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DESCRIPTIONLuke’s Introduction. Luke is like a never ending introduction; 1:1-4; 1:5-2:52; 3:1-38; 4:1-30 . We will simply deal with the unique Lucan material (1:1-2:52) and its implications on the rest of the gospel. Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-4. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Lukes IntroductionLuke is like a never ending introduction; 1:1-4; 1:5-2:52; 3:1-38; 4:1-30. We will simply deal with the unique Lucan material (1:1-2:52) and its implications on the rest of the gospel.
Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-41 Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, 2just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word.3 Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, 4so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.
Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-4Formal, literary; different from rest of the book. The style is introduced in 1:1 as a narrative or story (dih,ghsij) but it is one account among othersWhat others?
Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-4The style is further refined in 1:3 when Luke says, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for youWhat order?
Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-4Comments of Papias about Mark,Mark became Peters interpreter (hermeneutes) and wrote accurately whatever he remembered, but not in order of the things said or done by the Lord.Eusebius (H.E. 3.39.14-17)
Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-4Notice how in 1:4, Luke clearly ties the orderly account with the question of truth/certainty
Orderly account Certaintyi[na Result Clause
Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-4Luke is a 2nd generation Christian, standing on others shoulders (scrolls?) Note his use of 2nd person pronounsHe has models before him (1:1,2)He has a message to contribute (1:4) Note eyewitnesses and servantsoi` avpV avrch/j auvto,ptai kai. u`phre,tai
Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-4These are fulfilled events (peplhroforhme,nwn) Note Perfect tense, Fulfillment with effects still todayNote Passive voice,Divine passive
Luke: Introduction #1 Luke 1:1-4Luke is proclamationNarrative is not the basis for proclamation, rather narration is proclamation.For Luke, an orderly account is concerned with a development of certainty of the things you have been taught. Its not about facts alone but faith.Luke is theological history
Luke: Introduction #2 Luke 1:5-2:52Luke presents his narrative style introduction with people, places and ideas, with real historical referents: (1:5, 2:1).Luke presents a story begun long before now. There are so many OT echoes and motifs that its almost deafening to the reader/listener. Luke is more of a continuation of Gods on-going, unfolding history with His people. I would like to call it climactic, but then comes Acts! Note Abrahamic and Prophetic promises (1:54-55, 68-79)
Luke: Introduction #2 Luke 1:5-2:52Role of the Holy Spirit in the origin and ministry of Jesus.The Holy Spirit / Spirit of the Lord 1:15,17,35,41,47,67,80; 2:25,26; 3:16,22; 4:1(2x), 14,18,33; 10:21; 11:13; 12:10,12; [24:49]. While not appearing throughout the entire book, it seems particularly important in the early chapters. The promise of the Father, 24:49, also makes implicit reference to the Holy Spirit, providing an important continuity with the continuation of this account in Acts.
Luke: Introduction #2 Luke 1:5-2:52Relationship of Jesus and his precursors to the Temple.Zechariahs term 1:22; Infant and childhood presence in the temple 2:27,37,46; Temptation 4:9; Parable 18:10; Jesus action and teaching in the temple 19:45,47; 20:1; 21:5,37,38; Trial and crucifixion 22:52,53; 23:45; Closing locale 24:53.
Luke: Introduction #2 Luke 1:5-2:52This temple at several critical points in the story is unique to Luke.3 xs in 3 verses (2:22-24) Luke tells us that this was done according to the Law of the Lord (again in 2:39) Luke seems anxious to stress that Jesus was righteous in terms of the Law.
Luke: Introduction #2 Luke 1:5-2:52Examples:Luke omits antithesis in Sermon on MtLuke omits tradition of elders in Mt and MkNote the theme of innocence / righteousness of Jesus in the Passion Narrative:Pilate (23:13-16);Thief on cross (23:39-43); Centurion (23:47) Material links with Acts 3:13-14 and Is 52:13-53:12.
Luke: Introduction #2 Luke 1:5-2:52Final comment on the theme of innocence / righteousness of Jesus in the Passion Narrative:The words of the centurion (23:47) The centurion, seeing what had happened, praised God (doxa,zw) and said, "Surely this was a righteous (di,kaioj) man.Connection of Praising God: 2:30; 5:25-26; 7:16; 13:13; 17:15; 18:43
Luke: Introduction #2 Luke 1:5-2:52This temple ties in to the major Jerusalem theme (esp. 24:44-53)Jerusalem. 2:22,25,38,41,43,45; 4:9; 5:17; 6:17; 9:31,51,53 (J. sets face toward); 10:30; 13:4,22*, 33,34; 17:11*; 18:31*; 19:11*, 28*; 21:20,24; 23:7,28; 24:13,18,33,47,52. After 9:31, (* marks explicit reference) to the journey toward Jerusalem which orients the narrative from 9:31 to 19:28-40, where Jesus actually enters the city. Interestingly, at the point of entry itself, no explicit mention of Jerusalem is made, but instead Luke mentions the descent of the Mt. of Olives (19:37), Jesus weeping over the city (v41) and continued daily teaching there in the temple (v47).
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Intro 11:1-4Opening WordsIntro 21:5-2:52Birth of John and JesusIntro 33:1-22Cry in WildernessIntro 43:23-38Family TreeIntro 54:1-15Temptation in WildernessIntro 64:16-30First Sermon
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Luke: Gospel to the PoorIn Luke, this sermon in Nazareth is at beginning of ministry in Galilee (cf. Matt 13:53-58 & Mark 6:1-6)In Luke, this is the only place where we find content of his preachingIn Luke, this sermon is connected with other key passages in Luke-Acts (7:18-23 & Acts 10:38). This mission will not be resolved in Luke. But we must wait for Acts . . . and more!
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Content of the Text Reading
Quote from Isaiah 61:1-2 (from the LXX)
The Spirit of the LORD is on me, for he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor He has sent me.To proclaim for the captives release,and to the blind sight;To send forth the oppressed in release; (from Is 58:6)To proclaim the year of the LORD's favor
[and the day of vengeance of our God] (removed)
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Observations the Text Reading
Jesus reading IS an interpretation!
Jesus reading places an emphasis upon his mission. A clear connection between the person of Jesus: ME and his mission: RELEASE.
The recurring ME must also be heard against the anticipation which the recurring introductions have given to us regarding the identity and public ministry of Jesus.
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Ministry of ReleaseThere is a direct connection between Isaiah 61 & 58 with Lev 25; The Year of Jubilee (Lev 25:10)
The hearers (and present day readers) have entered into this new epoc of the salvation of the Lord; release/forgiveness (a;fesij) (see; Luke 1:77; 3:3; 5:20-21; 5:23-24; 7:47-49; 11:4; 11:4; 12:10; 17:3-4; 23:34; 24:47)
Throughout Luke, the power of release is at work against diabolic forces (see esp, 13:10-17).
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Ministry of Release
Lets not forget that release also carries direct social consequences. What is forgiveness if not removing the barrier (sin) which has excluded an individual from community life?
Release is a thorough-going entrance to wholeness, NOW, not simply a future hope or promise. A removal of both diabolic and social chains.
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Good News to Poor
Note three verbs:to proclaim (euvaggeli,zw )to send forth (avposte,llw )to preach (khru,ssw )
Who are Poor (ptwco,j)Poor economically?Status in ancient world was one of birth not performanceOne was included or excluded based upon socialmarkers
The Governing ClassMerchantsRetainers and PriestsPeasantsArtisansUnclean/DegradedExpendablesSocial Stratification:Status, Not Class
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Lists of Social Exclusion
Priesthood: Lev 21:16-24Blemish; blind; lame; broken foot; hunchback; blemish in eyes; dwarf; scabs, etc. Dead Sea Scrolls: Rule of Community (1QSa 2:5-7)Boys, Women, Lame, blind, crippled, defect, etc.
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Lukes Lists of Social Inclusion
4:18Poor, captive, blind, oppressed 6:20poor, hungry, mournful, persecuted 7:22blind, lame, leper, deaf, dead, poor 14:13 and 14:21poor, maimed, lame, blind 16:20,22poor, ulcerated, hungry
Luke: Introduction #6 Luke 4:16-30Lukes Lists of Social InclusionThis continual list of adjectives in the narrative flow draws attention to the fact thatto the nature of those who are unexpected recipients to the good news (4:16-30; 7:18-23) and blessedness (6:20-26)to the status of the normally excluded are now welcomed (14:12-14; 14:15-24; 16:19-31)in each case, poor is at the top of the list (except 7:22, where it is climactic!