Machine Stitching Techniques Obj. 3.02 Understand Engineering & Construction

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Machine Stitching Techniques Obj. 3.02 Understand Engineering &amp; Construction </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Stitch Lengths Stitch Length is determined by the purpose. A medium stitch length is most common. Basting stitches are very long. Reinforcement stitches are very short. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Standard Stitching Use : Permanent seams &amp; construction details. Most Fabrics : 10-12 inches Finer Fabrics: Shorter stitch between 12-15 stitches per inch. Heavy Fabrics : Longer stitch 8-10 stitches per inch. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Basting Machine basting holds two pieces of fabric together until they are permanently stitched. Used also on a single layer of fabric for: Easing Gathering Marking guidelines </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Reinforcement Stitching Adds strength to areas that will be clipped or trimmed close to the stitching line or areas such as armhole, crotch and corners. Short stitch 15-20 stitches per inch. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Stay-stitching Prevents fabric stretching Placed along bias &amp; curved edges Added after: Fabric marking Before pinning Basting Permanent stitching </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Stay-Stitching cont. Stay-stitching should be done on a single layer of fabric 1/8 inch from seam line &amp; within the seam allowance. Acts as a guide for clipping &amp; joining curved edges. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Directional Stitching Helps prevent a seam from changing or stretching while stitching. Produced by stitching with or in the direction of the fabric grain. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Standard Seam Stitching Produces 5/8 inch seam Used in most patterns. Plain seam: 5/8 inch </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Backstitching Secures the ends of a row of stitching. Begin inch in from end. Stitch backward to edge of fabric. Continue sewing to other end. Backstitch inch from end. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Understitching Keeps facing or the under side of fabric rolled out of sight. Created from standard stitching Stitch from right side of fabric through facing &amp; seam allowances, 1/8 inch from seam line. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Topstitching Decorative or functional stitching placed on the outside of a garment. Outlines Seams Secures - Facings Attaches Pockets Stitches - Pleats Holds - Hems </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Edgestitching Holds fabric &amp; seams in place. Row of stitching inch from finished edge. Used in areas as: Neck edges Zippers </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Stitch-in-the-ditch </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Zigzag Stitching Zigzag stitch uses: Finish seams Stitch buttonholes Attach cording &amp; elastic Create decorative designs. Button Hole Seam Finish </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Specialty Stitches Most machines have a variety of specialty stitches. Specialty Stitches Add decorative aspect to garment Can be made by a serger or sewing machine. Machine &amp; Serger specialty stitches </li> </ul>