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New TESTAMENT FOUNDATIONS CLASS 17, Section 2 Pages 203-211

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New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS CLASS 17, Section 2 Pages 203-211

1New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONCLASS NUMBER 17SECTION TWOTHE GOSPEL OF LUKE The OUTLINE of LUKE. The differences between LUKE, MATTHEW and MARK. The angle and position of Luke compared with the rest of the gospels.

New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs OUTLINE The Gentile gospel is designed in 7 pockets of information for the readers. The details in these pockets of information is very different than the other gospels.

3New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs OUTLINE THE PROLOGUE - 1:1-4 a preliminary discourse that could be in the form of a greeting or a poem or some other literary device.

4New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKE, STRUCTURE LUKE1:1-4Inasmuch as many have taken in hand to set in order a narrative of those things which have been fulfilledamong us,2just as those who from the beginning wereNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKE, STRUCTURE LUKE1:1-4eyewitnesses and ministers of the word delivered them to us,3it seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first,New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKE, STRUCTURE LUKE1:1-4to write to you an orderly account, most excellent Theophilus,4that you may know the certainty of those things in which you were instructed.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs OUTLINE 2) THE BIRTH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST and JESUS (1:5 2:52). 3) PREPARATION FOR MINISTRY (3:1-4 - 4:13). 4) THE MINISTRY OF JESUS CHRIST IN GALILEE (4:14 -9:50).

8New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs OUTLINE 5) JESUS JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM (9:51 - 19:44). This is the longest section of Luke, and covers several features that are not included in the other gospels. Pay attention in this section.


10New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs INTEREST Luke goes his own way when speaking of the RESURRECTION of Jesus Christ. He emphasises the seven mile walk from Jerusalem to the small city called Emmaus.

11New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was seven miles(60 Strada) fromJerusalem.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-3514And they talked together of all these things which had happened.15So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with them.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not know Him.17And He said to them,What kind of conversationisthis that you have with one another as you walk and are sad?New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-3518Then the one whose name was Cleopas (kla-a-pas of a renowned father [John 19:25]) answered and said to Him, Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have You notNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35known the things which happened there in these days?19And He said to them,What things? So they said to Him, The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35who was a Prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people,20and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to be condemned to death, New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35and crucified Him.21But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-3522Yes, and certain women of our company, who arrived at the tomb early, astonished us.23When they did not find His body, they came saying thatNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35they had also seen a vision of angels who said He was alive.24And certain of thosewho werewith us went to the tomb and founditjust as the womenNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35had said; but Him they did not see. 25Then He said to them,O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-3526Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into His glory?27And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in all the Scriptures theNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35things concerning Himself.28Then they drew near to the village where they were going, and He indicated that He would have gone farther.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-3529But they constrained Him, saying, Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And He went in to stay with them.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-3530Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took bread, blessed and brokeit, and gave it to them.31Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him;New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35and He vanished from their sight.32And they said to one another, Did not ourheart burnwithin us while He talked with us on the road, and while He opened the Scriptures to us?New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-3533So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven and thosewho werewith them gathered together,34saying,New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs INTEREST LUKE 24:13-35The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!35And they told about the thingsthat had happenedon theroad, and how He was known to them in the breaking of bread.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONKEY POINTS: Their eyes were restrained because they knew Jesus as a prophet and a teacher but not as the SON OF GOD. Jesus used scriptures to prepare them to see Him.

New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONKEY POINTS: Their HEARTS BURNED WITHIN THEM when the SCRIPTURES were used to EXPLAIN Jesus Christ. Their eyes were opened when they broke bread with HIM.

New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs CONNECTION Acts, also a work of LUKE, can be considered the same book as LUKE. H.J. Cadburys THE MAKING OF LUKE AND ACTS, is so brilliantly worked that it shifted the scholars view to consider them one.

31New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKE & ACTS ACTS 1:1-3The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,2until the day in which He was taken up, afterNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKE & ACTS ACTS 1:1-3He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the apostles whom He had chosen,3to whom He also presented Himself alive afterNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKE & ACTS ACTS 1:1-3His suffering by many infallible proofs, being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONKEY POINTS: Luke and his readers have the present day witness of Jesus Christ still alive when the gospel was written so that they could see the infallible proofs of Jesus Christ.

New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs CONNECTION Language, style and theology connect the books of LUKE and ACTS. Theology is a GOOD INDICATOR of considering books of the cannon by the early CHURCH.

36New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs CONNECTION The prologue indicates that LUKE was not an eye witness to the ministry of JESUS CHRIST but an eye witness of the people who had been radically impacted by JESUS CHRIST.

37New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs CONNECTION LUKE was an educated man who wrote very good GREEK. The opening of LUKE is written in the classical style of Greek. The rest of the two chapters have a strong Semitic cast.

38New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs CONNECTION The rest of LUKE was written in strong HELLENISTIC Greek that constantly reminds the reader of the SEPTUAGINT Greek Old Testament.

39New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs CONNECTION The last half of the book of Acts contains a lot of we passages and written in the first person, Luke being the companion of Paul who was pounded down by Jesus on the road to Damascus.

40New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs SECRETS What is one very strong hint in one of Jesus healings that LUKE was a doctor? Luke calls the fever of Peters mother-in-law a HIGH FEVER, whereas Mark 1:30 and Matt. 8:14 only call it a FEVER.

41New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs SECRETS Early Church father TERTULLIAN calls LUKE a summary of Pauls gospel TERTULLIAN, originally from Carthage, was a pagan who converted to Christianity in A.D. 197.

42New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs SECRETS TERTULLIAN lived from A.D.160-225. He was trained in the law and was one of the foremost Christian apologists of his day. He was a vigorous opponent of Gnosticism.

43New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs SECRETS TERTULLIAN in his APOLOGY argued that Christianity should not be seen as a threat to the state. His AGAINST PRAXEAS presents an early exposition of the Trinity.

44New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS LUKEs SECRETS TERTULLIAN was a strong promoter as SCRIPTURE ALONE to develop ones RIGHT and RIGHTEOUS theology. TERTULLIAN saw ACTS and LUKE as one book, written by the companion of Paul.

45New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-11So it was, as the multitudepressedabout Him to hear the word of God, that He stood by the Lake of Gennesaret,New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-112and saw two boats standing by the lake; but thefishermenhad gone from them and were washingtheirnets.3Then He got into one of the boats, which wasNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-11Simons, and asked him to put out a little from the land. And He sat down and taught the multitudes from the boat.4When He had stoppedNew TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-11speaking, He said to Simon,Launch out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch. 5But Simon answered and said to Him,New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-11Master, we have toiled all night and caught nothing; nevertheless at Your word I will let down thenet.6And when they had done this,New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-11they caught a great number of fish, and their net was breaking.7So they signaled totheirpartners in the other boat to come and help them.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-11And they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink.8When Simon Petersawit,he fell down at Jesus knees, saying,New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-11Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord! 9For he and all who were with him were astonished at the catch of fish which they had taken;New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-1110and so alsowereJames and John, the sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon,Do not be afraid. From now on you will catch men.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-1111So when they had brought their boats to land, they forsook all and followed Him.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONLUKEs UNIQUE P.O.V. LUKE 5:1-1111So when they had brought their boats to land, they forsook all and followed Him.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS

LUKE helps us to understand Peter and Jesus response to all the Peters of the world.57New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONMATTHEW 16:21-23From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONMATTHEW 16:21-2322Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, Far be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to You!23But He turned and said to Peter,New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONMATTHEW 16:21-23Get behind Me, Satan! You are an offense to Me, for you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men.New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS PETER SAID DEPART FROM ME, I AM A SINFUL MAN


61New TESTAMENTFOUNDATIONS CLASS 18, Section 2 Pages 211-219LUKE 9-11