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1. Mande MusicDafne 2. Origins Mande: ethnic group (Mandinka, Maninka andBamana) Mali Jeli (griot) Performed on TV, radio or life-cycle events 3. Variations Hunters Commonly 2 voices Improv ABA Call and response Ternary to binary rhythm shift Short melodies repeated Stories and epics 4. Jeliya Speaking voice or singing voice Improv Loose form Call and response (only with more than one jeli) Compound meter Scales (ascending/descending) Repertoire piece texts 5. Drumming Improv voices (chant) Improv Circle music Lead drummer (usually djembe) Call and response on drums (leaders calls) Compound meter (few in duple meter) Tuning of drums create interweaved melodies No text http://www.jessenolan.com/mandemusic.pdf 6. Modern Mande Some improv Strict form Call and response (ballet: drums and dancers) Triple meter more often used than duple No text for ballets French, Bamana, English, Spanish, Portuguese 7. Jeli Class of artisans Hereditary Preserve the history and culture Girls tend to specialize as singers Boys tend to specialize in the instruments of thejelis 8. Instruments Kora : played in the Eastern tradition (more vocallydominated) Ngoni Balafon Tamani (talking drum) Djembe Dunun Vocals are the dominant instrument 9. Dance https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_kHhkvw0jI 10. Noticeable Musicians Toumani Diabat https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-hVZ96W61Eo Bassekou Kouyate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hw5ZjwexcTc 11. Example https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KS704uFn_kE 12. Works Cited "Growing into Music." Mande music in Mali andGuinea. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2014.. "Mande Music." Mande Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 16Oct. 2014.. "Music of Mali." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation,13 Oct. 2014. Web. 16 Oct. 2014..