matteson bee biology

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  • 1. Biology of Bees (and Butterflies) in New York City Kevin C. Matteson Department of Biological Sciences Fordham University
  • 2. Butterfly diversity
    • ~20,000 species worldwide, most in tropics
    • ~700 species in North America
    • 121 species known to inhabit or migrate through New York City
    • 24 species in community gardens
  • 3. Bee diversity
    • ~20,000 species worldwide, most in arid regions
    • ~4,000 species in North America
    • ~227 species in New York City
    • 54 species found in community gardens
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6. Pollination Keep in mind: Not all bees or butterflies pollinate
  • 7.
  • 8. Wasps arent bees!
  • 9. Tourists Outcasts Hustlers Immigrants City Slickers Introduction to Urban Pollinators
  • 10. Introduction to Urban Pollinators
    • The City Slicker:
    • Cabbage white butterfly ( Pieris rapae )
    • Keywords:
    • Multi-voltine
    • Nomadic
  • 11.
  • 12. Introduction to Urban Pollinators
    • The Tourist:
    • Monarch butterfly
    • Keywords
    • Migratory
    • Range, eastern seaboard
    • Timing of flights
  • 13.
  • 14. Photo credit: Toryporter
  • 15. Introduction to Urban Pollinators
    • The Hustler:
    • Bombus impatiens
    • Keywords:
    • Polylectic vs. oligolectic
    • Eusocial vs. solitary
    • Central place foragers
  • 16. Bumble bee abundance highest on exotic plants
  • 17. The Bumble Bee Lifecycle
  • 18. Bumble bee flight range - ~1000 m from nest
  • 19.
  • 20.
    • The Immigrant:
    • Hylaeus leptocephalus
    • Keywords
    • Cavity-nesting vs. soil-nesting species
    • Flight range
    • NYC has 10 of the 21 exotic bees known to North America
    Introduction to Urban Pollinators
  • 21.
  • 22. Hylaeus flight range - ~150 m from nest
  • 23.
  • 24. Introduction to Urban Pollinators
    • The Outcast:
    • Flies!
    • Keywords:
    • Two wings not four, larger eyes, faster flight, no waist
    • Eristalis and other syrphid flies are important pollinators
  • 25.
  • 26. Photo credit: Wally Gobetz
  • 27. Photo credit: Zach K
  • 28. Needs of Urban Pollinators Room and Board! Nest Site Pollen/Nectar ? ?
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32. Needs of Urban Pollinators Room and Board for larva and adult!
    • Keep in mind recommendations may need to be species specific!
    • Not rocket science but does take some research and planning
    Nest Site Nectar/Pollen Larva ? ? Adult ? ?
  • 33. Tremont Community Garden, Bronx 20 bee species, 12 butterfly species
  • 34. Thank You!

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