manuscript publication

Download MANUSCRIPT PUBLICATION

Post on 12-Jan-2017

214 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • i

    TYPES AND MICRO SKILLS OF READING COMPREHENSION

    TEST OF NATIONAL EXAMINATION FOR JUNIOR HIGH

    SCHOOL YEAR 2010-2014:

    A CONTENT ANALYSIS

    MANUSCRIPT PUBLICATION

    Submitted as Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for Getting Master

    Degree of Language Study of English

    Written by:

    ENDAH SUCIATI

    NIM. S200130043

    GRADUATE PROGRAM OF LANGUAGE STUDY OF

    MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA

    2016

  • o'qd'lrlnH'Y1'1em;eg {neY1BelznEJ 3uepu3 'rO 'trord

    llJosr^pv

    g1g7 fuenuef Z 'eUeIeJnS

    srosr^pv Aq paro.rdde uaaq seq uottelllqnd ldpcsnueyll 3111

    tr00tr00zs'hlINffi

    :dq ue$gil\

    qsgEug;o {pnts o8un8uul;o ae.r8eg

    relsutr [ Bup1eg roJ lueruerfnbeg eq]Jo tuetugglnd Isl1.rud sB pe$Iuqns

    NOI,I,YSIT{Nd JdIUS S{INYru

    STSATYNY INtrINOC YIvraT,

    -OTOZ UYf,A lOOTIf,S HSIII UOINOf I{O.{ NOIIYNI}TIYXfl TYNOIIYN

    .{O ISIJ NOISNflI{SUdIAIOJ SNTOYIU dO ST'IDTS OUJIIAI CNY SfdAI

    lJos!^pv

  • 'Euutorr;1

    h*o@AlJ lustlnsuoc

    :,{q perrorddy

    9l0z'Lll,T,ftenue1 : o13c eqJ,

    {eprnpg : {e11eq;

    'u{ems go,Qrsrearupl

    qe.(rpeuureqnll ,$nrS e8enEuel 3io ure.6ord olenperg-lsod EurEueuy

    srsor{1JoJ sJarnlcal lullnsuoc eq1,{q polroceJ uesq seq qo;uesor srq1

    I tuslrnsuoS

    TYAOUddY

  • 1

    Types and Micro Skills of Reading Comprehension Test of National

    Examination For Junior High School Year 2010-2014: A Content Analysis

    Endah Suciati

    School of Teacher Training and Education

    University of Muhammadiyah, Surakarta

    Email: endahsuciati.smpbatik@gmail.com. No. HP. 085728174187

    ABSTRAK

    Artikel ini menginvestigasi keterampilan mikro terhadap pemahaman bacaan pada

    Soal Ujian Nasional. Fokus pada artikel ini adalah isi dari soal kompetensi membaca

    yang ada di system ujian national di Indonesia, atau yang lebih dikenal dengan Ujian

    Akhir National (UAN). Tujuan pada artikel ini adalah untuk mencari tahu tentang: (1)

    Tipe soal dan keterampilan mikro yang muncul pada bacaan bahasa inggris (reading

    text) yang ada di Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris pada tahun 2010 hingga 2014, (2)

    Frekuensi tipe dan keterampilan mikro soal bacaan yang muncul di Ujian Nasional

    Bahasa Inggris pada tahun 2010 hingga 2014, (3) Tipe soal bacaan bahasa inggris

    (reading) yang dominan keterampilan mikro muncul di Ujian Nasional Bahasa

    Inggris pada tahun 2010 hingga 2014. Penulis disini menggunakan artikel descriptif

    kualitatif sebagai metode design artikel dan menggunakan studi dokumen sebagai

    teknik yang penulis gunakan untuk mengumpulkan data. Dokumen utama yang

    digunakan adalah Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris pada tahun 2010-2014. Penulis

    menganalisa data dokumen Ujian Nasional setiap tahunnya dan membedakan data

    yang diperoleh menjadi dua, kompetensi bacaan (reading) dan kompetensi menulis

    (writing). Dalam kasus ini penulis hanya menganalisis materi pada kompetensi

    bacaan saja.Temuan dari artikel ini adalah: (1) Jenis pemahaman membaca di UAN

    2010-2014 adalah Gagasan utama, Kemampuan Semantic, fungsi Komunikatif dari

    tujuan teks, deixis, dan penarikan kesimpulan. (2) Hasil frekuensi tipe dan

    keterampilan mikro soal bacaan yang ada di UAN 2010-2014 menunjukkan bahwa

    persentase rata-rata setiap jenis adalah: Gagasan Utama (34,74%), tentang Semantic

    (20,04%), deixis (11,60%), fungsi komunikatif dari tujuan sebuah teks (10,80 %) dan

    penarikan kesimpulan (23,45%). (3) Tipe soal bacaan bahasa inggris yang sering

    muncul / dominan keterampilan mikro di Ujian Nasional Bahasa inggris adalah

    Gagasan Utama.

    Kata kunci: Analisis Isi, Ujian Nasional, dan Pemahaman Bacaan

    mailto:endahsuciati.smpbatik@gmail.com

  • 2

    ABSTRACT

    The current study is to observe the dominant micro skills of reading comprehension

    used in National Examination. The focus of the study is the content of reading

    comprehension material in Indonesian National testing system for English that is

    called as National Examination/Ujian Akhir National (UAN). The objectives of the

    article are to analyze the items material in English National Examination in order to

    find out: 1) The types and mikro skills of reading comprehension in English National

    Examination (UAN) year 2010 till 2014, 2) The frequency of micro skills reading

    comprehension material in English National Examination (UAN) year 2010 till 2014,

    3) The dominant micro skills of reading comprehension in English National

    Examination (UAN) year 2010 till 2014. The writer used qualitative descriptive as the

    method design and used study document or documentation as the data collection

    technique. The document of English National Examination (UAN) year 2010-2014

    became the main data of the article. The writer analyzed the data for each year of

    UAN document and differentiated the data obtained to reading comprehension and

    writing skill. In this case, the writer only examined the reading comprehension

    material. The findings of the study are: (1) Types and micro skills of reading

    comprehension in UAN 2010-2014 are Main idea, Semantic, Communicative

    function of goals, deixis, and drawing conclusion. (2) The result of the frequency of

    mico skills the reading test questions shows that the average percentage of each types

    are: Main idea (34.74%), Semantic material (20.04%), Deixis Reference (11.60%),

    Communicative function of goal (10.80%) and drawing conclusion (23.45%). (3) The

    dominant micro skills of reading comprehension is about Main Idea material and then

    Drawing conclusion material.

    Key word: Content Analysis, National Examination, and Reading

    Comprehension

    I. INTRODUCTION

    The success of education evaluation system can be shown from its instrument.

    Whether the instrument is appropriate and can measure the particular purpose. Using

    irrelevant instrument leads inaccurate measurement and cause untrustworthy result.

    One of the instrument for evaluate the education system is using test. National Final

    Exams or also called Ujian Akhir Nasional (UAN) is one of the instruments held by

    Indonesian Government in order to evaluate students achievement of their

  • 3

    competencies under guidance of The Education National Standard Board (Badan

    National Standar Pendidikan or BSNP). The test is also used to measure the level of

    educations purpose and even to measure education quality. The indicators of

    achievements objective stated in KTSP (Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan or

    Education level Curriculum) can be seen from the result of the UAN for junior high

    school in 2010 till 2014 that cover 4 subjects; Bahasa Indonesia, English,

    Mathematic, and Science. The indicators are spread to all same education level school

    in all over Indonesia. It makes all the students take the same examination material.

    English UAN for Junior High School in 2010-2014 are delivered in multiple choice

    forms. In this examination test, the UAN must cover the material on syllabus that is

    guided through the curriculum. Therefore all the items of UAN test should match

    with KTSP.

    In that case, it means that English Material for UAN should cover four basic

    skill; they are listening, speaking, reading and writing (Brown, 2003: 117). One of the

    English language skills that should be mastered and pressured in Junior High School

    is reading since it is a crucial part of second language learning and teaching. Those

    statements are supported by Carrel et all (1988: 1), they say that reading is by far the

    most important of four skills in second language, particularly in English.

    Prasetyarini (2007: 67) says that reading is a prominent language skill which

    influences learners achievement. While, Rahmawati (2006: 61) says that reading is

    one of the most important foreign language skills. Reading has various abilities or

    skills that involve some aspects of language such as vocabulary, structure, spelling,

    pronunciation and meaning. In term of reading comprehension it must be emphasized

    especially in vocabulary which consists of spelling and meaning. Reading requires

    understanding or comprehending the means. Through reading we acquire new ideas,

    obtained needed information and broaden our interest.

  • 4

    Common people think that reading is an activity of looking at and

    understanding written form. On the other hands, an expert gives more complex

    definition of reading. In a book with the title, Reading English as a Foreign

    Language Bouchard, et al (1979) defines reading as a complex activity dependent

    upon the thinking and language skills of readers. Reading is one of the ways to grasp

    and interpret the written information. By reading understanding, students will obtain

    information news and technology easily. There are at least two basic reasons why

    reading is essential. First, through reading student can get the information they need.

    Second, by reading activity student can get support in their academic achievement

    (Nuttal, 1996).

    Based on the Government Regulation number 19, 2005, language education

    should develop the language competence with special emphasis on reading and

    writing according to the literacy level set up for every level of education. The fact

    about shows that even though there

Recommended

View more >