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Lyme Disease:. Be Lyme Wise. A Presentation by Michele Moynihan. A Little Background Info. It was 8 months before I was properly diagnosed with Lyme disease and treated with antibiotics. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • A Presentation by Michele Moynihan

  • By different doctors, I was told I had Chronic Mononucleosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and a possible tumor on my optic nerve.Since I went so long without treatment, I am still on strong antibiotics. It has now been a year and a half since I first started on medication.It was 8 months before I was properly diagnosed with Lyme disease and treated with antibiotics.I know I am not a doctor.

  • YourselvesYour Family MembersYour PetsYour Friends and NeighborsYour ColleaguesYour STUDENTS

  • Why and How Lyme Disease Can Be MisdiagnosedHow to Protect Yourself from TicksHow to Remove TicksThe Symptoms of Lyme Disease

  • Over 50% of Lyme victims DO NOT remember being bitten by a tick.WHY???A tick bite DOES NOT HURT due to the anesthetic it injects upon puncturing the skin.PLUS...Lang, 16

  • Ticks are TINY and hard to detect on the body. Some nymphs are the size of a small mole or a period at the end of a sentence.

  • The time lapse between a tick bite and the emergence of symptoms can be weeks or even months!Type of symptoms and severity of symptoms can vary in everyone.

  • The blood tests are NOT RELIABLE!There is a 60-70% chance you could have a false negative result.Generally accepted testing procedures have had a 30-40% reliability rate, at best (Lang, 16).This means...

  • If a person is currently on or has recently taken antibiotics, it can reduce the bodys production of Lyme antibodies.The Lyme bacteria, called the spirochete can hide in the body by shifting and changing to avoid detection by the immune system.

  • Several studies have shown that sensitivity and specificity for theWestern Blot ranges from 92% to 96% when only two specific bands are positive (National Guideline Clearinghouse: Summary of ILADS Guidelines for Lyme Disease, 3).

  • Western Blot PanelIgG- 10 bands- older infectionIgM- 3 bands- recent infection

  • Chronic Fatigue SyndromeFibromyalgiaRheumatoid ArthritisLupusThyroid DiseaseDepression

    Chronic MononucleosisMultiple SclerosisAlzheimers DiseaseLou Gehrigs DiseaseAnd moreCalled the Great Imitator, Lyme disease, because of its myriad of symptoms, can mimic two hundred other illnesses (Lang, 33).Because of this, Lyme is frequently misdiagnosed asWhat are the symptoms of Lyme disease?

  • One of the first symptoms of Lyme Disease can be what is called a Bulls Eye rash.

  • There are 10 documented variations of rashes associated with Lyme disease, and not all of them look like a Bulls Eye. Many rashes may resemble a spider bite, ringworm, blisters, hives, or even cellulitis or shingles. Lyme RashLyme RashLyme Rash

  • ShinglesLymeLymeShinglesRingwormLyme

  • Even though the rash is a tell-tale sign of Lyme disease...Over 50% of victims DO NOT exhibit any rash at all!!! (ILADS, 2)

  • ChillsSore ThroatNauseaVomitingHeadacheKneesFeetElbowsHandsNeckBackAnklesWrists

  • Frequent HeadachesDizziness or VertigoLightheadednessFrequent NauseaGastrointestinal ProblemsRinging or Pounding in EarsBlurred VisionBurning EyesNumbness, Tingling, or BurningHeart PalpitationsChest PainExcessive Sleeping or InsomniaExtreme FatiguePoor Memory & ConcentrationBrain FogIrritabilityAnxietySadness, Crying

    Lyme disease is a CLINICAL diagnosis and test results should be used to support rather than supercede the physicians judgment (National Guideline Clearinghouse: Summary of ILADS Guidelines for Lyme Disease, 1).*Clinical Diagnosis = Diagnosis based on symptoms, not just blood tests that can often yield a false negative result.

  • How can you protect yourself from ticks?

  • Thumb Tack to Pin Head

  • On PetsOn Birds, Squirrels, Chipmunks, etc..In Wooded AreasOvergrown AreasShrubs/Flower BedsGrass (tall or short)Ticks are most active between May and November, but studies have proven that ticks can be found questing all year round at temperatures as low as 38 degrees F.Tick Larvae Ticks climb to the tips of grasses and weeds and lay in wait for their next host to brush against them.

  • Nothings a 100%!

  • is a THOROUGH physical inspection

  • DO NOT touch the tick with bare hands. DO NOT squeeze, crush, or puncture the body of the tick.DO NOT twist or jerk the tick.DO NOT put alcohol, nail polish, or Vaseline on the tick, and DO NOT burn the tick.Infective agents may enter through mucous membranes or breaks in the skin.Mouthparts of the tick may become imbedded, increasing the risk of infection.The ticks saliva and gut contents may be released, increasing the risk of infection.This may cause the tick to regurgitate its stomach contents, increasing the risk of infection.

  • Use a tick removal device such as Ticked-Off, Tick Nipper, Pro-Tick Remedy, or De-Ticker. You can Google search these and find them on-line.If no other tool is available, use a fine-point tweezers.Grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible, and gently pull straight upward; do not twist or jerk.Put the tick in a plastic bag with the date, and then put it in the freezer for later identification.Wash the area with a disinfectant.Seek immediate medical attention.An infected tick can transmit Lyme bacteria after being attached for only 4-24 hours (Lang, 12).The most important aspect of tick removal is to make sure the mouthparts do not remain in the skin. If the tick is a nymph, it may be harder to tell if the mouthparts have been removed.

  • School Nurse Supply1-800-485-2737Page 74, Item #56010$2.59

  • The Symptoms of Lyme DiseaseWhy and How Lyme Disease Can Be MisdiagnosedHow to Protect Yourself from TicksHow to Remove Ticks

  • Bock, Steven J. The Integrative Treatment of Lyme Disease. The International Journal of Integrative Medicine. 1/11/07 . Cameron, Daniel. Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Management of Lyme Disease. 5/19/07 . Cameron, Daniel. Lyme Disease: What You Need to Know. New York: National Guideline Clearinghouse, 2007.Facts About Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases. 5/19/07 .Home of the De-ticker. 5/19/07 . International Lyme and Associated Disease Society (ILADS). Basic Information about Lyme Disease. 5/19/07 . Lang, Denise. Coping with Lyme Disease: A Practical Guide to Dealing with Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: Owl Books, 2004.National Guideline Clearinghouse: Summary of ILADS Guidelines for Lyme Disease. 5/30/07 http://ilads.org/guidelines_ilads.html.Ticks and Lyme Disease. 5/19/07 . Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Texas. 5/22/07 .

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