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  • Main Heading

    Henley Conservation Area

    Character AppraisalThe conservation area character appraisal - this sets

    the context for the proposals contained in Part 2.

    Part 1 was adopted by Council in September and

    is included for information only.

    September 2004

  • Henley Conservation Area Character Appraisal

    The Council first published the Henley Conservation Area Character Appraisal in draft form in July 2004. Following a period of public consultation, including a public meeting held on 3rd August 2004, the Council approved the Character Appraisal on 2nd September 2004.

  • Prepared by

    The Conservation Studio

    1 Querns Lane

    Cirencester

    Gloucestershire

    GL7 1RL

    Tel: 01285 642428

    Fax: 01285 642488

    Email: theconservationstudio.co.uk

    March 2004

    Thanks to Henley Archaeological

    and Historical Group who

    commented in detail on the draft

    document.

  • Contents

    Executive summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

    Part 1 Conservation Area Appraisal

    Chapter 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

    Statutory background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

    Planning background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

    Chapter 2 Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

    Topography and setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

    Geology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

    Chapter 3 History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

    Archaeology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

    The development of Henley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

    Chapter 4 The character and appearance of the

    Henley Conservation Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

    General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

    Activity and uses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

    Noise and quiet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

    Townscape: morphology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

    The effect of historical development on plan form . . . . . . . . . . .9

    Boundaries and building plots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

    Trees, landscape and open spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

    Views and vistas, including focal points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11

    Public realm audit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11

    Chapter 5 Character Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

    Area 1: The Fair Mile and Northfield Road . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

    Area 2: The northeast: Marlow Road, the playing fields,

    riverside and Phyllis Court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

    Area 3: The town centre: Bell Street, part of New Street,

    Hart Street, Market Place, Friday Street

    and Duke Street . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

    Area 4: The western edges: West Street, Gravel Hill,

    Kings Road, Hop Gardens and Friar Park . . . . . . . .17

    Area 5: The riverside: Wharf Lane, part of New Street,

    Henley Bridge,Thames Side

    and part of Station Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

    Area 6: Edwardian suburbs: Greys Road, Albert Road,

    Greys Hill, Church Street, Norman Avenue,

    part of Duke Street and Queen Street . . . . . . . . . . .19

    Area 7: St Marks Road, St Marys Road, Vicarage Road

    and St Andrews Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

    HENLEY CONSERVATION AREA CHARACTER APPRAISAL

    South Oxfordshire District Councili

    Part 1

  • ii HENLEY CONSERVATION AREA CHARACTER APPRAISALSouth Oxfordshire District Council

    Chapter 6 The Buildings of the Henley Conservation Area . . . . . . . . .20

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

    Listed buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

    Buildings of Townscape Merit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

    Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

    Building style and plan form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

    Architectural details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

    Shopfronts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

    Part 2

    Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

    Conservation Area boundary review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

    Negative features - sites, buildings and open spaces . . . . . . .30

    Pedestrian and traffic management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

    New development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

    Potential development sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

    Chapter 1 The future management of the Henley Conservation Area .32

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

    Buildings of Townscape Merit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

    Article 4 Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

    The protection of trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

    Local Plan policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

    Chapter 2 Design Guidance for New Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

    The need for contextual design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

    Urban grain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

    Scale and density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35

    Height and massing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36

    Appearance, materials and detailing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36

    Boundary treatments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

    Extensions to existing buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

    Site specific recommendations: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

    Market Place Mews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

    Improvements to the public realm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

    Chapter 3 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

    How residents and other property owners can help . . . . . . . . .40

    Supplementary Planning Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

    Further information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

  • HENLEY CONSERVATION AREA CHARACTER APPRAISAL

    South Oxfordshire District Council1

    Executive summary

    Henley is an attractive market town

    located on the banks of the River

    Thames, close to the Chiltern Hills. A

    settlement was first established by

    Henry II in the late 12th century, when

    the principal features of the town were

    laid out. These include St Mary's

    Church, Market Place, Hart Street and

    the long narrow gardens which stretch

    out from the backs of the buildings

    which now line these streets, referred

    to as "burgage plots". Although the

    bridge was rebuilt in the late 18th

    century, some late 12th century fabric

    still remains in the abutments facing

    the town.

    The town developed as a port for

    exporting grain and other produce to

    London and by the 15th century Bell

    Street, New Street and Friday Street

    had been laid out. St Mary's Church

    was extended and new timber-framed

    buildings were being built along the

    principal streets, some of which

    remain. Further expansion occurred in

    the 18th and 19th centuries, when the

    timber buildings were largely refronted

    in brick and new, prestigious houses

    built for the wealthy brewers and

    merchants who lived in the town.

    Today, Henley is characterised by its

    medieval street plan, by the survival of

    its burgage plots, by the continuous

    terraces of listed buildings along its

    principal streets and by its attractive

    riverside setting. The annual Henley

    Regatta is a major event on the social

    calendar and rowing, boating and other

    waterside activities remain an

    important part of Henley life.

    This appraisal seeks to define what is

    special about the conservation area,

    including the identification of those

    features which make Henley unique.

    It also contains advice to property

    owners about maintenance and

    alterations and includes guidance on

    new development. It will be subject to

    public consultation and put before the

    Council for approval as Supplementary

    Planning Guidance. This appraisal will

    then be used by the Council when

    determining applications for change

    within the conservation area.

    Henley Th