mauritius - assessment of agricultural information needs

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follow on at http://icmpolicy.cta.int/?q=icm-needs-assessment where this document originatesASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION NEEDS IN AFRICAN, CARIBBEAN & PACIFIC (ACP) STATES EASTERN AFRICACountry Study: Mauritius Final Report Prepared by: NG KEE KWONG, R. on behalf of theTechnical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)Project: 4-7-41-255-7/f November 2008Disclaimer This report has been commissioned by the CTA to enhance its monitoring of information needs in ACP countries. CTA does not guarantee the accuracy of data included in this report, nor does it acc

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ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION NEEDS IN AFRICAN, CARIBBEAN & PACIFIC (ACP) STATES EASTERN AFRICA

Country Study: Mauritius Final Report Prepared by: NG KEE KWONG, R. on behalf of the

Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)

Project: 4-7-41-255-7/f November 2008

Disclaimer This report has been commissioned by the CTA to enhance its monitoring of information needs in ACP countries. CTA does not guarantee the accuracy of data included in this report, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof. The views and opinions expressed in this report are those of the author alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of CTA. CTA reserves the right to select projects and recommendations that fall within its mandate.

(ACP-EU) Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) Agro Business Park 2 6708 PW Wageningen The Netherlands Website: www.cta.int E-mail: cta@cta.int

AcknowledgementsAcknowledgements are due to the institutions and interviewees who have taken the time to reply to enquiries, to attend interviews and clarify with detailed analysis of their work. A list is provided in Annex 4

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Table of contentsAcknowledgements...................................................................................................................i List of Acronyms .....................................................................................................................iv Executive summary................................................................................................................ vii Conclusions ....................................................................................................................... vii 1. INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................ 1 2. COUNTRY PROFILE ..................................................................................................... 2 2.1 Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry and Livestock ........................................................ 6 2.1.1 Agriculture ........................................................................................................... 6 2.1.2 Fisheries.............................................................................................................. 7 2.1.3 Forestry ............................................................................................................... 7 2.1.4 Livestock ............................................................................................................. 8 2.2 Brief Description of the Status of ICT Infrastructure and Recent Developments in the Sector....................................................................................................................... 9 3. STATUS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION FOR AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT............................................................................................. 11 3.1 Institutional and Regulatory Policy Framework ..................................................... 11 3.2 Operational Aspects .............................................................................................. 13 3.2.1 Description of agricultural information and services.......................................... 13 3.2.2 Information sources........................................................................................... 17 3.2.3 Information products and services provided...................................................... 18 3.2.4 Information and communication management capacity .................................... 21 3.3. Interventions Supporting Information and Communication for Agriculture and Rural Development ................................................................................................................ 24 4. INSTITUTIONAL NEEDS ANALYSIS .......................................................................... 25 4.1 Information needs.................................................................................................. 25 4.2 Capacity-building needs ........................................................................................ 26 4.3 Feedback on CTA products and services ............................................................. 34 5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS............................................................ 35 5.1 Conclusions........................................................................................................... 35 5.1.1 Information needs.......................................................................................... 35 5.1.2 Capacity-building needs ................................................................................ 36 5.1.3 Overview of CTAs products and services..................................................... 37 5.1.4 Potential partners and beneficiaries .............................................................. 37 5.2 Recommendations ................................................................................................ 37 5.2.1 Information needs.......................................................................................... 37 5.2.2 Capacity-building needs ................................................................................ 38 5.2.3 CTAs Products and services ........................................................................ 38 5.2.4 Potential strategic partner institutions............................................................ 38 6. PROPOSED CTA INTERVENTION STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN ....................... 40 6.1 Intervention strategies ........................................................................................... 40 6.2. Action plan............................................................................................................. 41 ANNEXES............................................................................................................................. 43 Annex 1. Terms of Reference........................................................................................... 44 Annex 2. Country Profile (Mauritius)................................................................................. 48 2.1 General agricultural profile .................................................................................... 48 2.1.1 Size of agricultural population ........................................................................... 48 2.1.2 Farmed land, forests, fishing areas ................................................................... 50 2.1.3 Agricultural systems .......................................................................................... 52 2.1.4 Agriculture in the economy................................................................................ 54 2.1.5 Main agricultural produce and secondary products........................................... 58 2.1.6 Main export markets.......................................................................................... 61

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Trade Agreements that include agriculture ....................................................... 64 Sectoral policy related to agriculture, fisheries and forests ............................... 65 Institutional, regulatory and policy framework for information and communication 71 2.2 Socio-economic profile .......................................................................................... 74 2.2.1 Demographics ................................................................................................... 74 2.2.2 Literacy level and languages............................................................................. 77 2.2.3 Access to services............................................................................................. 77 2.2.4 Rural-Urban drift................................................................................................ 78 2.3 Media and telecommunications............................................................................. 79 2.3.1 Newspapers, periodicals and broadcast media................................................. 79 2.3.2 Telecommunication services ............................................................................. 94 2.3.3 Computers and the Internet............................................................................... 97 ANNEX 3. PROFILE OF INSTITUTIONS ....................................................................... 99 3.1 List of all institutions involved in agriculture and rural development...................... 99 3.2. Select list of key institutions involved in agriculture and rural development........ 127 ANNEX 4. LIST OF PERSONS/INSTITUTIONS INTERVIEWED ................................ 211 ANNEX 5. BIBLIOGRAPHY.......................................................................................... 215

2.1.7 2.1.8 2.1.9

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List of AcronymsAAS ACIAR ACP AFDB AFRC AID AMAS AMB ANAFE APD APEXHOM AREU AU AUF BPO CAR CCAMLR CERF CERT-MU CGIAR CIRAD CITS CMS CNFR COI COMESA CSO CTA CTHA DCDM EASSy ECA EICA EM EPA EU FAD FANRPAN FAO FARC FIRCOP FL FRCI FS FSC FTA African Academy of Sciences Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research African, Caribbean and Pacific States African Development Bank Albion Fisheries Research Centre Agricultural Information Division (Ministry of Agro Industry & Fisheries) Annual Meeting of Agricultural Scientists Agricultural Marketing Board African Network for Agriculture, Agro-Forestry & Natural Resources Animal Production Division (Ministry of Agro Industry & Fisheries) Association Professionnelle des Producteurs/Exportateurs de Produits Horticoles de Maurice Agricultural Research and Extension Unit African Union Agence universitaire de la francophonie Business Process Outsourcing Commission for Agriculture, Natural Resour