Lunar Ranging Group LUNAR Team Gravitational Physics Lunar Physics Lunar Laser Ranging 12 April 2011 Pasadena, California

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  • Slide 1
  • Lunar Ranging Group LUNAR Team Gravitational Physics Lunar Physics Lunar Laser Ranging 12 April 2011 Pasadena, California
  • Slide 2
  • Overall Schedule University of Califonia, San Diego Tom Murphy Via Telephone Goddard Space Flight Centrer Stephen Merkowitz / Alix Preston Via Telephone University of Maryland, College Park Doug Currie
  • Slide 3
  • Decadal Survey Submissions Astronomy and AstroPhysics Decadal Survey Gravitational and Particle Physics Panel Report Many Excellent Comments on the Value of LLR Planetary Sciences Decadal Survey Lunar Geophysical Network Recommended for New Frontier Mission Would Place Four Retroreflectors on the Moon
  • Slide 4
  • murphy
  • Slide 5
  • gsfc
  • Slide 6
  • Topics UMd Talks Decadal Computer Simulations Result Review Deployment & Roles GLXP Candidates Functions Deployment Lander Surface Drilling Lifetime Murphy Sun Shade Dust Bombardment Future Talks & Activities Dust ILRS Status and Suggestions Ground Stations Tests at Frascati NLSI Talk Demonstration
  • Slide 7
  • Conference Proceedings Currie, D. G.,, the LLRRA-21/LSSO Team & the MoonLIGHT/INFN-LNF Team 2010, A Lunar Laser Ranging RetroReflector Array for the 21 st Century 40 th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, TX 1 Currie, D. G., Zacny, K., 2010 Regolith Drilling for the Lunar Laser Ranging Retroreflector Array for the 21 st Century, LUNAR Workshop, Cambridge MA Currie, D. G., Zacny, K., the LLRRA-21/LSSO Team & the MoonLIGHT/INFN-LNF Team 2010 A Lunar Laser Ranging RetroReflector Array for the 21 st Century Lunar Exploration Analysis Group Washington DC. Dell'Agnello, S., Delle Monache, G. O., Currie, D. G., et. All, G., & McElfresh D. The Moon as a test body for General Relativity and new gravitational theories presented at the conference European Planetary Science Congress 2010 (ESPC2010) at the Angelicum Centre Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Rome, Italy. DellAgnello, S., Currie, D. G., Delle MonacheG. O., et al Cantone, C. Garattini, M. Martini, M. Intaglietta, N. Lops C., March, R, Tauraso, R, Bellettini G., Maiello, M, Berardi, S., Porcelli, L.; "Next Generation Lunar Laser Ranging and its GNSS Applications"; IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky (MT), Peron, R.; Bellettini, G.; Berardi, S.; Boni, A.; Cantone, C.; Coradini, A.; Currie, D. G.; Dell'Agnello, S.; Delle Monache, G. O.;, et al. Advanced instrumentation for Solar System gravitational physics EGU General Assembly 2010, held 2-7 May, 2010 in Vienna, Austria, Currie, D. G., Delle Monache & G. O. DellAgnello, S. 2010 A Lunar Laser Retroreflector for the FOR the 21ST Century (LLRRA-21): Selenodesy, Science and Status 2010 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting San Francisco, CA Currie, D. G., DellAgnello, S. & Delle Monache, G. O. 2011 LUNAR LASER RANGING: FLIGHT HARDWARE SIMULATION, TESTING AND STATUS. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, The Woodlands, TX,
  • Slide 8
  • Talks, Colloquia and Public Presentations Talks at Scientific Conferences Currie, D. G., & the LLRRA-21 Teams 2011 A LUNAR LASER RANGING RETRO-REFLECTOR ARRAY for the 21st CENTURY 2 nd Lunar Laser Ranging Workshop, International Space Sciences Institute, Bern Switzerland Currie, D. G., & The LLRRA-21 Teams 2010 A LUNAR LASER RANGING RETRO-REFLECTOR ARRAY for the 21 st CENTURY LUNAR Workshop Boulder CO Currie, D. G., DellAgnello, S. & Delle Monache, G. O. 2010 A Lunar Laser Ranging Retroreflector Array for the 21 st Century ISOT 2010 International Symposium on Optomechatronic Technologies, Toronto, CanadaISOT 2010 International Symposium on Optomechatronic Technologies, Toronto, Canada Currie, D. G., & the LLRRA-21 Teams 2011 A LUNAR LASER RANGING RETRO-REFLECTOR ARRAY for the 21st CENTURY 2 nd Lunar Laser Ranging Workshop, International Space Sciences Institute, Bern Switzerland DellAgnello, S.; Currie, D. G.; Delle Monache, G. O.; Lops, C.; M. Martini 2010 LLRRA21/MoonLIGHT: a 2nd Generation Lunar Laser Ranging Array for Precision Gravity Tests and Lunar Science Measurements at the Conference Global Lunar Conference Beijing, China. Ddd 31 May-3 June 2010 talk Colloquia and Public Presentations Currie, D. G. 2011 2 nd NLSI Commerce Virtual Lecture A LUNAR LASER RANGING RETROREFLECTOR FOR THE 21ST CENTURYA LUNAR LASER RANGING RETROREFLECTOR FOR THE 21ST CENTURY
  • Slide 9
  • Computer Simulations Problems Commercial Software Issues Computer Failures 300 Million Beers Law Calculations for Each Computer simulation Objectives End to End Simulation Technical Objectives Selection of Thermal Coatings Effects of Shorter Sun Shade GLXP Candidates for Size / Angular Tolerances Eclipse Effects For LLRRA-21, not Apollo
  • Slide 10
  • Computer Simulations 500 Time Steps Over a Lunation HeatLoad3D IDL University of Maryland Evaluates Solar Heat Loads in CCR at ~ a Million Nodes Thermal Desktop Commercial - Cullimorgan and Ring Technologies Combine CCR Heat Loads with Solar Inputs to Temperature at 1733 Nodes TempToPhase IDL University of Maryland Converts Temperatures from thermal Desktop into Phase Errors Code V Commercial - Combines Thermal Phase Errors with TIR Phases and Effect of Offset Angles Analysis IDL University of Maryland Converts Far Field Diffraction Patterns into Useful Operational Results
  • Slide 11
  • Frascati Testing Thermal Vacuum Tests Optical Table for Far Field Diffraction Pattern InfraRed Camera for Temperature Meaurements Optical Simulator for Sun Thermal Sensors on CCR Images of Chamber and CCR Face
  • Slide 12
  • Different Deployment Versions Single Shot Range Accuracy Current Single Shot Accuracy is ~20 mm If Mounted on Lander Thermal Expansion of Lander Heat Flux from Lander Single Shot Accuracy of 1-3 millimeters If a Surface Deployment Thermal Expansion of Regolith Heat Flux from Lander Sub-Millimeter Single Shot Accuracy If an Anchored Deployment Anchored at ~1 meter depth Better than 100 micron Single Shot Accuracy
  • Slide 13
  • Google Lunar X Prize Prize by Google Corporation for 30 M$ Only Private Money for GLXP Objectives Can Be Government Money For Other Objectives Like LLRRA-21 Currently Working with: Lunar Express, Hai Li Astrobotics David Gump Moon Express Bob Richards NextGreatLeap Michael Joyce Penn State University Miles Smith FREDNETSean Casey Multiple Missions that May Be Successful Achieve an Array of Retroreflectors
  • Slide 14
  • Deployment Lander
  • Slide 15
  • Surface Deployment
  • Slide 16
  • Anchored Deployment Astrobotics & Honeybee
  • Slide 17
  • Degradation of Laser Returns Tom Murphy and APOLLO Station Factor of 9.6 over 40 years Amelioration of Problem Sun Shade Blocks Dust Deposition Block Micrometeorite Bombardment But What is the Real Reason for Degradation? For Micrometeorite Bombardment Test at Horanyis Dust Accelerator Lifetime of LLRRA-21
  • Slide 18
  • Signal Level for One LLRRA-21 Briefly LLRRA-21 Signal ~ Equal to Apollo 15 Array Therefore Can Works with Sub-Meter Telescopes Will Need to Upgrade of Laser, Timing Electronics McDonald at 0.67 meter Currently successfully Ranges to A15 Long Life - Dust Issues Handled with SunShade More Precisely IsoThermal Station Angle LLRRA-21 Signal Return LatitudeOffsets w.r.t. A15 45 Yes 78% 45 No 58% 00 Yes 88% 00 No 71%
  • Slide 19
  • Future Objectives Schedule: >> Driven by the Google Lunar X Prize Launch April/December 2013 i.e., Astrobotics Need to Finalize the Design Need to Attain Sufficient TRL to Obtain Funding i.e., T/V/O Test Need to Fabricate/Test/Integrate Flight Hardware Simulations to Optimize Thermal Coatings To Control Thermal Gradients and thus Signal Optimize within Limits of Pracitical Coatings Different Choices for Different GLXP Missions Interactions with GLXP Teams Each has Different Physical & Organizational Structures Therefore Each Requires Somewhat Different Thermal Design Each Requires Different Emplacement Procedures
  • Slide 20
  • Future Talks & Activities Evaluate Dust Bombardment Mihaly Horanyi Dust Accelerator - Early May International Laser Ranging Service Meeting Late May Present Status of LLRRA-21 to Actual Ranging Groups Collect Suggestions from Operators Present What is Needed for Ground Stations for LLRRA-21 Thermal/Vacuum/Optical Tests at Frascati Early June TRL 6.5 -> TRL 7.0 NASA Lunar Science Institute Mid July Talk on LLRRA-21 Hardware and GLXP Mission Status Report on Honeybee Grant on Pneumatic Drill for LLRRA-21 Demonstration of Pneumatic Drilling Probably Mounted on Astrobotic Lander
  • Slide 21
  • Future Talks & Activities Sun Shade & Thermal Coatings Simulate Various Thermal Coatings Simulate Stepped Sun Shade Fabricate Stepped Sun Shade Thermal/Vacuum/Optical Test of Stepped Sun Shade Simulate Elliptical Sun Shade Work with Google Lunar X Prize Modify Nominal Design for Different Missions Address Various Emplacement Strategies and Costs Investigate Funding Routes for GLXP Flights Fabricate and T/V/O Test Big CCR with Offset Angles

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