mc seminar education 21st century

Download Mc seminar education 21st century

Post on 18-Oct-2014




2 download

Embed Size (px)




Microsoft PowerPoint - MC SEMINAR EDUCATION 21st Century - SHORT


Presented by John Medina

Outline of Presentation

The 21st Century Landscape

The 21st Century Skills

The 21st Century Learners

The 21st Century Teaching

The 21st Century Teachers



The future is here

What does the future hold?

Never before in the history of the planet have so many people on their own had the ability to find so much information about so many things and about so many other people.

From: The World is Flat by Thomas Friedman

What does the future hold?

Todays students live in a highly connected, interactive environment that they typically leave behind when they enter the classroom (Christen, 2009).

What does our community look like in the 21st century? (Sanchez, 2003)

Knowledge-based economy Global economy New technology Increasing social inequalities and

environmental concerns

What traits do people need to achieve success in the 21st century?

Highly-trained workers

People who are flexible, quick, and

independent learners

Can communicate in different languages -

multilingual individuals

Team players Socially-aware citizens



21st Century Skills certain core competencies such as collaboration, digital literacy, critical thinking, and problem-solving that schools need to teach to help students thrive in today's world.

In summary, what are the essential 21st century skills?

The 3R's 1. Reading 2. Writing 3. Arithmetic

The 7 Cs 1. Critical Thinking 2. Creativity 3. Collaboration 4. Communication 5. Cross-cultural

Understanding 6. Computer Literacy 7. Career-savvy



Who are the 21st Century Learners?

Digital Native

Digital Immigrant

Digital Native vs. Digital Immigrant

Digital Native a person who was born during or after the general introduction of digital technologies and through interacting with digital technology from an early age, has a greater understanding of its concepts.

Digital Immigrant an individual who was born before the existence of digital technology and adopted it to some extent later in life.

Digital Natives

What is the learning profile of 21st Century students?

Who are 21st Century Learners?

Top Five Gifts for Teenagers

Portable Game Device

Cell Phone


Video Game Console

MP3 Player/iPods Source: Starkman, Neal (2007). Leave Me Alone.... T.H.E. Journal. 33-38.

Digital Natives . . .

Are used to receiving information really fast Like to parallel process and multitask

Prefer graphics before their text Prefer random access (like hypertext)

Adapted from Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants (Marc Prensky 2001)

Digital Natives . . .

Function best when networked

Thrive on instant gratification and frequent rewards

Prefer games to serious work

Adapted from Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants (Marc Prensky 2001)

What are they missing?

Critical thinking Reflection Evaluation

Adapted from Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants (Marc Prensky 2001)



What schools should have to teach 21st Century Skills?

(Rotherham &Willingham, 2009)

Better Curriculum Better Teaching Better Tests

What we need now is an educational transformation that aligns the how and what of learning with the learners themselves and the world of work that awaits them after they leave school (Christen, 2009).

Better Curriculum: How should schools prepare children to

succeed? (Sanchez, 2003)

Better Curriculum: How should schools prepare children to

succeed? (Sanchez, 2003) Technology has the power to make the instructor a better facilitator or coach, bringing greater resources to bear in the classroom and adjusting the instruction to fit the individual (Christen, 2009).

Better Teaching: What are schools still doing today?

The emphasis on learning content is in direct contrast to the world outside the school walls where the technological capability to provide access to content, i.e., information at lightning speed, already exists (Pappas, 2009).

Better Teaching: 4 Essential Rules of 21st Century Learning

Instruction should be student-

centered. Education should

be collaborative.

Learning should have context

Schools should be integrated

with society.

Instruction should be student-centered.

Teacher is a facilitator of


Students work on meaningful


Different learning styles are


Demonstration of learning in many

different ways.

Learning is about discovery, not

the memorization of facts.

Education should be collaborative.

21st Century Trend: Students are expected to work with people from

other cultures with different values from their own.

Democracy as a way of living is a way of behavior. This is reflected

in our educational institutions and in the basic classroom group and

class processes.

Learning should have context

Context the situation in which something happens: the group of conditions that exist where and when something happens.

Learning is contextual. Teach in meaningful contexts; connect your lessons to students life experiences, immediate environment and values.

Schools should be integrated with society.

In order to prepare students to become responsible citizens, we need

to model what a responsible citizen is.

Schools will often work at accomplishing this by creating events

for the school community.

Examples: NSTP, Community Immersion, Outreach Activities

Better Teaching

Teaching 21st Century Skills

Constructivism in the Classroom

Better Teaching: Constructivism

Learning is an active process in which learners constructs new ideas or concepts based upon their current/past knowledge and experience.

Learning is a search for meaning. As an active process the learner continuously revise past learning and "reconstruct" concepts as they interact daily with the environment.

Better Teaching: Constructivism Learning is influenced by past experiences

(prior knowledge). Learning occurs when a meaningful connection is established between

prior knowledge and the present learning activity.

It is likewise considered as a social process in which learners construct meaning through the

"interaction" of prior knowledge and new learning events.

Better Teaching: Constructivism

Teacher assumes the role of a facilitator and provides a relevant

experience from which meanings can be drawn.

Teacher provides meaningful relevant experiences for students from which students construct their own meaning (facilitation)

Inquiry Reflection Research

Investigations and Experimentations

Problem-Solving Activities Projects

Better Teaching: Constructivism Constructivist Classroom Strategies

Traditional Teaching vs. Constructivist Teaching

Example of Traditional Teaching

Topic: The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe (Focus on the Point of View)

Strategy: Students read the story. Teacher gives a lecture on the meaning of characterization and theme. Students answer factual questions by the teacher.

Assessment: Paper and Pen Test (Identification) Students memorize important facts and terms.

Traditional Teaching vs. Constructivist Teaching

Example of Constructivist Teaching

Topic: The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe (Focus on the Point of View)

Strategy: Students were given guide questions as pre-reading. In groups, they were asked to complete a graphic organizer (character maps) to discuss the role, similarities and differences of major characters.

Assessment: Mock Trial of Montresor. Students create their script and own witnesses (new characters). Teacher process the activity through the witnesses to discuss the concept of point of view. After reflecting, in pairs, students answer an essay question, How does point of view affect the over-all development of a story? Students share their answer before the class.

Time-based Outcome-based

Fragmented curriculum

Integrated and interdisciplinary curriculum

Focus: memorization of discrete facts

Focus: What students know, can do and are like after all the details are forgotten

Lessons focus on the lower level of Blooms Taxonomy

Learning is designed on upper levels of Blooms and the updated Blooms Digital Taxonomy

Diversity in students is ignored

Curriculum and instruction address student diversity

Literacy in the 3Rs Reading, Writing and Math

Multiple literacies of the 21st Century-

aligned to living and working in a globalized new millennium

Textbook-driven Limited access to information and knowledge

Research-driven infinite access to materials/ sources (information and knowledge multiple)

Passive learning Active learning

Learners work in isolation