Malaysian Literature

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<p>PowerPoint Presentation</p> <p>Malaysian LiteraturePanganiban, Erika A.</p> <p>1</p> <p>TRIVIA!The name "Malaysia" is a combination of the word "Malay" and the Latin-Greek suffix "-sia.</p> <p>The word "melayu" inMalayderived from the Tamilwords "malai" and "ur" meaning "mountain" and "city, land", respectively.</p> <p>"Malayadvipa" was the word used by ancient Indian traders when referring to theMalay Peninsula</p> <p>50.4% Malays23.7% Chinese7.8% Others11.0% Indigenous7.1% Indians</p> <p>Brief History of MalaysiaA busy seaport for European and Far East traders for many hundreds of years.Starts with the history of Melaka, founded in the 13th century by a Sumatran princeBecame the most influential port city in Southeast Asia</p> <p>1511A Portuguese fleet led by Alfonso de Albuquerque sailed into Melaka harborHe captured the city with canon fire</p> <p>Brief History of Malaysia1641The Dutch captured the city from the Portuguese They controlled the spice trade</p> <p>1819British administration replaced the Dutch and established a trading post in SingaporePenang and Melaka Straits SettlementsThe British Administration lasted 138 years.The British granted independence to Malaya in 1957 in Kuala Lumpur.Tunku Abdul Rahman first prime minister of Malaya</p> <p>GovernmentA federal constitutional monarchyCurrency: Ringgit</p> <p>Yang di-Pertuan AgongCurrent kingHead of state and serves in a ceremonial role</p> <p>Najib Tun RazakThe head of government is the prime minister, presently.</p> <p>7</p> <p>GovernmentMalaysia has a bicameral parliament, with a 70-member Senate and a 222-member House of Representatives. Senators are elected by state legislatures or appointed by the king; members of the House are directly elected by the people.</p> <p>General courts, including the Federal Court, Court of Appeals, high courts, session courts, etc., hear all types of cases. A separate division of sharia courts hears cases pertaining only to Muslims.</p> <p>8</p> <p>Did you know?About two thirds of Malaysia is covered in forest, with some forests believed to be 130 million years old.Rafflesia genus, the largest flower in the world, with a maximum of 3 ft.</p> <p>Malaysia is the 42nd most populated country.9</p> <p>RELIGION</p> <p>ReligionMalaysia has three main religions: Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism.practiced in Malaysia is known as Islam Hadhari, which encourages an open mind, tolerance, inclusivity, honesty, and hard work.</p> <p>THE QUR'ANthe complete book of guidance for mankind</p> <p>Whosoever performs good deeds, whether male or female, and is a believer, we shall surely make him live a good life, and We will certainly reward them for the best of what they did."(Qur'an, An-Nahl 16:97)12</p> <p>ISLAMIC PRINCIPLESFive Pillars of Islam</p> <p>1. Shahadah: declaring there is no god exceptAllah, andMuhammadis God'sMessenger</p> <p>2. Salat: ritual prayer five times a day</p> <p>3. Zakat: giving 2.5% of ones savings to the poor and needy</p> <p>4. Sawm: fasting and self-control during the holy month ofRamadan</p> <p>5. Hajj: pilgrimage toMeccaat least once in a lifetimeif one is able</p> <p>13</p> <p>History of LiteratureMalaysian literature is typically written in any of the countrys four main languages: Malay, English, Chinese, and Tamil.It portrays various aspects of Malaysian life.Early Malays literature was influenced by Indian epics, such as theMahabharataand theRamayana.begins with the coming of Islam in the late 15th century; no literary works dating from the Hindu period (4th to late 15th centuries) have survived</p> <p>History of LiteratureThe earliest works of Malaysian literature were transmitted orally in the absence of writing scripts.</p> <p>By the 19th century, written literature occurred.</p> <p>Traditional Malay poetry was used for entertainment and the recording of history and laws.</p> <p>Three Forms of Traditional Malay PoetryManterasacred message of a text; repeated word or phrase in meditation (e.g Om, Om Namo)Pantuna traditional oral form of expressionconsists of a quatrain which employs an ababrhyme schemeSyaircan be a narrative poem, a didactic poem, or a poem used to convey ideas onreligionorphilosophy, or even one to describe historical event</p> <p>Other types:Seloka a poem, similar to pantumMadah rhyming speech; a discourse through poetryGurindam poetry that sets to music</p> <p>Fables in Malaysia:Kancil (mouse deer) - serves as the main character in a number of stories- regards as the humble animal in the highest esteem</p> <p>Famous WritersAbdullah Abdul Kadir</p> <p>aMalayanwriter of Indian origin</p> <p>most cultured Malay who ever wrote</p> <p>one of the greatest innovators in Malay letters</p> <p>the father of modern Malay literature</p> <p>He wrote Hikayat Abdullah, an autobiography</p> <p>Famous WritersEe Tiang Hongwas a Malayan poet of Chinese ancestry</p> <p>wrote poetry in English</p> <p>His first book of poetry appeared in 1960</p> <p>Some New Perspectives</p> <p>Race, language, religion, birthplace the categories do not satisfy;what do they say of you and me,the space, the silences between?</p> <p>Not always negative, I ammore or less than your images,the truth is always partly,a few hints here and there.</p> <p>That's how it is conceptualsmithereens, in spurtsand starts, a world view,the twentieth century's, ours.</p> <p>Famous WritersUsman Awangbest poet in the Malay languagedid not produce a very large corpus of poetry, only about 200 of thempoems are simple, clear, often romantic, and beautifula master at weaving words into striking phrases, sentences and verses that are of exceptional classical beauty and sometimes appear to be nostalgic and even escapist.</p> <p>Famous WritersHuzir Sulaiman</p> <p>a Malaysian actor, director and writer based in Singapore</p> <p>One of Malaysia's leading dramatists</p> <p>His plays, often charged with dark humor, political satire, and surrealistic twists, have won numerous awardsand international recognition</p> <p>Famous Literary Text</p> <p>Terima kasih!References</p>