Maranatha Bible Church Adult Sunday School. World Religion Series - njb 20102.

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<ul><li><p>Maranatha Bible ChurchAdult Sunday School</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>Islam means submission to Allah (God) and also means peace.Islam is often translated to mean: Peace through submission to God</p><p>Radical Islam Those who believe it is Allahs will that all people either convert to Islam or die </p><p>Quran also known as the Koran. This is Islams scripture and ultimate authorityThe name Quran means the reading or reciting and comes from the revelation to Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel who commanded him to read / recite Gods word. </p><p>Muezzin One who calls the faithful Muslims to prayer in their mosque, the Muslim public place of worship</p><p>Mecca The holy city of Islam and the center for pilgrimage</p><p>Jihad Holy War. To Strive / Struggle in the way of Allah</p><p>*World Religion Series - njb 2010</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>Abrams first son was IshmaelHis mother was HagarConceived in an attempt to fulfill Gods will themselves rather than wait on GodGod (in a theophany: pre-incarnate manifestation to man) blessed Ishmael and his descendants' (Gen. 16:3-16)Ishmael was one of four people named by God himself (Adam, Ishmael, Isaac, Jesus) Gen. 16:11Ishmael was promised that he would have 12 Princes (Rulers) Gen. 17:18-20 and they would inhabit the East of Isaacs descendants' Gen. 16:12, 25:12-18</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010* Genesis 17:18-20(NASB) 18And Abraham said to God, Oh that Ishmael might live before You! 19But God said, No, but Sarah your wife will bear you a son, and you shall call his nameIsaac; and I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. 20As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I will bless him, and will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall become the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. </p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>How old was Ishmael when Abram cast him out of his house?Abram was 86 when Ishmael was bornAbram was 99 when Isaac was bornIn Gen. 21:9-21 whose cry did God hear?What do you suppose his cry was about? (put yourself in his sandals) what would you cry out to God about?What did God promise Ishmael at this time?What Nation is this today? Radical Islams RootsAfter Esau sold his birthright to Jacob and missed the first-borns blessing at the hand of his Father Isaac (Gen. 27:38-42) what was his objective?Who did Esau take for his wife (along with his other wives)?See Gen 28:6-9. Whose daughter was she?In what country did Esau and his household live? See Gen. 36:6-8. What country is this known as today?What is stated purpose of Radical Islam today? Take Irans leader for example what has he vowed to do?Do you believe this is the purpose of all Muslims / Islam? Why or Why not?</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>What did Peter mean when in Acts 2:14-21?Who are these people who will have these dreams and visions?What was the outcome of these dreams and visions? (see Acts 2:21)Could this be happening today?Could this be part of Gods plan for the way Muslims and believers in Islam come to know Jesus Christ as their Savior?</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>Islam was founded in the 7th Century with Muhammads writing of the QuranMuhammad was born in A.D. 570 (or C.E common era)Orphaned at a young age raised by his UncleMarried at age 25, bore six childrenDiscontented with life retreated to a cave in the surrounding hills for meditation and reflection at age 40 where he received his first revelation from an Angel named GabrielMuhammad and his followers were persecuted and migrated to Medina in A.D. 622 where he united several tribes and with 10,000 men conquered Mecca. He fell ill and died in A.D. 632</p><p>*World Religion Series - njb 2010</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>These revelations, which form the verses of the Quran, proclaimed that God is One and complete surrender to Him (literally islam) is the only way acceptable to God, and that he (Muhammad) is also a prophet and messenger of God in the same way as Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.According to the Islamic Faith, the history of Islam stared with Adam and Eve, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, and Moses.The Quran teaches that the Tawrit (Torah) and Injil (Gospels) had become distorted either in text or interpretation (or both)</p><p>*World Religion Series - njb 2010</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*Mecca</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*l-Masjid al-Nabawi (the Mosque of the Prophet) in Madina, Saudi Arabia, is the site of Muhammad's tomb.</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*Al-RashidunUmmayadAbbasidThe Rightly-Guided CaliphsUmmayad Caliphate EmpireIslamic Golden Age Abbasid Dynasty Arabic Prose / Poetry flourished Arts / Sciences developed Commerce / Industry Revolution Bagdad made the capital of the CaliphateQuran compiled During this periodExpansion of Islam was mainly due to suppression of alternate faiths. Jews and Christians initially were given special status They had to pay a special tax to maintain religious autonomy others had to either accept Islam or die</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*Mughal EmpireSafavid EmpireOttoman EmpireSouth Asia in A.D 1526 18th Century Ruler: Akbar the Great Provinces included: Afghanistan, Pakistan India, BangladeshIranian Empire A.D. 1506 1736Ruler: Firuz Shah ZarringkolahMiddle East, Balkans, Northern AfricaA.D. 1281 1924 (WWI)Ruler(s): Osman I, Mehmed II, Selim I, Suleiman I, Ataturk (Turks)</p><p>Following WWI, remnants of the Ottoman Empire were parceled outAs European protectorates. Since 1924 there has been no majorWidely-accepted claim to the caliphate (which had been last claimed byThe Ottomans) </p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>Islam is a monotheistic (one God) religion based around three main documentsQuran (recitations) The revelations of MuhammedDivided into 114 suras (chapters) 6,236 versesEarly suras revelations at Mecca involve ethical / spiritual topicsLater Medinan suras discuss social / moral issues relevant to MuslimsPerfect only in the originally recorded Arabic Translations are regarded as commentaries or interpretations of its meaning, not as the Quran itselfHadith written record of Muhammads Life. Also known as siraSunnah Includes Islamic TraditionsThis includes the 5 Pillars of IslamMuhammad and other prophets of Islam (Caliphates) are discussed with reverence adding the phrase peace be upon him whenever their names are mentionedWorld Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*The Shahadah Basic Creed I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.The Salah ritual prayer five times each day facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca. Intended to focus the mind on God and personal communication with HimThe Zakat Alms giving. Giving based on accumulated wealth, obligatory for all Muslims who can afford it.The Sawm Fasting during the Month of Ramadan. Muslims must not eat or drink from dawn to dusk during this month and must be mindful of other sins. Fast is encourage nearness to God and express gratitude and dependence on Him.The Hajj A pilgrimage during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah to Mecca at least once in his or her lifetime. Every able-bodied Muslim who can afford it must take the pilgrimage. They must dress in two white seamlessSheets. Rituals of the Hajj include walking seven times around the Kaaba, touching the Black Stone, and symbolicallyStoning the DevilJihad is considered the 6th Pillar of Radical Islam</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*Muslim Pilgrims on their Hajj to Mecca must walk 7 times around this Kaaba House of Allah</p><p>Islam tradition says this was first built by Adam and later rebuilt by Abraham</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>There is only One God (tawhd)Allh means God in ArabicThey do not believe in the trinity or in the divinity of Jesus Christ only that he is a prophet such as Muhammad was also a prophetMuhammad The last Great ProphetIslam lists 28 prophets among whom are: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Jonah, and Jesus. The last great prophet was MuhammadBelief in Angels is crucial Gabriel gave the Word of God to MuhammadEnd TimesResurrection/Judgment Preordained by God but unknown to manThe Quran emphasizes bodily resurrection Hell There is a literal hell and sins of disbelief, usury, dishonesty, can condemn a person to hell. The greatest sin is Shirk blasphemy (i.e. saying Jesus is God or God is not one)Heaven Paradise is a literal place of bliss and joy and physical pleasures.World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>PredestinationThe Sunnis doctrine includes Predestination or divine preordainment which teaches that the Quran says God has full knowledge and control over all that occurs Nothing will happen to us except Allah has decreed for us: He is our protectorThe Shias doctrine includes Divine Justice which is known as free will and stresses the importance of mans responsibility for his own actions. Salvation / Entrance into Paradise is determined solely by God based upon if your good works outweigh your sin or if you die while on Jihad (Holy War)The ScripturesFour God (Allah) -inspired books: Torah, Psalms , Gospels, and QuranThe Quran contains 99 names for God God of love is not one of themWorld Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>Islams God (Allah) is a transcendent (high and mighty) God and cannot relate to mere humans. Even in paradise Muslims do not expect to meet a God of loveSay, (O Muhammad, to mankind); If you love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you. If you love AllahAllah will love you. - Quran 2:195; 3:31 Contrast with the what John says about the true God7Beloved, let us love one another, for love is from God; and everyone who loves is born of God and knows God. 8The one who does not love does not know God, for God is love.9By this the love of God was manifested in us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world so that we might live through Him. 10In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Sonto be the propitiation for our sins. 1 John 4:7-10(NASB) </p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>The Quran teaches that Jesus was:A prophetBorn of Mary, and not sinlessDid not die someone else died in Jesus place, as death would have been a failureI Peter 3:18 says, For Christ also died for sins once for all,the just forthe unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit.Jesus in mentioned 97 times in the Quran, while Muhammad is mentioned only 25 times.</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>Islamic calendar is Lunar and not Gregorian (Western)Years are counted from the prophet Muhammads move to Medina in 622 C.E.2000 C.E. was 1420/21 A.H (in the year of Hegira)Muharram first month of the Islam yearNew Years Day is not a major holidayRamadan Month of fasting from dawn to sunset9th month of Islamic yearLailat ul-Qadr night of determination (last 10 days of Ramadan) when Allah makes determination about the destiny of individuals and the world as a wholeEid ul-Fitr celebrates the end of the month of fasting (3 days)Eid ul-Adha Feast of Sacrifice celebrates willingness of Abraham to sacrifice Isaac instead of IshmaelAl-Isra Wal Miraj Night of ascension of Muhammad to Heaven Celebrated on the 27th day of 7th month where Muhammad set out discipline of daily prayersMuhammad-Maulid al-Nabi celebration of the birth of the prophet Muhammad 12th day of the 3rd monthFestival Dhikr celebration to glorify Allah and seek spiritual perfectionStart with black coats and hats and then after greeting the Master, they take them off to reveal white shirts. They whirl until they are in a trance as they seek union with Allah</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>Beliefs about ancestry traced back to Adam, Noah, Abraham and IshmaelBeliefs about some aspects of GodCreator, sustainer of life, sovereignty, to be worshippedResurrection, judgment, hell, some form of paradiseRecognition of the Old Testament prophets of Adam, Noah, Abraham, MosesWorld Religion Series - njb 2010*These points of similarity can be used as a starting point in reachingout to Muslims and those of Islamic faith for Christ</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>4 inspired books QuranGodMonotheistic- not triuneNon-loving, transcendentJesusSimply a prophetNever died on a crossDied later on and was hiddenMuhammad a great prophet like Jesus, Moses, Abraham, Noah, and AdamSalvation works, JihadEnd times General resurrection those good paradise, others to hellEvangelism by force: convert or die (Radical Islam)Bible Only inspired WordGodTriune (Father, Son, Spirit)Loving, cares about manJesusGod in the fleshDied on the crossRose again not in the tombDoes not recognize Muhammad as a legitimate prophet of God or the QuranSalvation by faith, graceEnd times Jesus will return to reign, two resurrections one for Life, the other at end of age for judgment in hellEvangelism present Gospel and Holy Spirit works in the persons lifeWorld Religion Series - njb 2010*ISLAMEVANGELICAL CHRISTIANITY</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>LoveScripture especially those passages that they agree are inspiredPrayer</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p></li><li><p>Cumming, Joseph. Muslim Followers of Jesus?, Christianity Today, December 2009.Esposito, John L. Great World Religions: Islam, The Great Courses, Religion, Chantilly, VA.: The Teaching Company, 2003.New American Standard Bible Edition : Fourth Copyright : Copyright 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved. Electronic Edition STEP Files Copyright 2003, QuickVerse, a division of Findex.com, Inc.Pollack, Robert. The Everything Worlds Religions Book, Avon, MA.: Adams Media, An F+W Publications Company, 2002.Ridenour, Fritz. So Whats The Difference? A look at 20 Worldviews, Faiths, and Religions and how they compare to Christianity, Ventura, CA.: Regal Books, 2001.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam: Accessed December 28, 2009.World Religions Made Easy, John Hunt Publishing, Peabody, MA.: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999.</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010*</p><p>World Religion Series - njb 2010</p><p>****************************</p></li></ul>

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