Madame Marie Curie -

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<ul><li><p>Madame Marie Curie&amp;The Science of RadioactivityBy Claire Goelst</p></li><li><p>Early LifeBorn on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, PolandGiven name was Marya Sklodowska, but her family and friends called her Little Manya</p></li><li><p>Early Life cont. Her father was a professor of math and physicsHer mother was a pianist, singer, and teacherHer mother died of tuberculosis when Marya was 11</p></li><li><p>SchoolingGraduated high school when she was 15 In 1891 she enrolled at the Sorbonne in Paris as Marie and graduated in 1893 </p></li><li><p>Pierre She married Pierre Curie in July 1895</p></li><li><p>Thesis WorkShe decided that her thesis for her doctorate would be on Henri Becquerels mysterious x-rays that are given off by uranium</p></li><li><p>Work with Uranium Discovered that if you have a certain amount of uranium, then you get a certain amount of ray intensity, no matter what you did to the material</p></li><li><p>Uranium ContinuedMarie discovered that there was something going on inside the atom that created the rays, she named this effect radioactivity</p></li><li><p>She discovered that the only known elements that were radioactive were uranium and thorium</p><p>Radioactivity</p></li><li><p>PoloniumPierre stopped his work on crystals to work with MarieMarie continued her work, but with a different substance, pitchblende</p></li><li><p>Polonium Cont.They called this new substance polonium in honor of Maries homeland</p><p>In July 1898 they extracted a new element that was even more radioactive than uranium</p></li><li><p>RadiumIn January of 1899 another new element was discovered that was over 1 million times more radioactive than uranium, it was named radium</p></li><li><p>Radium ContinuedIn 1910 Marie isolated pure radium metal</p><p>Her major studies showed that radium gave out light and heat, as well as being able to damage living flesh</p></li><li><p>Radium cont.</p><p>In order to obtain one decigram of pure radium chloride salt, Marie had to sift through hundreds of tons of pitchblende</p></li><li><p>Properties of RadiumRadium is silver-white in colorToday it is used in small amounts as a cancer treatment and in fluorescent paint</p></li><li><p>Pierres DeathPierre Curie was killed tragically by a horse-drawn cart in 1906</p></li><li><p>TeachingIt was decided that Marie should take over Pierres teaching job at the Sorbonne in 1906</p><p>This made Marie the 1st woman professor at any French university</p></li><li><p>Paris Radium InstituteIn 1907 Marie convinced the French government to fund a radium research institute, to be used mainly for medical research</p></li><li><p>Health ProblemsMarie believed that working with radium was not a danger to her health, however, doctors today have proven that she was very wrong</p></li><li><p>Health cont. In 1911 Marie collapsed from depression and severe kidney problems that were a result of her long-time exposure to radium</p></li><li><p>Radium Institute cont.In August 1914 the Radium Institute was finished, and named after Maries deceased husband</p></li><li><p>World War IIShortly after the institute was finished, Germany invaded FranceMaries staff was cut short to two people, herself and her daughter Irene</p></li><li><p>World War II cont. Immediately after the War broke out Marie donated all of her money to the War fund, and signed up to be a nurse</p></li><li><p>X-ray MobilesMarie decided that there should be x-ray machines that the war doctors could use on the battle field for soldiers</p></li><li><p>X-ray mobiles cont.Marie created 20 mobile x-ray machines and over 200 stationary machines</p></li><li><p>RadonMarie also invented tiny glass tubes that were filled with radon ( a radioactive gas)</p></li><li><p>Radon cont.Doctors would insert the tubes in patients at spots where the radiation would destroy diseased tissue</p></li><li><p>After the WarAfter the War ended in 1918 Marie spent a lot of time with her two daughters Irene and Eve </p></li><li><p>After the War cont.After two or three years with her daughters she resumed her work with radium at the Paris institute</p></li><li><p>Declining Health</p><p>Marie had been working at the radium institute in good health for almost 12 years</p><p>She began to notice burns on her hands and her failing eyesight somewhere around 1932</p></li><li><p>Late LifeMaries blood had been weakened by her constant exposure to radiumThis caused her to catch aplastic anemia</p></li><li><p>Late Life cont.</p><p>Marie eventually contracted leukemia and died on July 14, 1934</p></li><li><p>AwardsMarie was awarded numerous small awards during her life such as having her picture placed on a stamp!</p></li><li><p>Awards cont.Marie was awarded the Nobel prize in physics in 1903 for her work with X-raysShe was also awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1911 for her work with radium</p></li><li><p>About Me!!!Hi!Im Claire! I like food-all kinds. And I like horses, chickens(yes a little odd I know), and talking!!!!!! Im incredibly tall and I have red hair!!!! I have two sisters and one brother, they are all older than me. I especially like Chinese food and Mac n cheese.</p></li><li><p>BibliographyMarie Curie, Pierre Curie. Scientists: The Lives and Works of 150 Scientists.1996 ed.Tames,Richard.Marie Curie.New York:Franklin Watts Inc.,1989.Stille,Darlene.Extraordinary Women Scientists. Chicago:Childrens Press,1995.Notable Women Scientists.Farmington Hills,MI:the Gale Group,1999.Shriver,Duward. Radium.World Book Encyclopedia. 2003 ed.</p></li><li><p>Bibliography cont.Marie Curie and the Science of Radioactivity. 2000. American Institute of Physics.28 April ,2005Marie Sklodowska-Curie. 30 April,2005.Wikipedia. May 1, 2005. </p></li></ul>