mandarin phrasebook

Download Mandarin Phrasebook

Post on 12-Mar-2015

357 views

Category:

Documents

14 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

01 - Greetings 1. Hello/Hi! N ho 2. Good morning / afternoon / evening! Zo chn xi w / wn shng ho

3. I'm John Smith. W sh yu hn sh m s

4. Are you Peter King? N sh b d jn ma?

5. Yes, I am. / No, I'm not. Sh w sh / b w b sh

6. How are you? N ho m

7. Fine, thanks. And you? Hn ho xi xi n ne

8. I'm fine, too. W y hn ho

9. How is Amy / your wife / your husband? i m ho ma / n q z ho ma / n zhng f ho ma?

10. She is very well, thank you. T hn ho xi xi

11. Good night, Jane. Wn n jin

12. Good-bye, Mike. Zi jin mi k

13. See you tomorrow. Mng tin jin

14. See you later. Di hu r jin

15. I have to go now. W b x zu le

02 - In the Classroom 1. May I come in? W nng jn li m

2. Come in, please. Qng jn

3. Sit down, please. Qng zu

4. It's time for class. Shng k sh jin do le

5. Open your books and turn to page 20. D ki sh fn do d 2y

6. I'll call the roll before class K qin w yo din mng

7. Here! Do

8. Has everybody got the handout? Mi g rn du n do ci lio le m

9. Any different opinion? Yu b tong y jin m

10. Have I made myself clear? W jing mng bile m

11. Are you with me? N men gn shng w jing de le m

12. Could you say it again? N nng zi shu y bin m

13. Any questions? . Yu shn ma wn t m

14. That's all for today. Jn tin ji jing do zh l

15. Please turn in your homework before leaving. Qng zi l ki qin jing zu y jio shng

03 - What's this? 1. What's this? Zh sh shn me

2. It's a pen. Sh zh b

3. Is this your handbag? Zh sh n de shu t bo ma

4. No, it isn't. / Yes, it is. B t b sh / sh de t sh

5. Whose jacket is this? Zh sh shi de ji k?

6. It's Kate's. Sh ki t de

7. Is that a car? N sh y ling xio q ch ma

8. No, it isn't. It's a bus.

B n sh y ling gng gng q ch

9. What do you call this in English? Zh g yng yng y zn me shu

10. What is the color of your new book? N de xn sh sh shn me yn s de

11. How big is your house? N de fang z zu du d

12. What's the problem? Yu shn me wn t ma

13. What's the name of the cat? Zh mo jio shn me mng z

14. Where's the company? N g gng s zi n r

15. Which is the right size? N g ch m sh du de

04 - Whose, Where? 1. I found a backpack. W jin do y g sh bo

2. Whose watch is this? Zh sh shi de shu bio?

3. Is this yours? Zh sh n de m

4. Yes, it's mine. Sh de sh w de

5. Where are my glasses? W de yn jng zi n r

6. Do you know where I've put my glasses? . N zh do w b yn jng g n r le m

7. Over there. Zi n bin

8. On the desk. Zi zhu shng

9. Is this your pen? I found it under the desk. Zh sh n de b m w zi zhu xi jin de

10. No. Mine is blue. B sh w de sh la de

11. Which one is your bag? N g sh n de bo

12. The bigger one. D xi de n g

13. The one on your right. N yu bin de n g

14. Are these books all yours? Zh xi sh qun sh n de m

15. Some of them are mine. Y b fn sh w de

06 - What's your name? 1. What's your name? N jio shn ma mng z

2. May I have your name? Nng go s w n de mng z m

3. My name is Thomas. W jio shng m s

4. Just call me Tom. Ji jio w shng m b

5. What's your family name? N xng shn ma

6. My family name is Ayneswonth. W xng n n si hu s

7. How do you spell it? Zn ma pn

8. Who is the lady in white? Chun bi y f de n wi xio ji sh shi

9. Could you introduce me to her? N nng b w ji sho gi t m

10. Rose, let me introduce my friend to you. Lu s rang w ji sho y xi w de png yu

11. This is Tom. He's my classmate. Zh sh shng m w de tong xu

12. Nice to meet you. Hn go xng rn sh n

13. Nice to meet you, too. Rn sh n w y hn go xng

14. Let me introduce myself. Rang w z w ji sho y xi

15. How do you do? N ho

07 - What's the date today?

1. What day is it today? Jn in xng ji j

2. It's Monday today. Jn tinsh xng j y

3. What's the date today? Jn tinsh j ho

4. It's January the 15th, 1999. Jn tin sh 1999 nin 1yu 15 r

5. What month is this? Xin zi sh j yu It's December. Xin zi sh sh r yu

6. What year is this? Jn nin sh n y nin

7. It's the year of 1999. Jn nin sh 1999 nin

8. What will you do during this weekend? Zh zhu m n gn shn ma

9. Does the shop open at 9 am on weekdays? Zh ji din ping r sh zo shng 9din ki mn m

10. It opens at 8 am on weekdays, but at 9 at weekends. Ping r shng w 8din ki dn zhu m 9din ki

11. What will you do the day after on next? Hu tin n gn shn ma

12. What did you do the week before last? Shng shng xng j n gn le shn ma

13. I'll work for the next 5 days. W yo gng zu 5tin cng mng tin sun q

14. It's been 5 years since I last saw you. W y 5nin mi jin n le

08 - About objects 1. Do you have a computer? N yu j sun j m

2. Yes, I do. Sh de w yu

3. He has that book, doesn't he? T yu n bn sh sh m

4. No, he doesn't. B t mi yu

5. Do you have any brothers or sisters? N yu xing d hu ji mi m

6. No, I'm a single son. Mi yu w sh d shng z

7. Could your computer access to internet? N de din no nng lin do h lin wng m?

8. Do you have shampoo here? Zh r yu x f shu m

9. What a beautiful garden you have! N de hu yun zhn pio ling

10. Any tickets left? Yu shng pio m

11. Do you have glue? I need some here N yu jio shu m w zh l x yo y din

12. I have some left. W shng xi y xi

13. If you have more, please give me some. R gu n yu du de qng gi w y xi

14. Do you have my pencil? N n le w de qin b m

15. Yes, I have your eraser, too. Sh de w hi n le n de xing p

09 - What time is it?

1. What time is it now? Xin zi j din

2. It's two o'clock. Xin zi lingdin

3. It's a quarter past five. Xin zi sh w din y k

4. It's ten minutes to four. Xin zi ch sh fn s din

5. It's half past nine. Xin zi sh ji din bn

6. It's one o'clock sharp. Xin zi y din zhng

7. It's not four o'clock. Hi mi do s din n

8. My watch says two o'clock. W de bio sh ling din zhng

9. My watch is two minutes fast. W de bio kui le ling fn zhng

10. What's the time by your watch? N de bio j din le

11. We must arrive there on time. W men b x zhn sh do n r

12. There are only two minutes left. Zh shng ling fn zhng le

13. Can you finish your work ahead of time? N nng d qin wn chng gng zu m

14. The flight is delayed. Fi j tu ch q fi

15. The meeting is put off. Hu y yn j

10 - Visiting friends 1. Hello. Can I see Mr. Green? N ho w nng jin g ln xin shng m

2. Do you have an appointment? N yu y yo m

3. Sorry, I don't. Du b q w mi yu

4. Yes. At 3 pm. Sh de yo de sh xi w lue 3din

5. Sorry, Mr. Green can't see you now. Du b q g ln xin shng xin zi b nng jin nn

6. He's on the phone. T zi d din hu

7. Would you wait here for a minute? Nn nng zi zh l dng y xi m

8. Would you like something to drink? Nn xing h din shn ma m

9. Tea, please W h din ch b

10. Mr. Green, Mr. Smith is here. G ln xin shng sh m s xin shng zi zhl

11. You may go in now. Nn k y jn q le

12. Nice to see you, my old friend. Zhn go xng jin do n w de lo png yu

13. How have you been these years? Zh xi nin n zn ma yang

14. You've changed little. N y din y mi bin

15. Do you still remember that Christmas? N rng j d n g

11 - Do you speak English? 1. Do you speak English? N hu shu yng y m

2. Yes, a little. Hu jing y din

3. How long have you studied English? N xu yng y du ji le

4. He speaks English fluently. T jing yng y hn li l

5. Your English is very good. N de yng y hn ho

6. You speak English very well. N de yng y jing de hn ho

7. Are you a native speaker of English? N de m y sh yng y m

8. My native language is Chinese. W de m y sh hn y

9. He speaks with London accent. T di din ln du ku yn

10. He has a strong accent. T ku yn hn zhng

11. I have some difficulty in expressing myself. W bio d q li yu din kn nn

12. I'm always confused with "s" and "th". W chng b s h th go hn

13. Can you write in English? N nng yng yng wn xi wn zhng m

14. Your pronunciation is excellent. N de f yn hn ho

15. How can I improve my spoken English? W gi zn yang ci nng d go ku y shu ping

12 - What are you doing? 1. What are you doing? N zi gn shn ma

2. I'm reading a book. Jn tin xng j y

3. I'm cooking. W zi zu fn

4. Are you watching TV now? N zi kn din sh m

5. Yes, I'm watching Channel 5. Sh de w zi kn 5 pn do

6. No, I'm listening to the radio. Mi yu w zi tng shu yn j

7. Where are you going? N q n r

8. I'm going to work W q shng bn

9. Who are you writing to? N zi gi shi xi xn

10. I'm writing to an old friend. Gi y g lo png yu

11. What will you do this weekend? Zh zhu m n jing gn shn ma

12. I'll go to a concert. W yo q tng yn l hu

13. I'll go on an outing with some friends. W y png yu q jio yu

14. Do you like traveling? N x hun jio yu m

15. Yes, I like it a great deal/it very much. Sh de w hn x hun

13 - How old are you? 1. How old are you? N du d le

2. I'm twenty-two (years old). W r sh r le

3. Mr. Smith is still in his forties. Sh m s xin shng ci s sh j su

4. I'm two years younger than my sister. W b w ji xio lingsu

5. My elder sister is one year older than her husband. W ji b t zhng f d y su

6. He's the youngest in the family. T sh y ji zhng zu xio de