McGregory Hall of Chemistry at Colgate University

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    It appears that the matter of adequate I t will he recalled that although there abstracts is one which has been considered have been frequent meetings of the Inter- a t previous meetings of the International national Union of Chemistry, particularly Union. We, in America, are so fortunate since the War, there has been no real In- with our own Chemical Abslrects that this ternational Congress since the one which problem perhaps does not seem so im- was held in New York in 1912. After con- portant to us as to some of the other siderable discussion i t was finally voted nations. A majority of the delegates, that the Union would hold the Ninth In- however, seemed to feel that some form of ternational Congress of Pure and Applied unification of chemical abstracts was de- Chemistry in Madrid between the 15th of sirable. The chairman of the American April and the 15th of May in 1932. This delegation, Dr. Charles Reese, pointed lceway was allowed the committee in out that this matter had been very care- charge in order that the most satisfactory fully considered by the editorial stat? of time might he selected, but i t is under- Chemical Ahrlractr in conjunction with stood that the Congress itself will last only editors in other countries, and it was felt five days. I t is to he open to all nations that, in this case a t least, the various and is to include all of the various phases national points of view were so a t variance of chemical activity. The matter of sub- with one another that a proper scheme of divisions is being left entirely with the unification would he almost impossible of Spanish committee of organization. I t is attainment. I n spite of this, however, the also the intention to so organize the pro- view finally prevailed that certainly noth- gram that there will he ample time for dis- ing o u l d be accomplished if no attempt cussion of the various papers, i t being the were made and therefore a committee of plan to have a number of papers by invita- four, representing England, France, Ger- tion and only a limited number of other many, and the United States, was ap- papers. pointed to consider this matter.



    The erection of McGregory Hall of Chemistry on the campus of Colgate Uni- versity brings to mind the beginnings of chemistry in the college. A search of the minutes of the Board of Trustees gives a good idea of the way things were done in an earlier day. The following paragraphs are taken from these minutes:

    2. The committee reeommendcd to the Board that the Treasurer be appointed to raise said eo- dowment.

    June 19. 1883. Rcsolurd: that,the (ime in come in the history of Madison anlverrlty when a ~enarate deoartment in Chemietrv be established.

    the Board. ~ h i r d l y . that the Board will expect Mr. Mc-

    Gregory to enter 0" his d"tiC5 at the opening of the Academic year in 1884.

    Follrthly. that his salary be $1600 per year, to begin Sent. 1 1884. Carried.

    n m e ~ e d : ;hat the Board of the Univerdtv

    above committee.

    This is the record then of the original building erected in 1884 to which an addi- tion was made in 1906, which doubled the size of the laboratory. It was in this huild-


    ing that PROPES~OR J. F. MCGREOORY spent the years from 1884 to 1929 as pro- fessor of chemistry and head of the depart- ment. A tribute to his work and influence has already been given by one of his former students and colleagues.'

    lrerhman and so~homdre years. !index the ad- mirable and inspirational teaching 01 the M c - Grcpory kina.

    Thin 1s wrttten in the pert tenre, as if i t were all ovrr. That is far from the f*et. some of i t is in the part. Madison University is now Colgate. A student body of less than two bundled is now over reven hundred. A little chemical laboratory of four or five rooms, one of which wan devoted to "hysics. is now a well-equipped, expended build- ing with reparate apartments for each branch of the rcience. The chemical faculty of one man is now a neoartmental facult" of r i r men. There are -

    * Eowaao Emsau. "Joreph Frank MeGreg- my. An Appreciation," 2nd. En& Cham., 16, 530 (1924).


    are interested in the development of chemists, is the fact that Professor McGregory is still there. and teaching.

    At commencement in June. 192.9, the first ground was turned on the place chosen for the site of McGre~oorr HaU. Several years study of plans of &&labo- ratories and the devebpment of features especially required for the local situation had been made preceding this event.

    During the summer of 1930. the depart- ment was moved from the old laboratory into the new one. Classes and laboratory sections were held for the first time in McGregory Hall in September. 1930.


    The formal dedication of McGregory Hall occurred December 5 and 6. 1930. Delegates from thirty-four universities, colleges, and scientific societies came to Hamilton to spend the better part of two days as guests of the university.

    The formal program began on Friday the 5th a t 2.00 P.M, following the aca- demic procession to the lecture room in McGregory Hall. PRESIDENT GEORGE BARTON CUTTEN of the university opened the program by paying a beautiful tribute to the memory of MISS MARY EVELYN COLGATE, who, by the terms of her will,

    provided the original gift toward the erec- tion of the laboratory. To this sum, her parents DR. and MRS. Jnms C. COLOATE of New York, added the funds necessary to complete and fully equip the structure. Resident Cutten paid a similar tribute to the long and faithful career of Professor Joseph Frank McGregory. who has headed up the work in chemistry from its beginning through a period of forty-five years.

    The first speaker on the program was DEAN EDWARD ELLERY of Union College, an alumnus of Colgate and a former member of the staff of the department of chemistry. In a brilliant and happy ad- dress, Dean Ellery gave a historical ac- count of "Chemistry a t Colgate," linking up the local development with that of the subject throughout the world during the past half century. He made many inter- esting and complimentary references to his former teacher, whose presence on the platform beside him added to the joy of the tribute.

    The dedicatory address was then given by PRESIDENT LNINOSTON FARRAND of Cornell University. Dr. Farrand ex- tended greetings from sister institutions, reminding the audience that i t is no longer


    true that one institution is envious of the additions obtained by another. "Every- thing that aids in the development of one assists in the development of all." He congratulated the university on naming the laboratory for one who has served the institution so long and faithfully. Then drawing illustrations from his varied ex- periences as administrator, educator, physician, and public health worker, Dr. Farrand made a plea for cooperation be- tween the sciences. He showed bow inter- dependent the sciences are, how necessary it is that their work be integrated. "It behooves us to see that we exercise toward our problems of human relationships, of economic values, of the maladjustmeuts of society, the same probing mind, the same recognition of truth, when found, that characterizes the science of chemistry. To the advancement of that age of human welfare, McGregory Hall is dedicated."

    At 6.30 P.M., the dedication dinner for the delegates, university trustees, and in- vited guests was held a t Colgate Inn. Following the dinner, every onereturned to McGregory Hall for a public address by DR. HARRISON E. HOWE. on "Chemistry Re-making the World." Making use of his modern, magic, black bag, Dr. Hawe gave many interesting illustrations of the present-day uses of chemistry. He was in- troduced by his friend of many years, Dr. J. F. McGregory.

    The program for Saturday was started with a complimentary breakfast a t the College Commons given by Alpha Nu chapter of Alpha Chi Sigma.

    The rest of the morning was spent in a conference on chemical education, at which DR. R. C. ROBERTS, head of the depart- ment, presided. DR. NEIL E. GORDON, editor of the JOURNAL OR CHEMICAL EDU- CATION, gave the first address on "Chemi- cal Education for Teaching and Research." He told of the origin of the Division of Chemical Education, and made a strong plea for cooperation between chemists, as wellas other scientists,in developing educa- tional methods and courses in chemistry He also gave an intimate outline and view

    of the work being done a t The Johns Hop- kins University in the selection and train- ing of men for chemistry under its new fellowship plan.

    "Chemical Education for Medicine" was the subject of the address by DR. WALTER R. BLOOR, associate dean of the Schwl of Medicine and Dentistry of the University of Rochester. Dr. Bloor indi- cated the dif6culties and intricacies oi medical training, the necessity of sound training in the prc-medical years and the dependence of modern medicine on chem- istry. He made a strong plea for more thorough training in chemistry especially, so that the student would be the better able to solve the problems of medicine.

    The closing address of the conference and of the dedication program was given by DR. EDWARD R. WEIDLEIN, director of the Mellon Institute of Industrial Re- search. on "Chemical Education for In- dustry." Dr. Weidlein pointed out the qualifications necessary for a successful career in industrial chemistry, giving many examples in connection with the work of the Institute to Drove his ~ o i n t . He stressed the importance of better train- ina in chemistry, the necessity of a knowl- . edge of economics, the ability to use the English language, an agreeable personality and last but not least, the necessity of hard, painstaking work.

    The New Laboratory

    McGregory Hall is a fire-proof, five- story building. I t has a steel frame con- struction with none of the stone walls act- ing as bearing walls. The stone was taken from the university quarry and is trimmed with Bedford stone. The partitions are all of hollow tile with the corridors and all laboratory walls of a special chemically re- sistant tile. The offices and classrmms are plastered. On the wncrete floors, a special composition floor covering has been laid.

    There are laboratories for all the usual courses given in college, as well as a num- ber of special roams fitted up for research and other uses. These laboratories are


    supplied with gas from a Matthews gas combustion and glass-blowing rooms are machine which is an automatic electric found on this floor. The basement floor is one; with compressed air, hot and cold used for the work in organic and physical water, A. c. and D. c. from a special in- chemistry. The first or main floor contains stallation furnished by the Standard three offices for instructors, the depart- Electric Time Co. A large lecture hall mental library, and reading room, the


    seating 236 men with four small class museum, first-aid room, and a large labo- rooms seating about 45 men are found ratory for general chemistry. The in the building. second floor comprises the large lecture

    The sub-basement is devoted mostly to ball a t one end with the laboratory for storage and service rooms, although dark qualitative analysis a t the other end. rooms, a constant temperature room, There are also special laboratories, a mn-


    ference room, and two offices and private an automatic steam still for distilled laboratories on this floor. The third floor water, which is piped throughout the is used for the work in quantitative analy- building in block tin pipes, and twenty-six sir with one end of the building taken up motors connected with blowers which take by the upper part of the large lecture hall. care of the hood ventilation in the various On this floor two rooms are set aside for laboratories. The ducts from these hoods


    the use of Alpha Chi Sigma, national are of tile until they reach the attic floor chemical fraternity, and Chi Pi Mu, alocal where they are made of Alcumitc, a special fraternity, composed of students expect- fume-resisting alloy. The moton are all ing to study medicine. operated by remote control switches lo-

    There is a full-sized attic in which can cated conveniently in the laboratories. bc found the room for the machinery of Each large laboratory is served by its the electric elevator serving all the floors, own dispensing room in this building.


    Student help is necessary for this dispens- ing service and this arrangement was made to take advantage of that necessity. The dispensing rooms are stocked from the larger stockrooms located in the sub- basement.

    Visitors to the building have com- mented on the fact that plenty of room has been allowed for those who have to work in thc building. It was felt that better work could be obtained if there is no crowding and this idea has been carried out quite successfuUy throughout the en- tire structure.


    The dedication of the new Mackay Science Hall at the University of Nevada took place on October 24, 1930. The cor- nerstone was laid by MR. CLARENCE H. MACHAY, who presented the building to the University in memory of his father, John W. Mackay, a pioneer in the de- velopment of the state of Nevada. Ad- dresses were made by Mr. Mackay, ED- WARD A. DUCKER, chief justice of the Su- preme Court of Nevada and chairman of the honorary board of visitors of the Uni- versity of Nevada, WALTER E. C ~ m n , president of the institution, and ]mce GEORGE S. B n o m , chairman of the board of regents.

    The building is to house the departments of mathematics, physics, and chemistry The department of chemistry occupies all three floors of the north wing. The main lecture room is located immediately in front of the entrance to the building and has seats for one hundmd eighty students. The tablet arm chairs are placed on risers arranged in a circular form so that the lec- ture table is dearly visible from all posi- tions. Light enters the room from sky- lights, fitted with shades for darkening the room. The lecture table is lighted by means of two shell rekctors located in the ceiling and operating from the table. It is equipped with outlets for both alternat- ing and direct current, gas, water, vac- uum, end compressed air. A removable

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    students together under the direction of two or more instructors. The laboratories, therefore, for general, analytical, and or- ganic chemistry are arranged to accommo- date twenty-four students each, working a t thesame time. Those for general cherp- istry and qualitative analysis are situated on the basement and k s t floors and pm- vide space for a maximum of three hun- dred thirty-six students. Each student is provided with gas, water, suction pump, desk fume hood, and reagent shelves, so that the need for leaving his desk during a laboratory period is reduced to a mini- mum.

    The laboratories for quantitative analy- sis and organic chemistry are situated on the second floor and are provided with large fume hoods, steam drying ovens, steam-baths, and sand-baths. In addition to these, which are for general use, each student is supplied with gas, water, steap, vacuum, compressed air, and electricity. A steam-cold water mixing faucet located over the sink a t the end of each desk pro- vides hot water for these laboratories.

    glass fume hood is also provided, the ex- haust from which is connected with the ventilating system of the room and oper- ated by remote control from a switch near the lecture table. A small lecture room, accommodating about forty students and arranged in a similar manner, is situated just south of the main entrance. Adjacent to themainlecture room is a small preparg- tion room and a small storeroom for lecture apparatus. Two recitation rooms and the department library are located on the second floor.

    The main Laboratories for regular class work are grouped together in the norrb end of the building in such a way thst students working in them have easy acctus to the distribution room situated on the first floor. The laboratories in the base- ment and on the second floor are served by a dumb waiter operated between the distribution room and these floors. The plan has been to provide a number of smalt laboratories accommodating a single clasq instead of ~rouping a lamer number of ,



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