfering with plant productivity.
Agricultural Institute Established in St. Louis
A foundation to promote research in the fields of agriculture and farming to be known as the Agricultural Institute, has recently been established in St. Louis.
Research projects will be directed at problems which affect rural population groups, farming districts, and agriculture. Its broad objectives aim at improvement of economic, social, educational, and cul-tural conditions of rural communities.
The Agricultural Institute at present has no plant of its own, and intends to place its projects in universities and col-leges interested in conducting research and experimental work under its sponsor-ship. At present it is negotiating with the University of Missouri for its initial research project, to be financed by a grant of $3,000 from the Krey Packing Co. John F. Krey, president of the company, is chairman of die institute. Other per-sonnel are Robert R. Hudelson, associate dean of Illinois College of Agriculture who is vice chairman; True D. Morse,
THfc CHEMICAL WORLD THIS WEEK
president of Doane Agricultural Service, Inc., who is executive secretary; D. How-ard Doane, chairman of Doane Agricul-tural Service, Inc., and M. F. Wilier, dean emeritus of Missouri College of Agricul-ture, who hold the title of founding trustees, as do the other officers.
FTC Ruling Limits Rodenticide Claims
A Federal Trade Commission order was issued last week to stop Walsh Labora-tories of Chicago from representing its product, Rodan, as an effective killing agent for mice or rats, other than brown rats. The company is also prohibited un-der the order from using the words "manu-facturing chemists" in connecting with the corporate name, or otherwise repre-senting that they manufacture or com-pound chemicals or have chemists in their employ.
Molasses and Sirups Standards Proposed
Proposed U. S. standards for sugarcane sirups and edible sugarcane molasses have been announced by the Department of Agriculture. No U. S. standards have previously existed for these products.
Proposed are three grades of edible sugarcane molasses, two grades of the sulfured type, and three grades of the unsulfured type. Criteria on which grade specifications are based include differences in total solids content, total sugar, ash, and color. For the sulfured type, content of sulfites is also a quality factor.
Page 6474 of the Federal Register for
Vannevar Bush Wields Trowel a t Cornerstone Ceremony
Dr. Vannevar Bush, Carnegie Institution president and wartime head of OSRD, gave the main address at cornerstone ceremonies at Armstrong Cork Co/s new research laboratory site at Lancaster, Pa. Left to right are Edmund Claxton, Armstrong's research director; C. J. Hackstand, president; Dr. Bush; and H. W. Prends, Jr., chair-man of the board
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THE CHEMICAL WORLD THIS WEEK
A n American Contemporary . .
Cary R. Wagner TT is extremely uncommon to encounter -* a success!ul executive who is invari-abl> tagged by his co-workers and professional colleagues as a "good man and a swell fellow." Cary K. Wagner has achieved that distinction. Somehow ambition and aggressiveness seem to lead even the most honest and straightforward person to step on some toes; to achieve a victory that rankles in the loser. Cary Wagner has managed to avoid such pitfalls and he has done it without backslapping or flashy dis-pla> s of genius. Not given to cjuick friendships he, nevertheless, has a quiet, easy manner which bespeaks a friendliness based on honesty and a modesty founded on competence. Various of his colleagues have characterized him as a good listener; a man who always asks the one crucial question in any problem: and the kind of man who gets right down to the nuts and holts of the situation.
His present position is in itself a tribute to the preeminently executive nature of his talents. After a 30-year career in the petroleum industry he stepped into the position of senior vice-president in charge of operations of the politics-buffetted General Aniline & Film Corp. The position was supposedly a temporary one"just until the company is sold to private owners." After three years in the "temporary" job and no end to the litigation in sight. Cary, by his own admission, still knows very little about the manufacture and use of dyestuffs. However, he is "having more fun than I've ever had in any other job" finding out that administration and organization of one chemical process industry is very much like that of any other.
Even Dr. Wagner 's contributions to chemical technology have been as much administrative as scientific. Although his name is frequently associated with vapor phase cracking and polymer gasoline processes he did not originally conceive either process. However, as chief chemist for the Pure Oil Co., a position he held from 1930 to 1942, he was the first in the petroleum industry to recognize their potentialities and secured control of them for his company. Then, following through, he helped develop them through the pilot plant stage and worked out the modifications and large-scale adaptations that made them into a commercial reality.
Private industry was not the only beneficiary of Cary Wagner's administrative talents. In 1942 he resigned from Pure Oil to accept wart ime assignment to organize a process develop
ment section for the refining division of the Petroleum Administration for War . When this group was set up he left Washington under doctor's orders for his family home in Ohio. However, he was soon at work again building up a successful consulting practice.
Advocate of Information Exchange An aggressive advocate of liberal
interchange of information between industrial laboratories, Dr. Wagner can take some credit for the present liberal policy toward publication of technical information which prevails throughout the petroleum industry. In 1920 he and a group of other petroleum chemists organized the Division of Petroleum Chemistry of the AMEHICAN C H E M I C A L SOCIETY and began the long process of educating the then nontechnical management of the advisability of intercompany discussion of common technical problems. Later, during Wagner's long term as secretary of the division, it underwent a sharp expansion in both membership and activity. T h e practice of preprinting all papers presented before the national meetings was instituted which, contrary to some predictions, increased interest in the sessions, and the industry was well on its way to the p u b lication policy which has made it p robably the most technically progressive of the chemical process industries.
Educationally. Wagner seems to b e the product of one of those strange local eruptions of talent which occur periodically in all the arts and sciences. He graduated from Wooster College in Ohio in 1915. W7ithin the six-year period preceding his graduation tha t college, with a total enrollment little over 500, graduated the three Compton brothers, who head up MIT, Washington University, and Washington State College; Robert E. Wilson, chairman of the board of Standard Oil Co. ( I n d iana) ; William B. Ross, director of r e search and development, Pure Oil Co. ; and David E . Pierce, chief engineer at General Aniline.
Dr. Wagner tried to retire once bu t couldn't quite make it stick. He would really like to do some things on tha t SOO-acre farm he has in Ohio; he thinks maybe he can slip up on it by making an arrangement whereby h e could work three days a week in New York and then fly out to spend the rest of the week on the farm.
Quite a serious farmer, he has a double cross-bred strain of hogs tha t are the pride of the county. However, the.y might still be improved on a little and when he gets some free time . . .
Sept. 26, 1950, carries the proposed standards. The Depar tment of Agriculture announces that all persons wishing to submit written data, views, or arguments for consideration in the establishment of the proposed standards may do so by filing them in duplicate with the director of the Sugar Branch, Production and Marketing Administration, U. S. Depar tment of Agriculture, Washington 25, D . C , within 30 days of publication of the notice in the Federal Register.
Dow Chemical to Make More Calcium Chloride Pellets
Dow Chemical Co. is stepping up production of Peladow calcium chloride 94 to 96c/r at its Ludington, Mich., plant, according to a recent announcement. Reasons given: success with trials in the use of the product as a highway ice- and dust-control agent and increased shortages of conventional forms of calcium chloride.
The company says the anhydrous pellets are now being offered at a price competitive with its established calcium chloride product, Dowflake.
Dow claims that the high analysis of the pellets will result in customer savings of approximately 2Q'/r in freight, packing, and handling costs over conventional types of CaCL.
The company gives the following analysis of the product: calcium chloride 94 to 96%, potassium chloride 37c, sodium chloride 1%, and water less than 2 % .
Heyden Buys 225,000 Shares From Armour Estate
Heyden Chemical Corp. has purchased at $15 per share 225,000 shares of the corporation's common stock from the estate of Bernard R. Armour, late Heyden president. T h e remaining 138,970 shares held by Armour were sold through R. W Pressprich &c Co. to private investors. Heyden officers bought up 37,500 of this number.
The Heyden management , it is believed, now has effective control through proxies of t h e company's activities.
In a letter to stockholders dated Oct 3, Heyden's president, J. P. Remensnyder. comments: " . . . This disposition of the large block of stock held by the Armour estate will remove uncertainties as to the future of the corporation, which were considered unfavorable to the conduct and planning of the corporation's business." Outstanding shares of common stock have been reduced from 1,291,010.5 to 1,066,-010.5.
Plans for the company's future lie in the continued development of its line oi organic chemicals and antibiotic products. Remensnyder's report states.
Reviewing financial negotiations of the company during the past six months, the letter reports the sale in June of Heyden's Rumford division ( including the Rumford Co.) in Rhode Island, for approximately
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$2,450,000 and the sale in September for $1,650,000 of the Memphis plant. The cash surplus arising from these two sales went for the purchase of t he 225,000 shares of stock the corporation now holds.
Earlier th is year, Heyden bought from the Armour estate its entire holdings of American Potash Co. stock, consisting of 10,000 shares. Heyden already held 112,-100 shares of class A and stock.
Plant ExpEosion Fails To Stop Dedication
A n explosion and fire in a plant pump room failed to stop dedication services recently held at the Pan American Southern Corp.'s El Dorado, Ark., petroleum coking plant. In true "show-must-go-on" spirit, the dedication ceremony went ahead as scheduled.
T h e plant is the first such unit in Arkansas a n d one of the few of its kind in t h e Southwest.
T h e explosion apparently started from a vapor leak. The resulting fire was quickly extinguished and damage to the plant was light. One employee was seriously burned and two others injured.
T h e plant began operation as scheduled. The entire output, expected to reach 400 tons daily, has been contracted to the Great Lakes Carbon Co.
Utah Gets Its First Electric Copper Refinery
Utah's first electric copper refinery has been opened recently by the Kennecott Copper Corp.'s Utah Copper Division at Garfield. T h e huge new plant provides facilities for all of t h e four major copper-producing stepsmining, milling, smelting, and refining. According to the company's announcement, the plant will have an initial capacity of 12,000 tons of refined copper per month. The addition of comparatively little equipment could boost production to 16,000 tons monthly.
Under construction during the past two years, the plant cost over $16 million. The 10 buildings tha t make u p the new refinery cover an area of approximately 10 acres. T h e largest of these, the tank house, houses 1,346 electrolytic cells, 6 motor generator sets, and other auxiliary equipment.
I n conjunction with the refinery, a new anode casting plant, costing $3.5 million, has been bui l t by t he American Smelting and Refining Co. at its Garfield smelter. Final product will b e anode shapes suitable for t reatment at the new refinery.
T h e anodes will b e received from the smelter in carload lots and placed in the electric cells where they are alternated with cathode starting sheets. About 28 days are requi red to consume an anode during which t ime two cathodes are produced, requiring about 14 days each. The cathodes a r e removed from the tanks by overhead cranes , washed, and transported to the adjoining casting buildings where
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We pay highest prices for scrap platinum and have facilities for prompt recovery of spent plati-num and palladium catalysts.
WE INVITE YOUR INQUIRIES AND WILL SEND ON REQUEST FOLDERS' -20 , "Platinum, Gold and Silver for Science, Industry and the Arts"
- 2 1 , "Platinum and Palladium Catalysts".
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THE CHEMICAL WORLD THIS WEEK
^sBgafami ;ti A view of Kennecott 's new Utah Copper Division refinery at Garfield, Utah , now near ing completion. Cost was approximately $16 million, and capaci ty is 12,000 tons of refined copper per month
they are melted in two electric arc furnaces and cast into wire bars, ingots, and ingot bars ready for sale. A small amount of copper will also he purchased by consumers i n cathode form.
Dur ing the electrolytic process some impurities, including small amounts of gold, silver, a n d some other by-products , settle to the bo t tom of the cells in wha t is called t h e anode mud, o r slimes.
Kennecott claims that its Utah Copper Division normally supplies approximately
Koppers offers this industrially-important clihydric phenol to you in two commercial gradesResublimed for medicinal, pharmaceutical and photographic purposes, and C.P. for most other chemical manufacturing and processing uses.
Catechol's chemical reactions include those typical of phenols, such as alleviation, hromination, oxidation and etherirication. It is used in preparation of dyesturfs, and medicinals, in photography, rubber and specialty inks, and as an antioxidant.
Bulletin C-9-127 contains a description of the properties, uses and reactions of Catechol. A request on your letterhead will bring your copy and a four-ounce sample of Koppers Catechol.
KOPPERS C O M P A N Y , I N C . I K O P P E R S g Chemical Division, Dept. CEN-10-16
Koppers Building, Pittsburgh 19, Pa.
30',f of t he new copper produced in this country. The new refinery will treat about one half t h e present copper output and t h e remainder will be shipped to the Baltimore and Perth Amboy plants of the American Smelting and Refining Co. which previously refined most of Utah Copper 's total product ion.
Coal Research Plans Approved by BCR
T h e coal industry's cooperatively-financed 1951 research program was ap
proved by the board of directors of Bituminous Coal Research, Inc. , at a recent budget meeting.
The BCR board authorized an expenditure of more than $400,000 for research programs outside of its program to develop the coal-burning gas turbine locomotive and improve mining equ ipment and methods. An additional $200,000 will come from industries and associations to support projects to which the coal industry is a major contributor th rough B C R .
Work in progress will cont inue b u t the new program calls for part icular at tention
Corrosion Short Course a t Case Institute Raymond B. Hoxeng, professorial lecturer in the depar tmen t of chemistry and chemica l engineer ing at Case Inst i tute of Technology, and . . Berry , director of research , Servel, Inc . , discuss the second corrosion short course, he ld at Case Sept. 25 to 29. The course, sponsored by Case and the National Association of Corrosion Engineers , was a t t ended by 197
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THE CHEMICAL WORLD THIS WEEK
to the technical and economic aspects of block heat ing in business districts, a n d it will look into the feasibility of increasing use of electric furnaces in steel mak ing .
Dur ing the current year the agt'iicy comple ted a survey of the factors aficc-ting manufac ture of fuel gas from coal, t he re-sults of which are forthcoming in Ixxik form in November.
Uftl lVEIglT MEWS N e w Geology Chair For Beirut University
T h e Gulf Oil Corp. will help to set up a chair of geology a t the American Uni-versity of Beirut, Republic of Lebanon, beginning with the 1950 fall term, ac-cording to a company announcement.
Roy A. Wilson, 58, Gulf geologist. named to occupy the chair, has left for Lebanon to teach physical geography, en-gineering geology a n d physical geology, all new subjects for t he Beirut institution.
Dr . Wilson was graduated from tin-University of Montana in 1915, received his M.S. a year later, and in 1921 got his P h . D . from the University of Chicago. He has held associate or full professorships a t a number of American universities.
Bllinois Tech Schedules Eight Talks
T h e opening lecture in a series of eight at Chicago's Illinois Institute of Tech-nology's mechanics colloquium was given Oct . 4 by Louis Landweber , chief of the hydrodynamics division, David Taylor Model Basin in Washington, D. C , w h o spoke on "Current Research on Frictional Resistance of Fluids."
All except one of the succeeding seven talks will be held a t the Illinois Tech campus in Chicago. T h e university's p ro -gram includes the following lectures: T h e Mechanics of Rubber, Nov. 1, 1950; Cur -ren t Theories of Fat igue of Materials, Dec . 6, 1950; Buckling Problem from the Standpoint of Dynamics, Jan. 10, 1951; O n the Most Effective Way for Producing High Tensile Stresses, Feb . 7; Inverse Solutions of Problems of Applied M e -chanics, March 7; Vibration Analysis A p -plies to Engineering Design, April 4; Recent Developments in the Field of Ultrasonics, May 2. The March 7 l ec -t u r e will b e held in the Technological Ins t i tu te , Northwestern University, Evans-ton, 111.
Exchange Opportunities For South American Study
Opportuni t ies to s tudy in 16 Centra l a n d South American countries are avail-ab le to gradua te s tudents under t h e Buenos Aires Convention, the U. S. OfBce of Educa t ion announces.
Gradua t e students with U. S. cit izen-sh ip , a knowledge of the language of t h e
country in which they want to study, and a suitable plan of s tudy or research are qualified to apply for the fellowships. Transportat ion to and from the receiving country is paid by the United States Government and the receiving government pays tuit ion and monthly maintenance allowances.
Countries offering fellowships are Bo-liva, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Guate-mala, Hai t i , Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua. Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela. T w o s tudents will be chosen lor exchange wi th each of these countries.
Applications for fellowships should be addressed to the Division of International Educat ional Relations, American Repub-lics Section, U. S. Office of Education, Washington 25 , D. C , before Dec. 15, 1950.
Night Courses a t St. Louis Evening classes in chemistry, mathe-
matics, physics, and biology have been inaugurated at St. Louis University on the graduate and undergraduate level. The advance courses are aimed at professional men who want to continue their scientific training.
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Blaw-Knox standard pre-engineered and pre-proved equip-ment for the Process Industries includes a long line of major devices. Learn about the others. Ask for Bulletin No. 2307.
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BLAW - KNOX
Meat Institute Foundation Dedicates New LaboratoriesExtensive Laboratory FacilitiesFounded in 1924Laboratory Dedicated By Widow of FoundeAgricultural Institute Established in St. LouisFTC Ruling Limits Rodenticide ClaimsMolasses and Sirups Standards ProposedDow Chemical to Make More Calcium Chloride PelletsHeyden Buys 225,000 Shares From Armour EstatePlant Explosion Fails To Stop DedicationUtah Gets Its First Electric Copper RefineryCoal Research Plans Approved by BCR