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    Maltese SecretsBy

    Sarah Reeves

    SurfDocs, 2003 This publication is for the express use of the customers ofSurfDocs. No portion of this publication may be reproduced, photocopied, ortransmitted in any form without the express written permissions of SurfDocs, LLCSurfDocs cannot accept any responsibility of the content of this information,inaccuracy of its errors, and or any consequences of the information hereinprovided. UNAUTHORIZED REPRODUCTION IS UNLAWFUL.

    SurfDocs, 306-N West El Norte Pkwy 442, Escondido, CA 92026 (760) 233-1007

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    Table Of Contents

    Chapters Page No

    Foreword 3

    1. Maltese dogs-a snapshot 5

    2. Bringing Up Your Maltese Puppy 8

    3.All About Grooming 20

    4.Feeding Your Maltese 25

    5.Health Problems That Could AffectYour Maltese 30

    6.Exercising Your Maltese 45

    7.Teaching Them To Love & Obey 47

    8. Vaccinating Your Dog 50

    9. When Your Maltese Becomes Old 54

    10. Facts About Breeding Your Maltese 58

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    11. First Aid 60

    12.FAQs 67

    When To Call The Vet 74

    Body Condition Chart 76

    Foreword

    The Origins:

    The exact origins of the breed are still nebulous. The Maltese descendsfrom one of the most ancient dog breeds to be found in recorded history.It has been estimated that the breed originated around 6,000 B.C., or8,000 years ago.

    The earliest known representations of Maltese dogs on artifacts found atFayum, Egypt (600-300 B.C.), suggest that the Maltese was one of thedogs worshipped by the ancient Egyptians. Numerous pictorialrepresentations of the Maltese can be seen in Greek ceramic art, such asthe vases found at Vulci (about 500 B.C.), and the dog is mentioned inthe writings of many Greek and Roman philosophers, and other ancientpoets and historians.

    Know to many as "ye ancient dogee of Malta", the first written record ofthe Maltese was by Aristotle in 350 BC. As indicated by its name, thebreed originated in Malta, a busy trading island. The tiny dog's size andpersonality led it to be used as barter, often as gifts to monarchs andaristocrats. From the fifteenth to nineteenth centuries, the breed'senduring popularity was affirmed by its continued appearance in

    paintings by famous artists.

    Assuming the place of origin of the Maltese to be Asia, the tiny dogsprobably made their way to Europe through the Middle East with themigration of nomadic tribes. The Isle of Malta (or Melita as it was knowthen), was a geographic center of early trade and explorers undoubtedlyfound ancestors of the tiny white dogs left there as barter for necessitiesand supplies.

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    As civilization thrived in Europe references have been made to the tinywhite dog. An indirect reference of Aristotle's to the Maltese clearlyindicates its co-existence along with other varieties of dogs indigenous toSouthern Europe. Aristotle likens the small dogs to a "Canis Melitae . . .

    of the tiny sort, being perfectly proportioned not withstanding its verysmall rise." During these times, the Maltese was a favorite lap dog of theupper class, aristocrats, statespersons and royalty. The Maltese was evenbelieved to possess medicinal powers of healing-the ailing would placethe dog on their stomach or chest for comfort. Because of this practice,and the dogs warm, affectionate nature and small size, the Maltesebecame known as the "Comforter." The dog was particularly popular inEngland during Elizabethan times (the late 16th century). Two notableowners of Maltese in those times were Queen Elizabeth I and MaryQueen of Scots.

    Maltese were first seen in the United States in the late 1800's to the early1900's. Maltese were participants in the earliest versions of theWestminster Kennel Club shows in the 1870's. The first registrations ofMaltese occurred in 1888, when SNIPS and TOPSY -- both bitches --appeared in the studbooks. From where the early Maltese in the US wereimported from is unknown. What is know is that the Maltese line in theUS today was a result of importation from Great Britain, Canada,Germany, France and Italy.

    With somewhere between 25 and 80 centuries of evolution, the Maltesehas had lots of time to become the gentle, affectionate, and playful

    companion dog it is today.

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    Chapter 1Maltese Dogs-A Snap Shot

    The Maltese is the classic companion dog, lively and playful, gentle andloving. The dog is devoted to its master and friendly with other peopletoo. Highly intelligent, the dog is easily trained and can even learn to doa few tricks. They get along well with other animals and with olderchildren. They enjoy being groomed and petted and love attention. Thisfurry little white dog makes a great companion for individuals andfamilies.

    Country of origin:Italy.

    Height:8-10 inches (20-25 cm)

    Weight:6.5-9 lbs (3-4 kg)

    Colours:Pure white. Sometimes-light ivory

    Living Conditions:The Maltese is a great dog for apartment living. Theyare very active indoors and do not even require a backyard.

    Exercise:This dog remains active and playful well into its old age. Littleeffort is required to keep the Maltese healthy and fit due to their highactivity level indoors.

    Health Issues:May sunburn along the hair parting. Prone to skin,respiratory, eye and tooth problems. Feed these dogs dry food to keeptheir teeth healthy and strong. These dogs may get chills in cold weather;make sure to keep them out of damp areas. Try and avoid weatherextremes whenever possible.

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    Care and Grooming:The Maltese' longhaired coat requires dailygrooming, but remember to be gentle as their skin is sensitive and thecoat very soft.

    Life Span:14 years-18 years

    Group:Toy

    Adequate Living Space:Small Apartment will do

    Shedding of Coat:Little to no shedding

    Hypo allergenic:Yes

    Purebred Puppy Price:$600-$5,000

    Monthly Food Cost:About $15

    Obedience Level:Good

    Dominance Level: Submissive

    Is Maltese the dog for you?

    The Maltese Dog is a type of small toy spaniel. It has a long silky coat ofhair with no undercoat, which is pure white, or cream in color, andhangs evenly down each side from a parting that extends along thecenter of the back from the nose to the root of the tail. Othercharacteristics of the animal are a slightly round skull; a black nose;drooping ears generously covered with long hair; very dark, alert-lookingeyes; short, straight legs; and a graceful, well-feathered tail.

    Intelligent, lively and playful, the Maltese makes an ideal pet, albeit witha few demands. It requires human companionship. It will keep itself busyduring the day, but expects to be your constant companion once you arehome. As a puppy, it needs gentle but firm training and socializationotherwise it can become neurotic and jealous of other animals andpeople. Besides, Maltese are good with older children, but not very

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    tolerant of young children and toddlers, who don't know how to treatlittle dogs.

    Maltese make great apartment dogs too, as they are active indoors andhave few exercise needs. They are not big barkers either. They enjoy a

    walk or romp in the park, but should be kept on a leash. Especiallybecause of their tendency to attack larger dogs, despite their small size.Besides, they enjoy rolling in the mud and playing in puddles. Malteseneed daily brushings and frequent shampooing of their long hair. Theydon't shed and are thus good for allergy sufferers.

    What Can You Expect From Your Maltese

    Your Maltese will constantly want be your companion. He will be happy

    sitting by you side while you read a book or watch television. But he willalso like to accompany you wherever you go. They enjoy a walk with theirowners and a trip in the car is always welcome. Maltese make goodwatchdogs and will growl when a stranger comes to the door. But oncewelcomed into the home everyone is his or her friend. Phrases known tomany are that "they will kill you with their kisses" or "they would gohome with strangers". Maltese despite their diminutive size are veryhardy dogs. Compared to many breeds they are quite free of genetic orcongenital medical problems. Your Maltese will live well into his teensand you can expect him to be his same playful and mischievous self formost of those years.

    Not A Companion For Rough Play

    Maltese are definitely entertaining little bundles of energy. With their lovefor people and small size many children are naturally drawn to them. Butthey are very delicate. If you have young children who wish to roll andplay with the dog, on the floor you may wish to consider a hardier breed.Because of their delicate bone structure a Maltese can easily break bonesfalling off chairs, tables and when caught in the middle of pile of overlyzealous children. Many reputable Maltese breeders will not sell puppiesto families with children under six or seven years of age.

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    Chapter 2Bringing up Your Maltese Puppy

    From Where To Buy Your Maltese:

    Generally, you should refrain from buying your Maltese from Pet Stores.This is because Pet Stores are not very particular to know from where thepuppy comes from and under what conditions it was bred. Besides, theyseldom provide any health records for puppies and their healthguarantees are also very limited. A pet store would also, normally notprovide any registration papers with a puppy, so the purebred status of apuppy cannot be proved. Also, many pet