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Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research

Journal of Educational and Social Research Special IssueVol. 1, No. 4, November 2011

Rome, Italy 2011

Journal of Educational and Social Research

Editor in Chief Prof. Francesco Randazzo Guest EditorsNkasiobi S. Oguzor Benedicta Egbo Austin N. Nosike Bassey Ubong Jacinta A. Opara Executive Director Mcser Prof. Antonello Biagini Editorial Assistant Dr. Dorina Orzac Editorial Managing Dr. Daniel Pommier Vincelli Scientific Coordinator Prof.ssa Giovanna Motta Graphic Design Dr. Roberto Scierrone Editing Dr. Dario Testi

Copyright 2011 Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research ISSN: 2239-978X (Print) ISSN: 2240-0524 (Online) Vol. 1, No. 4, November 2011 Publisher MCSER Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research Piazza S. Giovanni in Laterano, 18/B Cap. 00183, Rome, Italy Tel/Fax: 039/0692913868 E-mail: Web:

This issue is printed with the technology print on demand by Gruppo Srl Via del Lavoro, 22, 36040, Grisignano VI, Italy Tel: 0039/0444613696 Web:

Journal of Educational and Social ResearchSpecial Issue Vol. 1, No. 4, November 2011Issn: 2239-978X (print) Issn: 2240-0524 (online)

About the JournalThe "Journal of Educational and Social Research", published by MCSER, is a professional, double-blind, peer-reviewed, open-access journal publishing highquality scientific articles. The journal has a distinguished editorial board with extensive academic qualifications, ensuring that the journal will maintain high scientific standards and have a broad international coverage. Articles related to all branches of education are published The editorial board intends to publish papers which cover applied and theoretical approaches to the study of education and its related disciplines. The purpose of the journal is to serve as a forum for researchers around the world to present and discuss common concerns in local, national, global, international and transnational issues in social studies education. The journal is an invaluable resource for teachers, counselors, supervisors, administrators, curriculum planners, and educational researchers as they consider the structure of tomorrow's curricula. Special issues examine major education issues in depth. Topics of recent themes include methodology, motivation, and literacy. The Journal of Educational and Social Research publishes original empirical and theoretical studies and analyses in education that constitute significant contributions to the understanding and/or improvement of educational processes and outcomes. The Journal focuses on significant political, cultural, social, economic, and organizational issues in education, and explores the processes and outcomes of teaching, learning, and human development at all educational levels and in both formal and informal setting. Although the JESR does not publish validation studies, the editors welcome many varieties of research--experiments, evaluations, ethnographies, narrative research, replications, and so forth. JESR publish research that representing a wide range of academic disciplines and using a wide range of research methods. Editor in Chief, Prof. Francesco Randazzo University of Perugia, Italy

Indexing/Abstracting/LibraryJournal of Educational and Social research is included on the following index/abstracting/library EBSCO - Electronic Journal Service EBSCOhost EBSCO Publishing Index Copernicus International Cabells Publishing Directories of Academic Journals Ulrichsweb Global Serials Directory Socol@r Index World Wide Web Virtual Library Genamics JournalSeek Kaohsiung Medical University Library Univesrity of Ottawa Library Birmingham Public Library Exlibris Index, The Bridge of Knowledge Shenzen University Library Georgetown University Library Scirus Index Open J. Gate Index Ohio Library and Information Network OhioLINK Academic Journals Database Indiana University Libraries California State Monterey Bay Library CSUMB University of Saskatchwean Library San Jos State University Electronic Journal Index WZB Library Colorado States University Libraries Berlin State Library University of Washington Libraries University Library of Regensburg Digital Library of Wroclaw University

Journal of Educational and Social ResearchEditor in chief Francesco Randazzo University of Perugia, Italy Guest EditorsNkasiobi S. Oguzor Benedicta Egbo Austin N. Nosike Bassey Ubong Jacinta A. Opara

International Editorial BoardTimm Albers University of Education Karlsruhe, Germany Peter M. Miller University of Wisconsin-Madison, Usa Nerissa Albon Monash University, Australia Pigga Keskitalo Saami University College Kautokeino, Norway Paul Joseph Pace University of Malta, Msida, Malta / Centre for Environmental Education and Research Sandro Caruana University of Malta, Malta William J. Hunter University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada Peter Mayo University of Malta, Malta Anthonia U. Ejifugha Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri-Nigeria Alba Dumi University of Vlore, Albania Nkasiobi S.Oguzor Federal College of Education(Technical), Omoku- Nigeria Waqar Un Nisa Faizi Jinnah Univerity for Women, Karachi, Pakistan Maria Nogues Sapienza University of Rome, Italy Rusul Alrubail Seneca College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Pilar Robles G. Sapienza University of Rome, Italy Merja Paksuniemi Saari School, Rovaniemi, Finland

Rajakumar Chelladurai V.S.B.Engineering College, Karur, Tamilnadu,India Shobana Nelasco Fatima College, Madurai-India Jacinta A. Opara Universidad Azteca, Mexico Fernando A. Ferreira Polytechnic Institute of Santarem, Portugal Alice Kagoda Makerere University, Kampala-Uganda B.V. Toshev University of Sofia, Bulgaria Sodienye A. Abere Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria Eddie Blass Swinburne University of Technology, Australia Hanna David Tel Aviv University, Jerusalem-Israel Oby Cordelia Okonkwor Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka-Nigeria Asoluka C. Njoku Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri-Nigeria Ali Simek Anadolu University, Turkey

Azubuike Cypril Nwokocha Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umuahia-Nigeria Kinikanwo A. Anele University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria Peter Ugochukwu Akanwa Imo State University, Owerri-Nigeria Addison Mark Wokocha Teachers Registration Council, Abuja-Nigeria Adriana Piga Sapienza University of Rome Benedicta Egbo University of Windsor, Ontario-Canada Hassan Danial Aslam Human Resource Management Research Society, Pakistan M.O.N. Obagah Rivers State University of Education, Nigeria Austin N. Nosike The Granada Management Institute, Spain Gerhard Berchtold Universidad Azteca, Mexico Samir Mohamed Alredaisy University of Khartoum, Sudan Lawrence Ogbo Ugwuanyi University of Abuja, Abuja-Nigeria John Agreen Idumange Niger Delta University Wilberforce Island, Nigeria


Editorial Jacinta A. OparaEffects of International Exchange Programs on Subject Specific Competences: Investigation of the Exchange Program Between the Medical School of Jimma University (Ethiopia) and The Ludwig-Maximilians University (Munich) Jacobs Fabian, Stegmann Karsten, Fischer Frank, and Siebeck Matthias Interactive E-Learning System Using Pattern Recognition and Augmented Reality Chetan Kumar G. Shetty and Mahesh Kolur Aggregate Analysis of the Impacts of Telecommunication Infrastructural Development on Nigerian Economy Gold Kafilah Lola Relationship Between Self-concept and Mathematics Achievement of Senior Secondary Students in Port Harcourt Metropolis Isaac Esezi Obilor Provision and Management of School Facilities for the Implementation of UBE Programme Lawanson, Olukemi Anike and Gede, Ngozi Tari Political Skills Moderates the Relationship Between Perception of Organizational Politics and Job Outcomes Farooq Ahmed Jam, Tariq Iqbal Khan, Bilal Hassan Zaidi, and Syed Mashhod Muzaffar Metacognitive Strategies: A Viable Tool for Self Directed Learning Cecilia O. Okoro and Eke Kingdom Chukwudi Financial Resource Management Capacity of Public Secondary School Administrators in Ondo State, Nigeria Ajileye Evelyn Omokorede and Ikegwuru Bridget Some Considerations in Achieving Effective Teaching and Learning in Science Education Jacinta A. Opara Gender Feminism and the Girl-Child Nwaji, Ojukwu John Evaluation of Mathematics Achievement Test: A Comparison Between Classical Test Theory (CTT) and Item Response Theory (IRT) Eluwa, O. Idowu, Akubuike N. Eluwa and Bekom K. Abang


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Using Information and Communication Technology in a Collaborative Classroom to Improve Student Achievement Adesola, S.A. The Integration of Information and Communication Technology in Library Operations Towards Effective Library Services Afolabi, A.F and Abidoye, J.A Utterance Technology for Shorthand A Reperception of the Consonant Strokes: For Copping with E-Activity and ICT Changing Environment in Business Education Ozuruoke, A. A and Ogolo, F. I Designing and Using Intelligence and Memory Activating Boxes (IMABs) as Instructional Materials for Effective Instructions in Science and Technology Classrooms and Laboratories Pollyn, Ibifiri Blessing, Igbigialabo, J. C. and Agbuke, E. I.







EditorialThe making of a journal is a very challenging task. This Special Issue of the Journal of Educational and Social Research published by the Mediterranean Center for Educational and Social Research at Sapienza University of Rome, Italy is a collection of selected papers presented at the International Conference on Teaching and Learning