Major World Relgions. Judaism & the Israelites Preview Main Idea The Early Hebrews The Kingdom of Israel Map: Israel and Judah The Teachings of Judaism.
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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Major World Relgions </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites Preview Main Idea The Early Hebrews The Kingdom of Israel Map: Israel and Judah The Teachings of Judaism The Hebrews and Judaism </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites Do Now Who were the Children of Israel? (pg 31) </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites Reading Focus What are the major events in the history of the early Hebrews? How did the Kingdom of Israel develop and who were some of its key leaders? What are the basic teachings and sacred texts of Judaism? Main Idea The ancient Hebrews and their religion, Judaism, have been a major influence on Western civilization. The Hebrews and Judaism </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites Do Now In Judaism, to what does the covenant refer? Abrahams original agreement with God that his people would have land Moses and the renewed covenant when he received the Ten Commandments </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites The Hebrews were the ancestors of the Jews, and most of what we know, including the laws and requirements of their religion, Judaism, comes from their later writings. The Torah Abraham, father of the Hebrews Gods covenant 12 Tribes of Israel Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were patriarchs Israelites in Egypt Hebrew Fathers Slaves in Egypt Moses Pharaoh, plagues Exodus Israelites out of Egypt Passover The Ten Commandments Moses and Exodus Israelites in desert Canaan Land of milk and honey Israelites battled for land Canaan = Israel Promised Land The Early Hebrews </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites Sequencing What are some key events, in order, in early Israelite history? Answer(s): Abraham traveled to Canaan, 1800 BC; Moses appeared among Hebrews in Egypt, 1200s BC; the Exodus; delivery of Ten Commandments to Moses; Hebrews wander desert for 40 years; invasion of Philistines to Israel, mid- 1000s BC; Saul named first king of Israel, mid-1000s BC; David named second king of Israel, 1000 BC; Solomon named third king of Israel, 865 BC </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites The Period of the Judges Scattered communities No central government Judges enforce laws Prophets keep Israelites focused on faith Israelites united against Philistines Saul, first Israelite king Never won full support David, second king Strong king, gifted poet Solomon, Davids son Israel reached height of wealth Saul, David, Solomon Conflict after Solomons death Two kingdoms, Israel and Judah 722 BC, Israel fell to Assyrians 586 BC, Judah fell to Chaldeans Chaldeans enslaved Jews Diaspora = scattering of Jews Persians conquered Chaldeans Division and Conquest The Kingdom of Israel </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Find the Main Idea Why are Saul, David and Solomon significant? Answer(s): They were the first kings of Israel; they unified the Israelites under the Kingdom of Israel. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites The Teachings of Judaism Religion the foundation of Hebrew and Jewish societies Belief in One God Monotheism Justice and Righteousness Kindness, fairness, code of ethics Obedience to the Law Ten Commandments, Mosaic Law Jewish Sacred Texts Torah, Talmud </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites Identify Supporting Details What are the central beliefs of Judaism? Answer(s): belief in one god for all peoples; obedience to the Ten Commandments; justice and righteousness </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites Days we get off for Alternates between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, two very close holy days Rosh Hashanah God writes ones fate for the year in the Book of Life Yom Kippur The Day of Atonement. God seals the book and one is considered absolved by God. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Current Day Israel </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Judaism & the Israelites Bigger version </li> </ul>
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