Louisville CEDAW

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<p>Slide 1</p> <p>The Treaty for Womens EqualityCEDAW</p> <p>1</p> <p>What is CEDAW?</p> <p> CEDAW stands for the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination</p> <p>CEDAW is a landmark international agreement that affirms principles of fundamental human rights and equality for women around the world.</p> <p>CEDAW is the most comprehensive international women rights treaty.</p> <p>Around the world, CEDAW has been used to reduce sex trafficking and domestic violence; provide access to education and vocational training; ensure the right to vote; improve basic health care, including maternal health; ensure the ability to work and own a business without discrimination; end forced marriage and child marriage and ensure inheritance rights.2</p> <p> On December 18th,1979, CEDAW was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It entered into force as an international treaty on September 3rd, 1981 after the 20th country had ratified it.CEDAW was the culmination of more than 30 years of work by the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women, a body established in 1946 to monitor the situation of women and to promote womens rights.</p> <p>CEDAW explicitly acknowledges that extensive discrimination against women continues to exist and emphasizes that such discrimination violates the principles of equality of rights and respect for human dignity.</p> <p>CEDAW is an aspirational document and a practical blueprint for each country to achieve progress for women and girls.How CEDAW Works</p> <p> CEDAW offers countries a practical blueprint to achieve progress for women and girls by calling on each ratifying country to overcome barriers to discrimination. 6</p> <p>187 countries have ratified CEDAW7 have not2 small Pacific Islands( Palau and Tonga)IranSudanSomaliaand The United StatesSouth Sudan187 out of 194 countries have ratified CEDAW. The US is one of only 7 countries that have not ratified the treaty. </p> <p> We know that the American public strongly supports the principles and values of education, equality , fairness and basic human rights. But look at the company we are in. 7CEDAW will strengthen the United States as a global leader in standing up for equality for women and girls.The U.S. Should Ratify CEDAW Now Ratifying the CEDAW treaty is fundamental to Americas national security and economic interests around the world. </p> <p> CEDAW ratification would continue Americas proud bipartisan tradition of promoting and protecting human rights. </p> <p>8CEDAW has improved womens lives on the groundIn ratifying countries, women have partnered with their governments to change their laws and policies, creating greater safety and opportunity for women and their families </p> <p>CEDAW has improved womens literacy levels, labor force participation rates, and parliamentary representation and in some cases has reduced absolute gender inequalities. -World Bank Report, 2012The report demonstrates that empowering women is one of the most effective paths for alleviating poverty and other conditions that contribute to instability, while helping to build stronger democracies. As women gain access to these benefits, their businesses are able to prosper, improving economies and strengthening the global marketplace. The April 2013 Harvard Business Review featured research on the economics of equality, confirming this link between women's rights and economic participation</p> <p>Example from MEXICO: In response to an epidemic of violence against women, particularly in the Ciudad Juarez area, and under major domestic and international pressure (including pressure from the CEDAW Committee), Mexico is changing its response to violence against women. In2007 Mexico passed the Mexican General Law on Womens Access to a Life Free from Violence, which draws on CEDAW and the Committees General Recommendation 19, among other international and regional treaties. By 2009, all of Mexicos 32 states had adopted the law, making if fully enforceable throughout the country.</p> <p>9</p> <p>CEDAW Promotes the Advancement of Womens Rights in the U.S.</p> <p>While American women enjoy opportunities and status not available to most around the world, few would dispute that much more progress is needed. </p> <p>10CEDAW would provide an effective catalyst for change in the U.S.CEDAW would provide an opportunity for national dialogue on persistent inequalities in the U.S.Each country determines how to bring its policies in line to eliminate discrimination against women and girls. CEDAW would provide an opportunity for national dialogue on how to address persistent gaps in womens full equality, particularly regarding closing the pay gap, reducing domestic violence and stopping trafficking. Domestic violence: the landmark Violence Against Women Act, has done much to prevent domestic violence and meet the needs of victims, yet two million women a year report injuries from current or former partners in the United States. Maternal health: the United States ranks 41st among a ranking of 184 countries on maternal deaths during pregnancy and childbirth, below all other industrialized nations and a number of developing countries. Economic security: U.S. women continue to lag behind men in income, earning on average only 77 cents for every dollar that a man makes. Human trafficking: the Trafficking Victims Protection Act has played a pivotal role in combating human trafficking. However, estimates suggest that there may be 20,000 women, men, and children trafficked into the U.S. each year</p> <p>Ratifying CEDAW does not automatically result in changes to U.S. law or additional costs. It is up to each country to determine how to bring its policies in line to eliminate discrimination against women and girls. 11U.S. Human Rights RecordRATIFIED BY THE U.S.International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD)Convention Against Torture (CAT)Convention Against Genocide (CAG)</p> <p>NOT RATIFIED BY THE U.S.International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ESCR)Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)Convention on Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)And under the leadership of Presidents Reagan, Bush, and Clinton, the United States has ratified similar agreements on torture, genocide, and race. </p> <p>12</p> <p>CEDAWS History in the U.S.</p> <p>The treaty has been favorably voted out of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee twice with bipartisan support (in 1994 and 2002). However, CEDAW has never been brought to the Senate floor for a vote. In 2010, the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Human Rights and the Law, chaired by Senator Richard Durbin (D-IL), held a hearing on CEDAW. The Obama Administration strongly supports ratification of CEDAW and provided testimony at the Durbin hearing. In 2011, Senate Foreign Relations subcommittees, chaired by Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) and Robert Casey (D-PA), held a hearing on Women and the Arab Spring, which highlighted how CEDAW has been used in the Middle East and North Africa to advance equality for women and girls. </p> <p>Senator Durbins Senate Judiciary Subcommittee hearing in 2010 and also the Senate passage of another treaty, the START nuclear arms treaty -- has given us needed momentum to move forward.</p> <p>Senator Boxer plans to hold a hearing in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The date has not yet been set. Senator Durbin, Senator Boxer, and others are championing CEDAW ratification. Now we need other Senators to commit to support CEDAW.13CEDAW is Currently Pending in the SenateThe full Senate has never held a vote on the treaty Ratification requires 2/3 vote, or 67 votesRatification does not require any action by the House of Representatives. Important to note: The House of Representatives has no formal role in the ratification of treaties.</p> <p>14</p> <p>On Tuesday, June 24th, 2014 a Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee chaired by Senator Barbara Boxer held a hearing, featuring testimony by an unprecedented number of women senators, who called for action on CEDAW to stem the tide of violence against women and girls across the globe.</p> <p>Senate Hearing Reignites Hope For CEDAW and I-VAWA</p> <p>Supporting CEDAW LocallyCities, counties, and states across the country have taken steps to support, adopt and/or implement CEDAW locally.Local adoption of CEDAW:allows for the development of pro-active legislation to protect women and girls in your communitysends a strong message to your senators that U.S. ratification is important to their constituents. Support: cities, counties and states have passed local resolutions expressing support for US ratification of CEDAWAdopt: passing legislation based on the provisions in CEDAW. </p> <p>16</p> <p>Cities for CEDAW Campaign was launched at the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women in March 2014.</p> <p>Soon Young Yoon is Korean-American. She first envisioned a grassroots movement for CEDAW implementation on the local level. She is the chair of the NGO Committee on the Status of Women, NYBeginning in 1995, womens rights advocates in the US passed resolutions endorsing CEDAW ratification in over 40 municipalities, 20 counties and 15 states.19</p> <p>Inspired by the UN 4th World Conference on Women in Beijing, San Francisco became the 1st municipality in the world to adopt a local ordinance reflecting the principles of CEDAW and they established the Department on the Status of Women.</p> <p>San Francisco is the only US city to date that has passed a CEDAW ordinance.Why Cities?As of 2008, 82% of Americans live in cities.</p> <p>By 2050, nearly 80% of the worlds women and girls will live in urban areas.</p> <p>CEDAW provides a framework for womens human rights that impacts women at the grassroots level.</p> <p>LOUISVILLE CEDAW RESOLUTION PASSED BY METRO COUNCIL &amp; SIGNED BY MAYORLOUISVILLE CEDAW COALITIONFOUNDED APRIL 7, 2014The Louisville CEDAW Resolution precedes an Ordinance that eliminates discrimination against women and girls in the city of Louisville and sends a statement that we will not tolerate violence against women, unequal pay and uneven academic and economic opportunities. A. Holland HoustonAttorney Member Louisville CEDAW </p> <p>Authors of The Louisville CEDAW Resolution:</p> <p>Tina Ward-Pugh, Dolores Delahanty, Victoria Markell</p> <p>The Metro Council chambers were packed with supporters, including members of the Louisville Coalition for CEDAW, students, teachers and community leaders. After a lengthy and spirited debate by the Metro Councilmembers, the resolution was approved by a 20-3-3 vote.</p> <p>Nima KulkarniAttorney Member ofLouisville CEDAWCoalition publicity &amp; events</p> <p>Yvonne Hileman Sariena Sampson</p> <p>nPresbyterian Women PCUSAJCPS EducatorLOUISVILLE CEDAW COALITIONEVENTS~PROMOTION~MEDIA26Young women, feminist promotional team for CEDAW events</p> <p>FROM LEFT:MAGONFAYE YATES,OHINIBAOHIN,ANJAARSENOVIC TogetHER.BRAZEN</p> <p>COALITION CO-CHAIR: REV. MARY SUE BARNETTCOALITION CO-CHAIR:RETIRED COUNCILWOMAN, TINA WARD-PUGHMary Sue will represent Louisville CEDAW at the 59th UN Commission on the Status of Women in NYC March 2015. The title for the NGO parallel event is How to Join the Cities for CEDAW Campaign: Practical Strategies from San Francisco, Louisville, Salt Lake City, North Carolina + a Social Media Maven!</p> <p>SLIDE SHOW ASSEMBLED BY:</p> <p>ANJA ARSENOVICJoin us! Go to: www.LouisvilleCEDAW.org</p> <p>Links to resources and updates30</p>